MERDEKA! Malaysia's Road To Independence And How It Differed From Indonesia's

MERDEKA! Malaysia's Road To Independence And How It Differed From Indonesia's

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welcome to merdeka square Detaran Merdeka merdeka meaning freedom this is the place where in 1957 the first prime minister of Malaysia declared independence i thought i'd come here and walk around and share the story of that but they got music over here we got music over here it's a Saturday a lot of people are out it's a beautiful day   so let's go somewhere a little quieter and we can talk we can talk i want to know what these people are lined up for   what's going on here what's going on here? do you know like what's happening here what is it? pay for the fine. fine fine we pay for the fine you pay for a fine here? all these people all these people in line? like parking tickets or something no no a fine? or a fee? what kind of fine? so everyone here is in trouble? wow okay okay and they make you come here to do it today we get a 15% discount oh you get a discount if you pay here? wow, so you have to wait out here in the hot sun in line wow okay interesting okay thank you so all those people waiting over there and i guess all these people here too are all waiting in line and if you notice it's a bunch of dudes there are a few women in there but mostly guys discounts 15 i mean it wraps all the way around here how long have you been waiting half an hour how far have you moved in half an hour? you're stuck here oh they haven't started yet okay okay so that's why it hasn't moved it just hasn't started okay okay appreciate it thank you okay so that gentleman was just telling me that because it's like cop day today it's  police day and so they get a 15 discount if they pay here but usually he said you can just pay it online but the music is stopped let's go uh let's do this let's do this so i would like to walk out here in this lawn but it's it's pretty pretty sloppy right now it's pretty nasty because it's been raining a lot lately that's why i didn't get out yesterday because it just rained pretty much all day so   i got here two days ago uh now I really wanted to come to Malaysia   because i felt like it had the most in common with Indonesia i've been in Indonesia for about nine months of the past year and i've traveled all throughout java i've been in the maluku islands and of course bali and so i felt okay let's go to Malaysia it has the most in common with Indonesia they both share similar histories similar culture, the language is more or less the same like 80 percent the same pretty much and so yeah i wanted to come here they, Indonesia and Malaysia both have very similar histories like i said before the age of colonialism, they were both ruled by kingdoms and sultans and tribes and you know whatever you want  to call it some of these kingdoms went from java to Sumatra and all the way up in here to Malaysia and then of course both countries had to suffer through colonialism Indonesia being the dutch and of course malaysia here with britain and the english and well they both had to suffer through Japanese occupation for three years during world war ii and then they kind of had the same path you know up till then i feel like with the age of colonialism and being subjugated for centuries and then the Japanese came and put an end to the European presence  here in malaysia and indonesia and then it was there that Indonesia and Malaysia kind of took two different paths on their road to independence and so before world war ii and one of the main differences was they had such different paths to claiming their independence like i said earlier the prime minister declared independence here in 1957 12 years after world war ii indonesia declared independence two days after world war ii like right away japan surrendered and Sukarno declared independence he was a bit reluctant at first because he didn't want to upset the Japanese troops that were there but he ended up getting kidnapped is how the story goes he got kidnapped and let's just go this way and somewhat forced to declare independence there's nothing really cool to look at over there let's just keep going over here by the horses and so while Indonesia declared independence in just two days it took malaysia 12 years to do it why is that well before world war ii indonesia had an independence movement already in the making already brewing you had political figures like Sukarno and Hatta already trying to spread the message of an independent Indonesia you didn't have that here from what i understand the people of malay   they were more or less i guess not happy but they didn't mind the the the english colonizing them i guess i mean they were more apathetic i guess they were under the impression that the British were a strong country they had the strongest military in the world. or one of them and that i guess the british did a better job of convincing the people here that they had their best interests at heart and they were here to serve and protect them. that all fell apart during world war ii check out the horses we're about to do something here i hope this music doesn't yeah i think it's just the band playing i think  we're good i think i think we're good and so yeah world war ii put an end to the aura of british dominance here in malay and so   like i was saying earlier in indonesia you had an independence movement that   already started prior to world war ii you didn't have that here in Malaysia so when japan did surrender i hope you can hear me okay let's go somewhere else and continue this story all right before we continue on with the story of independence let's uh see what the   the Malaysian police force is flexing out here they got all their vehicles out   their tanks their ninjas their cars i actually walked over here yesterday after the rain stopped it was already like 4 30 and they had the police officers out here doing some sort of demonstration so i'll show that in the video too i guess this is police weekend here in malaysia where you get to pay your fines for 15 percent off how lucky stand in this hot sun and so this building right here is actually abandoned this one and the one next to it   and over here is i don't know merdeka square where i just was you don't see a whole lot of  abandoned old buildings like this   this is kind of the only one i've seen here when you're in Jakarta especially up by Kota Tua and old town there's nothing but old abandoned dutch  buildings this one is the only one that i've seen here though everything else looks really nice well kept you know they've been renovated but actually i've been really impressed with the city of kuala lumpur   it's a beautiful city i mean it's very easy to get around there's sidewalks and pathways and whatever like all through the city but kind of getting sidetracked here let's continue the story so let's go back to when japan actually invaded and why they were so successful i mean   just like Indonesia they were able to beat the British army and i think it took like 10 weeks like quick they defeated 130 000 british troops in no time and so just like indonesia malaysia and indonesia fell quickly to the japanese why did they fall so quickly well