IELTS Academic Vocabulary (Tourism)
Hey, guys, I'll start with a question. Do you like going away for a weekend or a holiday? I'm sure you do. Everybody likes to go to new places and experience new things.
And that's what we're going to talk about today. We're going to look at some new vocabulary from Cambridge Isles 13 passage about tourism in New Zealand. If you're ready, let's get started. We start with the word long haul. Long haul is an adjective, meaning traveling a long distance. Mind the dash between the words long and whole.
It's a one word written through a dash. For example, long haul flights. That is flights that go a long distance. Long haul routes. Long haul can also be a noun, which also obviously means a long distance.
For example, I have never enjoyed flying long haul. That is, I have never enjoyed flying a long distance. The opposite is short haul, which is an adjective. For instance, short haul flights or a short haul airliner. That means it's an airliner that travels short distances.
Let's look at the passage example. New Zealand is a small country of 4 million inhabitants. A long haul flight from all the major tourist generating markets of the world. According to the centres, there are 4 million people living in New Zealand and New Zealand is situated a long distance from other places that tourists normally go to. Next stop is the word overseas. Overseas is an adjective meaning connected with foreign countries, especially those separated from your country by the sea or ocean.
The synonym is foreign. For example, the company is expanding into overseas markets. That is, the company is expanding into foreign markets. That is markets of other countries, especially if they are separated from yours by the sea or ocean.
You can talk about overseas visitors or overseas students. For instance, they say this was their first overseas trip. Overseas can also be an adverb, and it's a synonym for the word abroad.
You can leave overseas, work overseas, or go overseas. For example, the firm has started to export its goods overseas. That is, that the company, the firm has started to export its goods abroad, that is, to other countries. And a passage example. Unlike other experts sectors which make products and then sell them overseas, tourism brings its customers to New Zealand. So for New Zealand, tourism is also export sector.
But unlike other exposed sectors, the goods don't don't go overseas. They don't go to foreign countries. Instead, tourists, that is, customers of the product, they come to New Zealand itself. The next word is campaign. Campaign is a noun.
And it means a series of plant activities that are intended to achieve a particular social, commercial or political aim. So in other words, campaign is something that you do in order to achieve something. So you have a goal and you launch a campaign to achieve that goal. You can talk about an anti-smoking campaign.
That is, this campaign tries to stop people from smoking. You can talk about an advertising or a marketing campaign. A campaign can be for or against something. Well, obviously, a campaign for something supports it. Support the idea and campaign against something goes against that.
You can launch, begin or start a campaign. You can also run or lead a campaign, for example, a campaign against ageism in the workplace. So, again, a campaign against ageism in the workplace fights against discrimination against older people in the workplace. A group of sportspeople launched a campaign to promote a healthy lifestyle.
So this group of sportspeople got together and they performed a series of actions or activities in order to make a healthy lifestyle more popular among people. So that's how they launched a campaign. Campaign can also be a verb, and it means to organize a series of activities to try to achieve something. Basically, it's got the same meaning as a noun, but it will be used differently because it's a verb.
For instance, the studios are campaigning against the closure of the library. So the studios are doing something. They're organising some activities that will help them to go against the closure of the library. Those activities will help them prevent the closure of the library. Another example.
We must campaign hard for an end to gender discrimination. And one more. The citizens are campaigning to reduce the use of fossil fuels. And let's look at a sentence from the passage.
In 1999, Tourism New Zealand launched a campaign to communicate a new brand position to the world. So in this particular year, New Zealand decided that it wanted to create a new a new image. And it launched a campaign that is it made a series of actions, it took a series of actions to communicate that image to the rest of the world. And the next word is scenic. Scenic is an adjective, meaning having views of attractive, natural things in the countryside.
If you look at this picture right here, you can see that there are mountains. You can also see the ocean. There's probably a very small beach over there. So but in general, the the picture is just beautiful. The views are just amazing. So we can call this view scenic.
For example, they took the scenic route back to the hotel. That means when they were coming back to the hotel, they they used the road or the way that was very beautiful to look at. Another example, we found a nice scenic spot for lunch. So this place where they had lunch, it was very beautiful. It had a very, very nice natural things around it.
