The World's Most Advanced Battle Tanks You Might Not Know!
[Music] [Applause] military update is presenting the 15 most modern main battle tanks currently in production already for series production to date a list that excludes the light and medium tanks of the 25 to 35 ton class except one the argentinian tem2ip they have a south american tank in the list other light and medium tanks would deserve to appear in this list as they became or become operational during these last years the most recent one being the turkish indonesian kaplan harama medium tank concerning the issuing date we have tried to consider the most plausible ones among those mentioned for prototypes and mass production these may thus well give way to discussion here are the world's most advanced battle tanks of today's military technology challenger 2 street fighter uk royal tank regiment of the british army continues to improve combat readiness using the new version of the challenger 2 main battle tank under the program street fighter the main armament of the challenger 2 mbt consists of a bae systems ro defense 120 millimeters rifle tank gun designated the l-30 at one the turret incorporates second generation chabam armor also called dorchester with a significant increase in protection against both ke and ce attacks it can be also fitted with the explosive reactive armor era package to the front of the hull the street fighter mbt has undergone a number of modifications upgrades that have included pattern camouflage additional weaponry and equipment that increases visibility one of the new main features of the challenger 2 street fighter is the integration of a launcher system mounted on the roof of the turret able to fire a brimstone anti-tank guided missile it has also equipped with the iron vision system allowing the crew to have a 360 degree view outside from inside of the tank challenger 2 black knight uk the challenger 2 black meg technology demonstrator is an upgraded version of the british army challenger two main battle tank launched by the company bae systems to bid for the tank's life extension project lep the challenger 2 is the standard main battle tank in service with the british army since 1994 the new version of the challenger 2 features many new improvements mainly mounted inside and outside the turret the new combat equipment of the black knight mbt turret is equipped with the saffron paseo commander's independence site leonardo thermal imager for the gunner and leonardo knight's sight dn5s4 to provide hunter killer thanks to thermal imagers for the gunner commander and driver the black knight challenger 2 was unveiled by bae systems in september 2018 during the dvd defense vehicle dynamics a biennial defense industry exhibition staged at millbrook proving ground that enables focused engagement between the defense industry de and s delivery teams army hq staff and other defense community users of land equipment according to bae systems if the field tests are successful the black mag challenger 2 could enter into service with the british army in 2024 and a total of 224 challenger 2 mbt could be upgraded as part of challenger 2's lep life extension project of british ministry of defense the goal of the black knight upgraded challenger 2 is to offer a modernized main battle tank with new make comeback capabilities and equipped with active protection system a ps that is able to ensure the challenger 2 mbt remains combat ready for the next 20 years until 2035 [Music] embt european enhanced main battle tank france and germany [Music] essentially a technology demonstrator the embt is a short-term response to the operational need of the market for high-intensity battle tanks nexter designates the new emvt as an enhanced main battle tank while its german partner kmw says european the european enhanced main battle tank or embt combines the chassis of a german kmw cross mafe waveman leopard 287 tank with a lightweight turret of a french lechler operated by only two crew members the lighter turret leaves about six tons of extra weight capacity that customers can use for additional equipment the tank has been developed by the knds group a joint venture between kmw and nexter defense systems while the leopard leclerc hybrid some people nickname it the leo clerk it's just a demonstration project it does position knds as a contender for the next european tank france and germany have teamed up for the main ground combat system which will replace the leopard 2 in leclark around 2035 but that date might be brought forward because the design of these two mbts would become obsolete and no longer upgradeable t72k ukraine the t-72k is an improved version of the russian-made t-72 the t-72k is fitted with a knife reactive armor also called naj or nidge knife modules differ from other era modules in that they are specifically designed to eliminate or minimize damage to adjacent modules thus allowing for a 200 to 300 increased effectiveness against multiple weapon impacts compared to other er module designs the upgraded t72k is also equipped with digital secure communication and satellite navigation systems t-90m prorif russia the t90m model 2017 also nicknamed poor 3 is an uprated variant of the export version of the t90 ms main battle tank mbt developed and designed by the russian company euro wagons avad the t90m model 2017 is improved in terms of protection mobility and firepower the t90m was tested by the russian army during the military exercise zap at 2017 which was held from 14 to 20 september 2017. the russian defense ministry and the company euro vagon zavod have signed a contract for the delivery of t90m main battle tanks to the russian army at the army 2017 international military technical forum that was held near moscow in august 2017. according to a statement released on april 13 2020 by the russian