L'intervento di Putin al Forum economico di San Pietroburgo
M. Simonyan: Good afternoon, it's almost evening! you already know you were small technical Problems. Thank God they are prompt resolved. Thanks to all those who decided so quickly. Thanks to those present. Thanks to our leader Vladimir Vladimirovich for You took the time, as always, speak at the forum and tell, what awaits us with the economic and not only economic points of view.
Thank you, Kassym-Jomart Kemelevich what did you find opportunity to visit us. We understand that this is not so simple. Thanks for your support our forum and our country, we really appreciate it. We have questions ahead. You won't like all of them. probably not hear everything
of which I like to ask. We'd love to talk only about the good, but only good will not work. In the meantime, I will ask you, Vladimir Vladimirovich, go to the music stand and tell us what we everyone is waiting. Thank you. Vladimir Putin: Thank you very much. Dear Kassym-Jomart Kemelevich! Dear friends, colleagues! Welcome participants and guests of the anniversary, XXV Petersburg International economic forum.
He goes through a difficult for the entire global community the time when the economy markets and the principles themselves global economic systems were under attack. Many trade, manufacturing, logistical ties, previously disrupted by the pandemic, pass now through new trials. Moreover, such key for business concepts business reputation, integrity property and trust to world currencies, thoroughly undermined - undermined Unfortunately, our partners in the West, and it's done intentionally, for the sake of ambition, in the name of preserving obsolete geopolitical illusions. Today I will present our - when I say "our", I mean Russian leadership - your view of the situation in which the global economy. I will elaborate on how Russia operates under these conditions and how its development in a dynamic changing environment. A year and a half ago, speaking at the Davos Forum, again stressed that the era unipolar world order completed - I want to start from this, from this nowhere do not get away, - ended, despite all attempts save it, conserve it by any means.
Change is natural the course of history, because civilizational diversity planets, wealth of cultures difficult to reconcile with political, economic and other templates, templates here do not work, templates that rude, irrelevant imposed from one center. The flaw lies in the very idea, according to which there is one albeit a strong state with a limited circle of associates or, as they say, admitted to her states, and all business rules and international relations, when it becomes necessary are interpreted exclusively in the interests of this state, what is called work one way, the game is on at one gate. A world based on dogma, definitely unstable. United States, proclaiming victory in the cold war declared themselves ambassadors Lords on earth who have there are no obligations there are only interests and these interests are declared sacred. They don't seem to notice that over the past decades formed on the planet and louder and louder new powerful centers. Each one develops their political systems and public institutions implements its own economic growth and, of course, has the right to protect them, to ensure national sovereignty.
It's about objective processes, about truly revolutionary, tectonic changes in geopolitics, global economics, in technological sphere, throughout the system of international relationships, where it is essential the role of dynamic promising states and regions whose interests can no longer be ignored. I repeat: these changes are fundamental, turning and relentless character. And it's wrong to think that a time of turbulent change, what is called, sit out, wait out that supposedly everything will return to normal, everything will be as before. Will not. However, it appears that the ruling the elites of some Western states just stay in this kind of illusion. They don't want to see the obvious things, but stubbornly cling for the shadows of the past.
For example, they assume that Western dominance in global politics and economics - the value is unchanged, eternal. Nothing is eternal. Moreover, our colleagues simply deny reality. They try to resist the course of history. Think in terms of the past century. They are in captivity same own delusions about countries outside the so-called golden billion, they think everything else is peripheral, backyard, still treat them like a colony, and the peoples living there consider second class people because that they consider themselves exceptional.
If they are exceptional so everyone else is second varieties. Hence the irrepressible desire punish, economically crush the one who gets out from the general series, does not want blindly obey. Moreover, they are rude and shamelessly planting own ethics, views on culture and insights into history and sometimes questioned sovereignty and integrity states pose a threat their existence. Enough to remember fate Yugoslavia and Syria, Libya and Iraq. If some rebel fails to twirl to pacify, then they try isolate or as it is now say "cancel". Everything is in use, even sports, olympic movement ban on culture, masterpieces of art - for the sole reason that their authors "wrong" origin.
This is the nature of the present an attack of Russophobia in the West and insane sanctions against Russia. Crazy and I would say thoughtless. Their number and speed stamping know no precedents. The calculation was clear: impudently, swept up the economy Russia, due to the destruction business chains, forced recall of Western companies from the Russian market, frost domestic assets hit the industry finance, standard of living of people. Did not work out. Obviously it didn't work out. did not take place.
Russian entrepreneurs, authorities have worked collected, professional, citizens showed solidarity and responsibility. We normalize step by step economic situation. First stabilized financial markets, banking system and trade network. Then began to saturate the economy liquidity and working capital to save enterprise sustainability and companies, employment and work places. Gloomy forecasts for perspectives of the Russian economies that sounded even at the beginning of spring, did not come true. At the same time, it is clear why it was inflated this propaganda campaign Where do all these spells come from? and about the dollar for 200 rubles, and about the collapse of our economy in general, all this was remains a tool of information struggle, a factor of psychological impact on Russian society, on domestic business circles.
By the way, some of our experts succumbed to this external pressure, in their forecasts also came from from the inevitable collapse Russian economy and critical easing national currency - ruble. Life has refuted such predictions. However, I would like to emphasize to note: to continue succeed, we must very honest and realistic assess the situation, be while independent in their conclusions and, of course, believing in your strength is very important. We are strong people and we can handle any challenge. Like our ancestors, we will decide any task.
