Tin quốc tế 28/7, Trung Quốc chế tạo loại laser độc nhất giúp vũ khí siêu thanh bứt phá | FBNC
Welcome to FBNC's July 28 morning International news Here are today's outstanding news China military scientists work on laser to improve hypersonic missile and plane speeds US-China tech war: Beijing calls on Chinese firms to ‘seize overseas opportunities’ in race for self-reliance India 'may not be cooperative' on China issue amid Blinken's visit Vice President Harris could visit Vietnam, Singapore in August South, North Korea Restore Cross-Border Communication Haitian presidential security chief arrested over Moise assassination Macron pressured to apologise for nuclear tests in French Polynesia Hungarians protest against alleged illegal surveillance with Pegasus spyware Mustin joins 3rd Fleet in San Diego after 15 years in Japan Russian shipbuilders to float out advanced Yasen-M-class submarine on July 30 Harvard-Led Scientific Team to Scan Space in Search of Alien Civilization Traces China is developing a unique laser device for hypersonic military aircraft and missiles to fly faster and further, according to scientists involved in the project. When travelling at hypersonic speed – five times the speed of sound, or beyond – planes and weapons usually meet a lot of resistance from the air, which can affect flight safety and increase the amount of fuel needed. Streamlining their shape can help to reduce this resistance, known as “drag”, but further improvements need a more aggressive approach.
Now a team of laser experts at Beijing’s Space Engineering University have come up with a powerful laser gun mounted on the head of a hypersonic aircraft or missile, aimed not at an enemy but at the thin air molecules just ahead. The device can reduce air resistance by 70 per cent or more, according to researchers’ calculations. China would make use of the technology when engineering weapons although some technical issues still needed resolving, said the researchers, whose university is part of the PLA Strategic Support Force. China set up this dedicated force for space and cyber warfare in 2015 The idea of an air-blasting laser has been around for decades but seems to have mostly remained on paper, mainly because scientists have different explanations on how, or why, it works.
The development of the laser technology in China has largely remained classified but the theoretical model used by the Beijing scientists was more complex than anywhere else, according to Wang. The Biden administration earlier this month added another 23 Chinese companies, most of which are tech firms, to its trade blacklist over suspected human rights abuses in Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region. Despite the growing number of US restrictions, China’s commerce ministry last week also reduced the list of banned and restricted technology imports to 24 items from 126 The ministry’s new list removes import bans on technology in forestry, printing, petroleum processing, pharmaceutical manufacturing and car manufacturing. It also relaxed import restriction criteria, removing mention of “technology that will have a significant impact on China’s public interest” and the use of restrictions “to protect the country’s international financial status and international balance of payments”. China has urged domestic businesses to boost overseas investment in emerging sectors like artificial intelligence and 5G, Chinese companies were also encouraged to establish more overseas research and development centres and work with foreign firms.
The new guidelines come amid a growing rivalry between China and the US for mastery of technology that will shape the 21st century, from semiconductors to satellites to supercomputers. Closely following US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman's visit to China, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken is set to travel to India this week, with China reportedly among the topics. Blinken is scheduled to meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar on Wednesday, which will be his first visit to "the world's largest democracy" as the secretary of state under the Biden administration, Reuters reported. Such an arrangement, which closely follows Sherman's visit to China on Sunday and Monday, is seen as a sign that the US will rope in India to contain China and play "India card," analysts said.
Blinken's agenda will include Indo-Pacific engagement, addressing the climate crisis, and pandemic response, the US State Department said. Blinken's agenda will include Indo-Pacific engagement, addressing the climate crisis, and pandemic response, the US State Department said. March, which is expected to focus on ways to develop regional infrastructure in the face of China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Reuters reported.
"India has invested a lot in Afghanistan, including financial support and engineering projects to help Afghanistan train the army. With the US' sudden withdrawal, the deteriorating security situation in the country could mean a complete collapse of India's investment in the region, which could be a heavy blow to the Indian government," Wu Xinbo, director of the Center for American Studies at Fudan University in Shanghai, told the Global Times on Monday. What's more, India is growing increasingly dissatisfied with the US on the COVID-19 vaccine, as the US has been hoarding doses while Indians suffer from vaccine shortages, Wu told the Global Times.