army press service the first c manny emperor of main battle tanks mbts have been delivered to the first guards tank army of western military district deployed in five regions of russia kerrar iran [Music] the kerara striker is a main battle tank fully developed and designed by the iranian defense industry this tank was unveiled for the first time to the public in august 2016. in march 2017 the iranian defense minister brigadier general hassin dagin inaudible the production line of the new homemade karar at the bani hashem armour industrial complex in dord county larson according to military experts the carrier mbt is based on the chassis of the soviet-made t-72 but fitted with a new turret according to retired major general vladimir bogatirev the kerara is a copy of the russian-made t-90ms the most advanced modification of the t90 family but it uses some features of the american m1 abrams and british challenger 2. russian military experts suggested that in terms of certain military capabilities the carer is unlikely to match the russian t-90 leclerc xlr france the leclerc scorpion or xlr is a modernized version of the french made leclerc main battle tank designed and manufactured by the french company nexter systems the upgraded leclark mbt will have more firepower and protection in march 2015 the french army defense procurement agency dga notified nexr systems of a renovation contract for the leclark mbt this order constitutes the third operation launched by the french ministry of defense under the scorpion program intended to modernize the french army's contact forces valued at approximately 330 million euro the contract provides for the delivery of 200 renovated leclerc tanks and 18 renovated dcl armored recovery vehicles based on leclerc mbt from 2020. the first production leclerc mbt was completed by giant industries in december 1991 and handed over to the french army on 14 january 1992 the goal of this program is to maintain the leclerc mbt in service with the french armed forces beyond 2040.
according to military sources the first two prototypes are planned to be completed in 2018 and the remaining 198 mbt will be upgraded from 2020 through 2028 tm-2ip argentina the tank argentino megino argentine medium tank is a medium tank in service with the argentinian army lacking the experience and resources to design a tank the argentinian ministry of defense contracted the german company this henshaw the vehicle was developed by a german and argentinian team of engineers and was based on the german martyr infantry fighting vehicle developed by israel military industries limited and albert systems the tm-2ip is an upgraded version of the tm light tank with an add-on armor kit a new fire control system and new sights the ballistic profile of the applique armor was improved and includes extra protection for the turret on all sides as well as the sides and front of the chassis a contract was signed in 2015 to supply 74 tm2ip light tanks to the argentinian army n1a2s ep53 and 54 or m182cd usa the m1a2 abrams sep53 system enhanced package is a modernized version of the m1a2s ep552 main battle tank which has a number of upgrades in the areas of survivability maintainability full efficiency and network capability in october 2015 the m182 sp-53 was presented for the first time at ausa a defense exhibition in washington dc 9 prototypes were available in october 2015 and 7 would be tested by the us army general dynamics land systems managed to complete the tests by spring 2016 and then receive a positive answer from the u.s army to start the production the primary mission of the m1a2 system enhancement package sep53 abrams is to provide mobile protective firepower for combined arms maneuver in response to the us army requirements for 2014 to 2024 the abraham's lethality must continue to be improved this will derive from the combination of developmental upgrades and the addition of mature technologies that include the ammunition data link a dl improved 120 millimeters ammunition improved forward looking infrared if clear and the low profile lp common remotely operated weapon system crows to recognize the m1a2s ep53 at the rear left there is a small exhaust for the new generator in september 2018 it was announced that m1a2s ep53 and m1a2s ep54 variants are being renamed m1a2c and m1a2d t14 armada russia the t14 armada has been designed by the russian defense company euro wagons ava the development of the t14 our motto was launched in 2013 followed by the delivery of the first prototype in 2015. the first reports indicated that the new armada could be based on the russian main battle tank t95 object 195 and the project tank black eagle which was presented to the public at the ams defense exhibition in 1999. the armada has more firepower than the latest generation of the t92 the armada is fitted with an unmanned remote weapon station turret the appearance of the remotely controlled gun would eventually lead to the development of a fully robotic tank that could be deployed as part of a spearhead in the offensive the t14 armada was unveiled for the first time to the public during the military parade in moscow for victory day may 9 2015. according to the russian
