Today let's talk about the Chinese Communist Party's special food supply system This topic is somewhat sensitive in China We all know it exists, but the media usually do not dare to discuss and explore Because it involves the privileged system of the highest circle of power in China This food privilege system of the Chinese Communist Party First established around 1950 Earlier in the Yan'an era, its privileged system actually already existed For example, the leadership cadres are divided into large, medium and small stoves What level can eat in the large stove What level can eat in the small stove There are also strict rules But to be honest, the food itself is not particularly sophisticated At that time, food was more limited, and it was less likely to pick and choose But things have changed since the founding of the country As we all know Shortly after the founding of The People's Republic of China Mao then went to visit the Soviet Union At that time, the senior leaders of the Soviet Union told Mao that Mao should be especially careful and pay special attention to the food he eat (Mao) shouldn't be eating it casually Then after Mao returned from his visit to the Soviet Union Soviet experts then arrived in Beijing Helping senior Communist Party cadres set up their own special food supply system They choose places around Beijing After some pick and choose, they choose a place at the foot of the Xiang Shan Then the was established This Xiang Shan farm covers an area of 600 to 700 acres There are both fish ponds and arable land inside Then those senior cadres at the time thought Is it necessary to build such a large farm? Zhu De then said, "It's really not necessary" Because honestly, Zhu De, Mao, these people were peasants back then They were still accustomed to the state where a family can have enough food with one or two acres of land But the Soviet experts built this farm Were trying to use modern farming methods to build Xiang Shan farm The farm produces wheat and vegetables, and then raises pigs and fish Dedicated to feeding party and state leaders It is under the control of the Central Police Bureau, which means that there are actually armed police standing guard at the entrance Deep-walled compounds with barbed wire on top The outside world thought it was a high-security, confidential unit In fact, the inside is where the food is produced for the party and state leaders Later this scale was expanded In addition to Xiang shan Farm Jushan Farm and Yuquan Mountain Farm were also established In other words, three major farm bases have been formed in Beijing At the time, all of the people from central state government needs to do voluntary labor work In the era of Mao, voluntary work needs to be done on Saturday The cadres of the central state organs are engaged in voluntary work in these three farms The food produced by these three farms is also graded The highest grade is given to Mao, and the second highest grade is given to other leaders Also includes those Zhongnanhai canteens There are also canteens of central ministries and commissions The lowest level For the children in the kindergartens run by the party and state leaders Then after this system is established It forms a special food system that is completely isolated from (the food of) ordinary people This means that ordinary Beijing residents, including others The food they eat, whether from production, transportation or supply It's completely isolated from the food of these senior cadres From this point of view anything you buy in the normal market You can't even eat in this place(government) I saw a memoir written by someone Once at the Central Police Bureau Mao's police officer bought a little vegetable outside and came back Ask chef to cook it Chef won't even do it (Chef) Say they make this food only from the special supply system No food outside of the special serving system Then the system has changed a bit Part of Central Police Bureau was transferred to the Beijing Municipal Government Then the Beijing Municipal Government has set up a special bureau called the Second Commerce Bureau This second business bureau is specifically responsible for Production distribution and supply of food to party and state leaders In addition to the three major farms we just mentioned that supply a handful of party and state leaders In Beijing next to Zhongnanhai, near North Changjie Established a No. 34 food supply station This food supply station provides food to cadres of vice ministry level and above Also includes vegetables, fruits Back then Phoenix TV had a program Reveal this 34th supply station The food in this 34th supply station is also to be bought It does not mean that the supply is free But the price may be cheaper than the general public But more importantly, the food they are serving You will not see it in the market For example, chocolate and cake, which were very rare back then Cakes imported from abroad ordinary people certainly can not buy them in the market But in the 34th supply station there is Including vegetables and fruits are produced by these three major farms Although the price is similar to the market But it is always available You know that the citizens of Beijing were actually supplied with tickets Many things you cannot buy But here the cadres of vice ministry level and above You can buy it inside the 34th supply station with your qualification card This creates a relatively well-established system Wait until '59, '60, '61 As we all know, it was the era of the three-year famine This supply system has reached the pinnacle Why is that? Because at that time in the three-year famine era We all know that ordinary people can't eat Many people will even starve to death Then this time, the role of this special system is more obvious It was not