Nicola Sturgeon: How can governments shape the future
Hello. Again. I'm Gemma, Kenny I am the compare, for today's envision. Stage at future, fest, next. We have someone that everyone is very excited. To hear from do. You slider, at the end not for questions, but for feedback and we want you guys to be honest so yeah lay it bare up. Next we have got Nicola Sturgeon the First Minister of Scotland surgeon. Is the first female First, Minister the first female leader of any of the devolved UK administration, so like picking up pick up pick give it up right big up. Thank. You thank. You very, much indeed it's absolutely. Fantastic to be here it's always a real, pleasure to be in London, particularly. At the start of such an exciting, weekend. London. Prague tomorrow. And of, course the football I. Would. Wish, England, all. The very best for. The match tomorrow, but. I should tell you that the last time I, wished, a country. Good luck in the World Cup was 11, days ago and I was in Berlin so that didn't work out very well so maybe I'll. Just let, discretion. Be. My. Watchword. Today, and is, a, real pleasure, to be here at this. Futurefest, I've been really looking forward to being here with. You today. Listening. To the news this morning as many, of you will, have been doing it's full of stories. And speculation, and commentary, about the cabinet, meeting, checkers. To. Try to sort out a brexit, position, for, what seems like the millionth, time and let's, face it a mere two years after, the. Vote so, listening, to all of that depressing, news I thought to myself that it is and I mean this sincerely a genuine, tonic, to, be at an, event like this an event, which is all about focusing. On some of the biggest issues of our. Age and doing, so with a real, sense of realism. Optimism. And open-mindedness. So I'm really grateful for the invitation to be here and very grateful, to Nesta, for, organizing. This amazing event. Nesta. Are actually, neighbours of the Scottish government in London, offices, on the embankment. But, more, importantly, than that nest are our partners. Valued, partners of the Scottish government in much. Of the work we, do in Scotland we're working together on issues like digital. Health using. Collective. Intelligence to, help young people in the jobs market and harnessing, data, science, to map, economic. Activity, and, we're. Developing even more exciting, plans for collaboration. In the, future and, one. Reason for that the most important, reason for that is NESTA's. Mission, using. Innovation. To tackle, social, problems. Really. Does define what, the Scottish Government aspires, to be all about, in Scotland. Innovation. Of course is in Scotland's. DNA. It's a, key. Part of our history it, speaks, to our, very. Sense of who we are as our people and as. A, country. Inventions. And discoveries from. Scotland, down the generations, from James. Watts improvements, to the steam engine through to the telephone, the, television. Penicillin. At, Scotland even invented, the overdraft, but we don't boast about that one as much as we do about, the, other ones but. All of these, inventions. Demonstrate. That Scotland has quite. Literally, helped, to shape the modern world, the world that all of us live, in today, the. Innovations, not just about the past that can't just be about the, past we know that innovation. Is central, to our, future. Prosperity. Success. Entire. Future, well-being. And that's why we've made promoting. Innovation, the. Central, focus, of our economic policy. Right. Now we. Are seeing, lots and lots happening we're investing, heavily in innovation. Centres. That bring together our university. Researchers. And Industry. We've, recently, started. To establish a new national, manufacturing, Institute. To develop our strengths, and modern, methods of advanced, manufacturing and, we're also in the early stages of setting up a new national, state, investment. Bank because we want to provide. The, sources, of long-term. Patient, capital that allow our most entrepreneurial, and ambitious, companies, seeking to tackle, the big challenges, of our time at the finance that they need to, thrive and to succeed. And. We're also very aware and, I think governments across the world should, be even more aware of this of the massive, purchasing, power of, governments. And the public sector, how, public, sector, procurement can. If used, properly, encourage. And drive innovation. For. Example we've established an. Initiative, which, is called SEF, tech and I, think Olli Joel to have a look at it encourages. Entrepreneurial. Tech companies, to pitch ideas which. Are about addressing specific. Challenges, in our public sector and it's a great way of solving, those, challenges, in our public sector but also doing, that in a way that, helps.