The whole thousand-year the history of our country. Just three months later after a massive package sanctions, we suppressed the inflationary splash. After a peak of 17.8 percent, as you know, now inflation
is 16.7 percent and continues to decline. Economic dynamics stabilizing, state finances are stable. I'll make a comparison later with other regions. Yes, it's too much for us certainly.
16.7 percent is high inflation. We have to work with it. and we will do it and I'm sure we will achieve positive result. After the first five months current year federal budget executed with a surplus one and a half trillion rubles, and the consolidated budget – with a surplus of 3.3 trillion rubles.
At the same time, the surplus of the federal budget only in May was almost half a trillion rubles, exceeding last year's May value over than four times. Today our task is to create conditions for building production, to increase proposals on the domestic market and balanced with the growth of supply to restore final demand and banking lending to the economy. Already said: we took special measures to replenish the working capital companies' capital. Including business practically received in all industries entitlement to insurance deferment contributions for the second quarter current year.
At the same time, production enterprises have more wide possibilities: they will be able to use postponement in the third quarter. Basically, it's an interest-free loan from the state. further deferred insurance premium payments will not need to pay what is called, at once.
This can be done in equal installments during 12 months starting June next year. Further. The rate has been reduced since May. on subsidized mortgages. Now she's nine percent. However, the program itself preferential mortgage extended until the end of the current year. As already mentioned, the goal is measures to help citizens in solving housing problems, support the construction and related industries and there we have millions workers.
After a sharp rise in the spring interest rates in Russian the economy is gradually declining, The central bank lowers key rate. In this regard, I consider it possible lower the rate again on preferential mortgage, now up to seven percent. But what would you like to point out? Attention? Program duration stays the same until the end current year. This means that those of our citizens who want improve your housing conditions for this benefit should use it until the end of this year. Maximum loan amounts also retained: 12 million rubles for Moscow and St. Petersburg and six million rubles - for other entities Federation.
I will add, it is important for us in general increase the availability of long-term financial resources, credit for the economy. Emphasis coming soon in support of business activity must shift from measures fiscal stimulus to market mechanisms bank lending. This process is definitely necessary support. Yes, in order to increase the capacity Project finance factories VEB will allocate 120 billion rubles from the National welfare.
This measure will provide additional lending to demanded initiatives, projects about half a trillion rubles. Dear colleagues! I have already said that economic blitzkrieg against Russia didn't have a chance in the first place. for success. At the same time, sanctions weapons it is known - and practice recent years it shows ok, it's double-edged. It inflicts comparable and even more damage to the ideologists and designers themselves his. And it's not just about the current obvious consequences.
We know that among European leaders at the level of informal conversations, as they say furtively discussed very worrisome outlook, that sanctions can be used not only against Russia, but also against any unwanted state, sooner or later they can touch everyone, including themselves members of the European Union and European companies. Until it comes to this, but European politicians already hurt their economy a serious blow - themselves it made by hand. We see how aggravated social and economic problems in Europe, and in the United States too how the cost of goods increases, food, electricity and automotive fuel how the quality goes down the lives of Europeans and is lost competitiveness enterprises. According to experts, only direct, "countable" losses the European Union from the sanctions fever for the coming year may exceed 400 billion dollars. Such is the price of decisions torn off from the realities and accepted in spite of common sense.
These costs are directly related to for the population and companies European Union. Rising inflation in some eurozone countries has already exceeded 20 per cent. I talked about our inflation but eurozone countries do not conduct no special military operations, and inflation rose there they have - some - up to 20 percent. The States are also unacceptable, the highest in the last 40 years of inflation.
Yes, of course, inflation in Russia is also still at double digits. However, we have already indexed social payments and pensions, increased the minimum size wages and living at least, thus protected the poorest citizens. And, in turn, high interest rates allowed save people's savings in Russian banking system. Of course, for representatives business clear: high key bet presses economy is understandable.
For citizens, however, in the majority cases is a plus: they returned significant amount of money banks at high interest rates. This is the main difference from the countries of the European Union, where inflation growth directly leads to a decrease in real income of the population and eats their savings, and current crisis phenomena fall burden primarily on low-income citizens. Serious long-term growth has consequences costs of European companies, their loss of Russian market.
The result is clear here. – loss of global competitiveness and systemic slowdown growth of the European economy, and for years to come. All this leads to an exacerbation deep problems in Western societies. Yes, of course, we have our own enough problems, but I have to talk about it now because they are all the time they point fingers at us, and they have enough problems. I also talked about this in Davos.
A direct consequence of actions European politicians and events of the current year will further aggravate inequality in these countries, which in turn will split even more their society, and the question not only in the level of well-being, but also in terms of values different groups in this society. Yes, now these contradictions suppressed, swept away under the rug." democratic procedures, elections in the same Europe, - to be honest, sometimes look at what's there happens what forces come to power - all it looks like a screen, because that each other is in power change like twins political parties.
However, the very essence of this does not change. Real interests of citizens, national business pushing further and further to the backyards, to the periphery. Such a break from reality from the demands of society is inevitable will lead to a surge of populism and the growth of extreme, radical currents, to serious socio-economic change, degradation and in the near future and to the change of elites. Traditional parties like you see lose constantly.
