WA2020 Webinar - Day 1
Singapore is a small urban nation with around 1%. of our land set aside for agriculture. Where can we? grow our food in 2019? The. Singapore Food Agency put forward an ambitious goal. for sustainable food security in Singapore.
Any? Currently less than 10% of our nutritional. needs are produced. Locali SFA aims to. increase local production to meet 30% of Singapore. s nutritional needs by 2030. Agriculture is a pillar of Singapore's angry food industry. Striving towards this goal by employing climate resilience.
resource efficient and sustainable technologies. At the forefront of these innovations is a vibrant. RND ecosystem. Comprising Institutes of higher learning and research facilities. Working to ensure the technology paves the way ahead.
for the aquaculture industry. The Singapore Food Agency has supposed to both land based. farms as well as coastal farms in sea of ways.
from CO. Funding R&D to supporting the adoption. of new technology and Future Ready solutions. By utilizing innovation technology and. research to maximize efficiency and productivity.
in our offshore and land based farms, we will be able. to grow more with less and achieve our 30 by. 30 goal, bringing Singaporeans a safe. and secure supply of food for years to come. Singapore is a small urban nation with around 1%.
of our land set aside for agriculture. Where can we? grow our food? In 2019, the Singapore Food Agency put. forward an ambitious goal for sustainable food security.
in Singapore that it might be 30 by 3030 by 30. Currently less than 10% of our. nutritional needs are produced locally, as if. aims to increase local production to meet the first percents of. Singapore's nutritional needs by 2030 aquaculture.
is a pillar of Singapore's angry food industry striving. towards this goal by employing climate resilience. Resource efficient and sustainable technologies. At the forefront of these innovations is a vibrant.
RND ecosystem. Comprising Institutes of higher learning and research. facilities, working to ensure the technology. paves the way ahead for the aquaculture industry. The Singapore Food Agency has supposed to both land based. farms as well as coastal farms in sea of ways.
from CO. Funding R&D to supporting the adoption. of new technology and Future Ready solutions. By utilizing innovation technology and. research to maximize efficiency and productivity. in our offshore and land based farms, we will be able.
to grow more with less and achieve our 30 by. 30 Cole bringing Singaporeans a safe. and secure supply of food for years to come. Singapore is a small urban nation with around 1%. of our land set aside for agriculture. Where can we? grow our food? In 2019, the Singapore Food Agency put.
forward an ambitious goal for sustainable food security. in Singapore that invite 1330 by 3030 by 30. Currently less than 10% of our. nutritional needs are produced locally, as if a.
aims to increase local production to meet first percents of. Singapore's nutritional needs by 2030. Agriculture is a pillar of Singapore's agrifood industry. Striving towards this goal up by employing climate resilience. resource efficient and sustainable technologies. At the forefront of these innovations is a vibrant.
RND ecosystem. Comprising Institutes of higher learning and research. facilities, working to ensure the technology. paves the way ahead for the aquaculture industry.
The Singapore Food Agency has supposed to both land based. farms as well as coastal farms in sea of ways. from CO. Funding R&D to supporting the adoption. of new technology and Future Ready solutions.
By utilizing innovation technology and. research to maximize efficiency and productivity. in our offshore and land based farms, we will be able. to grow more with less and achieve our 30 by. 30 goal, bringing Singaporeans a safe.
and secure supply of food for years to come. Singapore is a small urban nation with around 1:00. our land set aside for agriculture. Where can?
we grow our food in 2019? The Singapore Food Agency put forward an ambitious goal. for sustainable food security in Singapore that it by 3035. Currently less than 10% of our nutritional.
needs are produced locally, as if a aims to. increase local production to means, firstly, percents of. Singapore's nutritional needs by 2030. Agriculture is a pillar of Singapore's angry food industry.
Striving towards this goal by employing climate resilience. resource efficient and sustainable technologies. At the forefront of these innovations is a vibrant. RND ecosystem comprising institutes of.
higher learning and research facility is working to. ensure the technology paves the way ahead for the. aquaculture industry. The Singapore Food Agency has supposed to both land based.
farms as well as coastal farms in sea of ways. from CO. Funding R&D to supporting the adoption. of new technology and Future Ready solutions. By utilizing innovation technology and.
research to maximize efficiency and productivity in. our offshore and land based farms, we will be able to. grow more with less and achieve our 30 by. 30 goal, bringing Singaporeans a safe. and secure supply of food for years to come. Singapore is a small urban nation with around 1%.
of our land set aside for agriculture. Where can we? grow our food? In 2019, the Singapore Food Agency put. forward an ambitious goal for sustainable food security.
in Singapore. Currently less than 10% of our nutritional. needs are produced locally, as if a aims to increase. local production. Samantha firstly percents of Singapore. s nutritional needs by 2030.
Agriculture is a pillar of Singapore's angry food industry. Striving towards this goal by employing climate resilient resource. efficient and sustainable technologies. At the forefront of these innovations is a vibrance.
RND ecosystem. Comprising Institutes of higher learning and research. facilities, working to ensure. the technology paves the way ahead for the aquaculture. industry. The Singapore Food Agency has supported both land based.
farms as well as coastal farms in sea of ways. from CO. Funding R&D to supporting the adoption. of new technology and Future Ready solutions. By utilizing innovation technology and. research to maximize efficiency and productivity. in our offshore and land based farms, we will be able.
to grow more with less and achieve our 30 by. 30 goal, bringing Singaporeans the safe. and secure supply of food for years to come. That's better good morning. Can you hear me? I want. Singapore is a small urban nation with around 1%.
of our land set aside for agriculture. Where can we? grow our food in 2019? The. Singapore Food Agency put forward an ambitious goal.
for sustainable food security in Singapore. Any? Currently less than 10% of our nutritional. needs are produced locally, as if a aims to. increase local production. Samantha firstly percents of Singapore. s nutritional needs by 2030. Agriculture is a pillar of Singapore's angry food.
industry. Striving towards this goal by employing. climate resilience, resource efficient and sustainable. technologies. At the forefront of these innovations is a vibrant. RND ecosystem. Comprising Institutes of higher learning and research.
facilities, working to ensure that. technology paves the way ahead for the aquaculture. industry.
