Oklahoma and Texas Compared

Oklahoma and Texas Compared

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This video is sponsored in part by Squarespace Oklahoma and Texas The Sooner State and the Lone Star State  Stick around and I’ll tell you  why the two have those nicknames. Anyway, two bordering Southern  states in THESE United States,   separated by the Red River and…uh…two  perpendicular lines. Yeah I’ll tell   you why those two panhandles  exist later in the video, too.

Residents of both states tend to talk trash  about each other, and sure, there’s the   trash-talking of the Red River Showdown, which  is the Oklahoma–Texas college football rivalry,   but it even goes beyond that. And yeah,  both states are indeed quite different. First of all, Texas is nearly four times bigger  than Oklahoma. In fact, in terms of land area,   Texas is the second biggest state in  the country. Because of how big it is,   it feels like many different states wrapped all  up into one. East Texas has more in common with   Louisiana than El Paso, and El Paso arguably has  more in common with New Mexico than East Texas.  

This portion of the state is called the Texas  Panhandle, and in many ways it feels like   Oklahoma or even Kansas. Even the four biggest  metro areas in the state- the Dallas–Fort Worth   metroplex, Houston, San Antonio, and Austin,  seem radically different from one another. Texas also has more than seven times as many  people. (OK- 4 million, TX- 29 million) And  

guess what? Texas has more people living there  than any other state in the country other than   California. Yeah, I compared Texas to  California in another video. It was a   trip let me tell ya. Anyway, while both Oklahoma  and Texas are currently growing in population,   Texas is one of the fastest  growing states in the country.   Half of the ten fastest growing cities in the  United States last year were in Texas, yo.

Oklahoma has two metropolitan areas  over 1 million people. Oklahoma City,   and Tulsa. Around 63% of the state’s population  live in these two metros. Texas has four metros with over a million, but check it. Its largest metro area, the  aforementioned Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex,   has almost DOUBLE THE POPULATION OF THE  ENTIRE STATE OF OKLAHOMA. (7.8 million) Perhaps because so many people want to move  to Texas these days, the state does have a   higher cost of living, overall anyway. In fact,  Oklahoma is one of the cheapest states to live in  

in the entire country. It’s a bit shocking,  actually. Tulsa will even pay you to move there. Texas is more ethnically diverse. Nearly 40% of  Texans identify as either Hispanic or Latino.   Around 30% of Texans speak Spanish fluently.  Around 16% of Okies identify as Native   American. Only Alaska has a higher share of its  population to identify as such. So why is that?  Well yeah, let’s uh, let’s get  into some history now and stuff.

So humans have lived in the area for thousands  of years. At the time of European arrival,   the dominant tribes in modern-day Oklahoma  included the Osage, Tonkawa, Caddo,   Wichita, Kiowa, and Comanche. The dominant tribes  in modern-day Texas also included the Tonkawa,   Caddo, Wichita and Comanche,  but additionally the Apache,   Jumano, Coahuiltecan, Carrizo,  Bidai, Karankawa, and Tawakoni. The Spanish were the first Europeans to come  across modern-day Oklahoma and Texas beginning   in the 1500s. They promptly ignored the American  Indians all living there and claimed the land for   Spain. However, Spain mostly ignored the area for  more than 160 years. In 1682, the French explorer  

René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (sorry  I always butcher his name) claimed all of the   Mississippi River and its tributaries for  France, calling the area Louisiana. This included   some of modern-day Oklahoma and Texas. However,  the French also struggled to settle the area,   and the Spanish did come back. Most of the first  Spanish settlers started missions in Texas meant  

to convert the local American Indian tribes,  although that often did not go well. The Spanish   were the ones who first called the area Texas,  and it acted mainly as a buffer to the French. Flash forward to 1803 and now the United  States had acquired all of Louisiana. All   of modern-day Oklahoma and the north part of  modern-day Texas was part of this territory.   Soon after this there were some border  disputes between the United States and Spain,   but they finally settled these disputes with  the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819. The treaty said   future Oklahoma was part of Louisiana out to 100°  west longitude and north to the Arkansas River.