There are some new education, but if they little different from traditional, chances for their survival is not a lot of. All attempts to do good a mine with a bad game, that's all talk about supposedly acceptable costs in the name of pseudo-unity cannot hide the main: EU finally lost his political sovereignty, and its bureaucratic the elites dance under someone else's tune, taking everything they'll be told from above, causing harm to own population and own economy own business. What else is important here important? The worsening situation in the global economics is not a question recent months - now I'll stop at things which I consider extremely important - what happens, not the result of the last months, of course not. Moreover, it is not the result. special military operation carried out by Russia in Donbass.
Such statements are frank and conscious distortion of facts. A sharp rise in inflation on commodity and raw materials markets has been a fact for a long time before the events of this year. The world is in such a situation consistently drove many years of irresponsible macroeconomic policy countries of the so-called big sevens, including uncontrolled emission and accumulation unsecured debts. Moreover, these processes accelerated, activated with the onset of the coronavirus pandemic back in 2020, when the global scale has been drastically reduced both supply and demand for products and service. The question is: what is it about our military operation Donbass? Doesn't really have to do with it no relationship. Without inventing or not wishing use other recipes the authorities of the leading Western economics simply launched the printing press.
In such a simple way began to cover the unseen earlier budget deficits. I already mentioned this figure: for the last two years cash weight in the US has grown by more than than 38 percent. Decades ago, this there was an increase, but here in two years 38 percent is 5.9 trillion dollars.
For comparison, only a few countries of the world have a gross inner product of more size. The money supply of the European Union, in turn, also sharply increased during this period. Its volume increased by about by 20 percent or 2.5 trillion euro.
Lately more and more I hear about the so-called - Excuse me, I I don't like working here and generally myself somehow mention but can't help but say we all hear about the so-called Putin inflation in the West. I, when I see it, all the time I think: who is it for? this stupidity is on those who can't read and write that's all. People who even know how read, understand, actually actually what is happening. Russia, our actions on liberation of Donbass absolutely nothing here how.
Today's rise in prices, inflation, food problems and fuel, petrol, energy in general is result of system errors in economic policy current administration US and European bureaucracy. Here are the reasons, and only in that. I'll tell you about our operation: yes it did matter but that's the root of it – in their erroneous economic politics. For them, the start of our operation in the Donbass is a rescue circle that allows im dumping their own miscalculations on others, in this case for Russia.
But everyone who has though primary school education, understand the real reasons today's situation. Printed money in huge quantities, and then what? Where did all these funds go? Obviously, including purchase of goods and services outside of Western countries - that's where they went this money is printed. They literally began to "vacuum", scavenge global markets. about the interests of other states, including the poorest, of course, no one thought and think something did not want. They were left with only called as we have people say, lumps, and even astronomical prices. So, if at the end of 2019 import, delivery of goods to United States was about 250 billion dollars per month, then by now time it grew to 350 billion dollars.
It is noteworthy that growth amounted to 40 percent proportions are just corresponds to unsecured nothing pumped dollar the money supply of the latter years. Printed and distributed money and for this money they raked all goods from third markets countries. I'll add one more thing: Connected States have been for a long time major suppliers food in the world market, deservedly, indeed, deservedly proud and was something - its rural economy, tradition farming is an example for many, and for us, by the way speaking too.
But today the role of America changed drastically. From a net food exporter she turned into a pure importer. Roughly speaking, print money and drag on themselves commodity flows, buying up food all over light. Even faster pace increasing imports of goods seen in the European Union. It is clear what is sharp an increase in demand that is not met product offer, launched a wave of deficits and global inflation.
Here it comes from, this global inflation. Over the past couple of years in the world has risen in price almost everything: raw materials, consumer goods and especially products nutrition. Yes, of course, these countries including the States, they continue to import but the balance between exports and import to another side: there already, in my opinion, 17 billion more import than export. That's what it's all about.
According to the UN, back in February current year value index food in the world turned out to be 50 percent higher than in May 2020, and the consolidated commodity index for the same period and doubled. In an inflationary storms in many developing countries there is a reasonable question: why exchange goods for dollars and euros, who are losing before our eyes in weight? It begs the conclusion: change of imaginary economy entities inevitably comes economics of real values and assets. According to the IMF, now global foreign exchange reserves is 7.1 trillion dollars and 2.5 trillion euro, and this money depreciates about eight percent in year.
But besides, at any moment they may also be confiscated, stolen if US something don't like politics certain states. Well, I think it has become absolutely real for a lot of countries that keep their gold reserves in these currencies. According to experts, already in the coming years, it's objective analysis, the process will start converting global reserves - they just have to go nowhere with such deficits, - of those losing their value currencies into real resources, – other countries, of course, will do it, such like food, energy, other raw material. Obviously, this process pushes even harder global dollar inflation. As far as Europe is concerned, here is an additional negative contribution to the promotion of prices made another and failed energy Policy, blind bet on renewable sources and spot deliveries natural gas, which led to a sharp rise in prices energy that is observed from the third quarter of last years, - I repeat again, for a long time before our operation in the Donbass. We are not here at all at what.
They themselves did things there, prices have skyrocketed and looking for the culprits again. Western miscalculations not only affected the increase in cost many goods and services but also led to a decrease fertilizer output, primarily nitrogen, produced from natural gas. In general, only from the middle last year to February current global prices more than than 70 percent.
