Vice President Pence Leads the Second Meeting of the National Space Council

Vice President Pence Leads the Second Meeting of the National Space Council

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Well, good morning and thank you all for being here for the second meeting of the National Space Council, I want to thank all the members who are here the members of our user advisory, group and all of those have taken time to. Join us in, person and online. We'll. Go ahead and get started today we have two panel discussions, on the challenges, and opportunities, facing our national security and. Commercial. Space activities, that I just, spoke about in my opening remarks, we're. Pleased to be joined by an outstanding lineup. Of expert, witnesses who, will share. Their insights and expertise, with the council, in. The moments ahead but, first off I'd like to ask some of the council members to provide updates on the progress that we've made since. Our first meeting to implement president Trump's vision, for American leadership in space. I'm, going to begin with our National Security Adviser, a general. HR McMaster general. I want to commend you first and foremost and, the National Security Agency. For. Your efforts, in, support. Of the National Space Council, I, specifically. Want to thank a general. Bill Vickrey of the National Security Council for his extraordinary work on the, space strategic, framework could, you please give the council an overview, of that, work. Thank. You mr. vice president and, thanks. For the opportunity to provide an update on the important. Progress we have made in developing, the new strategy for space. And I want to thank first of all fellow council, members here for, their tremendous collaboration. And and. Teamwork as you. Noted mr. vice president at, the last space council, meeting in October, you. Approved the strategic, framework for, the new strategy, and I thought it might be useful, for our audience, to briefly summarize that. Framework and what we've done with that framework, since, then as, a. Reminder the framework contained. Three, key. Elements. First. It defined. Our vital, interests, in space. To. Ensure unfettered. Access to and, freedom. To operate in, the. Space domain, to. Advance the security. Economic. Prosperity, and. Scientific. Knowledge of. The. Nation. Second it set, a desired, end state for the new strategy, to, ensure US, leadership. Preeminence. And freedom. Of action in space. For decades to come and, finally. It outlined four strategic, objectives, in pursuit. Of our vital interests, they. Are first to. Strengthen, the safety stability. And, sustainability of. Space. Activities. Second. To. Deter, and when necessary. Defeat. Adversaries. Space and counter space threats. That. Are hostile, to. The national interests, of the United States and our. Allies, third. To partner, with the. US commercial sector. To, ensure that American, companies remain the. Leading providers, of traditional, and innovative. Space. Technologies. Goods and services, on the, international. Space market, and fourth. To. Maintain, and extend, us. Human. Presence and. Robotic. Explorations. Beyond. Earth to, transform, knowledge, of ourselves, the. Planet, our. Solar system. And the, universe. So. Since October, at your direction mr. vice president we have developed, two lines of effort and. Identified. The specific associated. Tasks, to, meet the strategic objectives. Achieve. Our desired end, state and advance. Our vital interests in space, the. For integrated, interrelated, lines of efforts our, first.

Mission. Assurance. We. Will accelerate the, transformation, of, our space architecture, by. Deliberately, moving, systems, from Science and Technology phase, to. Research and development phase two actual fielding. Of capabilities. As a, result, our space systems will be more resilient more, defendable, more. Easily, reconstituted. And better. Service, to orbit our second. Line of effort on is. On deterrence, and warfighting, due. To competitor, and adversary, actions the space domain is increasingly. Contested. Space is now joined land, sea. And air. As a. War fighting domain, while we prefer the conflict, not extend, to space the. United States will be prepared. If it. Does our. Third line of effort is on organizational. Support we, will pursue improve foundational. Capabilities. Structures. And processes, to. Enable more effective, space operations, and our, fourth and final line of effort focuses. On, conducive. Environments. Both. At home and abroad as you mentioned in your opening remarks, mr.. Vice president we have work to do, domestically. This includes streamlining. The. Regulatory environment. To. Better use and support US industry. Internationally. This, includes, pursuing, bilateral, and multilateral engagements. To, enable human exploration. Promote. Burden-sharing, and foster. Cooperation. Against. Threatening, adversary. Space. Actions, mr.. Vice-president like, our audience today, and and. Like the panels that you'll see here today. These. Efforts cut, across national, security. Commercial. And civil. Space sectors, and, the. Strategy, will not only advance the benefits of space for, ourselves, but, also ensure, that peoples, of all nations can. Benefit, from the tremendous potential that. Space offers, I should. Note that the president's, recent budget submission since Mick Mulvaney is not here it increases, it increases, the, funding for, DoD space programs. By over 1 billion dollars in, fiscal. Year 2019, alone and by, 8 billion over the next five years NASA's. Budget for, 2019, is. Being increased, by 300. Million while. Also being restructured, to. Focus, more, on exploration. With. Your endorsement, mr. vice president and the president's, approval we, are prepared, to begin implementing, this national, strategy for space, and. Periodically, access process. Progress. And. Recommend, adjustments, to you and and to, the council and the president Thank, You mr. vice president great. Thank. You general and thank you for the great. Collaboration, between the National Space, Council, and the National Security Council, it's. Been seamless and we. Appreciate. Your. Update for. This this. Meeting the. Acting Administrator of, NASA Robert, Lightfoot. Has, been, busy, implementing. The space policy, directive, and also. That. That direction from the president guided. The development of the President's budget submission. Perhaps. You could give us a brief. Overview of the. Budget presentation, and the implementation, of the director. Will. Do thank you mr. vice president and, fellow council members especially those of you that worked with us on this development. Of this answer. In action to the space policy directive, one what. We did in developing this this. Initiative. Was we came up with what we called the exploration, campaign. This.

Exploration Campaign, is a national, and agency. Effort focused on three core domains low. Earth orbit lunar. Orbit and the surface of the Moon and Mars, and. Other deep space, objectives. With. The goals of this campaign, are to, transition, the US human, spaceflight in low Earth orbit to commercial, operations, which supports NASA and the needs of an emerging, private sector market, extend. Our long-duration, US human spaceflight operations, to the lunar vicinity. Enable. Long-term robotic, exploration of the moon both, scientific, and human as we, move forward in preparation. For further missions taking humans to Mars. The. Objectives, in there first of all we'll start with low-earth orbit again. As I said we want to in direct support to the ISS by 2025, while stimulating commercial. Industry, to develop capabilities. NASA, and the private sector can utilize, and meet, NASA's. Exploration and risk mitigation and, scientific, requirements. Starting. In 2018 will, increase the breadth and depth of the commercial, and. International low, Earth orbit activities, specifically, will offer to expand the International Space Station partnerships. To new nations, based. On inputs. From our current ISS, and commercial stakeholders, will, shape the plan to transition, the International Space Station as we've been asked to go do. And we'll extend the public-private, partnerships, to help develop, and demonstrate the. Technologies, and capabilities that. The new commercial, products. Can be brought to bear in low-earth orbit. At. The moon we have two objectives of course it's the long term presence in the vicinity of the moon and on the moon again. Both scientifically, and from a human perspective in. The lunar orbit we'll conduct the first, uncrewed, mission of the SLS Orion, first. Flight in 2020, to the moon and at the crewed flight in 2023. We. Intend to establish a human tended, lunar lunar orbiting platform for, crews to visit from Earth to transit to and from the lunar surface and to. Depart to of ultimately, return to Mars we'll, develop the lunar orbiting platform gateway, that. At a minimum it. Puts a power propulsion, element out there and begins to put the habitat, that we're going to need to stay, in when we go there at. The surface will. Orchestrate a lunar robotics campaign, with. A focus on the growing growing. A commercial, base of partnerships, and activity, that can, support us science technology, and exploration objectives and. Will include international. Participation, where appropriate will. Support a small commercial lander, initiative, with initial strategic presence, on the moon no later than 2020. Develop. A mid to large scale Lander initiative, working toward human rating a lander in the future this, initiative. Will focus on enabling again commercial, and international partnerships, will, also support an early science and technology, initiative that includes cube SATs lunar, lunar cube SATs a virtual lunar institute and other activities. This. Will further enable and nurture the entrepreneurial, and commercial market forces. That will define the long term human exploration. And advancement, of the, lunar service, for. Mars and other deep deep, space objectives, that we have we. Really want to maintain and grow the US leadership at, Mars we have a Rover going in 2020.

There's, A first step to demonstrate sample return strategy. It, also is going to take an, experiment, that's going to tell us whether we can produce oxygen, from the from the atmosphere, at Mars, very, exciting, mission for us then we'll, use this mission as a building block for subsequent round-trip. Robotic, missions with. Hopefully the first historic, launch off of another planet in a sample return through, the lunar gateway that, we're building, again. Broadening, the exploration, orchid architecture, as we move forward will, prioritize these investments, to guide us and really, align as general. McMaster said really, aligned toward exploration, is a tremendous, focus there for us as we move forward so that's. Kind of the nuance and the response to SPD one and. I think what. You'll find mr. vice president is this NASA team your industry team and our international partners, are ready and ready. To get started so thanks for your support in the 2019, budget we did see the increase and we're ready to go do this thank, you great. Thank. You Robert well done. We, want to thank the National Security, Council and NASA for, doing. Such a great job responding. To the 45-day reporting period, not. A lot happens in the federal government in 45 days. But. You, all did outstanding. Work. Reflecting. The president's, urgency, on this. Effort two, others that have done, excellent. Work, are. The Commerce, and the Transportation, Department we, the. Transportation is represented, by deputy secretary, Rosen and of, course secretary. Wilbur Ross is with us from, the Commerce Department. Jeff. If you want to give us a quick update I know that secretary Chao could not be with us today but could you give us a, quick. Update on, some. Of the recommended changes that, Transportation, has been working through particularly. With regard to commerce with regard to private. Space. Exploration. Yes. Thank You mr. vice president, I'm so, pleased to be here with the Space Council, and all, of us from the Department of Transportation very. Much appreciate. And are grateful for your leadership. Secretary. Chao was unable to make it today but she asked that I make very clear that the Department, of Transportation is, strongly. Committed to regulatory, streamlining. And modernizing. Our commercial, space regulatory. Framework. As. Was mentioned at the previous meeting of the council you asked us along. With OMB and the Department of Commerce to prepare, a new 45-day. Plan to. Overhaul modernize. And streamline our somewhat. Rusty, commercial. Space licensing, framework. So we've worked hard to do that and we've. Come up with some structural, and meaningful changes, to the status quo and, I hope the work we did in combination. With our colleagues on the council and other agencies, will meet your approval there. Are five main elements, that I just want to touch on briefly today. The. First is we, want to implement. Accelerated. Rulemaking, plans, meaning, that we shorten the timelines, that the FAA. And the department are working on to, meet the ambitious. Schedule that, you and the council have set out, second. Is we. Want to provide some, immediate. Interim, relief such. As the expanded, use of waivers, and programmatic approvals. Where they're appropriate so, that we can try to right, away begin. Facilitating. The objectives, of the council a third. Piece of the plan is, to focus, FAA resources. So that we strengthen, the the, portion of the FAA that. Most directly deals. With licensing, and the. Regulatory approvals, so. That we can accomplish. The goals that have been set out a, fourth. Item is. To. Establish a joint task force the.