The Singapore Food Agency has supposed to both land based. farms as well as coastal farms in sea of ways. from CO. Funding R&D to supporting the adoption. of new technology and Future Ready solutions.
By utilizing innovation technology and. research to maximize efficiency and productivity. in our offshore and land based farms, we will be able. to grow more with less and achieve our 30 by.
30 goal, bringing Singaporeans a safe. and secure supply of food for years to come. You're on. Good morning, good afternoon, good evening.
Doctor Leon, you're on to introduce our speakers. Doctor Liang, you can begin now. You are muted. Thank you doctor. Fashion like to say hello and welcome everyone. to this web seminar in the signal for our Keeper is 10 minutes. next generation after culture innovation in sustainability.
or feed the world. His team is particularly appropriate. today given the global trends point toward as. currently struggling to feed itself in regard to.
output security challenges such as global population. growth, climate change, source cassity. organization, not just some of the problems that we face today. Stick your keys. That major concern in Singapore given our small. size and lack of agriculture land, they probably would you liked it.
when the World Cup of Culture Society decided the whole network object? really trained in Singapore? Unfortunately due to. the COVID-19 condemning the concept, we postponed to June. predicting one. Nevertheless, we are pleased to report. the number of Kobe 19 cases in Singapore and fallen to very low. numbers. Introduction of vaccines or quit.
19 look for the hosting will uppercut it 20. 0 in Singapore next year. I text and invitations to everyone to join us from. 14 to 18 June. Training to anyone in Singapore for the. Worker Culture Conference. Today's team we have to say presentations.
the first on adapting to change in a second on Aquaculture technologies. and test intensive systems are correct security. These topics and ever more appropriate and. the app today given global food supply situation that we face.
But that being said, let me now introduce the first presenter Doctor. Halwart. But the whole what is from his footing. The Food and Agriculture organization or more.
commonly known as FAO, but the whole kids did. Aquaulture branch at the at the official reason I put in every culture. department an overseas implementation.
development of its work program is substantial. secretary. At the end you commit. Yet this series subcommittee. another culture. It's also Secretary working group. on Aquatic Genetic Resources prior to this.
stop the whole what worked at the senior program coordinator. for every was cross cutting. Sustainable agriculture forestry industries programs.
during professional career Doctor Halwart has covered A whole broad range of subjects predominantly. in the fields of general epochal. Check if element piping systems. biodiversity conservation and sustainable. use as well. Integrated agriculture, aquaculture.
we obtain the speech team. Over the past decade, stop the whole world is supported. I will catch it development through many projects we need. Asia, Africa and true strategic contribution shipping. Aquaculture pillar of every use. Blue growth in shaping. his professional achievements include numerous publications.
and coordination which studies and reviews on topics. in agriculture such as aquaculture in. rice, baseline systems, global and regional.
cage aquaculture. It's Aquaculture Journal nature conversation for his dedication. and commitment to participate tree and non formal. education. Doctor Halwart has been awarded the gold. Medal of the Agent Issues Society so. please welcome offers presented after the Fast forward.
Doctor Mattias Halwart. Good morning, good afternoon. Good evening to all of. you out there. It's a great pleasure to be here. and presented this world. Aquaculture 2020. webinar series organized.
by the World Aquaculture SOC and the. Singapore Food Agency. Let me share my screen for the. presentation. It's my pleasure today to.
talk about aquaculture, adapting to change. what are the lessons from the regional and global. Aquaculture reviews 2020. And my name is Matthias Halwart. I'm the head of. the aquaculture branch at the Fisheries Division in. FAO in Rome, in Italy and.
It's a real pleasure to be here and to be speaking. to you. I know that there was audience is. quite broad and diverse bit like our.
culture itself, and I also expect that each. year many new young people. and students and scientists. and what not join and are part.
of this important event and therefore particularly. for these newcomers. I would like to start with a very brief introduction about. FAO as an organization and what role aquaculture. plays in it but then move quickly.
to one of our key activities. which is the reviews of. the regional and global aquaculture and. what lessons and options for the way forward. we have synthesized from these. Then share.
with you how we believe aquaculture. can make a substantial contribution to the 2030. agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals and. Conclude, then by reaching out to you. And invite your contributions. to this important process of contributing.
to the SDGS. So let me change to the next slide so. briefly about the UN Food and agriculture. Organization. Actually in this difficult year. 2020.
We also had some bright moments. and reason for celebration and. in the case of FAO, we turned 70. years old and what you see here on the middle of the screen. is the Colosseum in Rome illuminated.
on this occasion. FAL was founded in October 19. 5 in Quebec with 40 nations. forming it, then moved shortly.
thereafter to Rome with its new. headquarters, where it has remained since. The goal of the organization is to achieve food. security for all and to ensure that. people have regular access to enough high.
quality food to lead active and. healthy lives. And we now have a reach of 100. Member States and.
are active in over a. 0 countries. As you can see. on the map that is depicted here on the right. lower side of the screen. So let's take a closer look at what our culture.
What role aquaculture can play in the? future and in FAO and. here we have a vision and the vision is. a world in which responsible expenses stainable Use a fisheries in our culture resources. makes an appreciable contribution to human.
well being to food security and poverty alleviation. And that already shows you that we are very much seeing. Article culture is part of a broader food. systems perspective, the. major tasks that we perform in FAO. in relation to our culture. Our data collection.
and analysis. The development of global knowledge. product, such as technical guidelines.
but don't say advice and guidance such as the code. of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries which. also has a celebration this year of 25 years. And facilitation of knowledge exchange and. global negotiation and.
this would do in the form of convening international. conferences meetings, an intergovernmental forum. So what I would like to focus on today is this. first major task. The collection and analysis of data.
Now we'll talk about this process. of regional and global reviews of our culture. which we have been starting in 1990. and have performed regularly every.
five years for the whole. Global 6 regions in the world. And synthesizing the information into. global overview, which covers. very much the aquaculture status, the development. and trends on a regional and global basis.