Unfortunately, the prerequisites to change such current price trends day no. On the contrary, on this background is blocked business operations and logistics supplies of fertilizers from Russia and Belarus. Thus, the situation is more bogged down. Calculate further developments are easy. Fertilizer shortage means yield reduction, and means higher risks food shortages to the world market, prices will go even stronger up that threatens hunger in the first place the poorest countries, and will be entirely responsible administration of the United States and European bureaucracy.
Again, this is a problem didn't show up today for the last three or four months, and absolutely it was not due to Russia, as they now say some demagogues trying shift responsibility for everything that happens in the world economy for our country. Of course, we may it would be nice to hear that we are so mighty and omnipotent: blow inflation to the sky in the West, in the USA, in Europe, we're doing something else, that freaks everyone out. Maybe it would we are pleased to feel such power, but does not correspond to reality. The situation has matured over the years spurred on by the short-sighted the actions of those who are accustomed solve your problems for someone else's account, who relied and still rely on the financial emissions to repurchase, take over trading flows and thereby sharpen deficits and provoke humanitarian disasters in certain regions of the world. I would like to add: this is, in fact, the same predatory-colonial politics, but of course new form, new edition, much thinner and sophisticated.
You don't understand right away happening. Now the most important task for the entire global community - to increase the supply of products supply to the global market, including providing country needs, especially in need of food. Russia, providing its domestic food security, your inner market, capable of significantly increase food exports and fertilizers. For example, our supply grain next season could grow to 50 million tons.
in priority order we will send our deliveries to countries where the most high demand for food and where are the risks increase in the number of hungry people. First of all, it is about African countries and the Middle East region. However, here is difficulties that also arise not our fault. Yes, formally in Russian grain, food and fertilizer...
Incidentally, Americans imposed sanctions on our fertilizers, followed by the Europeans. Then the Americans took and canceled - understood where hit. But the Europeans are not. They just have a bureaucracy. works like a millstone
18th century mill. Therefore, everyone understands that they did something stupid, but somehow it's hard to turn back for bureaucratic reasons. So, I repeat, Russia ready to contribute in balancing the world agricultural markets, and of course we welcome openness to dialogue this issue from UN colleagues who understand acuteness of the global problem food. The subject of such a conversation may be the creation of normal conditions - logistics, financial, transport – to build up the Russian food exports and fertilizers. As for - I can't. don't say that either speculation, unfortunately on this account, too many - Ukrainian supplies food for the world markets: we do not interfere.
For God's sake. We did not mine the Black Sea ports of Ukraine. Let them mine and take them out.
We will provide security postings of these civil courts. There is no question at all. But what is it about? According to the Ministry of Agriculture USA, that's six million tons of wheat; according to our estimates, somewhere around five.
And about seven million more tons of corn. And that's it. And if you keep in mind that the world produces 800 million tons of wheat, then five million tons for the world market, how do you know the weather do none at all. However, the possibilities there is export, and not only through the Black Sea ports.
Please, through Belarus export - the cheapest way, by the way. Through Poland, Romania - how much whatever. There are five or six options removals.
It's not about us, it's about adequacy people who are in power in Kyiv. Let them decide what to do and in this case at least do not focus on their hosts from abroad, from border, from the ocean. But there is another danger that this grain will go in payment supplied weapons. It will be then sad. Dear friends! As already mentioned, modern the world is going through an era of cardinal change.
Break down, glitch international institutions. Security Guarantees are devalued. The West has fundamentally refused fulfill the obligations earlier obligations. reach with him any new agreements turned out to be simply impossible. In the formed situation, against the background of increasing us risks and threats, solution Russia on holding a special military operation was forced.
Difficult for sure, but compelled and necessary. This is the decision of the sovereign country that has an unconditional right based, by the way speaking, on the UN Charter, to uphold your safety. Solution aimed at protection of our citizens, residents people's republics of Donbass, which for eight years of genocide from the Kyiv regime and neo-Nazis who received full patronage West. The West not only sought implement the "anti-Russia" scenario, but also led an active military development of Ukrainian territory, literally pumped up Ukraine weapons and military advisers. Keep doing it and now.
for the development of the economy, for the welfare of the living there are people in general, honestly saying nobody's attention and does not pay, just do not care do not relate to this, but to create a bridgehead NATO in the east directed against Russia, for cultivation aggression, hatred and Russophobia money is not spared and do not regret. Today our soldiers and officers, militiamen of Donbass fighting to protect their people. Defend the right of Russia to free and safe development as a large multinational country that itself accepts decisions, determines its future, based to their history, culture and traditions and rejects all attempts to impose from outside the pseudo-value of dehumanization and moral degradation.
All tasks of the special military operation will be resolved. And the key to this is courage and the heroism of our warriors, consolidation of the Russian societies whose support gives strength and confidence army and navy of Russia, deep understanding of rightness, historical justice of our affairs - construction and strengthening a strong sovereign powers, Russia. What do I want to highlight? Sovereignty in the 21st century may be partial, fragmentary. All elements are the same important, they reinforce, complement each other.