just the three major farms Various ministries in Beijing are competing to build their own food supply base In fact, it is not only the various ministries in Beijing I have an impression of various state-owned enterprise units(organizations) at that time My father's unit(organization) They had a farm right by the Yellow River back then What does this farm grow? Just growing wheat and raising a few pigs Because food was scarce at that time So they set aside a piece of land in that place and made a farm Then after planting wheat, they can give some to their own workers It's any department with a little power All use their power to get themselves food It is a characteristic of that era Then Beijing city At that time, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China also issued a document For senior cadres and senior intellectuals in Beijing A policy of distributing more food This document stipulates that For cadres of grade 7 or above Supply one pound of meat per day and six extra pounds of eggs per month Just on the basis of the normal supply of Beijing citizens think about what a pound of meat a day means A pound of meat a day means that At that time, the average amount of meat consumed by one person in Beijing was 1.7 pounds a year These cadres can consume a pound in a day Such a big difference A pound of pork a day is honestly too much Even by today's standards Of course a pound was for a family, not one person alone ordinary citizens simply can not eat, even in a year This privilege system to be set up It started out with that function mainly to supply food Ensuring the availability of these foods in times of food scarcity Others can not eat but they can eat This is the most important function At the very beginning of the famine era The second function It is to meet some special needs of the party and state leaders Especially Mao Although Mao was a peasant by birth He is not very demanding in terms of accommodation and transportation But Mao is very particular about eating Although he is very particular about eating From the modern food science, nutrition standards are actually not right For example, Mao likes to eat fried vegetables with lard he likes to eat braised pork But his requirements on his dietary were very strict It is not easy to satisfy him according to his dietary requirements Then there is a whole block in the whole special offer system It is for Mao alone to provide services For example, one of these three major farms is dedicated to Mao Because in one summer, he said just after the summer that he want to eat oranges But the oranges were not produced the weather was not good It won't grow even you shout the Chairman Mao quotes to the orange trees In the end, there were no orange for Mao Mao was furious and said you people are useless Just some orange you guys can't get some Finally, this farm began to perform scientific and technological research Make a special piece of land for Mao to grow anti-seasonal vegetables and fruits for him Anti-seasonal vegetables include bitter melon, small greens he likes to eat He likes to eat Zizania latifolia seedless watermelons and oranges We should know that in those days others can not find watermelon to eat He can eat small seedless watermelon That's a special supply for Mao alone Other leaders were not able to eat He is the number one in the world To be honest, Mao In fact, the various aspects he enjoyed after the founding of the country is higher than the feudal emperors of the past As far as I can see from those historical materials the feudal emperors of the past, in fact can't compete with Mao Take the food aspect When the country was first established, Hunan Province selected Hunan chefs throughout the province A dozen of highly qualified cooks were selected and sent to Beijing In the past, Mao had some full time chefs In the Yan'an era he had During the time of Xibaipo including the stay in Beijing Shuangqing Villa He has his own chefs But the level is honestly not that high That's why right after Hunan's liberation Hunan on the province-wide search for high level chefs A dozen sent to Beijing for Mao to choose In the end, the Mao family left two By the time 1955, '56 In fact, the Mao family already has five or six cooks Later a system was formed the kitchen of Beijing Hotel A rotating system of cooking at Mao's house was formed One shift every three years Of course, in the end, it depends on whether Mao likes it or not Which chef Mao likes and more to his appetite Maybe stay longer If not, maybe out of job in a few days This is their kitchen system Because the Mao's habit of working and resting As I have said in the past It is reversed He is not in accordance with the needs of our normal people, such a work and rest habits He often gets up in the middle of the night and starts sleeping in the afternoon He does not sleep in the latter part of the night Then he has to eat a meal after he gets up and a meal before he goes to bed He eats two meals a day Then all those people in the kitchen must live by his rules Once Mao got up, the meal was ready for him within 20 minutes So these people in the kitchen while Mao was sleeping Chefs have to take sleeping pills and sleep with the Mao Mao woke up and got up to cook for him Basically, this is the system these ingredients Mao eat are very common But the ingredients are not easy to get For example, Mao likes to eat river fish, not seafood He likes to eat Wuchang fish He wrote a poem called "Just Drinking Changsha Water and Eating Wuchang Fish" where did this Wuchang fish come from In those days there was no Wuchang fish in Beijing His fish come from a fishery in Hunan called "Dongfang Hong Fishery".