The detailed reviews are summarized with. key messages and options for the way forward. and this is what I will present to you today.
The reviews in 2020 are. aligned with our global conference. on Aquaculture, which we hold every 10 years. but more on that later. What I would like. to do now is show you the faces.
and the names behind these. Regional and the red views and. the global synthesis. These are our.
world known and leading. experts that have guided the. process and prepared and those documents. On the basis of. Various sources of data.
including information. from the state of the World Fisheries. and aquaculture. Our database fish that Jay from academic.
literature from agricultural databases. such as Fe and Start. Other FAO and. publications and of course, supplemented. ith expert views and opinions from. FAO staff and other experts around. the globe. And we're very grateful to.
all our experts that have. guided and let this process. And you may have heard some of them in the October.
webinar that we did, and that is also. available online. Now let's come to the 10 key. messages that were synthesized from the.
regional revenues key message one. Aquaculture has continued to grow. over the years and the decades and. really we must ensure that it will do so in the foreseeable.
future. Capture fisheries has. been stable and aquaculture has. been growing. Filling the supply demand gap. that we also expect to have in the future. In 2018, which are the latest available? data to us over 114 million? tons were produced by aquaculture worldwide.
valued at over 260 billion. US dollars. And this is composed of aquatic animals. with over 82 million tons and aquatic. plants with over 32,000,000.
tons, mostly seaweeds. Now aquaculture contributes now over. 50% of the aquatic food that we consume. and Asia and within Asia China.
is the top producer Asia really. is the powerhouse of production, but overall. around the globe is the developing countries that continue.
to produce the majority of farmed aquatic species. And a few developed countries are also. strong producers in some areas. North America and Oceania production. has leveled. However, policies are in. place to increase production and.
the food. Fish supply increases in all regions. But in Africa, and this is reason. for much concern in. This is why we have to pay. a lot of attention to the African region. FAO an also other institutions predictions.
Widely agree that there will be a supply demand. gap in the future and that aquaculture will. have to be the sector that continues. to grow and to fill that gap.
The second key message extracted from these reviews. is that it's external factors. that increasingly impact the fact they're sector. So whilst in the past the growing aquaculture sector had to address predominantly internal. factors, it is now the external ones.
that are important and we must deal with them by being. better prepared to respond to crises. and emergencies. And was when we started with. the with the reviews. It was climate change. identified as the most important external.
factor. Of course now it is the COVID-19. pandemic that is has severely impacted. the sector. Recognizing that impacts demand depends very. much on the local environment and on the capacity.
to adapt, but there have been disruptions of supply. chains and also sometimes inadequate. information about fish products by that had. led to impact and. it's difficult to evaluate evaluate at this point. when we're still in the middle of the pandemic.
end can have really a say what is going. to happen in the future, but. The case of China gives us a lot of hope because.
there actually the production has. and after. being severely affected now has come back and. And is being is running again at full speed? Now there are differences in impacts and. also in response between a global events such.
as climate change and COVID-19. versus local events and this could be. like events like fires but also. local tsunamis or.
collusion. And if you think about things. like bushfires as. they are experienced in the states or in Australia. And where maybe in the past there was international.
help being mobilized, but things like. this are not possible at the moment, environmental. roblems persist. Pollution and habitat degradation.
being two of them and they impact. the success of aquaculture. But of course also. of other food systems. Now the options for.
the way ahead here is that there is really a need. to create a more resilient and vital sector. that is capable of dealing with these increasingly.
important external factors and the. the reviews were unanimous in the. conclusion that. Really, it's disaster preparedness that needs to be increased. and emergency response is in. our culture planning and management that.
have to be in place. The third. Key message Aqua culture is diverse.
It's diverse in terms of farming systems. where we see cages, ponds, raceways. Intensive re circulation systems all. the way too low input extensive systems. and also large and small scale operations.
We have difference in environments and habitats. ranging all the way from temporary oceans to tropical. rice fields. There is a huge variety of aquatic species. comprising fish, mollusks, crustaceans. echinoderms, vascular plants.
Importantly, seaweeds but also microorganisms. and this diversity in itself. has a lot of opportunities, but also. challenges when it comes to the Aspen Re informing. And then there are regional differences the aquaculture. development and management needs to.
be very much area and region specific and dependent on. the local resource. Is there the local environment? local capacity and the.
integration with other systems of food? production and national priorities? is important, so in terms of options. for the way ahead. The diversity that we see now. should really be maintained to ensure. that these diverse systems and these diverse.
species are actually appropriate. for local conditions. For our local market. access and for this increase resilience.
that we so much need and the sector so much needs. Large and small scale awful colleges should be treated. equitably by governments and international development.
communities. And this is a very important point. because it's the small scale producers that often suffer. the most an that do need our help. And then finally, regional approaches should. e made with caution and emphasis and. d emphasis should be on regional corporation.
and harmonization of policies. where appropriate. The fourth key message relates to trade in aquaculture products. which is important and also diverse both within.
and among regions. And which needs better information in order to? do better? Seafood is one of the world's largest traded commodities. and we have strong regional differences.
there in Europe and also in the US. Fish and fish products must be imported to a large extent. in Sub Sahara Africa. Most fish are produced. and consumed locally and within the region. Where is it Latin America? The majority of aquaculture? products are exported.
The demand for convenience foods and. frozen and pre packaged foods we see rising. And in some regions. there is a lot of scope to do better with that regard. like North African near Eastern, the Sub Saharan Africa.
region. There are cultural products are. often marketed fresh and unprocessed. with little value adding.
Many of the regional revenues come. We're saying that the trade statistics. were noted to be incomplete, and. they often do not distinguish the. farm from the captured species. In terms of options for the way.
ahead, we should enhance access to mechanisms. that help provide accurate information to policymakers. and consumers and hear.
things like the infra fish network or the globefish. Trade publications were noted to be particularly. helpful. We need to encourage access to new. information technology to increase the flow and the accuracy.
of information and. Digital agriculture and digital aquaculture. With the more use of cell phones.
and more use of digital information is. something that will be looked. at much closer in the future.