Purpose Of this is to facilitate better, coordination, within the US government so. That, people. That need regulatory, approvals, don't. Face confusing, situations, as to who's doing what and and. How to get the approvals they need but. Then the fifth piece and the and perhaps the most important, is a new licensing, framework, as, was set out in recommendation. 1 for today's meeting our. Ultimate, aim is a 21st, century. File. And fly kind, of licensing, framework, and the, plan includes, specific, new regulatory deadlines. And approaches. In the aim of getting us to a file. And fly, type regulatory, approach as quickly, as possible so we, look forward to implementing, this change to approach and delivering. On a more responsive. Easy to navigate and, sensible, commercial. Space regulatory. Framework, and very, much work look forward to working with all the folks on on this, council. And others to make that happen thank. You. Thank, You Jeffrey and, with. That let me recognize the Secretary, of Commerce. Wilbur. Ross who I know has been working very closely with secretary Chao to achieve exactly the. Streamlining. The objectives, in the reorganization, that we've discussed mr. secretary thank you thank you mr. vice president. Mr.. Vice president members. Of the National, Space Council. Uses. Advisory. Group and distinguished. Guests. Recently. Here at Cape Canaveral. SpaceX's. Falcon Heavy, rocket, was, launched, to, first-stage, boosters. Disengaged on. Schedule, and in, unison, landed, back here, this. Was their second, use you. Saw one of them as you, came in, it. Will be ready for its third, launch an, amazing. Technological, and. Commercial. Feat. Thanks. To impressive. Events. Such as this, the. United States is the leader in space, once. Again, somewhere. Out there in, space is, a bright, red roaster. Going. Thousands. Of miles per hour the. Fastest, car in history we. Had better keep up with it. Space. Is already a. 330. Billion dollar industry. Supporting. 211. Thousand. American. Jobs but. Our share, of the. 1700. New. Companies, created. Worldwide, last year, was, only 45%. Far. Lower than, our share of launches. Private. Companies, funded, 3.9. Billion. Dollars, of our space, effort, last year, but. They're competing, against, 70. Foreign. Governments.

So, They need all the support we, can give them. Country's. New to space have, an inherent, advantage in, terms of the regulatory. Environment. Because. They carry no baggage. From, the earlier. Simpler. Days, of space. In contrast. Much. Of our remote, sensing, regulatory. Regime, is, 25. Years, old, space. 25. Years, ago bears. Little, resemblance to, space. Today. Now. The rate of innovation is, extraordinary. So. We need an adaptive. In relatively. Permissive. Regulatory. System. NOAA. FAA. FCC. And other agencies. Each, have a role and they, all have obligations. To. DoD, the, IC, and state. As well, that. Complexity. Inherently. Causes, delay. Since. The council's. First meeting, in lap tober, Commerce's. Review, of the outdated, regulatory. Framework. And, discussions. With an ambitious. But, frustrated. Space industry. Made. It clear, that the rate of regulatory, change. Must. Match the rate, of, technological, change. That. Is. How we will ensure that. Businesses. Choose. The United, States as their, flag of choice for. Space, so. At the department, we're working, to create a new. One-stop-shop. For space. Commerce. Mr.. Vice president, with the council's, direction. I will, move the office, of space commerce, in the, commercial, remote sensing, regulatory. Affairs, office, from. NOAA, to. My direct oversight, in, the office, of the secretary. This. Elevated. An amplified. Office, of space commerce, will, coordinate all. Space. Related. Functions, at the department, remote. Sensing. Spectrum. Policy. Export. Controls. Business. And trade promotion. To, name a few, in, addition. To the proposed relocation of, the office of space commerce we. Will also, soon name a director, of that, office. Also. We. Are providing, to the Bureau of Industry and security in. The, NTIA. Additional. Funding, for, their space, focused. Activities. And, our, foreign, commercial, service teams. Located. In a hundred five cities, around the, world will. Recruit, foreign. Space, businesses. To, our country. Space. Will be featured, during our select, USA, conference. In June which. Last year attracted. 3,000. Foreign. Participants. The. Department, for the proposals. To the Space Council. That, all space, commerce. Responsibilities. Other, than, launch. And reentry, licensing. Be. Consolidated. Into, the Department, of Commerce. We. Further recommend. That the president, direct the office of space commerce, to. Develop, in concert, with the council, and industry. Players. Regulations. And legislation. For. An effective, mission. Authorization. Framework for. All commercial. Activities. In, space. We. Pledge to make those proposals, no, later than July 1. Activities. Such as asteroid. Mining space. Tourism, and space habitation. Are. Quickly, becoming, much, more than science fiction and. We need a future-oriented. Space, commerce, agenda. And a, supportive, regulatory. Regime, with. Input and guidance from, the Space Council. The, Department, of Commerce can, be the one-stop, shop the. Industry, so sorely, needs. In. Addition, the Department, recommends, that. The department's. Of Commerce State. And Defense, continue. Their efforts to. Simplify. Existing. Commercial remote, sensing. Licensing. Regimes, that. Process, must be made more efficient, and predictable. Satellite. Companies, now face. A permitting. Timeline, that, can take five years is, undefined. Indefinite. And provides, no certainty. Or predictability. To. Industry. This. Is unacceptable. And must change. Otherwise. Companies. And customers, will go overseas, there. Are at least two other areas where, commerce, can play an important, role for. American, leadership in space these. Are in spectrum, policy, and export. Licensing. Spectrum. Is a. Scarce. Resource, that. Facilitates. Communications. Control, and, transmission. Of valuable, data back. To earth the. National, Space Council, should recommend that. The Department be directed, to develop and, advocate. For spectrum. Policies. To, support commercial, space, activities. While. Respecting, the needs of DoD. And others, finally. Commerce. Recommends. That the Space Council, and the, executive, secretary.

Review. Export. Licensing. Regulations. Affecting. Commercial. Space activity. Today. A, space. Vehicle that. Returns, to earth in. International. Waters, or, non-us. Territory. Is, treated, as an export. Of sensitive. And dangerous, technology. This. Approach. Is a primary. Complaint, of space. Companies. And. If the president, approves our recommendations. We, will continue, working with our colleagues at, state and DOD to, enable. More commercial. Activity, while, protecting, national security. That. Little red Tesla. In, outer space does. Need, rules of the road but. There shouldn't be too, many one-way. Streets, dead. Ends or u-turns. I promise. You commerce will be a good story. Thank. You. Well. Thank. You / thank you for your great, work and, and. The, department's great work in this area will speak to your recommendations. Momentarily. But I think, everyone. Looking on can. Tell the great collaboration, between the, Department of Commerce. And the Department of Transportation, and. Appreciate, so very much the work done we'll, turn our attention now to, administrator. Rao. Thank. You for being here today, most, people may not be aware of how important, your job is, to. This, industry at at. The Office of Management and Budget, you, lead the Office of Information and regulatory affairs, it's, critical to the work of this council I want to thank director Mulvaney. Who. Has been working tirelessly to move the president's agenda and, streamlining, regulatory. Regimes could you give us a quick. Overview of what you have been what you've been working for working. Toward the office, to support this effort sure, thank. You very much thank, you very much mr. vice president it's, a pleasure to be here with members of the cabinet the Space Council and other distinguished, guests for this very exciting, and ambitious. Event, so. As you mentioned I'm, the administrator, at a wiro which is the office that reviews, all the significant, regulatory, actions, across the government and in, a nutshell what we really do is we try to ensure that regulations, serve the American, people and since. Of the, Iranian administration, we help agencies, meet, presidential priorities, such, as what, we're talking about today the, commitment, to winning the next frontier, of space. So, mr. vice president has you've already said so well there, are tremendous opportunities here, to use space for security, and commercial. Purposes, but. The success, of these ambitious, ventures will depend in part on a regulatory, system, that does not stand, in the way of progress but. Instead enables, innovation provides. Clarity and ensures, safety. These. Goals with respect to space development, are consistent, with president, Trump's overall, direction. To reduce cumulative. Regulatory. Burdens across, the government as an. Administration, we, want to advance a regular. You. Leaves individuals. And businesses, as free, as possible to, innovate and to, create the technology, of the future. These. General principles apply, across the board but really have particular importance. In areas of emerging, technology, such as space exploration. And. Here we start with the basic idea that government, shouldn't be picking winners and losers through, regulation. We. Don't want to regulate in a way that freezes, technological. Development, or stifles, innovation through, government, prescriptions, and as. As secretary, Ross and deputy secretary Rosen, have already mentioned, important. Reform begins first by identifying, some of the problems, with, existing regulatory. Frameworks. We. Need to find those regulations, that are duplicative, outdated. Or just simply ineffective, and then, work hard to eliminate or, streamline, those burdens and, in. Areas where multiple, agencies, impose, overlapping, burdens, such, as in licensing, or paperwork reporting, we, are reconsidering, how, those requirements can, be combined or replaced. In. Part because of our centralized, role at a wire up we can address issues that span multiple agencies. To. Eliminate, and streamline, unnecessary.