defense ministry the first field test of the new mbt t14 armada was performed in 2014. initially a total of 2 300 t-14s was expected to be supplied by 2020 but this figure has since been invalidated by the facts the tank was even not dynamically demonstrated at the army 2018 exhibition the first tank regiment of the tamin division has been selected to become the first unit to receive armada t14s which should take place after 2020 when the new tank passes government acceptance tests and becomes operational in august 2018 deputy commander-in-chief of the russian land forces lieutenant general victor lizvinsky announced that the t-14 would undergo trials in various climatic conditions including the arctic one tyke 99 in china the ztz99a also known as type 99a is manufactured by china northern industries group corporation it is the most advanced main battle tank fielded by the chinese army pla first entering service with the pla in late 2001 its predecessor the ztz99 provided a significant improvement in fire car mobility and protection compared to older chinese-made tanks that were almost copies of russian ones as a high-end mbt the ztz99 was only built in a small number less than 200 due to its high unit price of about 1.9 million dollar in 1999. the technology
of the ztz 99 has been used to upgrade the less expensive ztz magna 6. type 99a also called type 9982 or ztz99 and a is an improved version of type 99 the first prototype of the type 99a was tested in 2007 and it was unveiled for the first time in september 2015 during a military parade in beijing it first served during shanghai cooperation organization sco military exercises in 2014 type 99a is a third generation of main battle tanks altay turkey the altay is the third generation of the main battle tank mbt developed for the turkish army the first prototypes of turkey's main battle tank altay designed and manufactured by ottakar the biggest privately owned company of the turkish defense industry was unveiled at otakar facilities in zachariah on november 15 2012. the turkish company aselsin was assigned to design and manufacture the prototypes of electronic subsystems like the fire control system and the c3x system in december 2014 autocar made an announcement to the stock exchange after various media reports claimed that its all day could be exported to in april 2018 it was announced that the turkish company bmc a manufacturer of wheeled armored and tactical vehicles had won the contract to continue the development and production of the indigenous mbt in november 2018 b mc officially received the contract to produce the locally made altay for the turkish army the presidency of defense industries ssb inked a contract with bmc to start the mass production of the altay that would include a total of 250 tanks but the figure is expected to be gradually raised to 1 000 tanks many turkish defense companies are involved in the manufacturing of the altay including roxanne asalson havelsen and the machinery and chemical industry institute mkek according to a picture released in november 2018 by the turkish newspaper gazette vatin website the ulti will be produced in three configurations with the same armament the first batch of 40 units designated t1 will be equipped with a ps active protection system an add-on armor produced by roxin the second batch of 210 units will be the t2 version which will include many improvements like a new armor isolated munitions configuration laser guided firing capability crew training mode and mobile net camouflage the t3 variant will be fitted with an unmanned turret and automatic loading system [Music] bt4 slash mbt 3000 china the vt4 also named mbt 3000 for the export version is a new generation of main battle tanks designed and manufactured by the chinese company norenko according to norinko the mbt3000 represents the latest main battle tank technology specially designed to meet the challenge of high-tech warfare its overall performance and combat capabilities are among the most advanced ones in the world the mbt 3000 was unveiled for the first time to the public at the international defense exhibition eurosatory in june 2012. at the china international aviation and aerospace exhibition 2014 norinco showed for the first time a real model of its vt4 in august marinco gave diplomats military officials and defense contractors from four to four countries a demonstration of its vt-4 for export purposes the mbt-3000 not only costs almost 3 million dollar less than its american rival but it is equipped with an automatic loader for the main gun which allows a three-man crew instead of four in january 2018 the royal thai army conducted tests of the vt-4 at the cavalry center of addison military camp in saraberry thailand has purchased 28 vt 4 mbts and its cabinet has approved the purchase of 10 additional ones and the number of orders is likely to continue to grow [Music] t90 ms russia the t9 ems is the next step in the development of the russian made main battle tank t90 the new t90 ms was presented for the first time to the public during the defense exhibition russian expo arms in september 2011. this new tank is a complete modernization of the t90 by touching all the characteristics of the basic variant to increase its operational capabilities in combat and against modern threats on the battlefield the weight of the t90 ms has increased by 1 500 kilos compared to the basic model of the t90 to reach 48 tons but it remains significantly lower compared to the german main battle tank leopard 2a6 and the american m1a2 abrahams leopard 2a7 germany cross mafi wegmans leopard 2 has heralded the next generation of main battle tanks the leopard 2 a7 was first shown to the public during the satori 2010 featuring the label developed by cross mafe white man kmw tested and qualified by german modi the leopard 287 was tested by the bundeswehr under the name of urba for urban operations the leopard 2a7 is fitted with an additional composite armor kit it is the latest generation of passive armor which provides a higher level of protection against a wide range of threats it seems that the armor uses new nano ceramic materials and modern titanium and steel alloys this main battle tank is armed with a raymetal 120 millimeters or l55 smoothbore gun the same gun is used on the leopard 2a6 but it has better fire accuracy and longer range compared with the previous leopard 2 tanks the upgrade of 50 leopard 2 esto leopard 2a7 started in 2012.