Also that I fail and finally. we need to examine and promote the. benefits of value adding because a lot.
of profit can be gained here. The 5th. Market tools to promote sustainability. have potential, but more is needed.
Now, the salient issues here where. that trade requirements and equal labeling. and certification schemes are. useful market tools to promote environmental. and societal benefits. But the question was raised. as to how effective they are.
Because in some places certified aquaculture. products do command a higher price and the. value of certified products is actually increasing. And example of that is Atlantic.
Selman. But for some other species may be lower. valued species like carp, decertification. has not worked so as consumers are. not willing to pay the higher prices.
So there are concerns. actually, that the requirements are. too high for smallholders and. particularly in rural areas.
And that therefore there is a. difficulty for their. access to the markets in. The international guidelines that are out.
there and there's quite a number of them in an important. ones. Slightly technical guidelines on aquaculture. certification. They should really be promoted. more and applied more.
At the same time, market and consumer studies. should be conducted to examine critically the. efficacy. An impact of certification. an equal labeling. And develop mechanisms to.
ensure and we should develop mechanisms. to ensure that smallholders are not. adversely impacted. He messaged #6 that is that.
aquaculture stakeholders need to proactively. work to improve its image and the emphasis on. is on proactively so. the salient issues here are that. aquaculture suffers from poor public perception.
in some regions and social license is. used and poor public perception of the sector are. restricting the development.
There are environmental concerns there are. animal welfare concerns. Human health aspects. Access to resources such as land and water.
economic concerns from. competing sectors such as capture. fisheries. Now the options for the way had here.
e are to emphasize and improve the. environmental and the social. tainability and to use frameworks. such as the SDGS or the One Health. approach that is shown here on the upper right.
side to show how aquaculture. Is it vital and necessary component of the overall? food basket that really benefits so? many stakeholders and also SOC through? better food security through better nutrition? and through income generation? And the engagement of other sectors. and other stakeholders is very. important in this regard and this. is a point which I trust needs no further explanation.
On the key message number 7 aquaculture. produces nutritious and safe food. while the salient issues that were synthesized. from the reviews here where that fish is. such a good source of not only good proteins. but it's a unique source of many essential.
nutrients, including long chain. omega-3 fatty acids, iodine. with him. Indeed, calcium and many asset. Many others.
Uncle Culture does provide a steady and affordable. supply of food fish. And it can meet the criteria for food.
security in many cases in many areas. much better than other sectors can. And several reviews in recent studies indicated that. aquaculture products often fillets. or larger fish. Are not providing nutrition at local.
levels, and this is something we need to be concerned with because. it's our culture is only done for export and for. exporting the larger fillets then. it cannot provide the necessary benefits.
at local level. The options for the way they had here are too mainstream. nutrition in aquaculture development policies and. I would say also vice versa. To engage and promote the concept.
of sustainable food systems, and. alue chains and promote a diversified. consumptions of consumption of these many species. And products, and to further develop.
means to increase the nutrition. or farmed fish and that could be achieved. for example through enriched feeds, but. also through genetic.
selection and improvement. techniques. Or simply the selection of a suitable. species with a higher nutrient content.
Where this option exists? Let's move to the 8th key message aquaculture. can and should provide decent employment. The salient issues here? are in our culture more than. 20 million people are employed. Mostly in the post harvest sector.
and. Apple culture operations, and interestingly also. in areas where. other options are not as much to vailable.
in some of the regions there were problems. reported in regards to workers rights in. regards to occupational safety and health. And also access to resources and. value chains.
Now women play important role in all. parts of the value chain and especially in. the processing and relatively. higher percentage of women is involved. in aquaculture than in capture fisheries and this.
is good and should be further strengthened. Now, with regard to the options for the way ahead. Aquaculture provides decent employment.
and we should examine the women's road. in the value chain and follow that. up with good policy actions. Providing opportunities an employment for. women also results in empowerment for. women because they will be taking their.
better knowledge back to their homes to. their families for increased. benefits of the nutrition of. the family members. When it comes to. human and workers rights to occupational health.
and safety, but also to a gender. access we need. With respect and.
for these aspects and. that especially gender and use. access are protected.
Coming to key message number 9 innovation. increases efficiency and. it's essential to further increase efficiency in. the future.
Among the salient issues that were synthesized, our dialogue. type, disease, diagnosis, and treatment, which are. mproving whilst at the same time. thanks to innovative technologies, antibiotic. use is decreasing genetic. technologies are around.
there exists, although they are not being fully used. and there's a lot to be gained from applying. Basic genetic turn technologies such. as simple selective breeding, improved. farming systems are present. Such such.
as recirculating systems or integrated. multi trophic aquaculture systems there. are digital digital technologies around now. which increase and improve. Or data and information systems and situation. And the fish percentage in feeds has been reduced.
and we now see products on the market. that have, for example, to. a large extent already replaced fish. oil in the feeds with all GRE. for example, which is an excellent move ahead.
Now, on the options for the way ahead, we need to. improve the local capacity building and the technology transfer. The promotion of realistic.
advantages of new technologies are. should be made and the emphasis here. is on realistic advantages. It has to be technologies. that are also accessible and usable. by our main producers in. developing countries and all those small.
scale farmers that produce the bulk of our college. We need to assist small scale in rural farmers that. they have access to innovation. The.
ecosystem benefits of aquaculture need to be. better examined. And at the same time we should not abandon proven technologies. but rather build of them and build.
on them and improve them as we go along. Again, as it comes to the replacement. official Aqua feeds, this is a good.
development, but at the same time this. whole discussion should not unduly impact the. responsible use of fish. And we should analyze trade offs and.
communicate these tradeoffs. The message is good. Governance is increasing. but more is needed, and the salient issues here.
are that as you can see on the. diagram here, aquaculture. is just one part within. the broader ecosystem and environment, and unfortunately. often not well integrated international policies. Because very often it is.
a newcomer to this environment. and this means that planning, zoning. and environmental impact analysis really are. needed to help the sustainability. of the sector. But also the social acceptance because it's. being scrutinized as a latecomer.
is being scrutinized very. Very much, and in some regions the regulatory. burden on aquaculture, as in you sector. is very high. So the options for the way ahead then are. e really that policies should be harmonized.
within ministries and among countries. and among those sectors that. jointly use certain areas. where aquaculture should have its rightful place.
