Bar Harbor

Bar Harbor

Show Video

Tour The Cruise Ports: Maine and Bar Harbor   Table of Contents - Maine and Bar Harbor [220629.10.47]   Dr. Sidney Soclof,, 20 22   Narration by: Dr. Sidney Soclof, Zoe  Foe-nemes and Nathan Kol-Tov.  

Introduction. This book is a brief, but  comprehensive overview of Maine and Bar Harbor   for cruise ship passengers and others. Tour the Cruise Ports: Maine and Bar Harbor,   and other books in this series are based on the  hundreds of destination lectures that I have   presented on cruise ships to destinations  all over the world. The purpose of these   lectures is to add value to the experience  of the passengers at the various ports.   These lectures are comprehensive overviews of the  geography, history, culture, points of interest,   and general information about the  ports, countries, and regions.  

For a more complete discussion  of YouTube navigation,   please go to this video using the link here. Chapter 3. Maine   Here are the New England states. Maine is the  northernmost of the New England states.   Here is the state of Maine, showing Bar Harbor,  Portland, and the state capital of Augusta.   Most of the population of Maine resides  close to the Atlantic Ocean.   Maine is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the  east and south, New Hampshire to the west, and   the Canadian province of Quebec to the northwest,  and New Brunswick to the northeast.  

Chapter 4. The History of Maine This shows the Massachusetts Bay Colony from   16 30 to 16 91, and its successor as the Province  of Massachusetts Bay from 16 91 to 1775.   Nova Scotia was split off from the  Province of Massachusetts Bay in 16 91.  

Later New Brunswick was formed from the  mainland part of Nova Scotia in 1784.   The Province of New Hampshire  was formed in 16 79.   Maine was part of the original  Massachusetts Bay Colony until 1820.   In 1820 Maine voted to secede from Massachusetts,  and the secession and formation of the state of   Maine as the 23rd state occurred in 1820  as part of the Missouri Compromise.   The Missouri Compromise also geographically  limited the spread of slavery,   and enabled the admission to statehood of  Missouri the following year, while keeping   a balance between slave and free states. Where did the name of Maine come from?   There is no definitive explanation for the origin  of the name Maine. The state legislature adopted  

a resolution which stated that the state was  named after the former French province of Maine.   Other theories mention earlier places with  similar names, or claim it is a nautical   reference to the mainland. Chapter 5. Bar Harbor   Where is Bar Harbor?   Bar Harbor is a town on Mount Desert  Island, off the coast of Maine.  

The southern tip of Nova Scotia  is directly east of Bar Harbor.   Bar Harbor is the departure point for ferries  to Nova Scotia, going to Yarmouth.   Mount Desert Island is the largest  Island off the coast of Maine.   Here is the location of Bar Harbor on the  northeast coast of Mount Desert Island.   Mount Desert Island is only about 15 miles wide,  and about 20 miles from north to south.   Bar Harbor is a famous upper-class summer colony  in the coastal region of Maine. The beauty of  

the sea, mountains, lakes, and forest have made  this this region well-known as a resort.   A principal feature of Mount Desert  Island is Acadia National Park.   How did Mount Desert Island get its name? In 16O4, French explorer Samuel de Champlain is   believed to have run aground at Otter  Point on Mount Desert Island.   Samuel de Champlain named the  island eel day Mon Day-zair meaning,   "island of barren mountains,  probably because of the bare   summits of the hard granite rock mountains. The island is now called Mount Desert Island.   This is a satellite view of Mount Desert  Island, showing the location of Bar Harbor.   From about the 1880s to around 1920,  Bar Harbor, like Newport, Rhode Island,   became an important resort and vacation area  for the very wealthy class in America.  