Just two years after the Adams–Onís Treaty,  residents of New Spain declared independence,   naming their new country after Mexico City,  but dropping the city part. Texans loyal to   Mexico were simply known as Tejanos, but soon  Americans began crossing the border to live there   as well. By 1830, the population of Texas  had swelled to 30,000, with Americans,   many of them who came there illegally,  outnumbering the native Tejanos 6 to 1. That   same year, the United States government passed  the Indian Removal Act, which ended up removing   MANY American Indian tribes from their homes back  east out to future Oklahoma. By then, the federal  

government had already negotiated treaties with  the Choctaw to relocate them out there. Well,   most Native Americans absolutely did NOT want to  leave their homes that their ancestors had first   settled many generations before. But they didn’t  have a choice. When they didn’t leave voluntarily,   the federal government forced them to. This  infamously led to what became known as the Trail   of Tears, a series of forced displacements  of around 60,000 people from the Cherokee,   Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw  nations. Most ended up in future Oklahoma,   which by now was simply called “Indian Territory.”  The relocated suffered from disease and starvation   on the way out west traveling through often harsh  conditions. More than 3,000 died on the way.

Meanwhile, the Americans living in Texas had  become restless, and this ultimately led to   The Texas Revolution, which I have a video about.  Long story short- Texas declared independence from   Mexico on March 2, 1836 and Mexico couldn’t  keep them, so it was an independent country   for almost ten years before the United States  annexed it on December 29, 1845. By the way,   that Lone Star State nickname comes from the  fact that Texas was once an independent republic.

Since Texas joined the United States as  a slave state, it had to comply with the   Missouri Compromise, which banned slavery north  of 36°30’. This is why Texas’s northern border   is where it is. After the (sing) Compromise  of 1850, Texas got its current borders we   see today. That compromise also gave us a  34-mile wide and 170-mile long strip of land  

officially called the “Public Land Strip”  but most called it “No Man’s Land.” Believe it or not, slavery was also  legal in Indian Territory. By 1860,   it had a population of 55,000 Native Americans,   and some of them and as well as Americans who  lived there owned a total of 8,400 slaves.

During the American Civil War, Texas seceded  and joined the Confederate States of America.   Indian Territory had a bit of a mini civil war  during it, as some American Indians chose the   Confederate side while the rest chose the Union  side. The Confederacy controlled the territory for   much of the war. After the Union won the war,  the federal government forced the tribes that   helped the Confederacy to sign new treaties in  which they gave up a lot of land. Most of the   land in central and western Indian territory was  now back in the hands of the federal government,   although some of it was given to other American  Indian tribes. After the Homestead Acts,  

many non-Native Americans began to move to these  so-called “Unassigned Lands” in Indian Territory,   even though for a while it wasn’t certain  that it was actually legal to do so.   The Americans who moved here during this  time were called Boomers. Ok Boomer? Ok then. After what’s known as the Reconstruction period   ended, for the rest of the 1800s and  into the 1900s the Texas government   heavily discriminated against African  Americans through Jim Crow laws and other ways. Meanwhile, more and more Americans were sneaking  into Indian Territory. Cowboys from Texas, no not   the football team…no not…um…those folks….ACTUAL  cowboys had also been regularly leading thousands  

of cattle at a time THROUGH Indian Territory  to Kansas where the railroads were. Some cattle   ranchers decided to just settle the aforementioned  area known as “No Man’s Land,” which is simply   known as the Oklahoma Panhandle today. They tried  to start their own territory called Cimarron   Territory but long story short, it didn’t work  out. In 1887, the United States government passed  

the Dawes Act, which broke up land collectively  held by American Indian tribes into individual   holdings. Well, this law ended up opening up a  bunch of land to be open to non-Native American   settlement in Indian Territory. Other treaties  opened up even more land, and finally, on March   23, 1889, the United States government officially  opened up all the Unassigned Lands to settlement   to non-Native Americans. This led to a huge  land rush of Boomers to Indian Territory. They  

weren’t supposed to settle the Unassigned Lands  until April 22, and people literally lined up   at its borders until then to rush to claim land.  However, some people illegally snuck across the   borders early, and these settlers were given the  nickname Sooners. Yep, that’s why Oklahoma has   the Sooner State nickname. Today the University  of Oklahoma’s fight song is “Boomer Sooner.”