Aquaculture should be integrated into national development. strategies and it's true farmer. associations and produce associate associations. that a stronger representation.
can be made to the decision makers. The value of aquaculture should be very. widely communicated and especially. their the strong. and good nutritional aspects. We should strengthen intergovernmental collaboration.
on our culture and on especially. on governance at the level of. for example, the Kofi Subcommittee and Aquaculture and.
at other intergovernmental 4 hours for. example, at the network of aquaculture centers. for Asia Pacific and their statutory. body meetings. So. All of this actually means.
that aquaculture can do quite a lot. In helping achieve the agenda 2030. it's SDGS another international. commitments. Aquaculture is directly contributing. To number of SDGS importantly.
1, two and 14 but many others and. indirectly to too many more. Each region in this regard has.
its own opportunities and challenges, and there are. new ways of viewing and promoting. nd analyzing fruit systems that are emerging. And that look beyond the. tons produced and the and the dollars sold.
and instead focus on positive outcomes for. local communities in the form of nutrition. and food security. And this. is something where much more can. be done and we need to SSSS. and enable our country development.
in terms of the direct and indirect. implementation. And contribution to the SDGS. So what we saw in the region of the reviews and the. since synthesis was a call for global.
and regional organizations, maybe to. look for and you indicators that go beyond. As I said before, the kilograms. and the dollars, but recognize that health and. environment and as.
maybe in nutrition sensitive every culture. Social and economic viability. are so important and should be prioritized. Now. The question is, how can we maximize? aquaculture's contribution to the SDGS? And as much as we appreciate and value. the invitation of being at the.
meeting of was like the 1:00 today. We would very much like to reciprocate. reciprocate and also invite was.
members and. And others to an. important event we are organizing every. 10 years with our partner not come and. this year with our host being. China and the host being the Ministry of Agriculture and.
Rural Affairs of the People's Republic of China. No one can achieve the SDGS alone partnership. and working together is so important so. join us at this global conference in. September 22 to 27 September.
21 in Shanghai, China. It will be a hybrid. nference. Would be free for all will be. open to interested stakeholders and. the website you can see here it's. our culture2020.org brick registration. will open this.
And you are cordially invited. to be there. So with this I would like to thank you. Once again thank the World aquaculture Soc.
For the kind invitation and thank all. of you for your attention. for being with me throughout.
this somewhat long talk. and I wish you good proceedings and look. forward to the commands and questions that. you may have.
Over here. I'm good. Thank you Doctor Hall with a second.
presented today Doctor Fashion say she Chen. at weaponizing correctly. Successful entropy NIA and someone at work day for.
y no. In fact, he sitting next to me today. Get this money. 30 years of dynamic hands-on experience. managing upper culture, farms and hatcheries in different countries.
He's the founder. He blew up our international group. A one stop provider for the upper culture industry. with a global presence in 14 countries. Started doctors trim. a set of excellence in shrimp farming, not the streams.
relatively bridges on the group's expertise and. knowledge in stream farming be consolidated on. its online platform Doctor's trip.com with the latest research.
Findings in practical solutions on stream farming are published. But district Office packages Solutions consultancy services. for stream farmers globally. Extension of this. site allows users to purchase products. fee equipment and even post level strip. online. Not the pasture is also an inventor.
of the highly commended Mixer Tropic System. a super intensive shrimp and fish farming system and. multispecies super intensive zero ways green. areas which I understand sweetie probably. Yes. But the fact is, the founder of Engine Edit Saraki agent.
Upper Cartoon Network. This is original network that was. established to share practical technical information for. upper culture. It's funny focus is to promote sustainable development. in profitable practices. Pop culture in Asia finally. thought the fashion that's also the past president for the world.
of Warcraft Society. It should it should Pacific chapter between 30 degrees. 16 is coming on board of directors on copper culture engineering. Society. So please welcome our second presented at the fashion.
fashion please thank you. Good day everybody. This is Doctor Farshad I'm. the CEO and founder of their viewer point. international groups. Today I would be.
talking about the agricultural technology and super intensive. culture system to create food security. Before that I will just explain very little about where.
am I coming from. So we have a group of a company different part of. the world we are dealing with a farming and supporting. the other farmers around the world for upper culture. especially in a shrimp industry. So we have a very strong holding true. That's why I have created center. We call it. Doctor shouldn't center.
So this is more about working on five. different species of the shrimp that commonly. like very popular work so. we're trying to. At the hatchery will often also we are doing the lobby. search on these five steps.
We also working on a different species of the fish where basically. two speeches or power. Very main focus is there. a panel and also JPEG and also working. under Red claw crayfish and CV? We supply our product that we. produced in Singapore two different different supermarkets and this way. OK, food security. I think this is very.
interesting topic. Allow people talk about it and. what is the definition of the word security. I think full security. defined by United Nation as you.
the people at all times have physical. social and economical excessive sufficient. safe and nutritious food. That meets their food preference and I attributes.
for an active and healthy. This is what? United Nation defined. And then what really impact today to prove security? is of course we have a climate change we.
have a very big growth in our population in the Earth. We have an increasing of the food price you have. a lot of environmental stress and just recently you can see. we have a lot of disease outbreaks such as complete item that. can change their whole life and living style of human. If you look at what are the strategy and policy that.
we have to look, we have to look at the improving. the market and food trade. We have to look at the land use. pattern water allocation.
Post office food processing. Food prices and safety building local capacity. and also increasing the product.
I think that increasing the productivity and local. capacity are very important as what I tried to. do today to address that. And just simply, if you look at the impact of the kovid.
that shows that really, really now after covid. many countries, many government researchers. trying to find a way how agriculture really. can provide affordable and healthy proof. We have many reports from countries such as US. Singapore, Scotland, Canada and many others.