Bar Harbor became the summer home for such  millionaires as J P Morgan, Joseph Pulitzer,   and John D Rockefeller. The development of both  Newport and Bar Harbor around the 1880s was made   possible as a result of the easier access by means  of the newly established railroad lines.   However, World War, the institution of income  taxes, and the Great Depression of the 1930s,   caused a decline in the fortunes of  both Bar Harbor and Newport.   Another factor was Henry Flagler,  his Florida East Coast Railroad,   and his development of the southeast  coast of Florida as a resort area. This  

now attracted many of the wealthy class to  such Florida resorts as Palm Beach.   The Florida East Coast Railroad reached  all of the way down to Miami by 1896.   At about the same time there was the rise of other  resorts for the wealthy in other sunbelt regions   such as Palm Springs in California, and Scottsdale  in Arizona, which led to a further decline in the   popularity of both Bar Harbor and Newport. More recently,   the development of jet travel further opened the  range of vacation venues for the wealthy class.   Now, tourism is a mainstay in the economy of  Bar Harbor, and to a somewhat lesser extent   of Newport. Here is the town of Bar Harbor  showing a few of the principal streets.   How big is Bar Harbor? The resident  population of Bar Harbor is only 5,300.  

These are some of the notable  summer inhabitants of Bar Harbor:   The Astor family, Vanderbilt family, Rockefeller  family (It was the birthplace of vice-president   Nelson Rockefeller), J P Morgan, banker,  James G Blaine, statesman, Julia Child,   cook and author, and Charles W  Eliot, college president.   Notable summer inhabitants of Bar Harbor  also include: Edsel Ford, industrialist,   Katharine Hepburn, actress, Sir Harry  Oakes, gold-mine owner and philanthropist,   Joseph Pulitzer, publisher, and Martha  Stewart, television personality.   There are several historic  sites and museums in Bar Harbor,   including: the Abbe Museum, Bar Harbor Historical  Society Museum, Bar Harbor Whale Museum   George B Dorr Museum of Natural History,  and the Mount Desert Oceanarium.   Chapter 6. The history of Bar Harbor Mount Desert Island was first settled by a  

colony of French Jesuits in 16 13, and was part  of the French province of Acadia. The Jesuit   colony only lasted for a few years. How did Bar Harbor get its name?   In 1763, the area was first settled  by Israel Higgens and John Thomas.  

In 1796, the community was incorporated as "Eden,"  after Sir Richard Eden, an English statesman. In   1918, "Eden was changed to "Bar Harbor" after  Bar Island which protects the harbor.   Here is Bar Island, a short distance offshore  from Bar Harbor. It is possible to walk over   the sand bar to the island at low tide. Early industries included fishing, lumbering, and   shipbuilding. With the best soil on Mount Desert  Island, it also developed agriculture.   In the 1840s, its rugged maritime scenery  attracted the Hudson River School and   Luminism artists Thomas Cole, Frederick  Church, William Hart, and Fitz Hugh Lane.  

Inspired by their paintings, journalists,  sportsmen and "rusticators" followed.   This is an oil painting of "Sunset Bar  Harbor," by artist Frederic Edwin Church.   In 1855, the Agamont House, the first hotel  in "Eden," was built by Tobias Roberts.  

"Birch Point," the first summer "cottage,"  was built in 1868 by Alpheus Hardy.   By 1880 there were 30 hotels, with tourists  arriving by train and ferry to Bar Harbor,   which now rivaled Newport, Rhode Island.   Bar Harbor became synonymous  with elite wealth.   In 1947, however, Maine experienced a severe  drought. Sparks at a cranberry bog in Hull's   Cove ignited a wildfire which would intensify  over 10 days. Nearly half the eastern side   of Mount Desert Island burned, including 67  palatial summer houses on "Millionaires' Row."  

Five historic grand hotels were destroyed,  in addition to 170 permanent homes.   Fortunately, the town's business district  was spared, including Mount Desert Street,   where several former summer homes within a  National Historic District operate as inns.   This is the Fire Area of 1947.  Over 10,000 acres (40 km ) of   Acadia National Park were destroyed. These are some of the burned cottages.  

This is the Belmont Hotel  after the fire in 1947.   Chapter 7. What to See in Bar Harbor. This is Main Street in Bar Harbor.   This is a map of Mount Desert  Island and Bar Harbor.  

This is a map of Mount Desert Island  and Acadia National Park.   This is a view of Bar Harbor from a cruise ship.   It is about a 10-minute tender ride from  the ship to the pier at Bar Harbor.   The tender pier is very close to the  center of town. The principal street   of Bar Harbor is Main Street. Local  taxis are available on the pier.  

This is a view from the tender  approaching the pier.   This is the pier at Bar Harbor.   The Abbe Museum offers innovative exhibitions  and programs on Maine s Native American heritage.   The Abbe Museum has grown  from a small trailside museum,   privately operated within Acadia National Park,  to an exciting museum in downtown Bar Harbor.  