for one the japanese military at that time was a highly trained highly motivated   well-led you know military they a lot of the  soldiers were veterans they had been fighting   in china and korea and russia and so by the time they got here they were seasoned vets   but here you basically had the complete  opposite you had a military force that was not well trained and incapable of holding the spice islands in indonesia and malaysia and so they fell very quickly into japanese hands wow look at this so this building is abandoned this  one's abandoned this one's abandoned if anyone knows what these buildings are please let me know   they're really spooky they're very creepy and just like indonesia when japan occupied malaysia they came over here with the same message hey we're asians just like you we are asian brothers we are against the white man let's team up and work together you know we want to assist malaysia in someday becoming an  independent sovereign country that was all a sham that never happened i mean they were over here for the same reason the europeans were they wanted to extract and steal all of the natural resources that are here in this part of the world if i can go in it's open and so what is going on and so yes of course japan came over here with the same message we're on your team let's work together but that's not how it worked in fact it was extremely brutal and the way they treated the malaysians and the chinese and i'm sure the english pows here were brutal and cruel   oh closed? to okay thank you can i ask what is this what is it what what is this i'm sorry an old what old i'm sorry these buildings are all abandoned this is the old high court oh once upon a time is this one open? this is all government stuff? okay so this used to be a government building? yes a long long time ago yeah wow only ghosts i know okay okay well okay thank you i'm sorry wait i can go inside there oh oh a boat oh ok, i can read about it over there so i guess i can go over here and read about it and see what these buildings were   so i guess they were old government buildings but they're really cool looking look at that okay let's just go see real quick what this  building was because i'm really curious old city hall okay old city hall  or town hall the Dewan Bandaraya Lama okay google it and learn more about it kind of reminds me of uh Lawang Sewu is that right am i saying that right in Semarang? the the building with a thousand doors or windows it's pretty cool okay where was i japan occupying malaysia and their brutal and harsh ways and so let's fast forward a little bit  okay so japan ultimately was defeated   right we all know the story America drops a couple atomic bombs kills millions of not millions hundreds of thousands of civilians and the war is over indonesia declared independence two days later malaysia on the other hand welcomes the english back but by then by then uh the british knew it and i think malaysia knew it that the the age of colonialism   is coming to an end and so not only did malaysia and indonesia have different approaches on how they gained their independence so did the dutch and the british you see i guess this just kind of goes off over here okay anyways so the dutch they came back with a force you know they wanted to take indonesia back the dutch east indies back   uh they they didn't want anything to do with uh a free and independent indonesia that's why before the war they had exiled Sukarno and Hatta and all the other political figures all over   uh excuse me all over Indonesia because they wanted to squash any kind of uh independence movement and so when they came back they were like hey we're back we want to reclaim our colony the british on the other hand they came back and i think they knew that okay we're never going to be able to fully colonize malaysia again but somewhat in an effort to save face and to make them probably look like they're doing the good thing and look like the good guy   and you know they took a different approach as well they said they would guide malaysia   to become independent and so they wanted to help them set up a government and make sure a constitution is written and make sure everything is in place before they hand over power but most importantly they also wanted to protect their economic interest and uh their 150 years of setting up a colony here and not just walking away completely and so good i'm still recording uh so that's the difference between british and the dutch the dutch came back and basically uh there was a bloody nasty four-year war with the Indonesians and so thousands of people died   it's not to say there wasn't any war here, i think there was a lot of guerrilla warfare   between the communists here in Malaysia  but it wasn't as bad as indonesia and so it took a while uh to grant their independence but 12 years later through the help of the british they actually were here i think they were at merdeka square together   while they signed the papers and celebrated and august 31st 1957 malaysia finally becomes uh an independent sovereign nation you know maybe when i go to Singapore i'll talk about that and how they're involved in all this because at the beginning singapore was actually a part of Malaysia, the republic of malaysia but because they have such a different uh i guess demographic there is a lot more Chinese in Indonesia, i'm sorry in Singapore, that they wanted to protect their own interest and not you know be uh what's the word i'm looking for become second second handsome not secondhand citizen they didn't  want to be second-class citizens behind the Malayans so maybe we'll talk about that a little more when i go to singapore but   i think i just about covered everything you know indonesia and malaysia they're both majority muslim countries they both share the same food for the most part the same traditions and cultures and there's a lot of similarities here and so that's why i wanted to come here and learning about their independence and how they became a country a sovereign country was really interesting and the different paths that they took and so i wanted to share that with you guys i'm sure i missed a few things i'm sure i you know maybe got a few things wrong maybe dates or things like that but more or less i think i hit everything and so if you had it if you have anything to add please do uh i love reading your comments and so yeah oh yeah and by the way i think when i came here when i arrived and we walked by this mosque right here i think i said it was the oldest mosque in Malaysia i don't think that's true i don't   think that's true but i think this is the mosque where or the point in malaysia where are in kuala lumpur where they get the name you know where the two rivers meet but anyways i think i'm gonna end the video here uh i don't have anything else to add my name's nick if you're new to the channel check out some of my videos in indonesia i've traveled like i said all through java some in Bali, in maluku for a while and so i got lots of footage in indonesia but yeah okay thanks for watching hope wherever you are you're doing well and staying safe and i'll see you in the next video peace you

2022-09-04 13:03

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