On top of the vaccine friction, the White House has been bugging India with "human rights concerns" after the Modi government introduced a Citizenship Amendment Bill in December 2019 that Western voices deemed "anti-Muslim discrimination." Vice President Kamala Harris could travel to Vietnam and Singapore in August, even as details of such a trip are not final yet, a source familiar with the matter said on Monday. The coronavirus pandemic is likely to be on Harris' agenda, the source said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
Harris recently visited Mexico and Guatemala with the aim of lowering migration from the region. During her trip she focused on issues such as economic development, food insecurity and women's issues. South Korea and North Korea have restored their once-severed hotlines as part of efforts by the two countries' leaders to rebuild strained ties, Seoul's presidential Blue House said on Tuesday (Jul 27). North Korea's state media outlet, KCNA, also said all inter-Korean communication channels resumed operations at 10am on Tuesday (9am, Singapore time) in line with an agreement between Moon and Kim. South Korean President Moon Jae-in and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un have exchanged multiple letters since April and agreed to reconnect the hotlines, said Moon's press secretary, Park Soo-hyun. North Korea cut the hotlines in June 2020 as cross-border ties soured after a failed second summit in February 2019 between Kim and former US President Donald Trump, which Moon had offered to mediate. with Pyongyang protesting against what it described as Seoul's failure to stop activists from sending anti-North Korea leaflets across the border.
In response to the North's condemnation, Seoul imposed an anti-leaflet ban in the country to defuse tensions between the countries. However, reports said that the ban saw violations, prompting more criticism from Pyongyang. Haitian police said on Monday (Jul 26) that they had arrested the head of Jovenel Moise's security as part of the ongoing investigation into the president's Jul 7 assassination.
Security chief Jean Laguel Civil is suspected of involvement in the plot that saw Moise killed at his home in the middle of the night by armed commandos who bypassed the president's guards without firing a shot. Civil had already been placed in solitary confinement at a prison in Delmas, near Port-au-Prince. Port-au-Prince commissioner Bed-ford Claude had already ordered immigration authorities to prohibit four police officers, responsible for Moise's security, from leaving the country. Police on Monday also issued a warrant for Wendell Coq Thelot, a judge for the highest court in the country who had been fired by Moise. Details of the assassination remain unclear, but newly installed Prime Minister Ariel Henry has promised to bring Moise's killers to justice. Police have arrested some 20 Colombian mercenaries as part of the plot that they say was organised by a group of Haitians with foreign ties.
French President Emmanuel Macron faced pressure to apologise for the devastating impact of decades of nuclear testing as he kicked off his first official trip to French Polynesia. Residents in the sprawling archipelago of more than 100 islands located midway between Mexico and Australia are hoping Macron apologises and confirms compensation for radiation victims. During his four-day visit, Macron plans to address the legacy of nuclear testing from 1966 to 1996 as France developed atomic weapons, as well as discuss the South Pacific territory's strategic role and the existential risk of rising seas posed by global warming.
Only 63 Polynesian civilians have been compensated for radiation exposure since the tests ended in 1996, Disclose said, estimating that more than 100,000 people may have been contaminated in total, with leukaemia, lymphoma and other cancers rife. French officials denied any cover-up of radiation exposure at a meeting earlier this month with delegates from the semi-autonomous territory led by President Edouard Fritch. "We're expecting an apology from the president," said Auguste Uebe-Carlson, head of the 193 Association of victims of nuclear tests.
Patrick Galenon, the former chairman of the territory's CPS social security system, said female Polynesians aged 40 to 50 "have the highest thyroid cancer rates in the world." He estimates the CPS has spent 670 million euros (US$790 million) to treat illnesses caused by radiation since 1985 Macron will be "encouraging several concrete steps" regarding the legacy of nuclear tests, with the opening up of state archives and individual compensation, a French presidential official who asked not to be named said. About 1,000 Hungarians protested on Monday over allegations that the government used Israeli-made Pegasus spyware for illegal surveillance of public figures in Hungary, drawing comparisons with the country's communist past. The government has not commented on the allegations beyond saying Hungary's intelligence-gathering is conducted lawfully. A report by a group of 17 international media organisations and Amnesty International this month said the Pegasus spyware, made and licensed by Israeli company NSO, was used in hacking and attempts to hack smartphones belonging to journalists, human rights activists and government officials in several countries. Hungarian prosecutors have launched an investigation into multiple complaints received since the reports.