To Develop new, companies, and new ideas and, at. The very core. Of SIF. Tech lies, the, ambition. To solve big. Societal. Challenges. Collaboratively. And then, export. The, solutions, to, the rest of the world and, in some way that could almost serve as the, Scottish Government's, mission. Statement, for Scotland's. Economy, we, want Scotland, in the future just as we have in the past to. Be, inventing. Designing. And manufacturing the. Innovations. And the products. That will shape the world of tomorrow, not, simply be a country, that's consuming, and using, the products, that are invented designed and manufactured. Elsewhere. And. We want to also, ensure and this is key in, my view that those innovations. Don't. Just benefit, big business. But the benefit. Wider society, as, well, because. The fundamental, issued, that we're addressing today, goes. Beyond, far. Beyond, economics. The title, of this session how can government, shape, the future raises. A really important. Issue in my, view, governments. Around the, world, right. Now have a choice we can choose, to be passive. In the face of, rapid. Technological change. Governing. Without acknowledging. Or adapting. To the new world in which citizens live. Or we, can choose instead to be active. Participants, and to seek. To ensure that the economic. Advantages, of new, technology. Are captured, not just by major, corporations. Or, indeed, entrepreneurs. But captured, by society. And for, the benefit, of society, as, a whole, and that, starts. With a very basic issue, how do we measure. Our, success as, a nation a couple, of weeks ago the Scottish government, launched, a new, national. Performance framework. It, came, together as, a result, of, widespread, consultation. Across all, facets. And aspects of Scottish. Society. But, one of the key. Aspects. Of that free Morgana's, framework. Is all about setting the purpose of our country, and then deciding. The, objectives. And the, benchmarks, by which we measure success and the key aspect, of that is that it's not just measuring. Economic, success. It recognizes. That, sustainable. Economic, growth is, important. Indeed essential, but, also emphasizes. Increased. Well-being, as a key, indicator, of a, country's, success. And, that means that we measure, very deliberately, social, and environmental progress, progress. Together, with the economic, output of the country we, recognize, that being a wealthier. Nation, has, to be the means by which we also, become a fairer, and a healthier, and a happier, country, as well and, in order to achieve that there's. A big responsibility. On governments. Not just to promote innovation through. Their economic, policies, but also to adopt. Innovation. In social, policies, as well, and. Scotland. In many respects, is in a very strong position to. Do just. That as a, country. Of five, million people, a small. Country. We can be an often, art agile, and active, in response. To both social, and economic. Issues and we, can also learn, from our. Neighbors both here on these, islands, and also, around the world and seek to adapt their lessons and experiences to. Our own circumstances. So. What you will. See I hope from government. In Scotland is a sustained, effort, to. Use innovation, and new technology, to, address the intergenerational, challenges. That, affect societies, right across the world the, transition, to a low-carbon, society. Adapting. To the aging, population. The rise of automation, and artificial. Intelligence these, are all opportunities, to. Lead as well, as challenges, to be overcome. And, we want to seize, these opportunities but. We also want. To ensure that, no one is left behind as, a result. Of the changes, that we, are leading a good. Example I think of, that, approach, is, climate. Change we. Know that climate change is, the greatest environmental. Economic. And moral, issue currently. Facing, the planet, taking. Action particularly for developed, nations like, ours is an, overwhelming, moral, imperative, but, it's also a massive, economic. Opportunity, for countries that, put themselves in the vanguard of change, and.