The Abbe Museum is on Mount Desert  Street, just turn right near the   Village Green by Main Street. The Bar Harbor Historical Society Museum   displays photographs of Bar Harbor from the  "Gilded Age" of 1880 to 1930. Other exhibits   document the great fire that devastated the  town and its surrounding areas in 1947.   The Bar Harbor Historical Society Museum is up  Main Street, one block past the Village Green   to Atlantic Avenue, and then turn right  for two blocks at 33 Ledgelawn Avenue.   It is free entrance, open mid-June to mid-October,  Monday through Saturday, 1 to 4 PM.  

The George B Dorr Museum of Natural History  investigates, interprets and displays the natural   world of Maine. All exhibits are designed and  produced by students at College of the Atlantic.   The Museum is housed in the original  headquarters of Acadia National Park,   renovated and expanded to provide a unique  site for exhibits, programs, and activities.   It is located at 105 Eden Street. The College of the Atlantic was founded in 1969.   It is a private, liberal-arts college in Bar  Harbor. It awards a bachelor's degree and a   master's degree solely in the field of human  ecology, in a variety of specializations.  

The college is small, with approximately  364 students and a full-time faculty of 27,   and 15 part-time faculty. The Mount Desert Oceanarium has exhibits   on the fishing and sea life of the Gulf of  Maine, with extensive exhibits on lobsters.   This shows the location of the  Mount Desert Oceanarium.   This is a walking map of Bar Harbor.  

This is a detail of the  walking map of Bar Harbor.   This is the Bar Harbor Shore Path. Chapter 8. Acadia National Park   Acadia National Park preserves  much of Mount Desert Island,   and some adjacent smaller islands off  the Atlantic coast of Maine.  

The park includes magnificent scenery of  mountains, a rugged ocean shoreline, woodlands,   and lakes. This is a map showing   some of Verrazzano's explorations of the east  coast in 1524. The name Arcadia or Acadie was   originally given by Verrazzano to the entire  coast from Virginia north to Canada.   The origin of the name Acadia is credited  to the explorer Giovanni da vay-rahzah-no   (14 80 to 15 27), who had the Greek  term "Arcadie," meaning land of beauty,   written on the entire Atlantic coast north of  Virginia on his sixteenth century map.   Arcadia was a region in Ancient Greece that was  considered to be an idyllic refuge of peace,   beauty, and plenty. The 50 square miles of Acadia  

National Park occupies a large portion of Mount  Desert Island, which is the largest rock-based   island on the entire Atlantic coast. The highest peak in Acadia National Park   is Cadillac Mountain at 1,530 feet.  The summit of Cadillac Mountain is   only about 4 miles south of Bar Harbor. This is a view from top of Cadillac Mountain   of Bar Harbor and the cruise ship. This is a plaque on Cadillac Mountain.   This is the inscription on the  plaque on Cadillac Mountain.  

Cadillac Mountain was named for Antoine  Laumay de La Mothe seer de Cadillac.   King Louis XIV of France gave him the all of  Mount Desert Island in the late 1600s.   The Cadillac automobile was named  for Antoine de Cadillac.   This is another part of the inscription  on the plaque on Cadillac Mountain.  

This is the bare granite summit  of Cadillac Mountain.   Acadia National Park was created as  seer de Monts National Monument in 1916,   and administered by the National Park Service.  In 1919, it became a national park, with the name   Lafayette National Park in honor of the markee  de Lafayette, an influential French supporter   of the American Revolution. In 1929, the park's  name was changed to Acadia National Park.   On October 17, 1947, a fire began that  consumed 10,000 acres, or one-third of   the total area of Acadia National Park. The forest fire was one of a series of fires that   consumed much of Maine's forest as a result of a  dry year. Restoration of the park was supported,  

in part, by the Rockefeller family. Regrowth was mostly allowed to occur naturally,   and the fire has been suggested to have  actually enhanced the beauty of the park,   adding diversity to tree populations  and depth to its scenery.   The Hulls Cove Visitor Center is one of three  visitor centers in Acadia National Park.   The Hulls Cove Visitor Center houses an  auditorium, bookshop, information booth,   and rest room.

2022-07-16 19:46

Show Video

Other news