They are trying to push an increase the productivity. and production in upper culture because this. will help us to be more self sufficient plan. We can have a better and sustainable source of the food. OK, I will call Jim what is our production? If you look at the picture.
at the bottom right you can see aquaculture started. many many years ago. Even though those data people were very close and. people do farming and today we have a lot.
of development in aquaculture. we have AI in Apple culture. So those days that many years ago, thousand years ago that. people in Java and different parts of the world there would. ust taking a small part of the you title area.
and start to grow, some catch some fish larvae. put it there and just leave it then. And he's just harvest. them fully. Easy catch OK today we.
have giant giant operation around the world. This is. one of the largest farm. Shouldn't farm in the world. actually the largest 30,000 Hector? A farming. area in a lampoon, Indonesia? Which is fake. So it means that something. goes wrong somewhere. We look many many different type of.
the farming people trying to do like cover. with plastic looking at indoor. outdoor, small form, big bone like.
e. I have done like we will discuss more. about like what we have done in the shrimp so we try to increase. the production and bio mass.
But the bottom line is one, is it. Definitely we have to go for entails. We have to increase our productivity. We have to improve.
our production system and we have to go for intensification. because generally the fishery and. catch capture fishery is declining in. aquaculture. Must replace that demand that exists in the market. There are different methods that people trying nowadays. for the farming beside the traditional farming deadly.
can see around all around the world like. such as res system with a different. Component then you have a like. I call it like.
smart farming. They use different different tools different. methods. All they have much more complicated system with a lot. of sophisticated and complicated. cultural system which is not very easy.
to really implement in everyone. So you really need to have very. efficient and lot of.
educated people to run that kind of system. Then I mean like for the problem of the temperature. we came up with a very simple idea, so we use like evaporation.
system. In our two emails to really lower the temperature. of the form. Or we can use like something like Air Dome, which. no structure. Nothing is very easy, you can just blow up by the. air and he can cover very big big area is.
very good for bio security. Very good for the controlling of. the environment. The all this activity is for one purpose. to increase the carrying capacity of the form so.
carrying capacity means how we can get more. biomes from a certain area so. that space. So carrying capacity always limited by the environmental. resistance. So basically environmental resistance.
such as I think the most important one is a deal the oxygen. or you're like nitrogen is gas or toxic. gas or disease. Whatever you want to name it and push.
down the production. But we always have a biological potential. potential to grow bigger and bigger. But of course we can produce that 2000 tons fish. in one Hector. Or I don't know.
So it means that is the limit. So we basically look at. the potential and optimum basically. potential, so optimum.
biological potential or optimum current capacity. is what we're looking at, how we can go there? What do we need? to know that? So in my line of work we. came up with an idea. I collie Greens equation from green. to click so we found a way that how we can. in this part of the world in a tropical area.
which we have many, many different species. So sometimes. they're not too expensive. We went to solve so how the farmer? really can adopt A technology that it. doesn't cost them too much and it still yet managed.
to produce more biomes out of them. So if I look at the culture system. So how I divide the culture system in a very simple? way? People to understand I might get like. water and land. You have shrimp and fish or. any other species you grow, you have feet and you have surrounding. environment. Let's this what we have. Nothing more than this.
but the dynamic and relationship between. each one of these sectors. It cause a lot of. complication and difficulty to really. create a system that is very success.
So when we look at the culture system design, it can be many. thing whatever hold the water be considered your culture. system design example of the ARIA system. Or you can have whatever you holding. water system you have. You have a simple or tag or. you have a race. Wait, this is my phone, so some user.
very tall tanks to hold the water some. we use a very short and like very. standard. Then we have a raceway within Long Raceway for. our shrimp. So he said he friend metal but the purpose is. still is to hold the animal within.
the water. Then your system can have many many component. You have a. fish tank, mechanical filter, biological filter. decals are. I don't know oxygen enrichment this. infection so you can choose whatever you want, but. in the method that we're working here some of.
these things is not really apply for us like we don't. do this infection in lining their system or. I don't need to use the details and so we will discuss what we are.
using here. To some other system you see even more. sufficient to add, like uniform fractionated or. proteins team that you have a different different. user, awesome. So it's they're all a system that. basically you created Clearwater system so.
you use a lot of energy to remove the energy. from the system. So now in, but in my opinion, those. dditional energy that you are removing from system. can fit another species that can help.
you to clean your system. So. In our work, what we did we have. a. We have created very. Green areas means I don't remove. phytoplankton. Zoo plankton bacteria especially.
from my system. My system is still. Is it reset correctly? We reduce those parameters that we know. that they are pushing down our carrying capacity. but we maintain very natural and green environment. OK, the key is oxygen so.
whatever system you are doing still oxygen is. the key factor. You can compromise on your. oxygen. You need to have a sufficient oxygen. in your system.
Everybody doesn't matter. You do indoor outdoor hatchery. Whatever you are doing, you cannot save on oxygen. But how much oxygen do I need that's. the key factor. A lot of people they have very fixed number for that.
I think is not very true because oxygen. requirement it's really goes by day it. amic of your system. If you have a system with.
a very high highly oxidized system you need a. lot of oxygen in your system. You have low bio mass unit. Of course this so it's a very very subjective. and the supplying of the oxygen. Like for us we are using. liquid oxygen. Maybe somebody used a different method.
but the point is you need to have is sufficient. Oxygen that can dissolve in the water. very well to increase the saturation. of the oxygen. So which these are very much depend on this salinity.
temperature and few other factors that. really, really make us to understand how. much oxygen I need and how I can mix this.
oxygen to my sister. Second thing is the aeration aeration when you. have oxygen evolution required because you want to move the.
water you want to see click you want to make the water. alive by creating a movement we can do. many things but we use a blower to really do that for. us. We have like certain things like protein. a is very important but I don't use protein skimmer.
in life. I use protein skimmer in a like a. so it's but it's very important. Then you come to like some very high tech like. AI and all those and we have a project with a star in Singapore.