Therefore, it is important for us not only defend your political sovereignty, national identity, but also to strengthen everything that determines the economic independence of the country its financial, personnel, technological independence and independence. The very design of Western sanctions was built on the false thesis that Russia in terms of economics not sovereign, critical vulnerable. They got so carried away spreading myths about the backwardness of Russia, about weakness of its position in the world economy and trade, themselves, apparently, in this believed. Planning your economic blitzkrieg, they did not notice simply ignored real facts, how our country has changed in recent years. And such changes are the result our planned work on creation of a sustainable macroeconomic construction, to ensure food security, implementation of import substitution programs, formation of own payment system, etc. Further.
Of course, sanctions placed in front of the country many difficult tasks. Some enterprises continue experience problems with components. A range of technological solutions are no longer available for our companies. Logistics broken.
But, on the other hand, everything it opens up new opportunities - we often talk about it, but true. All this is an incentive to building an economy possessing full, not partial technological, production, personnel, scientific potential and sovereignty. Of course, such a complex problem cannot be solved what is called, in one moment. It is necessary to continue the system work designed for perspective.
That's exactly how it works Russia, implementing long-term industry development plans economy, strengthening social spheres. And the current trials are only make adjustments and clarifications in these plans, but do not change their strategic direction. And today I would like to stop on key principles on the basis of which develop our country our economy.
The first is openness. Truly sovereign states are always set for an equal partnership to contribute your contribution to global development. And, on the contrary, the one who is weak and depend, as a rule, busy looking for enemies, planting xenophobia or finally loses its identity autonomy, blind following the overlord.
Russia - even though that our Western, so to speak, friends literally dream about it - will never go along the path of self-isolation and autarky. Moreover, we are expanding and we will expand cooperation with everyone who is interested in it, who wants to work with us. There are many, I won't list them. This is the vast majority people on earth. I won't list now. all these countries, everyone knows about it.
I won't say anything new if I remind you that everyone who wants to keep working and works with Russia, is exposed naked pressure by the United States and Europe, sometimes even comes to direct threats. However, such blackmail is not enough. what does it mean when talking about the countries led by real leaders stand who clearly understand where are strangers, and where are national, own interests, interests their peoples. Russia will increase with such states economic cooperation, promote joint projects. At the same time, of course, we we will interact and with Western companies, which, despite the unprecedented "arm twisting", continue work successfully in Russian market, there are some.
Durable, predictable basis for deepening international cooperation we see the development of convenient and independent payment infrastructure in national currencies. To help companies our countries to establish logistics, cooperation ties, we form development of transport corridors, increase throughput railways, transshipment port capacities in the Arctic, in the east, south and other directions. Including in the Azov-Chernomorsky and Caspian basins they will become a key the North-South corridor, which provide sustainable channels communications with the Middle East and South Asia. We expect that already cargo traffic soon will start along this route grow confidently.
But not only international trade. Russia intends build up scientific, technological, cultural, humanitarian and sports cooperation on the principles of equality and respect for partners. At the same time, our country will strive for responsible leadership in all directions.
The second principle of our long-term development is based on entrepreneurial freedoms. Every private initiative beneficial Russia, should receive maximum support and space for implementation. Pandemic and current events confirmed how flexibility and freedom are important in economics. It is the private business harsh conditions, against the backdrop attempts by any means hold back our development - proved to be capable compete on global markets.
Adapting to rapidly changing external conditions also occurs through private business. Need to ensure dynamic development of the economy, of course, based on private business. We will continue to reduce the administrative load. So, from 2016 to 2018 we have there was a moratorium on scheduled inspections of small business.
It was later extended in total to the end 2022. In 2020 this moratorium including medium-sized companies. In addition, almost four times decreased the number unscheduled checks.
But we went further and abandoned in March this year from scheduled inspections of all entrepreneurs, regardless on the size of the business, with one condition: if their activities not associated with high risk causing harm to citizens and the environment. As a result, now the number scheduled inspections compared decreased from last year six times. Why am I talking about this in such detail? The point is that after the introduction moratoriums on inspections the number of violations business side - this is the result - increased and decreased, the number violations have decreased. It speaks of maturity and responsibility of the Russian business.
He needs to be motivated and, of course, do not force to comply with regulations and requirements. So there is every reason make another, cardinal step forward forever refuse permanently from holding a majority inspections of all Russian business whose activities not associated with high risks causing harm. Everyone has long understood: no need to walk and check everyone. Must work risk-based an approach.
I ask the Government to determine specific parameters of reforms in the coming months. And here is another very business sensitive topic, and today it's a question our national security and economic sustainability. To reduce, reduce to a minimum of various abuse, loopholes to put pressure on entrepreneurs, we consistently remove vague norms of criminal legislation in part so-called economic formulations. The law was signed in March in which criminal cases for entrepreneurs according to tax compositions can get excited only submission of the tax services and nothing else.
Should soon bill to be passed on the reduction of the statute of limitations for tax crimes as well as the refusal to initiate criminal cases after full payment of tax arrears. In general, you need to be careful but at the same time profoundly move towards decriminalization a number of so-called economic compositions. For example, those related to work without a license or accreditation. Now it's very thin question due to illegitimate behavior of our Western partners, for example, who refuse to provide such licenses.
In such cases, our government bodies should not, as they say, bring with one's own hands Russian business under the article, despite the real guilt our entrepreneurs not here. You understand what it's about. Those who work in small business is great too. understand it.