This "Eastern Red Fishery" picks fish for him every week After picking the fish, they are flown to Beijing Think about that era, the plane was a very expensive transportation Transporting Wuchang fish from Hunan to Beijing every week for Mao's personal enjoyment There are small fish and shrimp in the lake in Zhongnanhai, Mao likes to eat Fished small fish and shrimp, and fried a little for him only he can eat the small fish and shrimp Other leaders Zhu De and Zhou Enlai were not dared to eat So Mao enjoyed a feudal emperor like food treatment Once he said he had itchy feet and foot fungus He said you guys usually eat fine rice with me, I want to eat some brown rice, okay? When he said this There are only two or three hours left before the meal The Central Police Bureau immediately called XiangShan Farm Said Mao wants to eat brown rice tonight That era to make brown rice and there were no such rice Without a brown rice machine, the brown rice would have to be ground on bricks Immediately XiangShan Farm took out the grain and started grinding it on the bricks Immediately ground out half a catty of rice Delivered to Zhongnanhai in a flash And then made him a bowl of brown rice up in the back kitchen of Mao Eaten that night, Mao is very satisfied So you see Mao eating seemingly ordinary ingredients In fact, he was treated like an emperor Another example is that Mao smokes Old Mao started smoking Panda cigarettes Produced by Shanghai Cigarette Factory Later, in the 1960s, He Long once told him He said this cigar smoke is better than that smoke Mao smoked and liked it Later, he asked where this cigar was made He Long told him that there was a cigarette factory in Sichuan called Shifang Cigarette Factory that produced With a single order, the Shifang Cigarette Factory dedicated to Mao and He Long 35 kinds of recipes were tested and sent to Beijing for these two people to pick Mao selected the No. 2 formula, lighter He long chose the 13th formula, which is thicker So Shifang Cigarette Factory set up the 132 Project Team It's the one land that grows the best tobacco Special cigarettes for these two Organized a few technical staff, set aside a small courtyard Roll them special cigarettes and send them to Beijing Mao has been smoking cigarettes from Shifang Cigarette Factory since then It is said that Mao had a meeting while smoking While smoking a cigarette, a spark fell onto the table Burned a hole in the tablecloth And then a Phone call to Shifang Cigarette Factory within half an hour "what's the matter with this cigarette?" "There are sparks" The great leader almost set the table on fire when he smoked Shifang Cigarette Factory is very scared Then to investigate who produced that box of cigar All the recipes are recorded Then look at it What's wrong with the recipe, why would a spark fall out Finally the research found that there may be a problem with the formula Improved, no more this problem afterwards Later in the late 60s The central government to ensure the safety of Mao's smoking The technical units of the Shifang Cigarette Factory All were transferred to Beijing It's in a small courtyard next door to Zhongnanhai Let them produce cigarettes there This small courtyard usually stands guard at the entrance The top is also pulled with barbed wire These people are usually unable to contact their family members Their family members do not know what they do, is a confidential In fact is to produce cigarettes for Mao alone Because later He Long was arrested I guess he can't smoke the 13 formula cigarettes Mao is the only one who can smoke Later these people were assigned to Beijing Cigarette Factory after the death of Mao Beijing Cigarette Factory later created a brand Zhongnanhai on the basis of this That's the special cigarettes that Mao and the others were offering at the time This is actually the way In fact, many people in the industry of tobacco control have said how many times Saying that using Zhongnanhai to name a brand of cigarettes is actually quite humiliating Why? Because Zhongnanhai is where the party and state leaders live You also made a trademark of cigarettes of it This is the opposite of the direction of tobacco control Later, after Deng Xiaoping came to power Deng Xiaoping likes to smoke Panda brand cigarettes Shanghai Cigarette Factory continues to produce cigarettes for Deng Xiaoping The cigarettes were produced every two months Deliver it to Beijing after it's done The furnace must be stopped when producing these special cigarettes Clean thoroughly after stopping The stove can not have a bit of smoke crumbs Then a special batch of tobacco will be delivered produce in the furnace Produce a small batch and send it to Beijing Once every two months It is said that some people in the cigarette factory think this batch of cigarettes is particularly good One person also stole a little, was caught and sentenced to two years in prison Later, Shanghai Cigarette Factory itself also launched to sell Panda brand cigarettes in the market But this Panda cigarette is not the same as the special Panda cigarette But the highest price of such cigarettes sold in the market is 5,000 yuan a piece That is to say a box of 500 yuan This special system may not seem to have any special ingredients But in fact, everything in their mouth is a huge cost There is a huge system to ensure that So this is a huge power system to meet some special needs of the party and state leaders Whether it is Mao or Deng Xiaoping The third aspect is to ensure the safety of food We all know that after the founding of the country pesticides and fertilizers began to go on At that time, farmers used Dichlorvos and Hexapenta to grow food I have the impression that in our time, when I was a child But in these special farms All agricultural products should not use chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the growing process What to use for fertilizer? "Soybean