Scotland. For. Both. Model and pragmatic, reasons is trying, to do just, that right. Now we are the second, best, performing, country in Europe. For reducing, carbon emissions. That's. Partly because almost. 70% of, our, gross, electricity. Demand. No, comes from renewable, energy in, fact the world's largest tidal. Array the, world's, first offshore floating. Wind farm and the world's most powerful offshore. When turbines, are, all currently, in Scottish. Waters. In fact if you let me digress. For, just a, moment the. Most powerful. Turbines. That I've just mentioned there, that are 11, of them in total are, located, just off the coast. Of Aberdeen. And a. Few, years ago you might have heard of these turbines because, a famous. Golf. Course owner from, America. Who. I think, has, now turned his hand to politics. Decided. To take this government, to court to try to block, these. Wind turbines because he thought they spoiled. The view from his new golf, course I'm, very pleased to tell you today the Scottish government beat that American, golf course order in court I hunt. And. These. Just. Earlier. This week in fact these, amazing. Went turbines. Generated. Their, first electricity. They are marvels. Of engineering. But, even more importantly, than that very, soon, they will be generating. Enough electricity for. Almost, three-quarters, of all, homes in the city of Aberdeen so. We, continue, to promote renewable energy, projects. Like that one we're, also focusing. On other areas like transport, for example, in, Scotland we've set an earlier target. Date than the rest of the UK for. Removing the need for new, petrol, and diesel cars, and. Vans we've targeted. 2032. Instead. Of, 2040. And we're launching, challenge funds to help local authorities, test, new approaches, to encouraging. Electric. And hydrogen, vehicles. And again, there are both moral and economic reasons, for doing this all, of us will benefit. From cleaner, air through, lorry, emission vehicles. But. We, know that Scotland, already, has significant. Expertise. And areas like smart grids and battery. Storage so we're choosing to. Build on those strengths, if we can create a market, and offer, Scotland. As a platform for, testing new ideas. We, can encourage early, investment, in new technologies which can then be used around, the world creating jobs. And investment, while also improving our. Health, and our environment, and as, we do, that because, we, know that the move to a low-carbon, world. Will fundamentally. Reshape our economy, and reshape, our society. We. Are determined. To learn from previous industrial. Revolutions, and, make sure that we take everybody, with us we. Are one of the first countries in the world to, commit to setting. Up a just transition, Commission. Helping. Us to, sure that we're considering, economic. Employment social. Issues as we make that transition, so, that it is one. That, benefits everybody in society not. Just a few and, I hope that's an, important, saying. I very clear say that, we don't simply, want to lead the waddle towards a low-carbon future, although, we do but, we want to make sure that. The benefits of that are shared across all, of our society, we're, adopting a, similar approach and, artificial. Intelligence and big data again. An area where we have amazing, economic. Strengths, and opportunities our. Cities, are becoming established, as, major tech. Hubs at companies. Like Sky scan that have been major, success, stories, in recent, years that partly, because of the quality, of our university. Research Adam Verrel University's. School, of Informatics is, ranked, as the best of its kind anywhere in, the, UK that's.
Why We're promoting new industries, like fin tech and why we've invested, in the data lab, which is an innovation center, bringing together government. Universities. And businesses. And again, we want to make sure that all of that, innovation, is in benefitting. Wider society, I mentioned. Earlier that adapting. To an aging population is, one of the the challenges I have to see a hugely welcomed challenge. The, old governments, across the world are no. Confronting. It's, something, which Scotland, is addressing, in a number of ways we've, already, integrated. Our health and social care systems, at a time when other parts of the UK are only know talking, about, doing that but. We're also determined. To use, data, to. Drive. Improvements. In how. We deliver services. For. Older people, the. Data lab that I've just mentioned recently. Worked with the NHS, in Scotland, and the Scottish Government, on the, issue of delayed, discharge a big problem in our health service where older, people spend. Longer in hospital, than they, need to because the social, care services. Are not there for them that's, an, issue which causes, unnecessary. Discomfort. For older, people but also cause our National Health Service a fortune, in Scotland, cost the NHS something. Like, 140. Million pounds, every year, so, the data, lab is, building. An algorithm. That can, predict, what patients, are most likely to be affected, by delayed, discharge, and when, the, algorithm was checked using. A sample of 13,000. Patients. In Scotland, it correctly. Predicted. 124. Of 131. People who were then affected, by, delayed discharge, now also, it, showed a lot of false positive, it needs to be refined, and turned into something that can be used in a clinical setting but, it demonstrates the, potential, to. Use data to identify patients. Who are at risk so early action can, be taken, and that's just one, of the ways in which the, use of data, can. Bring significant. Social benefits, another. Innovation. Centre that the Scottish Government is supporting, is the. One focused, on stratified. Medicine. Where data. Is enabling, treatments, to be customized. To the characteristics. Of individual, patients again, an area we are Scotland. Has huge potential, to generally economic, opportunities. While, improving the, well-being of, our population. Of. Course for all of the many, advantages of the technological, revolution, we. Also know there's genuine. And understandable. Concern about some of the disadvantages, the, misuse of personal, data the. Potential. For job losses in some sectors the risk of exploitative.