License expired, partners western ones do not extend - Well, what should they do? Wind down the business whether? Whatever it is, the way is working. Of course, it must be under control. keep the states but do not interfere with their work. You should also think about raising the threshold for attracting liable for non-payment customs and other mandatory payments. In addition, we have long did not change the definition parameters large and extra large damage, despite the accumulated inflation. Such a discrepancy the law of life realities, definitely needs adjustment.
From 2016 to today accumulated inflation around 50 percent, and these parameters have not changed - must be changed, certainly. Finally, it is necessary to reconsider grounds for concluding entrepreneurs in jail and to extend the deadlines preliminary investigation. It's no secret that very often these rules apply where where there is no real need. As a result, at the stage enterprise consequences forced to suspend their activities or close. In this case, in addition to direct damages and loss market positions, workers places are under attack reputation of companies and their leaders. I draw the attention of law enforcement structures: must be finished with this practice.
And I ask the Government together with the Supreme Court to prepare relevant amendments into law. Please do this work before October 1st of the current year. Additional line Security Council special assignment analysis of situations where criminal cases are initiated but not brought to trial. The number of such cases in recent years significantly has grown.
What's behind all this clear. Often things start without good reason either used for pressure on a company or specific individuals. We will discuss separately in the autumn this topic and accept additional legislative decisions and organization of law enforcement organs. Certainly a big role in creating a modern business environment belongs regional managerial commands. On the site of the Petersburg Forum traditionally celebrate those subjects of the Federation, who have achieved significant progress in the National investment rating climate that leads Agency for Strategic initiatives.
Here we have changes in the top three. To Moscow and Tatarstan, which continue to lead joined this year Moscow region. For the year she rose from the eighth places in the leaders, in the top three. Also in the top of the rankings Tula, Nizhny Novgorod, Tyumen, Novgorod, Sakhalin region, St. Petersburg
and Bashkortostan. I would like to specially note regions with the greatest progress: this is the Kurgan region – growth by 36 positions, Perm and Altai Territory - growth for 26 positions, Ingushetia - by 24 positions, and Ivanovskaya area that has risen for 17 positions. I want to thank and congratulate our colleagues in the regions for this work. And of course, in the special zone federal attention government, regional, municipal teams should be business support initiatives of citizens in small cities and individual communities locations, remote areas.
Such examples of success we also have. This includes, among other things, creation of demanded software, about selling environmentally clean products, goods own production throughout the country through domestic Internet sites. It is important to create new opportunities, introduce modern trade formats, including electronic platforms like I already said, reduce the logistics, transport and other costs, including using modernized branches of the Russian Post.
We also need to help our employees small companies, self-employed citizens, entrepreneurs with additional skills and competencies. Appropriate measures aimed specifically for small towns countryside, remote districts and territories, please include special line to the national project development of small and medium entrepreneurship. I would like to apply today and to our leaders owners of large companies - our major entrepreneurs, managers.
Dear colleagues, friends! True, lasting success sense of dignity and self-respect only come when when you tie your future, future of children with their homeland. We support many relationship for a long time time and I know the mood many of our leaders companies and owners. I heard from you many times that business is much more than extraction profit, that's the way it is, and the change of life around, contribution to the development of native city, region, country in general, extremely important thing for self-realization, service to people and society you can't replace anything. This is the whole meaning of life the whole point of the work is. Recent events only confirmed what is constantly said earlier: houses are safer. Those who did not want to hear this obvious message, lost hundreds of millions in the West, if not billions of dollars, - that's how it turned out supposedly a quiet haven for capital.
Once again I want to tell my colleagues including those who are both in the hall and those who are not here today: do not step, please, on the old rake. Our country has a huge potential, and tasks requiring application of forces, unfinished edge. Invest here, invest in the creation of new enterprises and jobs, in the development tourism infrastructure, support schools, universities, health and social sphere, culture and sport. I know that many do, I know - just I want to emphasize this again. That's how highly understood Bakhrushina's mission and Morozov, Shchukin and Ryabushinsky, Akchurins and Galeevs, Apanaevs and Matsiev, Mamontov, Tretyakov, Arsanov, Dadashev, Gadzhiev. Many Russian, Tatar, Buryat, Chechen, Dagestan, Yakut, Ossetian, Jewish, Armenian and other merchants and entrepreneurial families that and direct the heirs were not offended, and forever entered their name in the history of our country.
Speaking of which, I wanted would like to emphasize. For heirs, possible heirs of capital I don't know which is more important: the money they got property or good name and the merits of their ancestors before country. It's definitely no one will squander, sorry for bad manners, no one won't drink. And what will remain with the future generations of heirs - a good name will remain forever with them. And it will definitely go with them through life, from a generation in a generation, will help them, support for life make them stronger than even money that they can be inherited, or property. Dear colleagues! The third principle of our long-term development is responsible and balanced macroeconomic politics.
In many ways this is the line allowed us to endure unprecedented sanctions pressure. But I repeat, for us this politics is important not only to answer current calls, but also in the long term. We won't repeat the sad experience of Western colleagues who promoted inflationary spiral and unbalanced your finances.
Our goal is sustainable development economy for years to come decrease in inflationary burden on citizens and businesses, achievement in the medium and long term target level perspective four percent inflation. I almost started with inflation And now I want to say this: four percent - we have such a goal remains. Already instructed the Government prepare proposals under the new budget rules. They must provide predictability budgetary policy, create conditions for maximum use of foreign economic conjuncture. All this is necessary to strengthen foundation of economic growth, solve infrastructure and technological challenges, what is the base for well-being citizens.