Requirements. And that. Simply, will allow more resources, to be devoted to research and, production, rather, than regulatory. Red, tape and. We're. Confident that we can do this for space development, because we have done this in other regulatory, areas, the. President, has has. Has. Demonstrated tremendous, leadership, in this area and directed. Significant, meaningful regulatory, reform, since the outset of the administration. His. Early executive, order called for eliminating two regulations, for each new one and. As of the last fiscal year we were actually at 22. D regulatory, actions, for each new one and in, this coming year agencies, have proposed even more d regulatory, actions, and projecting, a regulatory cost savings, of over 10 billion dollars. So. In the past regulatory, burdens, have steadily increased over, time but. This administration has. Really turned the tide with, its regulatory, reform, an issue. And so. In eight areas of burgeoning technology, such. As space, development. This means individuals, and companies can proceed, with confidence, that we're not going to spring new, regulatory requirements. On them that will stifle growth we. Want to contribute to a regulatory environment that, can enhance development, of space and with. The right frameworks, we're, confident, that private companies can unleash creativity, and. Ingenuity and, we. Can enhance American. Global leadership by attracting investments. In research and development for, space. Of. Course with further advances, into space we face important, questions, about security, safety. Sovereignty. But. With the work of the Space Council, a wider ring remains committed to working across, the government to design regulations. That, meet these needs while, furthering, our journey to, the next frontiers of space Thank. You mr. vice president thank. You, know me. Well. Done. Okaythis, we're, approaching, the end of the first half of our presentation. Before we move to panels I would recommend, members, in your packets, today. You. Have several recommendations. To. The president, for, approval. Recommendation. One directs the Department of Transportation. To. Direct to, replace. Prescriptive. Launch and re-entry licensing. Regimes with a streamlined, system by March 1. 2019. To be completed, at that point honor before. Recommendation. 2 directs, the Department of Commerce to consolidate, all space commerce. Responsibilities. In. The office of the secretary, as. As. Wilbur, described, and. Also developed a system that facilitates Mission North authorization. For commercial space, activities. There are other other. Recommendations. Related, to that that the secretary, enumerated. Quite well recommendation. 3, directs. The national telecommunication. Information administration and. Commerce. To work with the FCC, to develop. Protections. For the radio frequency. Spectrum. Facilitating. Commercial space activities. And, recommendation. For directs, the executive secretary of the council in coordination, with all the members of the council to. Develop recommendations to, streamline, export control, regulatory. Requirements. By, 1st. Of January, 2019. Also, as the secretary. Described. If there are no, objections. Or. Questions. Seeing, none I would, as chairman, direct the executive, secretary to include these recommendations in a decision, memorandum, for, the President of the United States. Secretary. Ross and deputy, secretary Rosen. At, our, meeting later this year I'd also like you to support a report, to the council the details the progress, that we are making. Against. The. President's. Decision and completion, of the decision, memorandum. Would, you join me in thanking all of these terrific, leaders, for the job that they're doing. Well. Before we call our panel up we're going to move to our first panel.

Entitled. Securing, the next frontier. With a focus on on, national. Security. And. I'm. Particularly. Pleased to have a number of distinguished, Americans, who, will be presenting and, I'll, introduce them momentarily, but they're invited to take their. Seats before we hear from our panelists. I'd. Like to ask, Susan. Gordon. Who. I have and, the president, have come to know and greatly, respect, she, is the principal deputy director. For, national intelligence. For the United States and Susan maybe you could give, us a, brief. Overview of the security challenges, that the, United States faces in in, the space environment today. Well. Thank you mr. vice president I'm. Delighted to be here today representing, the women and men of the intelligence, community you. Know we are. Drivers. And practitioners. And users, of US, space, in. Fact our history, in space history are inextricably. Bound. And we, see the same excitement that you articulated, in your remarks about this. Moment and, their resplendent, with opportunity, even. As. President, as your, resident, intelligence, officer I often. Bring, the sobering information to. Any meeting and so today what I thought I'd do is to spend a few minutes and just describe, the plans and actions of foreign adversaries and, competitors, who. Would seek to impede, our, operations. Or challenge, our advantage. Russia. And China are each developed being counterspace, capabilities. To use during a potential, future conflict, with the United States to. Reduce US, and Allied advantage, and effectiveness. Eroding, our information, advantage. Both. Countries have, robust, jamming, and cyberattack, capabilities. Today and can, threaten our satellite, ground infrastructure. Russian. And China destructive, anti-satellite, weapons, including. Missiles, lasers. And, orbital. Weapons will, probably, reach an initial. Operation, capability in, the next few years. Russian. Lawmakers, have promoted military. Pursuit of anti-satellite. Missiles to. Strike low-earth, orbiting, satellites. And Russia. Is testing, such a weapon. Both. Russia and China are developing, ladieswear anti-satellite, weapons, to dazzle, or damage sensitive space-based. Optical, sensors, and Russia. And China continues, to conduct sophisticated, on-orbit. Activities, such. As rendezvous, and proximity operation, operations. That, are intended, to advance counter, space capabilities. Military. Reforms, in China and Russia over the past few years.

Indicate, An increased, focus on establishing. Operational. Aerospace, forces and integrating, attacks against. Space systems, and services with military, operations, in other domains. China's. People abberation Army has formed counterspace, military. Units and begun. Operational. Training, with counter space systems, including. The ground launched anti-satellite, missiles that, was initially tested in 2007. Now. The. Idea of space threats also includes the use of space to enable or empower military. Operations, on. The. Earth's surface. Foreign, countries, will continue to improve their military, and dual use reconnaissance. Communications. And navigation, systems, in terms, of the numbers of satellites, the breadth of their capability, and the application, for use, another. Nation, state and non-state actors. Will gain access to advanced, space, enabled. Technology, in the coming years as the global space industry. Expands. They. Will increasingly have access, to, weather. Communications. Navigation and timing data for intelligence, and military purposes. The. Panel will do a great, job of making my next point but I'll briefly state. That. I'd like to call the attention to China's, impressive, rise it is impressive as a space Power they've. Increased the number of their active satellites by, more than an order of magnitude since, 2000. And a, result of Beijing's, strong, investment. In its satellite, and rocket manufacturing, capability. China's. Satellite. Technology, has become increasingly, sophisticated and. A case in point is the success, that China has had it achieved, in world-leading ground. To space quantum, communications. Experiments, I think. In some, China. Has the best politically. Supported, and best. Resource, for in space program, that. We have seen in many years and it's, years of intense activity are, beginning, to bear fruit I think. The panel is perfectly. Placed to. Help. Us put all this in contact Thank You mr. vice president great. Thank. You Susan. Very. This. Is a great American and thank, you thank you for that candid and bracing. Overview. With, that we'll turn to our panelists. Let, me introduce, all of them and then invite you to welcome. Them mr., Dean Chang is with the Heritage Foundation mr.. Jeffrey Mann burr is the president, CEO of NanoRacks. Corporation, our, third panelist, is dr.. Above. Yao law, of the Institute of Defense analysis. Science and Technology, Policy Institute. Join, me in welcoming all of our panelists, would you please thank, you. Like. To invite starting. With Dean. Chang I'd like to invite you to bring a few, brief remarks but of course all. Of your prepared remarks will be submitted for the public record and and then, we'll look forward to, briefly. Giving. Our. Council, members an opportunity to ask questions but thank you all for being here. Good. Morning mr. vice president members, of the space Council a national space Council my name is Dean Chang the views I expressed in this testimony, are my own and, should not be construed as reflecting, the official position of the Heritage Foundation during. The Cold War there were only two major space powers the United States and the Soviet Union and they had roughly symmetric, interests, and approaches, to space like. So much of international, security the post-cold, war world is much more complex, there, are more space players today including. A growing, set of non-state, and commercial, actors, at.

The Same time the American dependence. On space is broadened, the US military, depends. Upon space-based, systems for, the American Way of war financial. Institutions, farmers, and Amazon, all increasingly, depend on space systems, for, their day-to-day operations. Given. This dependence, revisionist. Powers and, security, competitors, are likely. To target American space, systems as an, essential, means of countering American, economic, and military, capability. This. Evolving, set of circumstances. For both space and American, security is reflected, in the growing challenge, posed by other space powers and especially, the People's Republic of China the. PRC has pursued a set of space policies, that dude, not, parallel. American. Or Soviet ones and it is now exploiting, not only new technologies. To, expand, its space capabilities but. Also undertaking. New organizational. Approaches, and innovations, some. Of the key characteristics, of the Chinese space challenge, include first and foremost the China is fundamentally. A major, space, power China. Possesses, all of the key elements required, for supporting, a major space presence, above. All it has the political will to support and sustain national. Commitments, to, space, China, has also committed the industrial, financial. And human capital to translate, those desires, into, today's array of satellites, boosters. And launch sites, and. It is important, to note that those, systems are largely indigenously. Designed, and constructed. China. May engage in all sorts of industrial, espionage, but, much of its space program is, indigenous, and homegrown. China's. Space program has a very heavy military component. The, basic, reality is that when we interact with China's space program we, are essentially, interacting. With China's military, China's. Space facilities. Personnel, and programs are largely drawn, from that military, its, facilities. Are PLA, bases, their, staffs, are pla personnel, and the heads of key programs, such as the Chinaman, space, engineering. Office are drawn, from the military. China's. Space program however, also reflects, its approach to dual use as civil, military integration, China's. Space industrial, complex, is not so much a revolving, door as a broad atrium, for Chinese aerospace, engineers, and managers, amidst. All of these state-owned, enterprises, and the result is far closer to a single, integrated, space enterprise, with relatively, few demarcations. Between, the military and civilian, this. Reality, will likely apply, to Chinese, emerging, set of commercial, space, entities, as well China. Is actively, promoting, the development of new commercial, space companies that. Range from those supported, by state-owned enterprises to, more independent, private firms but. Given the interest in melding, civilian, and military capacity. As well, as past evidence behavior. In the tell sector, it is vital, to recognize, that these private firms will, at the end of the day respond, with alacrity to, central government, directives, the, Chinese model will not be Tesla's, in space but, Huawei. In space, in. Conclusion, as the United States advances. Space as a priority domain. It, needs to recognize that other states will not only set seek to, do the same for themselves but, some are also very, likely to strive to. Deny space to the United States in time of crisis, and certainly. In time of war these, efforts will likely encompass, not only direct military action, but, efforts at establishing, a highly. Competitive space, industrial. Base supporting. Space oriented, technologies, production. And organizational. Innovation and, undertaking. An array of efforts to access, American, technologies, while denying the United States the same thank, you very much for the opportunity to testify before you this morning, Thank. You mr. Chiang. Geoffery. Man burr with. NanoRacks, corporation, thank you for being here Thank. You mr. vice president for. 30 years a good morning everyone for, 30 years I've, worked to make space just another place to do business my. Inspiration. And large part derives. From having, worked on Geron old Reagan's Commerce, Secretary Malcolm. Baldrige in the original, office of space commerce so it's good to be here this morning I started. My company NanoRacks. Eight years ago we. Were the first company to own and market our own research, services, onboard the space station we.