the leopard 2a7 incorporates a modular protection kit increased mobility improves sustainability enhanced for excel abilities and even more precise deployment of its various weapons an upgrade kit is available for all leopard 2 versions k2 black panther south korea the k2 black panther is a new generation of main battle tanks designed developed and manufactured by the south korean company hyundai rotom the k2 was unveiled during the defense exhibition at dex at the seoul airport in october 2009 this new tank is replacing the old us-made m-48 patent mbt in service with the south korean army and is currently being phased out in 2014 the south korean government and hyundai rhodem signed an 820 million dollar contract to supply 100k to mbt to the republic of korea army rokha on 29 december 2015 hyundai rotom signed a new contract to supply an additional but unspecified number of k2s to the rokaye overall the row ka has a requirement for over 600 k2 tanks some sources say 400 complementing its k1 mbt force the turkish made main battle tech alte uses the technology systems developed for the south korean k2m bt by hyundai rotom rekava 4 barak and merkava 4 and windbreaker israel the recover mark iv is the most recent variant of the merkava tank that has been in development since 1999 and in production since 2004. the upgrades development was announced in an october 1999 edition of the bama chain at the camp military publication however the merkava mark iii remained in production until 2003. the first merkava 4s were in production in limited numbers by the end of 2004. the merkava mk4 barack is billed as the first tank to have an advanced ai and sensor system that takes over many routine tasks it is the first contemporary tank with no loaders hatching the turret roof because any aperture in the turret roof increases the risk of penetration by tgms the mark iv has the israeli design tsaws tracks springs and wheels system caterpillar track system designed to reduce track shedding under the harsh vessel rock conditions of lebanon and the golan heights the model has a new fire control system the el op meg mark iv the computer-controlled fire control system can acquire and lock onto moving targets even airborne helicopters while the tank itself is on the move it includes line of sight stabilization in two axes a second generation television site and automatic thermal target tracker a laser range finder an improved thermal night vision system and a dynamic can't angle indicator an amporam lws2 laser warning receiver notifies the crew of threats like laser-guided anti-tank missiles which can fire smoke grenade launchers to obscure the tank from the laser beam electromagnetic warning against radar illumination is also installed the tank carries the israeli elbit systems bms battle management system a centralized system that takes data from track units and uav in the theater displays it on color screens and distributes it in encrypted form to all other units equipped with bms in a given theater the merkava mark 4 and windbreaker is a merkava mark iv equipped with a trophy active protection system a ps designated wind code the serial production of mark 4m tanks started in 2009 and the first hole brigade of mark iv ms was declared operational in 2011. the trophia ps successfully intercepted rocket-propelled grenades and anti-tank missiles including nine m-133 cornets fired by hamas before and during operation protective edge in 2014.
not a single merkava tank was lost in combat operations in 2008 and 2014 despite the war in 2014 is a costly one for the israeli defense forces the system also notifies the tank crew of the location that the projectile came from allowing them to fire back quickly it can transmit the coordinates to nearby ground and air units through the tj at battlefield management system all friendly units in the theater are instantly apprised of the enemy's position making escape and evasion difficult type 10 japan the type 10 tkx is an advanced fourth generation main battle tank mbt manufactured by mitsubishi heavy industries for the japan grounds self-defense force jgsdf the development of the type 10 mbt was initiated by the technical research and development institute trdi in 2002 to replace old type 74 mbt that are in service in the jg sdf since 1991 a prototype of the tank was completed in 2006 trd i completed the development in 2009 and started producing the tanks in 2010. the 13 first production vehicles were delivered in 2010 [Music] you