They determining their biomes. of the culture in a. green system. It's not so easy. It's very important. but we're working on that. For the past, I don't know one year plus. two years, but I was just seeing that. now in our day-to-day work. You can see a lot of AI.
applying human like this example people. using these they call it the most human AI for the end. Enterprise or we have it? Underwater robot, we're.
sing one or two model of these for my talking. but these are becoming more and more popular. Measurement of your water quality parameter in line and. online measurement is very very important so we. take different different parimeter to major they are.
very important for us to make a judgment about our system OK. But the bottom line, the system that I use is. green. I have not only my culture speeches. which is. Can be shrimp or fish or whatever. We have many other.
things. We have different different microorganism inside. that we have a lot of bacteria is one of the key things here we have. a phytoplankton. We have zoo plankton.
So. Many aging this and creating a connection. between this water and gas dynamic with. a biological you interaction that you can see. There is the key factors.
And even forever lobbies. We're doing the green systems we. can do for fish, we can do for shrimp, doesn't matter. because all of these living in a water. The job is to maintain the good water quality, so the.
nimal they know how they can be there. What we have done is you want to compare our. work. So far we have managed to increase the carrying.
capacity of the shrimp that we grow from. traditionally around one to two key loggers parameter we are. doing now around 15 to 20 kilo correspondent. and this is we are doing quite some time we're.
supplying our animal two different different supermarket. and restaurants in Singapore and the quality is. External is really really good quality end. So I had it painted system to use for. my culture system because it makes the traffic system we. have. Peyton please run in seven countries.
I will explain a little bit more about this one later. And then we have another pending for Peyton. We call. it multi species. Super intensive zero waste system.
So this also I will explain a little bit more about. it, so the whole disk. Ideas turning around the simpler economy in aquaculture. so we are trying to use the waste of 1 species.
for another species not to change water, not. to create ways and yet to produce sufficient. bio mass. Out of all these things. Mixer traffic system is basically about.
environment log modulation, so we have factors. like PH&RP, right important nitrogen. forceful ratio for phytoplankton, CN ratio for.
auto trophic, an heterotrophic bacteria which. sometimes carbon can be. Organic apples, white robe and inorganic forbid also. drove MDM. A lot of bacteria we manipulate. the bacteria by using the providing our own providing and of.
course we have a lot of Algy so we have like a balance. between energy and nutrient. So what we're doing here? We are doing the nutrient balance. New team balance can very simply as I call it.
mixture traffic SIS. Makes the traffic system is a trademark Latvia. And it's very simple, it's talking about. nitrogen, false work for bacteria for phytoplankton so. we try to maintain certain ratio for.
that depends on what type of phytoplankton we require, like. you want to green, it's a 30. You wanted brownies it, then you. want to brownish greenish 20 and when it comes to this. carbon nitrogen ratio, it's very important.
because usually we don't have much problem with a. nitrogen. But we need to supply sufficient character so. we apply a lot of sugar. And also alkalinity use for us as a source. for the auto trophy.
So. In our system, the nitrogen cycle very important. I have categorize here the auto trophic energy. trophic organism. Maybe some people say oh how come? shrimp and zoo plankton our headquarters? I don't.
n't look at that way. I look at that they are utilizing their organic. bon so we have these two group. and then when you look at the whole thing.
The most important cycle we have is the nitrogen. cycle. If we manage the nitrogen cycle well. definitely we have a very good system.
and that the whole key is here. You must. have a good ammonia fication. You must have a good nitrification and. then assimilation because in our system we have a lot of.
green algi, so the green algi will help you. really to reduce your nitrogen and. false for from the system. And then we have effectors like PH, N or P, which they. are very important. Extremely important, I'm sure. everybody know what is PH bodies or free, so I'm not going to explain.
M. Also the nutrition in bacteria. That's what I call. it, makes a trophy. That's why we TM's, in which central? So we have this or he has a very. close relationship with nitrification. That's what the maintaining the RP in our system in the high level. is extremely important.
And of course it's a phytoplankton management so. this is somewhat of a shows that you can see here. A PH. It's very, very important to manage.
because PS fluctuate through the phytoplankton so. we need to make sure we have a good buffering capacity and. we maintain a good number of the phytoplankton don't.
over bloom or under blue. This is very important because for so many years. y former they try to use calc calcium.
care going to like live and dolomite in the. system and I think I start like 10 years ago I was telling people. don't. It's just wasting money because what do you need? Alkalinity has nothing to do with the shrimp algae. does everything with their nitrification and also.
with a basically the buffering capacity. We need a lot of magnesium and calcium in our system. And then the provide tickets is extremely important. so I have my own provide pixel reapplying our system. because by using this provided we basically create a super.
ova bacteria that the fish and shrimp swimming cited. So if I want to look at my mixer traffic system. in the indoor or outdoor we look at. this way. So what the early culture? We have? A lot of phytoplankton.
bloom at the end. We have a lot of bacterial group. so this is the very simple explanation. Means we take care of the phytoplankton at the beginning because. we really no need too much of bacteria. Still we do have. but we don't push too much 'cause my baby facial baby shrimp.
They need to eat more than they need to get clean. Or when you are moving to the end because your biomes increasing your. feeding ratio increasing and you need a lot.
of bacteria to help you to click and also to prevent. the disease. So I have like three stages. I call it phytoplankton.
icky stage. So this phytoplankton stage we have very good. bloom of the Algy, so we practice this in outdoor. So for so many years so we're very good Bluma Walji so. o you look at the nitrogen for small ratio, PHP is extremely. important. Then you when you are moving to the middle of the culture. which really really practice this variable in our.
indoor system also. So we try to reduce the phytoplankton. We try to increase the number of the bacteria in the system. And at the end of the day, we are pushing to the. really very low phytoplankton. Any big. big number of the CFU for there, either. nter Trump or also Trump acted.