Employment. Practices, and rising. Inequality levels. So. Exploring, new. Ideas and, being open, to different ways of doing things is going, to be essential. Which, for example is one of the reasons that the Scottish Government is choosing, to support pilots. Around the idea of a basic. Citizens. Income. An. Idea that, I think is worthy of explanation, and may ultimately prove, not. To be practical. But that's one of the reasons, to support pilots. It's all about being open-minded, open, to new ideas. Because these kinds, of advances. Are going to be important, if we do what, I'm talking, about today. That support, that technological, change, lead that technological, change. Without, disadvantaging. Huge swathe of our, population. And, we also work closely as, I would. Hope and expect whole governments do with trade, unions we have, worked closely with Scotland's, trade unions in recent times at. The, impacts. Of automation. Highlighting. The importance, of investing in skills, throughout. People's, lives so that they can adjust as technology. Changes. We've. Established a. Group that's looking at the collaborative, economy and in. Particular the, rise of platforms. Like Airbnb. And uber. Its. Work is looking, at how we reconcile. The. The, challenges, that are often, seen as being in conflict of how, we make. Sure that. Platforms. Like those don't, do harm, but, at the same time how we capture, the benefits that they can bring at the, fill, outcome, of that work will be published, shortly. But. One of the steps we are taking, is the launch of something called shear lab Scotland. Which, is another have to see Scottish, government collaboration, with Nesta. Shear. Lab is a fund that will provide financial support, and, mentoring. And advice. To organisations whose. Platforms. Provide, social. Benefits, it, will have a strong initial. Focus on sustainable, energy and transport. Especially, in our remote communities, but, it will also look at other projects, that can help and empower, disadvantaged.
Communities, And individuals. And as a father way in which we, can, promote, major. Economic. And, technological change. The. Rise of collaborative platforms. Been an example of that in a way that doesn't exploit. People. In our population but instead benefits. Not just the economy but, wider society. And the. Environment. The. Final point I want to make this, morning to you is, related. To the. Video that you see one say finish. My, remarks this, morning the, video is called Scotland. Is known and it, should be viewed, when you get, the opportunity in a few moments not just as a description. Of Scotland, but as an invitation to the rest of the world, Scotland's. Openness, to new ideas includes. An openness, to, new people and. To new talent, at. A time when in, my, very. Blunt view too many politicians across. This country, and many countries in Europe want. To talk often, erroneously, about. The negatives, of migration, and of people travelling across different countries the, Scottish government has a very, different, message, that, we want to spread far, and wait we, want people to come to Scotland we, want people to do as the honour of making, Scotland their home and joining. Us in building the, forward-looking, positive. Progressive country we want to be so. While I'm aware that London is a great place to live as many, parts. Of these, islands, if, any of you are thinking of moving Scotland. Scotland. Will welcome you we are not fill, up so, please consider. It in. The future, you will find the, warmest, of welcomes. And I can see that honestly at the moment because temperatures, have been sizzling, in, Scotland, over the the, last few weeks but. Also and, this is the the key point our desire, to attract new talent is a. Further reason, for us a further driver and impetus, for us to ensure that Scotland, is one of the most attractive countries in the, world to. Walk in to study in, 211, to, visit and. To have new ideas and. We. Understand, that it's the vibrancy. Of our cities the beauty of our landscape, the, quality, of our public services. And our. Openness. To new thinking and new ideas that. Will, contribute to and, benefit. From the dynamism, of our. Economy, which, takes me back really as opposed to where I started with. The importance, of focusing on well-being. Together. With, sustainable. Growth, a node economy, and we want Scotland, to be a leader in scientific, advance and technological. Progress and many respects. We already are. But. We're, also acutely. Conscious of the need to ensure that technological. Progress aids. Rather, than hinders, social. Progress, in fact, I see, that as one of the key rules for. Government it's, not enough, simply to encourage technological. Progress we also have to ensure that everyone. Is capable of sharing in the benefits, of that and I, think in, Scotland. Harnessing. All the benefits, of being a relatively, small country if we can go even part of the way to achieving, that we, will certainly create a theatre and a more prosperous Scotland, at home but. We can perhaps play our part in building a theatre and more, prosperous world as well and we can fulfill the mission I spoke, of earlier of, helping, to solve societal. Challenges, and then exporting, these solutions around, the world and as we look, to achieve that in Scotland, it is fantastic. To have partners. Late Nesta, who, view the future with the same realism. Idealism. And optimism, as we, do and it really is wonderful, to, draw, inspiration. From forward-looking. Events. Like, this one so I'm absolutely delighted. To be here with you today, I wish you all well for, the rest of the conference and we'll end by thanking you sincerely. For giving me the opportunity to share some thoughts with you today.