Were The first company to commercially. Deploy small, strim the space station, as of. Today we have launched over 600. Payloads, from, customers, in over 30 countries, our. Commercial, customers range, from the US government, to high, schools the. US government, is a commercial, customer so. To the high schools some of whom do bake sales to support the payloads that go to station and I'm, proud to say mr., vice president that we've launched for high school experiments. From Crown Point and Highland, Indiana. So. Please allow me several observations, this morning, first, kudos, to the administration. And the council for, beginning the debate today on the transition, from. The I of the ISS, from a government-owned facility, to, the era of private, space stations. The. Debate may have been skewed, a bit in the headlines. But. I believe, you are raising the correct questions. How. Can NASA most, effectively. How. Can NASA most effectively, leverage the taxpayer, investment in, ISS. Can. Commercial, industry. Safely. And cost-effectively, operate. The ISS, and other commercial, platforms. And we. Understand, it's not black and white but it, is an end to, accepting, that the government, support of ISS, is the only pathway and, how, will the government in the future behave, more and more as a tenant, just, the way it is in every other marketplace. So we're very excited by, this, finally. As I look overseas. It's my, opinion as a businessman. As a space, businessman, that, the United States cannot, simply, ignore China's. Commercial, space ambitions. Commercial. Space, ambitions, China. Is quietly, developing. A robust, commercial. Space industry I say. Quietly, because. Americans, are barred by our own regulations. And our own mindset, from. Participation. In this marketplace, as we. Just heard large, Chinese, companies, are creating, commercial, launch efforts, while. Young Chinese, entrepreneurs. Are raising funds from Silicon, Valley on commercial. Space projects. On, a governmental. Level our allies, have noticed, the, european space. Agency, has astronauts. Training, to visit the planned Chinese space station, but, the US has barred, itself, from, participation.

NanoRacks. And other companies, are prohibited. To sell into this marketplace. Avoiding. This emerging, market place albeit. Due to justified, concerns, over, technology transfer. And other, legitimate, issues, is not the American, global leadership that we all strive to achieve, now. While my time today is brief I urge. Us to negotiate a, stern, but fair agreement, with. China and allow US, businesses, to do what we do best and that is to innovate and compete better than anyone else mr.. Vice president, and members, of the council I am, thrilled that the administration. Is focusing, on commercial, space, as part of America's. Leadership in space, exploration, through. The Americans, style. Commercial. Pathway, I am certain, we will continue, to inspire the next generation of. Explorers so. That one day those students, from, Crown Point Indiana will. Be standing, in front of a future, space counselling, council. Discussing, how the United, States commercial lunar, base is just, another place to do business so thank you. Thank. You Jeffrey well said and, bavi, Allah it's, recognized and then we'll move on to questions after your presentation. Good. Morning mr. vice president and, members of the National Space Council, a discussion. On the threats to US competitiveness. And space needs to start with, the acknowledgement that. We are the preeminent space power in the world today the. US government's build still spends, more on space and the rest of the governments in the world combined, the, United States has more satellite and other assets in orbit than any other country, in the world the. World's currently more most powerful, rocket launches, two weeks ago is a product, of American. Industry, a recent. Study on global trends and small satellites, by my organization, the IDA Science and Technology, Policy Institute, found. That about two-thirds, of the hundred organizations during, the most innovative R&D, in the small sat sector are, us-based. These. Advantages, cannot, however be taken for granted and our, leadership in space is, increasingly. Being challenged. Global. Investments, in space have steadily grown over the past two decades a decade. Ago for instance fewer, than 50, countries were, investing, about 40 billion dollars in space by. 2026. 30, more countries, are expected to join the space club and global. Expenditures, are expected, to double those, of ten years ago. Growing. International. Expenditure, is only one development, in the space sector, partially. As a result of investments, from the US, government, they have been dramatic, improvements, in the technology used in the space sector in some. Areas costs, have fallen orders, of magnitude, using. A combination of alternative, architectures, such as swarms of hundreds of satellites and business. Process innovation, relatively. Inexpensive. Breadbox, sized satellites. Are able to nearly, match. Services. That were previously feasible. Only, with bus side satellites, that cost hundreds, of millions if not billions of dollars, buoyed. By the perception. Of profitability, space. Has become an attractive target, for private investment, almost. 17, billion dollars since two thousand and four. Billion in 2017. Alone as a. Result some sectors of space are transitioning.

From A top-down government, led operation, to, a globalized, industry, with worldwide, supply chains and customers. Using. Both domestic. Investment. And products, and services from, this rapidly, growing private, sector the, rest of the world is leapfrogging, decade's. Worth of technological, development, aiming. To build systems that can compete with the United States in many areas including Launch robotic. Space operations and even human exploration, my. Central, point is that threats to US leadership in space have arisen, primarily. From these structural, changes that. Are enabling, many more countries to target, and achieve success in space and there, is no turning back the clock in, this, environment maintaining. US leadership means that the United States more than ever needs. To leverage its score competitive, advantage, an innovation. Ecosystem that, rewards creativity, entrepreneurship. And risk-taking. Going. Beyond the fundamentals there are some space sector specific, actions, that would be relevant as well I propose. We begin with three ensure. That our regulations empowered, the US private sector to continue, to out-innovate, the rest of the world ensure. Government, spending is more efficient, and invest. In capabilities, where, we absolutely, must, have overwhelming. Advantage over, other countries I look, forward to contributing to this discussion. Well. I want, to thank all the panelists, I'm going to going. To go to several, of our security. Members. Of the council who are with us today. But. Let. Me maybe. Direct, my first question to dr. Lau your you. Have spoken, about. The. Challenges, that that, we face, you, refer to structural, challenges, there's, no going back, the, United States has to continue to lean in to remain, free. In to your use your words a preeminent, leader in space. You. Have written and spoken about space. Traffic. Management. Is there a policy, decision. You. Would have this council consider. Related. To that and. Could, you, expand. On that briefly. Sure, so, space, traffic management is a very critical component, of our private sector leadership, and space primarily. Because it gives us the. Clarity. It gives the companies the clarity the need to, do, unfettered, work in space it allows us to work collaboratively, with other countries. Especially. If, we have a fabric, of the management system that is that is that that. Joins. With each other and and there is, agreement. Across the world as to how we want to go forward, to. Make sure that space is safe. And sustainable, to, operate, in it. I've. Got. People who know a lot more about this than me at this table but it. Sounds, to me like you're.

Calling On the United States to play a wider. Role, in. Ensuring, that we have the same kind of deconfliction. Agreements. That we have in Barrie's. Of conflict, that. We have in terms of issues of navigation. On. The seven seas and that, we that your suggestion in the United States leaned. Into that effort and provide that guidance. And those who drive those agreements I absolutely. Think the United States needs to take a leadership position here. A, very, very, insightful appreciate, that very much the, Deputy Secretary of Defense is with us today. Pat. Shanahan, mr. secretary. Would you like to it, was a quick, question. There for Dean. Thank. You for your remarks this morning, Mike. My, question, is around the, civil, military partnerships. That you've observed in, China. And maybe it's not just civil. Military. But, industrial. Military, have. You seen a different. Dynamic, in, the. Partnerships, that. We, should observe or, take notice of. The. Chinese. Have. Published, extensively on the issues, of things like mobilization. Where. They include, things like Science and Technology mobilization. So there is an explicit. Organizational. Structure, regulatory. Structure, etc for, the incorporation, of people. Equipment. As well as facilities, so, when we think about China's space program we. Should be thinking of it not simply in, terms, of, the elements that are currently in the military but, the reach-back that the Chinese have explicitly. Talked about in terms of bringing in everything from universities. To, corporate. Assets, to, industrial. Personnel. And equipment great. Thank you. We're. Fortunate, to have with us today I know he was formally introduced but the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General, Joseph. Dunford you, could welcome him one more time if he'd like he is. We. Have a question for mr. man burry you you, talked about not, allowing, concerns. Over technology, transfer, to inhibit, or progress, but you know it struck me as I was as I was listening to the, recap. Of the strategy, from general, McMaster that, we are going to have concerns. Over protecting. Our intellectual property and, our classified, information and, I wonder from an industry perspective with, now three, decades of experience you, can maybe, talk a little bit about how do we get that balance right because again as we implement the strategy, we ought to think about that upfront and and. Make sure that we do that and I and, I'm particularly, struck by it because of the debrief, on China and and. Although you say that most of their capabilities. Are indigenous and homegrown that. Would actually be unique in Chinese, experience that most of their current modern capabilities are, indigenous and homegrown because I think we know that we've had an, intellectual property, challenge, in a classified information challenge, with China so maybe mr., memory you're probably the best one to to. Address that and again it's about getting the balance right it's. It's a fascinating question and, thank you for it it's it's very difficult in our industry, to. Strike, the right balance between. Competitiveness. And assuring, that you, know America safeguards. Its technology. But. I suppose. That that, we. Have already, worked, with NASA very carefully, and others to, ensure that there's no technology transfer. We. Work very closely, to assure, that they. Learned the Chinese and other of. The nations we work with I said we work with some 30 nations they've, included Vietnam, Peru and others that, there is no technology transfer. That. The guidelines, and practices of, the international, space station remain. Confidential. At. The same time we see that just. A few weeks ago there's Canadian, satellites, launching. With the Chinese there's, Danish. Companies, that are developing satellites. That are flying. With the Chinese. My. Point is that if we go in with American, leadership and we, go in and we, can, say to the Chinese here is the issues, that we regard as important an IP copyright. Protection, technology, transfer, there. Is when we have the greatest strength starting, new starting. With a new marketplace, to, ensure that we get what we need and as, the president, has said we want to you know revamp, and we consider our relations, with China and so, I can see no better opportunity than to do it here, where where we're not involved today but we're clearly, leaders of the free world. Thank, You. Secretary. Of Homeland Security Kirsten. Nielsen is recognized, Thank You Kirsten Thank, You mr. vice president good, morning and thank you to the panelists, my. Question is just for all of you as, the Secretary, of the Department of Homeland Security we care deeply about. Space-based. Services, everything. From the, weather and the satellites, that we get from NOAA and the Commerce Department, through. To our ability to warn our citizens, through. To cyber security and then very specific, space-based, services, such as GPS, enabled position, navigation, and timing so.