Yes, some world reserve currencies are now engaged suicide, obviously suicidal anyway. they have a mood. Of course, "sterilize" our money supply with their help today is pointless. But the main principle is to spend, based on the understanding how much you earned remains and no one canceled it.
We understand this. The fourth principle of our development is a social justice. The growth of the economy and business initiatives, industrial opportunities and scientific and technological country's potential should be a powerful social embodiment.
Such development should lead to reduce inequality, not to aggravate it how it happens in some other countries. And we, to be honest, We are not champions either. in solving these problems, we have a lot of questions here and problems remain.
Reducing poverty and inequality is the demand for domestic products, and throughout territory of the country, which means and closing the gap in potential of the regions, creation new jobs where they are most needed overall defining condition for further economic development. I emphasize: positive dynamics real income of citizens, poverty reduction is the main indicator efficiency of organs authorities and states in general. And tangible results here, despite all the objective difficulties, it is necessary to achieve already this year, and such challenge for the government delivered.
I repeat, we specifically support most vulnerable groups citizens: pensioners, families with children, as well as those who is in a difficult life situations. Increasing every year pensions at a rate higher than inflation. This year they were raised twice, including from June 1 to additional ten percent. Along with pensions ten percent up minimum payment labor, as well as subsistence the minimum to which they are tied many other social allowances and payments, they respectively, should also grow, which directly affects income of about 15 million human. In recent years we have built holistic support system needy families with children.
Assistance from the state is get a woman starting from early pregnancy until the child reaches 17 years. The well-being of the people prosperity is the most important factor demographic development, and here, taking into account the imposed negative demographic waves, the situation is extremely complicated. Born in Russia in April less than a hundred thousand children almost 13 percent less than in April 2020.
I ask the Government constantly keep development under control additional support measures families with children. They must wear a cardinal proportionate character emergency demographic the challenge we are facing. The future of Russia is a family with two, three and more the number of children. Therefore, the speech must be not only about direct financial support – we need to target, customize to families' requests health care system with children, education, all areas, defining quality people's lives.
To solve such a problem including directed national social an initiative that regional teams and ASI implement together. We will evaluate the results in autumn such work, let's sum up quality rating results life in the regions to as wide as possible throughout country to use the best experiences and practices. Another, fifth, principle, on which Russia builds its economic policy - this is an advanced development infrastructure. We have already increased the direct budgetary expenditures to strengthen transport arteries. Starts next year massive building plan and repair of the core network federal and regional roads. Over five years, at least 85 percent its length should be brought into regulation condition.
This is actively used new tool like infrastructural budget loans. They are issued for 15 years three percent rate. I have already said that the demand for they were much higher than we originally planned.
The regions have a lot of developed, promising projects - can't put them off launch. We will also think that with this to do as a measure of support. There was some discussion last night on this account. Anyway, now I only state that this tool works reliable. A separate issue is modernization housing and communal economy.
A lot has been accumulated here problems. The industry is chronically underinvested – estimated at 4.5 trillion rubles. Over 40 percent of networks to be replaced.
Hence the low efficiency and big losses. At the same time, it decays annually, falls into disrepair three percent of networks, and are replaced with new ones more than two percent have a problem from year to year the year gets worse. I propose to consolidate resources and launch an integrated modernization program Utilities, synchronize it with other infrastructure plans development, as well as capital renovation of housing stock.
The challenge is to radically change situation, successively reduce the share of obsolete networks, just like we are do, settling emergency housing and repairing roads. Let's discuss the issues in detail housing and communal services and construction development complex with governors at a meeting of the Presidium State Council at the next week. In addition, I offer increase the amount of resources for projects to create comfortable urban environment in small towns and historical settlements.
We are good at this program. works. I propose to send to these goals are another ten billion rubles annually in 2023–2024 years. Additional allocate funds for renovation cities of the Far East. I ask the Government within infrastructure budget loans and modernization housing and communal services, as well as other programs development to provide for these purposes, special limits. Unconditional priority for us is complex arrangement and development rural areas. People who work in the countryside, feed the country, and, as you can see now, a significant part of the world, must live in comfortable, decent conditions.
In this regard, I ask the Government allocate additional funds for profile program. financial source here can become export duties on the sale of products Agriculture. This is a permanent source. Of course he can hesitate but it will always acting. At the same time, I propose separately expand reconstruction programs and modernization of rural houses of culture, and regional and municipal theaters and museums, highlighting for these purposes, six billion rubles in 2023 and 2024. Exceptionally in demand important task for people - what I just said in the field of culture.
I will cite a very recent example: during the award ceremony medals of the Hero of Labor one of those awarded from Yakutia - Vladimir Afrikanovich Mikhailov, in the closed part directly asked for help construction of a cultural center in his native village. Of course, we are sure let's do it. But what people say about it at all levels, says that it is highly demanded. I will also do a little digression that is appropriate now, with the beginning of summer - the traditional holidays with us, in Russia. Every year more and more tourists tend to visit beautiful natural places of our country: national parks, reserves, reserves.