Anyway, soon after this Indian Territory became  Oklahoma Territory. By the way, “Oklahoma” is a   Choctaw word that translates to “red people.”  Yeah, that’s pretty cringe, bro. Soon after   Oklahoma Territory became a thing, it had a border  dispute with Texas. Oh yeah, Texas. I haven’t   brought you up in awhile. Sorry about that. Well,  thanks to the Supreme Court, Oklahoma won that   border dispute, giving it its modern borders.  By 1907, enough settlers had moved to Oklahoma  

for it to officially enter the Union as the  46th state, 62 years after Texas became a state. In the early 1900s, both states began to quickly  grow as many moved to both to farm. However,   beginning in the 1920s, farming was not nearly as  profitable, and during the Great Depression of the   1930s, the Dust Bowl wreaked havoc on both states,  particularly in the Texas and Oklahoma Panhandles.  

Because of the Dust Bowl, around 15% of  Okies moved away, many of them to California. World War Two dramatically helped  jumpstart the economy of Texas,   and after the war both states prospered due  to the discovery of oil fields, especially in   Texas. By the end of the century, Texas had  the second biggest economy in the country. And yes, today, the median household income   is higher in Texas. (OK- $52,919,  T- $61,874) Oklahoma also has   a higher poverty rate. (OK- 15.7%, T- 14.7%) That  said, taxes are much lower in Oklahoma, overall. Still, according to both CNBC and Forbes Magazine,  Texas is a much better state for business. Major industries in Texas include tourism,   agriculture, energy, healthcare, and aeronautics.  Major industries in Oklahoma also include  

energy and healthcare, but additionally  retail, manufacturing, and education. More Texas residents have college degrees. Texans are younger, on average. (OK-  37 median age, T- 35.1 median age) The climate differences between the two states  are mostly due to Oklahoma being further   north and Texas being next to the  Gulf of Mexico. Being further north,   Oklahoma gets colder in the winter and you don’t  find palm trees there like you find down in Texas.   Still, most of both states have what’s known as  a humid subtropical climate. Also, the further  

west you go in both states, the drier it gets. The  Oklahoma Panhandle has mostly a semi-arid climate,   and so does much of western Texas, with parts  of west Texas being a full-on desert for real. Much of both states is made up of prairie and  hills. Texas has four big physical regions:  

The Gulf Coastal Plains, Interior Lowlands,  Great Plains, and Basin and Range Province.   Texas does have mountains in that Basin and  Range Province. Many people don’t realize this,   but Oklahoma also has small mountains. In  fact, it technically has four mountain ranges,   the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita  Mountains, the Ozark Mountains, and   the Ouachita Mountains. Also, at the western edge  of Oklahoma’s panhandle is Black Mesa State Park,   where the prairie gets a sneak peak at  the beginning of mountains to the west.

Oklahoma is landlocked. Texas has  367 miles (592 km) of coastline. At least in recent years, Oklahoma has  seemed to get bigger earthquakes. That said,   both can get them, and they’ve  never been higher than 6 on the   Richter scale. Texas has to worry about  hurricanes. Oklahoma does not. In fact,   some of the most devastating hurricanes of  the past century or so have landed in Texas. Medical marijuana is legal in Oklahoma.  Not in Texas. Marijuana is completely   illegal there so that’s why no one in Texas  consumes marijuana. Just kidding, obviously.