meal" It is the substance left after the soybean oil is extracted That substance in other places are processed into food to eat But in the three major farms in Beijing they are used as fertilizer How can the crops be bad? That crop is fertilized with human food In the end, all of that growth is particularly good And can not use any pesticides These three bases after the reform and opening up All have been certified organic by the Ministry of Agriculture They are not the same with ordinary people's food What do you think the food ordinary people were eating? Not to mention before the Cultural Revolution Can't even eat during the food scarcity period After the Cultural Revolution, Dichlorvos was used to make Jinhua ham There are mooncakes made with aged mooncake filling This system is completely isolated from the special system for leading cadres Why it is hard to solve China's food safety problem? There is a very important reason Leaders eat different food than ordinary people ordinary people can kill themselves by drinking fake Alcohol What kind of wine do the leaders drink? They drink special Maotai the moon cake you eat may be made of the fillings ten years ago Leaders are eating the best special moon cakes We all know that there are special bases in Zhongnanhai all over China For example, tea When I went to Jiangxi Wuyuan for an interview back then They (People in Wuyuan) said, they have a piece of armed police station on the mountain The tea produced is exclusively supplied to Zhongnanhai some local government websites in Sichuan They all say that the tea from their place is exclusively for Zhongnanhai Later there were many ingredients For example, Luhua peanut oil is specially labeled with a special logo for the Great Hall of the People They also made a special batch of oil for their use Their special supply system is completely isolated from the common people's food This brings up a question It is the food safety problems faced by ordinary people These party and state leaders can't feel it There is no threat to them So why is it so hard to solve food safety in China It is because this food safety does not threaten their health You think about Mao smoking a cigarette and then dropped a spark on the table The call was made to Shifang Cigarette Factory If we can use this spirit to establish a food traceability system Can China's food safety system not be improved? I'm sure it can be done But we have used the power of such a large national institution Only one person's needs are met But the food security of our 1.4 billion people Relatively speaking, too few social resources are invested This is the institutional reason for China's food safety Let's think about how the haze in Beijing can be solved I was in Beijing some years ago when I interviewed the Beijing haze problem People from the Beijing Environmental Protection Bureau told me that he said the problem could not be solved within 50 years But we didn't expect it to be solved within five years later Why? Because they can't get the air to be special You can't build a cover on top of Zhongnanhai and make a biosphere six And then these people breathe inside They also can not wear a gas mask every day So they breathe the same dirty air as the ordinary people They are scared They can't just eat these organic foods The leaders will also get lung cancer So Beijing is determined to solve the haze problem, and it really is solved Why is that? All the steel plants around Beijing should be moved away and shut down A lot of factories shut down in the winter and won't let you produce We all know that the economy is actually very backward near Hebei Many farmers still use coal to heat their homes Those children in the small rural schools use coal stoves to heat their homes They have to stop due to command from top So those kids have frostbite on their hands But if these kids can get warm These leading cadres in Zhongnanhai will have to absorb dirty air So back then I was very much against Beijing uses such an administrative approach to combat the haze problem Because it comes at the expense of people's livelihood But why finally take this path It is because these people are worried about their health and the air is not available for special supply Speaking of which let's talk about the Chinese food special issue is not a food issue It is an institutional issue It is a question of whether power is constrained Why is there a special offer system It is because the public opinion of ordinary people is not conveyed to the system It is reasonable to assume that in an elected system In a truly people-centered society, a system where power is centered on the people Surely this decision class will not be allowed This class enjoying a completely different food production and distribution system than most people But in the current Chinese system, the public opinion of the people is not delivered here So this small circle can enjoy their safest and highest standard of food And the general public can only eat some food with safety risks So this special supply system is a cancer If it does not solve The problem of food safety for ordinary Chinese people may not be completely solved It is because it does not share the same breath and fate with the people So when exactly will this problem be solved? I think there is only one possibility It is the power constraints of the people, the pressure of public opinion Can be transmitted to the highest power center through a system of power constraints I do not know when will this be done Our show today is just to tell you Outside of the generally unsafe food system of the Chinese people There is a small group of people who claim to serve the people Shouting long live the people Yet they enjoy a better food system than the people Eng Sub: Zecheng