Of Concern to me is making sure that as we work with the private sector and, as the US government moves, forward, that we continue, to build in, security. And resilience, into all of our tools what. More can the US government do, from your perspective, to incentivize, as, we go forward that security. And resilience, in all of our space based services, upon which we're so heavily reliant. So. I would say would it would be helpful for the government to work more, with the private sector especially the, part of the private sector that typically, hasn't been in the government fold and one. Way to do that would be to to. Make sure that the government uses more commercial. Approaches, you know things that you know not, necessarily cost-plus, type. Contracts. But ones. That are more, solutions. Are outcome, driven where. There's milestones, and and payments, based on milestones, another. Alternative. Would be or another, activity. To add would be to. Be able to accept 80%, solutions. Because. That would just really. Improve the aperture. With. The kind of companies you can work with we don't always need to have a Ferrari we can sometimes use a Ford Focus. I'll. Just quickly, add that from our experience at, NanoRacks, we have a very robust. Relationship with, NASA on all levels and and. And having this sort of partnership, is critical, we. Always, are. In lockstep with NASA on what we're doing especially, as we go overseas, and, you have to you know there's emerging, throughout the US government, great folks, in who. Care. More. Than just getting up and doing their job and this is a DoD, this is at NASA and they, really work with us to make sure that, we, don't overstep, what might be proper, we're always itching to do more of course it's the commercial sector but. You have to have the relationships, with the government, officials and the government folks and so, we really appreciate our relationship with, NASA and so passing, this along I would, say it's not something maybe you can codify you. Just have to have an organic relationship to, be smarter, to be to be alert and don't, consider the government always as the enemy. But work with them on these sort of critical, issues. Ma'am. I would say that one, of the things to keep in mind is that, space. Is part of a larger information, ecosystem, the. Chinese, view space, very holistically, when they talk about space and space dominance, they are talking not only about satellites, but, ground stations, and the data links that tie them all together as well as the information passes, over it when, we think about resilience then we need to be thinking beyond, just space we. Need to be thinking about redundancies. Whether it's things like eel or Ram or, other alternatives. That may not be orbital. And when we think about protecting, our space capabilities it. Means again thinking, holistically, because, it's really about the information, that passes, over and, through those space systems. Join. Me in thanking these outstanding. Panelists. For their insights, and participation. Thank you great, job. Great. Job. Our. Next panel is entitled, entrepreneurship. On the next frontier, I'll invite our, panelists, to go ahead and make your way, to. The stage and, before. We get started let me just. Say. To, all the members of the, the national. Space Council I think we've heard some very insightful, recommendations. And particularly, would. Request general McMaster. That. If. You could develop, a plan that identifies. Additional. Steps derived. From the discussion, today. That ought to be added to our space strategy, we'll we'll look forward to your. Presentation on. That at. The. Next national space council meeting. They've. Written me some very thoughtful opening, remarks about entrepreneurship. And the next frontier. But. In the interest of time. Let. Me be brief and say president, Trump is for it. All. Right I was on the phone with the president, yesterday and, this businessman, turned president, of the United States has great pride great enthusiasm. In. Not, only the partnership. The historic, partnership between.

Private, Sector. Organizations. And NASA but, also great, pride in the. Development, of new platforms, and innovation, that. We saw just, two weeks ago here with the Falcon Heavy and that we see in. All the names of all the different rockets. That we talked about in my presentation, today I was, at the Mojave Desert. And. Visited. The. Another. American, spaceport. And, can't. Help but think a hundred years from now, that. It. Will it will be our private sector pioneers. That. Helped lift. America. Into this new era of space. Exploration, just. As American. Pioneers have been in the past so that, said I just want to express a great enthusiasm President, Trump the great gratitude to this distinguished, panel. And, let me introduce them all and then invite you to give them a welcome in. The interest of time I'll ask the panelists, to summarize, your. Remarks, we'll have a time for a few questions before, we're spirited, off to. A tour and I have to wing my way with. Many of these cabinet, officials back to, Washington, DC. Our. First panelist, is mr., Eric stommer president, of commercial spaceflight Federation. One. Of our hosts here today. For. Events last evening, secondly. Is Kevin O'Connell president, of innovative, analytics, training then. There's Tom Stroup president, of satellite industry association. And our fourth panelist, is dr. Mary Lynn Detmer. President. And CEO of the Coalition, for deep space exploration. These. Are four great. Champions. Of American, entrepreneurship, in space and we're honored to have you all here thank you so very much. Mr.. Stommer if you could get it started and briefly, summarize, your remarks we'll move through the panel quickly thank you, Thank. You mr., vice president cabinet. Secretaries, and members of the National Space Council, thank you so much for giving me the opportunity to be here today. America's. Commercial space sector is growing in a pace and breadth creating. Thousands, of high-tech jobs driven, by billions, of dollars of private sector investment, last. Year we met witnessed, many breakthrough, capabilities, by u.s. commercial space companies and just, recently as we discussed today just, last week or few weeks ago SpaceX, launched. Its Falcon Heavy the first heavy lift rocket developed. And launched. With fully private, funding Blue. Origin flew, its new Shepard to space under the new, rld license, the first such revenue flight they're also developing their own heavy lift vehicle with. Private sector funding with private funding, but. Two significant, challenges, threatens, America's, goals and expanding, our economic, sphere and DB, economic, severe Deeping into space, commercial. Space transportation and, remote, sensing are growing at unprecedented rates, while. New space applications. Like space manufacturing. Resource. Prospecting. And human, habitation, are being introduced, as discussed. Earlier our legal. And regulatory and, organizational. Frameworks, have not caught up and, are putting on the brakes on our current progress as well as our future possibilities. We. Need to strive for what economists call, permissionless. Innovation in, spaceflight, so.

Long As Public Safety international. Obligations, national, security are not compromised, the. Presumption should be that a commercial, space project, can proceed the. Regulation, of space launch and re-entry to protect the public, definitely, warrant a license regime, however. The current regulations. Written decades ago based, on 1980s. Technologies, and operations, those. Rockets were expendable, very expensive, and infrequently. Launched, and carried only one payloads. Space. Ports also, faced. Inconsistent. Interpretation. Of regulations, and requirements the. Same rules that are required to be implement the same rules are required to be implemented, differently at different launch, sites and. Even modest. Improvements. Spaceports, infrastructure. Can require new rounds, of environmental, review because of modified salon launch site operators, license, our. Members of CSF, are eager to work with the administration to, modernize, and streamline various. Licensing, rules into one performance-based. Rule that preserves public safety without. Restricting, industry, speed and flexibility, to invent a future where, launchers are more frequent, more, affordable, and certainly more reliable, in many. Cases, rules can be made clearer and more concise with. Explanatory. Details, left to guidance. Remote. Sensing in particular, has been constrained, by outdated, regulations that. Often aren't faithfully, implemented, and. Finally it's time for the federal government to create a minimalistic, process. For proving in new commercial, space activities, by, US companies. HR. 2809, provides, narrowly, tailored, approach to government oversight of those activities which. Wise CSF, has endorsed this passage. With. Commercial space industry on with, a commercial, space industry unleashed, to advance quickly, as possible, the, US government needs to adapt to, gain the maximum public, benefit commercial. Companies can deliver results faster, and cheaper for, taxpayers, but only a federal agencies, use commercial, friendly procurement, methods that pay for results not for it just effort for. Example NASA should be encouraged to use competitively, awarded cost.

Shared Funded. Space Act agreements, to develop new space exploration. Capabilities, so, that the United States can affordably, accelerate, a return to the moon and voyage, is beyond all. Space related agencies should, ask the question can. We partner, before, taking the traditional cost plus contracting, path, in. Conclusion. America's. Indestructible. Paradigm for space has fundamentally changed. Developing. To a point where the US government regulations. And contracting, practices are now our largest impediments. Now. More than ever we need the national space Council and we need you to take action and work with industry thank, you so much for your time. Thank, you very much mr. Omer mr. O'Connell's you're recognized, mr. vice president distinguished. Cabinet members invited guests. Good. Morning my name is Kevin O'Connell I'm the, founder and CEO of innovative, analytics, and training a small private consulting, firm in Washington DC. Today. I'm going to bring forward to you my 25, years of writing, and analyzing, about commercial, remote sensing, for both government and commercial clients, I'd. Like to talk to you this morning about entrepreneurship. On the next frontier, but if you'll allow me I'd like to spend a couple of minutes showcasing. The commercial, remote sensing example, first, from a perspective of its promise but, secondly, from the continuing, challenges, that we have and some of them have been mentioned already and I'll go quickly over those. If. You could imagine a, traditional, intelligence, analyst, or a scientist. Poring over a small number of satellite. Images you, have a somewhat outdated view of the world, American. Firms are at the cutting edge of the global, commercial remote, sensing, market, they. Collect images with high resolution with. Increasing, frequency and, create. Unprecedented. Volumes. Of information other. Innovators, are harnessing, machine learning, and other advanced, analytic techniques, to. Gain insights into that industry industry imagery. And yet, other potential. Entrants to the market, want, to collect even more exquisite, satellite, data with. Other capabilities like, radio frequency, data and social media these, American firms have access to world-class satellite. Technology, and they're leveraging breakthroughs. And cloud computing communications. Artificial. Intelligence, and visualization. Some. Analysts, believe that remote sensing, based insights, will become as important, to commercial, decision, making as, accounting, and mobile computing is today in. Other words we cannot talk about space without. Talking, about the effects. They're already having, on the ground today other. Capabilities. Like 3d, image processing, and all, reality. Create breathtaking. Visualizations, based, on real-time, data, that, create new levels of interaction and exploration. As we, move deeper into the insights economy, commercial. Remote sensing will play an extraordinary, role in providing detailed, information. About a wide range of topics on the ground, we. All know the old phrase a picture is worth a thousand, words consider. Then what a million, pictures, richly. Detailed, efficiently. Organized, time. Sequence, and thoroughly, analyzed, might, mean for what, we understand, about today, and even, tomorrow, for. The US commercial remote sensing industry, that's, just one big step on the way to the next frontier. Next. Year marks as has been said the 25th, anniversary

2018-02-28 14:53

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But we've seen unparalleled Global cooperation in ANTARCTICA! The Antarctic treaty system entered into force in 1961 and currently has 53 parties. The treaty sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, establishes freedom of scientific investigation and bans military activity on the continent. To treat "Outer Space" differently is frankly taking steps backwards...kind of like how Humanity went to the moon in '69, and almost immediately stepped backwards; into Low Earth Orbit...Why have several astronauts (Don Pettit & Terry Virts) stated publically that humans can no longer venture beyond Low Earth Orbit?