Speaking of high, the speed limits are higher  in Texas. The highest interstate speed limit   in the country, 85 miles per hour, can  be found on some stretches of the state. Texas has two national parks.  Oklahoma doesn’t have any. Texas has Buc-ee’s, the biggest and most  epic convenience store in the world.   There’s one Buc-ee’s in New Braunfels, Texas,  that, for now at least, holds the record for   largest gas station in the world, and another  Buc-ee’s in Katy, Texas, that holds the record   for longest car wash in the world. Unfortunately,  Oklahoma doesn’t have one Buc-ee’s location.

Texas also is the home of the amazing grocery  store H-E-B. Again, Oklahoma doesn’t have one   H-E-B location. Dangit. Texas also is  where the legendary fast food restaurant   Whataburger started. Ok, Oklahoma has plenty  of Whataburgers, and thank goodness for that.  

Oklahoma also is the home of QuikTrip and Love’s,  which both kind of rival Buc-ee’s so ya know. Oklahoma is lacking in major league sports teams,   so many Okies are just fans of  Texas major league sports teams. But for the rest of this video,   let’s just look at the similarities between  the two states. There aren’t many, actually.

Much of the similarities revolve around the  residents, who definitely share a similar culture.   For example, when it comes to food, most  folks in both states seem to love barbecue,   chicken fried steak, and tacos of course.  Another example is that in both states,   strangers are more likely to talk to you.  Disclaimer. I have literally no studies   to back this up…this is all based  on my mediocre original research. Residents of both tend to have a  variation of a Southern accent,   although this starts to disappear  in the bigger cities in both. Both have lenient gun laws.

Christianity is the biggest  religion in both states.   In particular, most Christians in  both states identify as Protestant,   although Texas has a sizable group  of Christians who are Roman Catholic. Residents of both tend to lean to the right,  politically, although Oklahoma more so.  

In fact, Oklahoma is one of the most  conservative states in the country.   The last time the majority of folks there elected  a Democratic candidate for President was in 1964. Both spend much less money  than the national average on   education. (OK- $8,778 per  student, T- $9,606 per student).

Both have a violent crime rate and property crime  rate that’s higher than the national average. Both states have lots of farmland. Much of the  world’s helium supply comes from both states. Both get lots of thunderstorms and tornadoes.  Much of both states sit in what’s known as Tornado   Alley, a region of the United States where  tornadoes are most frequent. While Texas gets   more tornadoes each year than any other state,  Oklahoma is the state with the highest number of   strong tornadoes per unit area. The highest wind  speed ever recorded on earth was from a tornado  

that hit Moore, Oklahoma, on May 3, 1999. Both  states can even get occasional dust storms. Football is HUGE in both states. That said,   it’s more popular in Texas than it is  pretty much anywhere else on the planet. In conclusion, it’s easy to understand why so many  people are flocking to both states since there’s a   lot to love about them. And, while many Texans may  just think of Oklahoma as that really big county   in the northern part of Texas, many Okies really  do get annoyed with the perceived superiority   of Texas. In reality, Oklahoma does have some  advantages over Texas, and due to that, perhaps  

that crazy population growth might work its way  up north of the Red River in the coming decades. This video is sponsored in part by Squarespace.  Squarespace is the all-in-one platform for   building your brand and growing your business  online. Stand out with a beautiful website,   easily engage with your audience,  and sell anything - your products,   content you create, and even your time.  I tried it out recently by building a  

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Head to squarespace.com for a free trial, and  when you’re ready to launch, go to this link here   to save 10% off your first  purchase of a website or domain. Hey, are you from Oklahoma or Texas? So I want to hear from you. What did i get  wrong? What did I get wrong? Are you not   from Texas or Oklahoma? If so I also want to hear  from you. Which state is better in your opinion...   Oklahoma or Texas? Thank you for watching  you all are straight up amazing you know that

2022-04-20 19:52

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