Scenery is the noun form. Scenery means the attractive natural features of an area such as mountains, valleys, rivers and forests. For example, the hotel lies amid spectacular mountain scenery. You can also talk about a phrase, a change of scene or a change of scenery, meaning a different place from where one usually is. This phrase doesn't particularly talk about the natural things, the natural world around us.
It just simply identifies a different place from where we usually are. Let's look at an example. The doctor told me a change of scenery would do me good.
So next week I'm going away to Thailand. According to the sentence, this person was not feeling very good and the doctor told him or her that a change of scenery would be would be good for him or her. That means he or she should change the place where they are normally are. So they should probably go away for the weekend or go away for a week, get a holiday somewhere else, you know? So that's what we mean by a change of scenery.
You can you can experience a change of scenery when you just go out. You know, when you do something different and normally go to a different place, you don't you try not to get stuck where you normally are. Next stop is exhilarating. Exhilarating is an adjective meaning very exciting and great fun.
For example, young people often find danger rather exhilarating. That is, for young people, something dangerous is actually exhilarating. That is, it's exciting. And they have a lot of fun when they experience danger. Another one.
My first parachute jump was an exhilarating experience. Exhilarate is the verb form, so if something exhilarate you, it makes you very happy and excited. For example, speed had always exhilarated him. In other words, Speed had always made him happy and excited. Another adjective form which is made from the verb exhilarate is exhilarated. Exhilarated means very happy and excited, and we use this adjective to talk about how people feel.
For instance, at the end of the journey, I was exhilarated. That is, I was very happy and excited. And exhilaration is the noun form. That is the feeling of being very happy and excited.
For example, singers love the exhilaration of the forming on stage. In other words, singers love the feeling of happiness and excitement that they get when they perform on stage. Let's look at another word. It is authentic. If something is authentic, it's real true. And what people say it is authentic is an adjective.
Illicit. Get some examples. The documents seem authentic enough. That is, the documents seem like they're real. There is nothing wrong with them. And another example.
Many tourists cannot tell the difference between authentic Indian craft work and important imitations. So many tourists cannot see the difference between the real Indian craft work. That is the craft work that is made by by Indian Indian craftspeople and which are copies that are brought from from different places. If we use the word authentic to describe people, that means they are true to their own personality, spirit or character. That is, they are true to their beliefs. If they believe in something, if they have certain ideas or principles, they stay true to them.
For example, her authentic personality appealed to many classmates and made her an easy choice for class president. This means many of her classmates respected her for her authentic personality because she had principles and she stayed true to her spirit and character. And she always she always behaved like herself. She didn't try to be someone else. And that is why her classmates just decided to make her a class president. The verb form is to authenticate.
To authenticate means to prove that something is real, true, or what somebody claims it is. For instance, to authenticate the painting, you need to send it to an expert. That is, if you want to know whether this painting is original or just a copy, whether it is truly it was truly painted by some specific painter, you need to send it to an expert.
An expert will be able to say exactly whether these this this painting is authentic or not. So he will be able to authenticate it. And the noun form is authenticity. Authenticity is the quality of being true or what somebody claims it is. For example, the museum is seeking an expert opinion on the authenticity of the painting. So the museum wants to talk to experts to find out whether the painting is authentic or not.
So they are seeking an opinion on the authenticity. And a passage example. The campaign focused on New Zealand's scenic beauty, exhilarating outdoor activities and authentic Maori culture. So according to the centres, the campaign that if you remember, they decided to make a campaign in order to to create a new brand image of New Zealand and they wanted to communicate that image to the world. So this campaign focused on New Zealand's scenic beauty.
In other words, on its natural beauty, on its forests and mountains and other things that you can see there also is exhilarating outdoor activities, which means exciting outdoor activities as well as authentic Maori culture. That is original Maori culture which you can experience firsthand if you go to New Zealand. And the next word is Gateway. A gateway is a noun, and it means a place through which you have to go to get to a particular area.