NSO has said its product was intended only for use by vetted government intelligence and law enforcement agencies to fight terrorism and crime. The guided-missile destroyer Mustin is in San Diego, California, to join the 3rd Fleet after departing Yokosuka, Japan, last month. The Mustin, originally commissioned in San Diego in 2003, has spent 15 years assigned to Destroyer Squadron 15 in Yokosuka as part of the Forward Deployed Naval Forces, where the destroyer was involved in several humanitarian efforts while based in Japan. Those efforts included assisting Myanmar following Cyclone Nargis in 2008 with the Essex Amphibious Ready Group, along with responding to the 9 magnitude Tohoku earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck Japan in 2011 More recently, the ship has continued to complete training exercises and operations, despite the COVID-19 pandemic. Among those exercises include Integrated Ship and Air Team Training and Surface Warfare Advanced Tactical Training. The ship has also participated in dual carrier operations as part of the Reagan’s carrier strike group, and
completed freedom of navigation operations. Now, the ship is poised to undergo a planned depot modernization period. “Planned maintenance availabilities like these are critical to ensuring ships are maintained and equipped to perform combat-ready tasking when called upon and achieve their expected service life,” A spokesperson for Pacific Fleet did not immediately respond to a request for comment from Navy Times regarding how long the maintenance availability was scheduled for, or when the maintenance period would commence. Stars & Stripes reported last month the maintenance availability would start in early 2022 and was slated to last two years. The Mustin arrived in San Diego on July 22 The guided-missile destroyer Ralph Johnson, currently based in Everett, Washington, will replace the Mustin in Japan, the Navy said. The Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation) will float out the advanced Project 885M (Yasen-M) nuclear- powered missile-carrying underwater cruiser Krasnoyarsk on July 30, Russia’s Defense Ministry reported on Monday.
"The nuclear-powered missile-carrying underwater cruiser Krasnoyarsk will be floated out in a special ceremony at the Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk on July 30 The launch ceremony will be held under the direction of Russian Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral Nikolai Yevmenov," the ministry said. The Project 885M lead nuclear-powered submarine Kazan was handed over to the Russian Navy on May 7 Project 885/885M submarines are armed with Kalibr-PL and Oniks cruise missiles as their basic strike weapons. An outbreak on a South Korean ship demonstrates the near-impossibility of containing an outbreak in confined places, says former navy man James Goldrick. Ships and respiratory disease make bad partners. Confined spaces and internal ventilation systems mean that infections are practically impossible to contain once they get onboard.
South Korean destroyer Mun Mu Daewang. At least 247 out of 301 crew caught the infection in July though none have been reported to be critically ill. South Korean Defence Minister Suh Wook and other national leaders have apologised. The vaccinated crew of the Queen Elizabeth experienced an outbreak of the disease at an early stage of their current carrier strike group deployment to the Indo-Pacific this year. The possibility of alien technology allowing travel between stars and galaxies has long engaged the minds of space enthusiasts, even though there is no credible evidence that the technology exists. An international team of scientists led by a Harvard University professor will search space for evidence that could represent "extraterrestrial technological civilizations".
The endeavor, dubbed The Galileo Project, is headed by a professor of science in the Department of Astronomy at Harvard University, Avi Loeb. According to Loeb, the The endeavor, dubbed The Galileo Project, is headed by a professor of science in the Department of Astronomy at Harvard University, Avi Loeb. According to Loeb, the "Science should not reject potential extraterrestrial explanations because of social stigma or cultural preferences that are not conducive to the scientific method of unbiased, empirical inquiry," Loeb stated. "We now must 'dare to look through new telescopes,' both literally and figuratively."
Loeb previously suggested that humans have already encountered examples of alien technology, after an oddball cosmic object, 'Oumuamua, passed by Earth in 2017 and was identified as a comet or asteroid. In 2020, Loeb was among those who claimed that it could be spacefaring equipment crafted by alien technology. A victim of the war with Islamic State, Mortaza Shakir Mahmood lost his leg to a car bomb in Mosul on April 23rd 2014, a tragedy that shattered his dreams of being a professional soccer player after his injury. "I started swimming because I had the opportunity to play the sport," said Mahmood, while in the pool he practices in, adding that he still plays soccer as a hobby. Mahmood competed in several local tournaments, placing second in Iraq's paralympic national swimming championship in 2018 and third in another championship in Najaf. The young athlete dreams of international recognition, inspired by his idol and swimming legend, Michael Phelps. Swimming with his national team, Mahmood hopes to win Asian and International tournaments, in order to raise his country's flag on the global stage.
These are FBNC's morning International news Thank you for watching See you in the next FBNC's morning International news