The U.S. is losing ground in SPACE because of COMMIE DEMOCRATS and ESTABLISHMENT GLOBALIST TRAITOR REPUBLICANS not funding, or misdirecting objectives.

Why is the guy behind the Vice President SOOOO HUGE? Shouldn't he appear smaller than VP Pence if he is behind him?

Either no one wants to hear a word from Mr. Pence and the Pathetic NASA gobbledygook or Google is censoring the White House. With a million subscribers and only 178 comments, I will go with, no one believes a word of this and we want our money back. Please ask the tax payers first before paying these people anything and put everything to a vote of the people. The majority of Americans would not give NASA or SPACE X one red cent. As we need it here at home and we do not have extra money for these grand schemes that lead nowhere. We have had 60 years since the (HOAX) to further this agenda and it has lead to nothing but CGI and lies. Stop insulting our intelligence. The people are AWAKE .

Untill I am going to see something else but outdated 70 year old rocket technology

Why is that man so close to Mr Pence? When do they think they will ever get a man on the moon as they have not achieved that yet. AND WHY WOULD THEY WASTE MONEY ON THAT ANWAY? This world is falling to pieces why worry about the heavens? leave that in GODS hands.

Alpha Omega because the Bible was written in Hebrew not math language.

Greed, our country needs more practical programs that help American lives. Like better schools and helping veterans.

Bullshit

Hell No! a complete waste of money. Who do you think is suppose to pay for this. I think you need to be fired

I am in the audience, and the space program has spent enough exorbitant. amounts of the American citizens money. I say no to funding space wars. I say no!

How can you so called Evangelicals not understand that by going to space you are denying your place in the heavens and that the more we discover, the more we will find that God does not exist! You are going to have to believe in Science and what space market is there, and what do you think we are going to do and what reasons are we really reaching for the stars. I get communication and defense satellites, but I dont understand why a base on Mars is anything we must have.And lastly, even if we land and can build a base on Mars, we can't keep the atmosphere there even if we were to be able to increase it. The atmosphere there has been stripped away since the planet does not have a strong magnetic core and thus no protection from the solar winds which is the reason the atmosphere there has been stripped away.

Truly awesome good to see America back in the game full throttle thank you President Trump thank you Vice President Mike Pence and the great American Administration.... a strong America means a better world for all of us thank you from Canada On a side note...could you please find another rock to put all the leftist globalist nutjobs on...since they want their own world I think we should find one for them...far far away...:)

How about the depletion of our oxygen on earth due to deforestation and all your weather warfare and solar modification programs? Stop spraying toxins in our skies.

Sharon Watson fxxxx the sky how about the food we eat???? Why do leftists care about trees and bugs yet care less about cherishing life It boggles the mind they don't know the secret of the Universe.

how about some honesty,rather than this crap

What has been the benefit to humanity by the billions of dollars spent on the space program? Building a web of defense shields in the skies. All about world dominance and control. The people are waking up to the truth. Research Operation Paperclip. We see nothing but CGIs and Hollywood productions from the fake ISS. The SpaceX zoom car

Wonder where that money really goes?

Pence rules. Thank you.

Yeah, we can't get rid of the great pacific garbage patch, but we need more money spent on space exploration.

But it is paramount for government to push the boundaries to facilitate for private enterprise to follow in it's wake.

Rather than direct federal investments, aligned incentives that spur private space enterprising is far more cost-effective.

How's your trafficking going Pence? You and kissinger & NSC run the trafficking.

Not a Trump fan, but I respect the fact that this administration is increasing the NASA budget.

Leaders in the world again

Hey Mikey - DO NOT TOUCH THE SATELLITES. But you can get really close to the rockets when it launches...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PDxvm4oSsF4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BXUh5GUcnmQ ????????????????????

Will any member of the MSM broadcast/report-on ANY of this exciting NASA-Private-Sector space-exploration meeting? I doubt it very, very much. WHY? because they have the serious business of RUSSIA to concentrate-on, as they've futilely done for the last 12-months, ignoring completely where the REAL Russia story lay, with that so-called democratic-party, and, that 'Klinton' woman!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xp02R9fgSKI :)))))))))))))))))))))))))

NASA keeps saying they one day hope to go to the moon. WTF?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtM8FwH81jI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=3&v=dq7yO6wKBag

I believe he knows there is no "deep space" and they know this also. The nephilim at their best.

Trump and Pence 2020 God Bless!!

God help America winner make all country the world have human rights freedom

Release the Space Drones in mass numbers for Space Exploration.

Genesis 1: 6 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. 6 And God said, Let there be a FIRMAMENT (not land, not mountains, not valleys all that came after this part.) in the midst of the WATERS, and let it DIVIDE the WATERS from the WATERS. Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were UNDER the FIRMAMENT from the WATERS ABOVE the FIRMAMENT, and it was so. (KJV) Word for word. For those who believe our Heavenly Father. Amen. Even if they could get out from under the firmament they would need a submarine not an airplane. Read the bible the most accurate history lesson are there.

OMG. What ugly people. She looks like a lizard. Disgusting people.

China stole all our Teck. Sick animal. Your not going to get what u want. US first. China useless. All of u go live there

Pence. U are a piece of shit. Spread the word. All for Chinaand the hell with America. Pence u are done !!!!!!!!!!!!!

All u. Go to hell. Insane. Woman. VP. Mc Madess Shove China up yours.

Pence and McMaster. Go screw yourselves. U assess are done. Now.

Spade is all a lie.

THE GUY IN THE BACK LOOKS SUPER HUGE COMPARED TO VP

Why not use the money to pay off the dept. like we voted you in for...!!! Borrowing money to throw away in space. Can't we live within our means instead of heaping dept on my grandchildren...!!!

Charles Campbell hey that's way better then using it to protect the earths heroin source and selling arms to the enemy. I would consider space exploration far less of a crime. Further spending tax dollars to basically murder unborn children. Further prison business, further lying endlessly, creating ficticious language, not ever being honest at any time, creating endless businesses with free peoples tax money calling burdensome obsticals things like "quantitative easing" as if it would bring ease to individuals. All of this the Earths people are either to tired to care about or they have no time or they are completely programmed by their TV set programming or now internet social engineering. Its really absolute wickedness disguised as " the perception of a safety and a safer place to live" Promulgated by government hitlarian overlord 1%ERS who's purposes are most likely satanic in nature. Think of something as wicked as you possibly can.. its far worse then this. Beyond comprehension for normal people. The One true God will bring truth to them. Remember we ourselves have a great propensity for wickedness. ot was written.

go away

Stay off the moon it works our tides. You so called scientist...!!

This is awesome, but we know that the American ppl will pay for this and the money will go to the top cats and not back into our system.. One thing is certain, republicans do this with their own interest in mind. The average person will never get heard on this proposal. If we did have a choice, we would choose to do it, but keep it governmental, for the ppl, and not profit for a major company. sucks that it's not for science or just progress. Guess who will be able to take off and get to visit space? The rich. I'm almost positive that the tickets for this ride will be unaffordable for the average person, unless they have over 30k or 150k for a ride, This is just a guess on price, the tickets can be way more expensive. For sure, some company will make big money selling the fuel and materials for producing these ships. BTW, I suspect that this is all about the gold, The moon has resources that we have yet to tap into. America has no gold, so we are on borrowed time. We can't negotiate with some countries because America has no bullion. And if we do negotiate with a country that only negotiate on gold, we would have to buy it using virtual money from another country, like China. The moon has lots of gold and rare crystals. I"m 45, I'll never see space. The average person might never get off this rock unless you are an elite or belong to governmental selective teams. We've all seen the movies where the elites live in the clouds while the average person slaves to keep them comfertable on the surface. Otherwise, I love this idea, just don't like what elites have planned for the program. The moon will eventually become populated, again, not by the average person. But the births on the moon will be of man that will produce the average persons. Once this happens, the moon ppl will try to become independent due to the greed of this planet's elites. Just as we did when we became independent from Great Briton in 1776.

It would be nice to think that trump actually gave a damn but the unending lies of con man donald leaves me wondering how will trumpcon inc try to shovel money to themselves. Is there any reason to think differently?

is this about the space between Pence's ear....lol

lol

and your seismic brain waves are off the chart lol

fuck obama

SO HIS step 2 was to defend against alien invasion?

Pence wants rockets to explore space to prove his stupid god exists LOL!!! The White House channel is PURE PROPOGANDA

Hey it's the Nazi whores of NASA and the VP! All US VP's have been in charge of drug, weapons and child trafficking! Bush, Cheney, Biden, Pence! Hang em all for treason!