So in order to get to some place, you need to go through a gateway, and that's how you will get to that area. For instance, he walked across the park and through a gateway. So he moved across the park and then he went through a gateway. Another example, Manchester is known as the gateway to the north. And truly, if you look at a map, you will see that most roads into the to the north of the U.K. lead
through Manchester. So that is why we can call Manchester the gateway to the north. Another meaning of the word gateway is a way of achieving something.
That is how you achieve something. For example, hard work is often the gateway to success. In other words, if you want to get success, you have to work hard.
So hard work is a way of achieving success. And next up, we have itinerary. Itinerary is a noun, which means a plan of a journey, including the route and the places that you visit. That is it's a plan of a journey that will show you which roads you have to take and which places you're going to visit.
Let's look at some examples. The tour operator will arrange transport and plan your itinerary. Or the National Gallery is on most tourists itinerary.
So lots of people who take to who take a tour to this place, they go to the National Gallery. So it's on their itinerary. In other words, it's on their plan. On their plan of a journey.
Another example visits to four different countries are included in your itinerary. That is in your journey. Let's look at the passage example. As the site developed, additional features were added to help independent travelers devise their own customized itineraries. So in this passage, they're talking about this website that helped tourists to plan their itineraries.
And there were some additional features that helped independent travelers, that is, travelers that didn't use the services of any tour operators or any travel agents. And they could make their own customized itinerary. So they changed the plan of their journey as they wished. And the next word is a root. Some people in the U.S. call it root.
But British people will always, almost always call it a root and not root. So in any case, it means wave that you follow to get from one place to another. For example, which is the best route to take. That is which is the best way to take in order to get where I want to get. Another example, the application showed me the quickest route to the hospital on foot. In other words, the application showed me the the quickest journey to the hospital and food.
So how I could get to the hospital and food. Another meaning of the word root is a fixed way along which a bus, train, etc. regularly travels. Our goods are regular sent, so this is not a way that you follow to get from one place to another, but it's rather a fixed way.
Which buses and trains follow. For example, the House is not on a bus route. In other words, this house is not anywhere close to the bus route. So if you leave the house, you cannot easily get on the bus. You can't just catch a bus somewhere next to the house. You might have to walk some distance or maybe take a taxi to get to the bus station or to the bus stop.
Another example, the airline currently flies this route twice a day. In other words, the planes of this airline, they follow this fixed way twice a day. And the passage example to make it easier to plan motoring holidays.
The site catalogued the most popular driving routes in the country, highlighting different routes according to the season and indicating distances and times. So according to the sentence, this this website that that was created in New Zealand, it showed the most popular driving routes in the country. That is the most popular driving roads that drivers could take, that travelers could take. And it also highlighted specific roads, specific, specific ways to follow according to the season. So I guess some routes would be preferred in specific seasons and others would be preferred in different seasons. And the last word for today is the word expenditure.
Expenditure is the noun, meaning an amount of money spent. For example, you can talk about the public expenditure or government or military expenditure. For example, we are forced to cut expenditure on research.
In other words, we are forced. That is, we have to bring down the amount of money spent on research. This could be said by an organisation that normally spent some money on research. And another example malls require huge expenditures on air conditioning.
In other words, malls need a lot of money for air conditioning. Take spend is a verb. It's rather a formal verb, and it means to use or spend a lot of time, money, energy, etc..
So the verb is not only about the money. For example, the company expended large sums on designing the new product. In this case, we talk about money. Right.
So? So the company spent large sums on the new product. It's hard to get good results without spending a lot of time and effort. So that means it's hard to get the results if you don't spend a lot of time or effort. And finally, the last example from the passage. Overall, tourism expenditure increased by an average of 6.9% per year between between 1999 and 2004. That is the money that was spent on tourism overall increased.
It went up by an average 6.5, 6.9% per year. And that is all for today. We have come to an end of this video. I hope you can not only recognize these words when you hear or read them, but you can also use them in your writing and speaking tasks. Remember, if you have any questions, you can always contact me and ask those questions. I wish you good luck with your practice.