And we can even do a different way. Sometimes you just. want to have notification system. We just use the nitrite spike. and cut it down OK? So generally when we look at our management depan management.
or RES management, anything you want to talk we. look at the genetic disease feeding an environment. These are very, very important to genetic. Whatever because. Days ago I had a presentation for aquaculture engineering society. and then somebody was asking me. OK, how about NO3? I say no, it really, really, really don't have much problem, but.
in my system the biggest problem I have is their problem. of my sizing. I have a broken size a lot because. I do very high density. It's not easy to get.
the same genetic all the time so you have some animal grow very. big. So many more globally small. So this. genetic it's very important for us. Then it's come to disease. we manage this is by using.
cause we have a very. In a good bacteria in the system that they don't allow. pathogenic bacteria like review another growth, but we have by.
security. So we need to have the by security for the wild disease attacks. And actually, disease is not only about the infectious. disease. We have nutritional disease. We have environment offices we have. genetically you. No problem with.
animal that they have to consider these. Then you come feeding. Feeding is extremely important for us because. Such a high density you can just feed a normal field that's. why we have been developing is to point intensive feeding. my company for the past two years. Try to really reach to the.
requirement of this animal in such a high density and of. course environment is one of the key things we can do with this. is what they are living there. So in this simple layman term we. have very simple conflagration. Either auto already told you. phytoplankton bloom water quality.
for biotech, nutrient balance and papa region. software. Then you look at the ripe show. you some pictures from outdoor. So this is what we have. 90. Maybe 7% of 98% of. our aquaculture messages. This is one of the founding work.
so we can see we applied. It makes the true fixes them in the outdoors. It's not good form. I like the form, but when. you talk about from this is the form below uniform indicating. outdoor and even indoor that your azure traffic bacteria.
working well. So we have very good. In practice this in outdoor, but the problem is I say is. the carrying capacity indoor you have by security. you have a lot of other advantage that basically.
will help you to and these things cannot practice. in a country like Singapore, we cannot have found like this, there's. what we have developer form that it can produce. a big amount of the bio mass in a very small area. of land with a very limited water requirement. With him almost zero and change and reusing.
he water. We can use the same water for years and yet. we just pop up because we can't afford to get.
water to our system very often. Even my farm is not nearby DC. So these are like this is like you can see this. is like a last stage and over outdoor.
system that we have a lot of bacteria. And we do a lot of research. We work with the. AIC with the thermostat poly. many university, so we are very glad. to have a support of the Singapore.
And. Thank you everyone for this for this. very nice presentation. Thank you farshad. So I'm sitting here with.
the with partial and Doctor Lyons Doctor. My Matthias is online with us we. have received already a couple of questions which are published from the. question and answer on your screen and you are welcome to.
ask for further clarification. from the speakers if you need. Great and I will be supporting. you in transferring this question to speakers. Now I'm I would like to start with the 1st.
t question we have received. It sets a question from my TS. So Matt yes we have equation which. is with a growing marine aquaculture. What is FAO? planning to have governments to protect farming? from the transfers of cutter jams and Matthias? Yes, thank you very much. Can you hear me? Hello yes we can. Yes we can right yes.
OK very good. Thank you for the question. and then first of all let me say congratulations to. world aquaculture SOC and Singapore Food. Agency for organizing this event.
The question was about the growth of marine aquaculture. and transfer of pathogens and what FAO is. doing well. We have a quite a number of activities. going on in the field in terms of.
projects, but also in terms of conceptual. framework of how to deal with pathogens. pathogen transfer and what it's. called. It's the progressive management pathway.
on aquatic by security. That very much burrows from the agricultural. and livestock sector concept and it's being applied. to aquaculture and that. is being developed by colleagues. and a lot of capacity building.
efforts are being done together with partners. For example, Mississippi State University. but many others we have reference. centers that deals specifically with aquatic. by security issues.
So there is a lot going on aquatic. by security is also a. subject that is regularly discussed at.
the Committee on Fisheries Subcommittee on Aquaculture. which meets every two years and. this is an intergovernmental forum.
so that member countries are. represented there and discuss issues. that are of global importance and global significance and. Certainly aquatic by security is one of them. But of course, we also have many.
observers there who. can take the floor can make interventions. and by doing so can inform and.
if you like influence government opinion. and the whole discussion and. negotiation process that takes place about. topics of global interest such as. aquatic by security, maybe I'll stop here. Thank you. Thank you very much Matthias for this clarification and.
this is actually a very nice transition since we're. talking about pathogens and older. active work that I have been doing this.
may maybe explain why we had basically. reducing the amount of antibiotic on farms. and fashion. We have a question from even Navajo for. you indicate that antibiotics are reducing.
but what about the? Amount of synthetic omens, and we're using especially in KPI. fter production. Partial. OK, yeah, very good. question. I believe there is a. There is a problem here that we all think that sometimes. all these new technologies such as antibiotic and all.
those things are not really you. Sometimes it is not about the. antibiotic, it's about responsibly using all those. newer chemicals or whatever we. have so that when we are talking about antibiotic, reduce. efinitely reduced. But if there is some time.
cases that required to use if they use it responsibly. If they follow all the regulation. Everything, just like human. It's no problem as long as they.
consider the redrawn preordered everything that's come. to the homeowners also is exactly the same situation. Some of these sensitive hormone it is not. necessary to use some necessary to use. because if you are going to have a huge production, you cannot. ake all your fish to breed or produce.
taking same time. So we need to apply but. I would I would I would rather to say that we should. be more responsible and more consider it and using. all these. Chemicals and drugs rather than just use it. without any guideline.
Thank you very much farshad. We have a second question. from Royal Bosma you. insist on a high tech innovation and. these needs are very high capital investment but.
are there any low tech intensification? 4 pounds available in fact. the system that I was describing today definitely. is not a high tech you, I mean. high investment system. In fact, what we have done. we have definitely tried to reduce the. The cost of the investment. It is a very low.
investment system, but it's just about. you have to understand few very important factor one is. your carrying capacity and your target. biomes. That's the what. We always talk so. you decide what biomes you are looking for and based. on that you can definitely.
set your equipment. There is no such a things that I don't have. any new technology or any investment. and I can catch.
I can harvest a lot of fish from my system or I. can ge