Peace be unto you שלום ושלום The Second Day Sky Then God said Let there be a space to separate the water into two parts So God made the space and separated the water Some of the water was above it and some of the water was below it God named that space sky There was evening and then there was morning This was the second day Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air and so shall we ever be with the Lord The Lord bless thee and keep thee The Lord make his face shine upon thee and be gracious unto thee The Lord lift up his countenance upon thee and give thee peace America The Great The Bold The Beautiful my beloved my sweet Uncle Donald John Trump, The LORD God bless you America The Great The Bold The Beautiful my beloved my sweet Uncle Michael Richard Pence, The LORD God bless you IN GOD WE TRUST GOD BLESS AMERICA THE GREAT FAITH GOD BLESS AMERICA THE GREAT NATION GOD BLESS UNITED STATES OF AMERICA אלוהים יברך את ישראל הכלה של אלוהים GOD BLESS THE NATIONS GOD BLESS WE THE PEOPLE GOD BLESS FLORIDA a sweet and good year with love אהבה אמונה ותקווה yuli:):)

GNN THY WILL BE DONE++++ WE THE PEOPLE TAKE: Step by Step, the Clock is Ticking slowly but steady… and unstoppable. Socialists/Communists/Islamists TRAITORS of This We the People’s REPUBLIC/Nation and It’s CONSTITUTION…this is We the FREEMEN of America RECKONING TIME. We have no preference to who, what, when or where>> If Your or deep state keep HAMMERING our sitting president or just one of our little children in any sex abuse act. God help them or you++++We will NAIL you to the cross of hell. And mister we already have our eyes on you and you will go down not by the choice of the sitting president, but by WE THE PEOPLE. (link down, copy and paste on Cortana search for public viewing) #QANON #Pedogate – Vice President Mike Pence … galacticconnection.com/qanon-pedogate-vice-president-mike-pence... breaking: mike pence exposed in Indiana pedogate, trump take-down is real, #storm, #fireworks, #whiterabbit January 3- According to FBI Informant and investigative journalist, Timothy Holmseth, Vice-President of the United States, Michael Pence, is a longtime pedophile and was involved in massive child trafficking and child pornography rings in If.....

This is so amazing! Evolve or shrink by default, as those around you continue to grow. This is a must. Elon Musk, you're the man.

GNN THY WILL BE DONE++++CORTANA SEARCH FOR PUBLIC VIEWING++++WAT THE HELL IS THIS MAN DOING IN OUR HOUSE ON THE HILL???? URGENT! INDIANA GOVERNOR MIKE PENCE A PEDOPHILE - blogspot.com nesaranews.blogspot.com/2016/07/urgent-indiana-governor-mike-pence... Jul 30, 2016, · URGENT! INDIANA GOVERNOR MIKE PENCE A ... but the continued abuse of children by the government and ... new-law-to-protect-Indiana-child ... Author: Olive Oyl Indiana child sex abuse horror story casts dark cloud … https://haleighcummingsdotme.wordpress.com/2018/01/05/indiana...

At 34:00 found the voice of Eric from "our cartoon president"

well at least you were smart enough to recognize that Trump is our president and like you suggest he is a cartoon I would like to suggest that you are a clown!

Bring the price of entry to NASA down to a price all Americans can afford. Charge more for non Americans. Give military discounts and senior discounts. Make it about 10-15$ entry fee on average. Why because its our heritage. We should not be priced out of NASA.

Good point Mr Henderson. Second point why is that creepy bastard sitting next to the VP is he a puppet master or for protection. It looks as if the VP is a puppet being controled by him. Weird We should promote actual science and not pay scientists to make unscientific claims based in NONSENCE!!!! We must have documented observation and math/physics must agree. Making claims based in NOTHING such as AL GORE is a CLEAR Usurpation of individual liberty and freedom.

MC Master is a traitor.

STFU ...traitor wtf are you talking about? How many years have you served? Your break is over go back to washing dishes!

Pres. Trump and VP Pence are handling all this very well. Trump 2020!

TRUMP / PENCE 2020 - MAGA !!

Folks, you dare not research the stationary, geocentric, dome covered, plain

I would love to slam Pence’s head through a brick wall. The militarization of NASA is the only objective. I am starting to HATE NASA more than the Pentagon. NASA is again the innovation of the NAZIS of this generation.

Lol good one Toby, I'll think about that.

Wanda's Place hes becoming liberated take mercy on him. Its a KOOL aid wall Raj go back to bed.

Raj wtf are you talking about , you make no damn sense.

Fuck off Traitor

YUR GHEY

I find space so fascinating! I could listen to this for hours. Im weird I know :-P Love you President Trump over in WA state! I voted for you twice in 2016 and never been happier

I hope I am wrong about Pence, I love Trump, but something with Pence sits wrong; I don't like the guy.

Like with President Trump, the only way incredible things get done is with truly inspiring, visionary leaders. The space program took off because Kennedy articulated the vision perfectly, and Wernher von Braun took the vision, along with his own, and manifested it into reality. Our new space age has it's political leader, but we need the right man on Point. Put Elon Musk where he belongs and let the vision reign where it lies. Give him what he needs and let him terraform Mars.

VERY GOOD! Understanding exactly what is going on in our tech. is extremely important. And knowing the failers of the others who have a "one-way valve"! This is not playing fair... And worse they steal from The USA! And at every occasion...This is Their "Communist Attitude Toward good Business" AND IT IS 100% Proven Impossible to trust them at every intersection... So we must act acordingly... Quit being Spinless... Where Now There Can Not Be Any Exceptions to the Rules! Seeing there is no other way! Since they have proven to be cheaters, liars, and thieves... Whenever Possible...Every time! IN EVERYTHING! A-Z TOP TO BOTTOM RIGHT TO LEFT, NORTH TO SOUTH!! E V E R Y T I M E ! So WE Must Make Everything Top Secret as NEVER BEFORE... Newer Laws Should Also Be Implemented! to Save Our Own Skinns!!!! DO NOT EVER BE FOOLED AGAIN! [QUIT!!@@!! BEING!@! SO!@! SPINLESS!@!]?,?, OR YOUR FIRED...!! FROM NOW ON WAKE UP!! BEING NICE NEVER WORKS... WITH THIEVES AND CHEATS! How Many Times Will A Fool Get Slapped In The Face For Being Far? ( "I smell a rat" ) $OMTHING I$ NOT RIGHT! KEEP OUR SCIENCE LOCKED UP IN A SAFE!! WE ARE THE LEADERS IN EVERYTHING!! QUIT GETTING RIPPED OFF AMERICA!! I AM SO TIRED OF HEARING THIS SPINLESS LEADER$HIP! DO WE HAVE TO KILL ONE? SO THAT ONE DOESENT HAVE US ALL KILLED?? KEEP OUR SCIENCES LOCKED UP!! THERE are NO EXCUSES FOR BEING SPINLE$$... FIGHT! AND FORCE THE GOVERNMENT TO BE STRONGER! QUIT DANCING WITH THE DEVILS!

NASA is a the biggest bunch of bullshit. Take the technology and help people first on this planet, or use it fully to help in defense efforts.

Trump/Pence 2020. Promises Made/Promises Kept. Simple as that! Took a NON Politician to MAGA. (Ohio)

22/2/2018

I wonder what percentage of the people in that room know the Earth is flat and we've never been to space? Research #FlatEarth #GreatAwakening

New Atlantis what the world?? have you not even been to the beach to observe the horizon?

What a crock of shit from beginning to end.

Excellent! Thanks for sharing.

NASA has never produced anything and has cost the US tax payers 6 trillion dollars since its inception. They have not one deliverable for the money spent...They never left earths Orbit as admitted by O'liar on multiple occasions....and they can only inspire to pass the Van Allen Belts which are only 350 miles out....Also according to O'Liar....and they have lied on every subject. They now represent 30% of our national debt cumulatively...if they were to pay us...the american people back for 60 years of lies. Out of their own mouth...the Dog ate the Telemetry data to the moon and its too hard for them to make it again. Why don't they just say they need the money for the Military, Chemtrails and the Low Orbit Defense Grid. This is Sickening and impossible to watch. Old Elon and Fake X are enough to make me throw up. This is Fake News on a whole different level.

Joe Trovato can't forget about Velcro!

never left earths orbit. Ever heard of voyager and voyager 2, pioneer 10 and 11, and new horizons? i honestly dont know if your just trolling or what but your comment was very false.

News    LMAO!   You're insane!

We need Job's and Made in USA and CANADA

God bless Queen Elizabeth and Prime Minster Justin Trudeau

Prime Minster Justin Trudeau ...thats funny

Make America and Canada great again and strong freedom home and safety people

God Love Canada

God bless Canada

We need work

Thanks go back Family and support a children

Thanks go back Church

Make America great again and strong freedom home and safety people

God bless President Donald J Trump and Vice President Make Pence and Paul Ryan

Ummm Fuck Ryan. Obviously you don't know his past and his efforts to undermine Trump as a candidate. But look into his past and think again.

God Love America

God bless America

#TRUMPPENCE2020

keep the Trump train a rollin :)) God bless

Ms. Lal, your stats and data seem to be a lot and very specific. But, please remember that the information you provide, many law makers depend on for regulations. If your data has huge deviation, or incorrect, this can be very detrimental.

YAY FALCON HEAVY!!! YAY ELON AND SPACEX THANK YOU FOR INSPIRING US BACK TO SPACE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Something doesn't sit right with me all of a sudden about this elon musk. Recently.

Mr. Manber, not having technology transfer is impossible. Unless you plan on Mission Impossible style self destructive space products when someone tries to take it apart. But, we should definitely should Work with China.

Fuck communist lying stealing China. We should shoot down everything they get off the ground, sink every ship, bulldoze every building and sterilize every breathing one of them.

We should have China pay for it all. To bring down the deficit.

Desde Argentina thank you for sharing

Research Flat Earth. Help Others. Seek Jesus and Repent.

Mr. Ross, you are so right. Government needs to keep up and work together with amazing SpaceX. Streamline space law!!!!!!!! That sounds awesome!

Yay Rosen!!!! More legal jobs and ruling making for space!!!! More cool space law attorney jobs!!!!!!!!!!! File and Fly sounds great!!!!!!

HOORAY! Yes, Mr. Lightfoot, expanding private sector for space exploration and more jobs for everyone! THIS PROVIDES MORE COOL JOBS FOR EVERYONE, NOT LAME JOBS (AT&T call center that no kid ever dreamed of). THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!