Estimated this year such a tourist flow will exceed 12 million people. It is important that government authorities, and business, and tourists knew what was acceptable what not to do on these areas where you can build tourist objects, and where it is categorically forbidden where it creates risks for unique and vulnerable ecosystems. in the State Duma bill is already under consideration which is designed to regulate organization of tourism specially protected areas, create a civilized basis for such activities. In this regard, I would like to draw attention to this: all decisions made here must be calculated and weighed, we must approach to this seriously. I would like to highlight the issue of saving and preserving Baikal.
In particular, this aims unique project of complex development of the city of Baikalsk, which should become the standard prudent, environmentally oriented management. The task is not only to eliminate accumulated damage to nature from the activities of the Baikal CBC, but also withdraw the city to a fundamentally different level life, make it a calling Russian ecological tourism. The project must be implemented with the help of the most advanced technologies, environmentally clean energy sources.
In general, we will develop clean technologies to achieve the environmental modernization of enterprises, reduce harmful emissions to the atmosphere, especially large industrial centers. We will also continue to work within the framework of economic projects closed cycle, "green" projects and climate conservation, what he talked about in detail here on the forum site, even last year. In this regard, the sixth my view, through, unifying our work development principle is the achievement of the present technological sovereignty, creation of a complete system economic development, which, according to critical components does not depend from foreign institutions. We need to build everything spheres of life on a qualitatively new technological level and at the same time be just users other people's solutions, but to have technological keys to product creation and next generation services. In recent years, we have paid attention to import substitution, have been successful overall a number of areas: in the agro-industrial complex, in the production of medicines medical equipment, in the military-industrial complex, in a number of other areas.
But, and I would like to emphasize this, we have a lot of discussions in society in this regard, import substitution - this is not a panacea, not cardinal solution. If we just repeat others, try to replace albeit the highest quality copies, other people's goods, then risk being in a position constantly catching up, and gotta be one step ahead create your own competitive technologies, goods and services that able to become the new world standards. Let me remind you in this regard that Sergei Pavlovich Korolev did not follow the path of copying and partial improvement captured rocketry, but looked to the future and suggested unique package scheme to create the R-7 rocket, paved the way for mankind into space, in fact asked standard for the whole world, and for decades to come.
That's right, ahead of founders worked at one time many Soviet scientific programs, and now, relying on for such backlogs, our designers deserve to move forward. Thanks to them, Russia has hypersonic weapons, analogues to which so far no country yet peace. Rosatom holds the leading positions in nuclear technology and develops a nuclear icebreaker fleet.
Many Russian solutions on artificial intelligence and big data processing are the best in the world. I repeat, technological development is cross-cutting direction that determines not only the current decade, but the entire 21st century. Let's discuss in detail the topic of building a new technological economics - technoeconomics - at the next council strategic development. There are many topics for discussion here. and most importantly, to accept
management decisions. I mean the development of engineering education and transfer scientific developments into real economy, provision financial resources fast growing, high tech companies. We will also discuss the development end-to-end technology and progress work projects digital transformation of individual industries.
I emphasize, to produce everything and everything, of course, is impossible, yes, it is not necessary. However, we need to have all critical technologies in order to short timing to establish your own production of any product. That's how we did it when quickly provided production of coronavirus vaccines, and now launched production many other types of products and services. For example, after leaving Russian market of unscrupulous partners of KamAZ their niche are now occupied by domestic companies. And we're talking about supplies. accessories not only for traditional models plant, but also for promising series - trunk, transport and heavy cars.
I will also note the payment system "Mir" card, which successfully replaced with internal the Visa and MasterCard market, and is now expanding geography step by step receives an international confession. Another example is Petersburg tractor plant. His former foreign partner refused to sell engines and carry out their warranty service. Who rescued? Motor builders of Yaroslavl and Tutaeva: arranged the supply their engines.
As a result, the production of agricultural machinery at the Petersburg Tractor factory in March - April this year was a record for the enterprise - did not decrease, and it became a record, it increased. Such positive practices success stories, I'm sure will become more and more. I repeat, Russia has personnel, scientific, technological backlog for the development of products, which is now especially in demand, including household and construction equipment industrial and service equipment. Today's challenge to increase the power set up in a short time necessary lines.
And one of the key questions are comfortable conditions for the operation of enterprises as well as the availability of trained production sites. I ask the Government by autumn present key parameters new mode of operation of industrial clusters. What is important here? The first is funding.
Projects launched in such clusters should get long term available credit resource up to ten years and no more than seven percent per annum in rubles. All these questions have been discussed including with our economic block. Everyone agrees, let's do it. The second is taxation. Clusters need to provide low conditional fixed taxes, including number of insurance premiums.
The third is support. production at the start, early stage, formation order package, including subsidies for the purchase of finished products such enterprises. It's a tricky question, but I think that subsidies are required. They are needed in order to provide the market. Just gotta work it out calmly. Fourth - simplified administration, including minimal or no checks, as well as work enterprises in a comfortable mode and easy tax and customs monitoring.
Fifth and perhaps most important - it is necessary to create guaranteed long-term demand for new innovative products which is just coming out To the market. I draw the attention of the Government: such preferential treatment relevant industrial clusters should earn since January 1, 2023. What I want to say in this regard. Both new and existing points of industrial growth must attract small business, involve him into his orbit. However, for the entrepreneur for small organizations it is important to see the horizon, understand perspective. In this regard, of course, I ask the government together with SME Corporation [Federal development corporation small and medium enterprises] and ou