Blacksmith Make Cossack Saber forged in fire (sub ENG)
Hi everyone! Today we are visiting the real Cossack Sergei. Sergey is a blacksmith. Today we will try to make a Cossack saber. So what type of saber are we going to make? We will make saber turkish shamshir Well, let's get started The saber was very important for the Cossack. You can say sacred.
The Cossacks treated the saber as a gentle woman. They called the saber sister. Mainly sabers were mined by the Cossacks in battles as trophies.
Metal used to be in short supply in Ukraine. Cossack forges opened where iron ore was mined. Mined ore, smelted metal, and forged saber blades.
Also the Cossacks bought blanks for sabers from abroad. Well, now let's start making a Cossack saber. For more than a century, the saber has been one of the most important symbols of the Cossacks in Ukraine, traditions associated with national liberation and state-building processes. The saber has always occupied a prominent place in the minds of Ukrainians, associating primarily with the Cossack - the defender of the Fatherland. Sung by the famous Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko as an integral companion of the Ukrainian knight.
The saber appears in a huge number of Ukrainian folk, poems, proverbs and sayings. Is it possible to imagine a Cossack without a horse, a pipe, a pistol and a saber? Of course not! It was the saber of Ukrainian knights that was and is of great importance for Ukrainian culture and history! The saber protected the Ukrainian knight, if a Cossack wielded a sword well, or even two sabers, it was almost impossible to defeat him, and therefore the Cossack treated her accordingly, as a woman, sometimes called her sister, guardian. The saber was valued even more than a rifle and a pistol. What sabers did our glorious ancestors hold in their hands, defending their native land? The most accurate conclusion can be made by analyzing samples of sabers found during excavations at the on the Field of the Battle of Berestetsk by Ukrainian archaeologist Igor Sveshnikov.
The sabers found there are absolutely authentic. Most of the sabers found belong to the so-called Polish-Hungarian type and sabers of Turkish types. Part - hordes. In addition, the analysis of museum collections, including images in the paintings of that time shows that the following types of sabers became widespread in Ukraine: sabers of Turkish types including kilij and shamshir Sabers of the Polish-Hungarian type In addition to these types, the Cossacks used other types of sabers, in particular of Balkan origin, sabers. Analysis of the images of Cossacks on iconographic works shows that the saber of the wealthy Ukrainian nobility was of the same type as that of ordinary Cossacks.
The largest number are Turkish weapons, a little less - Polish - Hungarian type. Another thing is that these sabers were designed at a high artistic level, using high-value materials, jewelry and sophisticated handicraft techniques. »Cossack saber» is a concept that unites the variety of types of this type of weapon, common in Ukrainian lands. Specific copies were ordered from masters, bought ready-made, captured as trophies. In Ukraine, sabers were made in Lviv, Kyiv , Kamianets-Podilskyi, Konotop, Pereyaslav, Chernihov, Kanev, Cherkcassy and many other cities.Most Cossack sabers were of Eastern and Eastern European design.The absence of the actual Ukrainian types of sabers is due to the unstable
and insufficient development of the Ukrainian state at that time.But this did not prevent the Cossacks from becoming famous as the best warriors of their time, and sabers as the most characteristic and important weapon in their hands.When metal is forged, crystals are compressed and the metal becomes denser. The denser the metal, the stronger the blade.After we forged the metal, an uneven blade structure is obtained.In
this part, the metal is denser, in this part it is not so dense, so we need to normalize the blade . We heat the entire blade to red, and then slowly cool the metal. When the entire metal structure is normalized, all stresses in the metal disappear. Before hardening the saber, it is imperative to do normalization.
Otherwise, when hardening, the blade will be strongly curved. let's start hardening the saber. We temper the saber in oil, because oil cools the metal more slowly. For example, if we take a workpiece and cool it in water, then the metal is cooled to 600 degrees per second and 180 degrees in oil.
Hardening is like a clamp, we heated the saber to a certain temperature and then cooled it in oil. We tried to achieve fine-grained metal structure We tried to achieve fine-grained metal structure Now we check with a needle-point file. On hardened metal, the needle-point file does not scratch metal. This part is weakly tempered. The needle-point file scratches the metal in this part. Well, we have tempered the saber.
To prevent the saber from breaking on impact, the saber needs to be heated to 180 degrees, but first we will clean the metal so that we can see the colors of variability. Nowadays, there are many grinding tools, previously everything was done by hand and forged to a perfect finished product. Now many people take a metal spring and make a blank out of it.
The blade is made thicker then the excess metal is cut off. But this is not entirely original metote. We need to stick to all the original technologies. For a saber, we need sharpness and so that the blade can withstand all the loads Previously, sabers and swords were made according to this principle, the butt of the blade was of mild steel and the edge of the blade was of solid steel. They were welded together and the soft metal was amartized to prevent the blade from breaking.
If the blade was monolithic, the butt was hardened weaker and the edge hardened more then the saber did not break. Now we check the blade for defects and cracks. We tie the blade. If the blade rings, then everything is ok
when the steel had not yet been found, the swords were soft, they bend in battle The most progressive was Asia. In Asia, they began to make Damascus blades, it was many years before our era. So we heat the metal up to 180 degrees so that the hardened blade does not break When heated, the metal becomes bluish now I will sharpen the point of the saber and we will do a little test Previously, blacksmiths were afraid of competition and passed on their knowledge to their families and friends.
It happened that the secret was lost for centuries. the bend of the saber prevents the saber from bending Well, now let's try to test the strength of the blade. Let's try to chop off a steel nail the saber cuts the iron defense of the knights when we cleaned the blade the ringing got better when we clean the saber to shine, the sound will be even better Difference between saber and sword. Straight saber curved sword.
The sword has the ability to cut, and the saber was created for the rider on horseback to cut the enemy on horseback. Now we will sharpen a saber for combat sharpness. The saber is ringing we made the guard from metal and oak we sharpened the saber well the spirit of combat weapons is now felt Well, here we have finished making a real Cossack saber of the Turkish type shamshir you know when I hold the saber in my hands, I feel a very powerf ul energy Now this weapon is in full combat readiness. Now we will test it.
And the Swordmaster from Zaporozhye Cossack Paliy will help us in this. Hi brother! The saber is so beautiful. Saber-sister very comfortable to hold well let's start the test I am very pleased with this saber. This is real power.
Powerful Cossack saber.