Thanjavur Brihadiswara Temple | தஞ்சைப் பெருவுடையார் கோயில் | UNESCO World Heritage
Select cc in your language for more info Brihadishvara Temple, called Rajarajesvaram also known called Tanjai Peruvudaiyar Kovil One of the largest temples in India Dedicate to Hindu god Lord Shiva represented as a huge ‘Lingam This temple was built between 1003 and 1010 CE By the Emperor Rajaraja Chola I the temple is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Great Living Chola Temples" located on the south bank of the Cauvery river in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu Can be reached by many mode of transport The great Cholas established a powerful monarchy in the 9th CE at Thanjavur and in its surroundings. this temple describes the cholas art and architecture skills Arulmozhivarman, a Tamil emperor who was popular as Rajaraja Chola laid out foundations of Brihadeeswarar Temple during 1002 CE. It was first among other great building projects by Tamil Chola. It is one architectural exemplar, which showcases representative of ideology of Chola Empire and Southern India’s Tamil civilization Brihadeeswarar Temple “testifies to Chola’s brilliant achievements in architecture, painting, bronze casting and sculpture” The temple complex integrates a large pillared and covered veranda (prakara) in its spacious courtyard perimeter of about 450 metres (1,480 ft) for circumambulation this complex entrance is tower one check one map of this temple before entering to second complex we can find a courtyard The temple stands amidst fortified walls that were probably added in the 16th century. the outer walls of the temple are built like fort having a deep moat surrounding it. this temple has many sculptures in the form of lord shiva in different styles Sculpture of Brihadishvara Temple is one of the finest examples of Chola art and architecture representing hindu god and goddesses in two complexes worth checking out sculpture of Brihadishwara Temple is unique in its enormity some small sculptures in these fortified walls in the form of gods The Brihadeshwara temple(Thanjai Periya Kovil) complex has five main sections nandi mandabam and vimana tower vimana tower is one of the tallest in South India with a height of 208 feet and was erected using Granite stone.
The Shiva lingam or the idol is covered by the tower and is built with stones The entire temple structure is made out of granite the nearest sources of which are about 60 km to the west of temple The entire complex is designed on a raised platform and the floor of the courtyard reflects the heat of the sun at any point of the day due to the 208 ft high Vimana The temple is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Tamil Nadu nearly per year 5 crore domestic tourist and 3.5 lakhs foreign visitors before covid The sikhara, a cupolic dome (25 tons), is octagonal and rests on a single block of granite, weighing 80 tons. There is a big statue in Nandi mandapam carved out of a single rock measuring about 16 ft (4.9 m) long and 13 ft (4.0 m) high at the entrance weighing 25 tones two complex view many sculptures can be seen in these complex different views of the Sri-vimana tower from nandi mandapa main tower vimana have some inscription in tamil The temple complex has sixty four inscriptions of Rajaraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I Vikrama Chola, Kulottunga I and Rajamahendra (Rajendra II) The numerous detailed inscriptions in elegant calligraphy on the temple structure some as lengthy as 107 paragraphs, give a glimpse into the temple's history.
They reveal that this temple was exclusively conceived, designed, and managed by Rajaraja Chola I himself. All inscriptions begin with the Tamil language introduction to the king or donor who authorized it. They describe the many gifts of land, money, silver, gold, precious gems, and jewelry received by the temple.
Inscriptions also describe how donated gold coins, and money were loaned for eternity The Brihadishvara temple is just as much a symbol of power and wealth as it is a shrine to Shiva. Inscriptions—made on the walls detailing the ruler’s lavish gifts to the temple are evidence enough of the wealth of the Chola dynasty. Tamil Inscriptions in Thanjavur Brahadeeshwara Temple written 1000 years ago When the temple was constructed, it was the largest in India The temple has a massive colonnaded prakara (corridor) and one of the largest Shiva lingas in India. 81 exquisite sculptures depicting the karanas' or transitional movements intrinsic of Bharatanatyam and other classical indian dance movements structure that serves as a symbol of Chola period architecture view from back yard tamil inscription seen in all sides of vamana tower lower part ancient 11th century inscriptions in walls of temple Thedescribes tamil culture , includes over 600 names including those of priests, lamp lighters, gurus , workers etc...
it shows the wealth of the emperor the nayaks .... during 17th to 18th century nayaks rules thanjavur in this corriders many lingams placed you can seen the paintings at the back these are 300 years old one showcasing various lives of shiva and gods The war and invasions by different intruders destroyed the temple architecture several times but it was always renovated or re-established by the then ruling kingdoms. The inscriptions and frescoes on the walls of Brihadeeswarar Temple record the rise and fall of the city’s fortunes vamana tower front view from nandi mandapa The temple is a remarkable example of brilliance in craftsmanship and intricate detailing incorporated in architecture buildings 1000 years back from now. In April 1954, the Reserve Bank of India had released a 1000 rupees currency note with panoramic view of the temple coins too modern day view of this temple The Brihadishvara temple was designated a World Heritage site in 1987. Its soaring pyramidal shrine, heavy doorways, and early paintings make it a masterpiece of Chola art and architecture.
Brihadeeswarar Temple is also widely known by name of 'Big Temple'. This temple completed its 1000 years in the year 2010. Its soaring pyramidal shrine, heavy doorways, and early paintings make it a masterpiece of Chola art and architecture vimana tower How did Cholas lift 80 tons of Granite to a 216-foot tower ? The Cholas used a combination of techniques to lift the heavy granite blocks to build the Gopuram at the Tanjore Brihadeeswarar Temple. One technique was to use inclined planes made of earth, along which the blocks were pulled up using ropes and pulleys. It is also believed that the Cholas used a floating crane made of ropes and wooden beams to lift the blocks into place.
by constructing a long ramp over 6km and using elephants to lift the blocks? these techniques demonstrate the impressive engineering skills of the Cholas and their ability to construct monumental structures. still a myth!!!!!..... The "Brihadisvara Temple, Tanjavur", which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List is part of the "Great Living Chola Temples is still proud as it stands now.... this masterpiece built by emperor rajaraja chola 1 is truly one of the most beautiful architectural splendors of the country It is a peerless piece of architecture and represents the culture during Chola Dynasty in India by The "Great living cholas " vanakkam.......