We are borrowing money from china to fund a Mars trip. So our children and grandchildren an pay for it. Crazy

Thank you for your work, Trump administration! The USA is once again competitive with the world. Although we were not going at the fast momentum of other nations for a long time, we are heading back into that momentum thanks to you.

Hey Pense. You're thoughts about the #2A. I will not sit back and have this president or any gov official destroy our liberties. I suppose if this stupid ass president really wanted to make a difference, he should be banning the incompetence within the FBI and law enforcement and have the Sgt. at Arms arrest our politicians. Trump made a grave mistake touching our most precious Amendment, Our Second Amendment. He is dead to me... And, I anticipate more Republican/Democrap treachery and closed door meetings. We are at war for Our Gun RIGHTS and our basic Liberties PEOPLE---The law abiding citizens are fed up! You have lied to us and you have made a grave mistake! Is Trump on the right side of Liberty Trump or do you and this gov want to bring down OUR Republic, too? If you are not on the side of Liberty, then you are my enemy and I will treat you as such.

ALL space exploration is just one of many unnecessary expenditures that needs to be stopped until we get our debt back under 1 trillion dollars. We are over 20 trillion in debt borrowing around 50% of every dollar we spend. 1 Trillion is a million dollars a day, every single day, for 2739 years. We are showing more then 20 times that not to mention the hidden debt.

Thank god you know everything now the rest of us are free to sit on the couch and eat potato chips.

Facts are never hogwash.

Looks like there are plenty of folks who disagree with you , your facts are hogwash!

Adam, again there is absolutely nothing on an asteroid that we need. We have everything already on earth. If some private industry wants to take this on fine as long as there is no tax payer money involved. That being said as I mentioned we are in serious debt that is going to destroy us. ALL tax payer funded space exploration needs to be stopped until we get our debt back under 1 trillion dollars.

There are a number of ways to mine asteroids. 1) Knock them into earth's orbit and mine them there. 2) Send them to hit Earth in a safe spot and mine them here. I know the second option sounds risky, but as long as the asteroid isn't huge, and as long as we can simulate the landing zone to a high degree of precision, I'd trust Elon Musk (and other smart people) to make it happen.

No Adam there will not be any asteroid mining. First there is nothing on any asteroid that we need. We already have it here on earth. Second the cost of mining an asteroid or even a planet would be prohibited, but good try to justify running us deeper into debt.

Adam Stevens, thank you for the question. If you are seeking a more deeper understanding go here. http://www.crfb.org/papers/qa-gross-debt-versus-debt-held-public?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIv63p1dq62QIVkrrACh1jVws_EAAYASAAEgIXUvD_BwEHowever for a more simpler answer some of our debt is owed to our enemies like China and some others. You can forget about them forgiving any debt. For one it could lead to an all out war if we tried to just tell them to take a hike. However even if it did not come to war what most people forget is that the dollar is considered the worlds currency. Everything is based on the dollar. There are countries like China and Russia who are trying desperately to change that and have their currency the world currency. If we would try and do anything that showed that we are about to not pay ur debts one of them would take over because the world would lose trust in the dollar. I suggest that you look up the US dollar and world currency. Should we lose the trust of the world the dollar would collapse. it would have no buying power. Things like 100 dollars for a loaf of bread. Mexico is a prime example of what happens when the currency collapses. Most of the debt is owned by the people of this country. You cannot just wipe the slate clean and say move on. markets would crash and things would be where we all lost just about everything we own. It is called depression.

On a serious note, can you explain to me why the debt is so important? What if we just have it forgiven since the U.S. of A. has contributed so much to the world, and continues to contribute so much to the world? If the debt is hindering us, then isn't it in the World's best interest to forgive it so we can continue to drive the future? I'm not an expert on debt, but debt is a human creation, and if it is causing more harm than benefit in our society, then it goes against the "Pursuit of Happiness" in our Declaration of Independence and must be fixed to conform with that creed. If it's not helping us to pursue happiness, it's a problem.

There will be asteroid mining and other raw materials for the Earth to have. That'll help fix the 1's and 0's in the computer banking systems.

Adam there is absolutely nothing important about space exploration. It has not given us a single thing. However stopping the destroying of this nation by our debt is very important.

Some things are more important than money. Space exploration is one of those things.

Brian, Your claim is totally false and nothing short of fake news. Space exploration has never made a dime. It is a drain on the tax payers. It is not anything we need. It needs to be shut down along with EVERY other non essential until we get our debt back under 1 trillion dollars.

Space exploration is a very small portion of our budget, and NASA is one of the ONLY Government programs that actually PAYS for itself with Technology they develop that benefits OUR public life. Its estimate $1 of tax payer dollars spent on NASA and space ends up resulting in about $7 of benefits . Water purification techniques, GPS, that CMOS sensor in your phone.......Thanks to space Exploration.....Few examples of thousands.. Please educate before just spouting unjustified jargon.

Its good the discussion is happening, but we have fallen behind as a nation, the taxpayers still are largely floating the bill for space, also funding companies like space x. If we push space mining, there could be a return on investment that will help our nation in the future. That planning and infrastructure have to start sometime, why not now?

Do they really think we are all so stupid?

Is he speaking of the secret space fleet..

Guy said we provide almost 40% of space exploration resources, counting private developers . This talk illustrates the shift to Military Space spending and declarations to utilize space as a military platform. The very modest increase to the civilian programs will only serve to supplement the goal of building manned maneuverable multi purpose craft suitable for refueling satellites and launching space weapons. Much talk of deregulating business in general, lowering standards, and defunding R&D. Mars? Don't see it in these cards. ISS ? Dead in space.

We wouldn't Know about the extent of that garbage patch without satellite monitoring. The Knowledge obtained from the R&D on creating artificial environments in space will help us to deal with the pollution catastrophe. If we are to survive we will need to become more knowledgeable and more capable in both of these areas

GOD BLESS YOU MIKE PENCE!!!___The Inconvenient Truth About the Democratic Party*** __ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_a7dQXilCo&feature=share Did you know that the Democratic Party defended slavery, started the Civil War, founded the KKK, and fought against every major civil rights act in U.S. history? Watch as Carol Swain, professor of political science at Vanderbilt University, shares the inconvenient history of the Democratic Party.? WHAT HAS LIBERALISM, SOCIALISM, COMMUNISM, MARXISM, HUMANISM, PC (done for the) AMERICAN PEOPLE OF THE USA? *1963-Madalyn Murray O'Hair and the ACLU convinced the U.S. Supreme Court to remove Prayer from our schools. (http://www.free2pray.info/murray-v-curlett-63.html) *In 1961, every state in America had a sodomy law. In recent years, the ACLU has successfully helped overturn sodomy laws in Maryland (1999), Georgia (1998), Montana (1997), Tennessee (1996) and Kentucky (1993).(https://www.aclu.org/news/aclu-challenges-virginias-crimes-against-nature-sodomy-law) *Internet Porn: The case is Ashcroft v. ACLU, case no. 03-0218. By a 5-4 vote, the high court said 1998 legislation "likely violates the First Amendment." Justices John Paul Stevens, David H. Souter, Clarence Thomas and Ruth Bader Ginsburg agreed with Kennedy. The ACLU applauded the ruling. (https://www.aclu.org/news/aclu-challenges-virginias-crimes-against-nature-sodomy-law) *1973, the year of the Roe v. Wade decision, the rate was 16.3. In 1981, the rate was 29.3. In 2014, there were an estimated 926,200 abortions — a rate of 14.6 per 1,000 women of childbearing age (15 to 44)(https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/18/health/rate-of-us-abortions-hits-lowest-since-roe-v-wade.html *In the United States, same-sex marriage is legal in all states, Washington, D.C., as well as all U.S. territories except American Samoa, but not on all Native American tribal lands, since June 26, 2015, when the United States Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that state-level bans on same-sex marriage are...... (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage_in_the_United_States)

Laser weapons, jamming technology, counter intellegence in space. New encryption frameworks and anti encryption frameworks to compromise the enemy systems. Use currently available anti encryption NOW. Not later. Create NEW encryption technology. Ask me I will help you with a super great and solid technique for encryption uniqueness. I have one plan that would seem to be almost uncomprimisable. Far better then current system. Based on absolute natural randomness. A natural randomness that cannot be duplicted and for a good reason. I wont release that info here yet its a really good Idea. Not absolutely origional yet the principles are very solid. We can use this natural random key to manipulate data and encrypt on the fly. Yet would lock out UN warranted watchers of the data due to the natural random component that cannot be duplicated. I would be excited to work on this project if it meant helping my country and security. We can licence it for BILLIONS. This technology will be wanted by every one because no other parameter can be duplicated like this it seems. Lets work together on this. It will spearhead great freedom, utility and safety for us. Currently encryption technology is pitiful including banking data which is and has been compromised. Random number generators and other methodologies have seemed to be compromised by coupling algorythems with data bases. We must have secure data based on solid principals of security. With a small team we can crush this deal yet I have no time to do the entire deal. If we group together we will all win!! We will continue to be prepared in space and we will not leave them vulnerable to databases and scripting. Imagine also if we could launch attacks from space which we most likely can now. Others will as well. How will we now shield ourselves over head as well???? We have to gaurd the entire ionosphere this is a tall order. We mist control data going to and coming from space. All of it. Machines are useful for memory capability. We are useful for Creativeability. Focus on our streangths. Leftist professors will not bring freedom and liberty. We must ensure protection, not agression of course. Yet protection doesn't sound great to the leftist for some reason. Personally I love the military and will be willing to help them and no other government organization AT ALL. I will help USA military or Isrealis PERIOD. Not one other organization will I release the informtion to. I have many business plans so it is mostly about freedom and charity for me. This idea could rapidly be implemented and is very simple in principal. We must master mind on this deal. Also huge plans for abundant beach sand in Florida how about silicone dioxide????? Burned sand... energy independance. I can some how lead people to do this I cannot do everything I love my people we must WIN WIN WIN. P.S. We cannot count on governments they simply are not flexible enough we MUST Think and Do out-of-the-box. Quick to marke, quick to execute.

https://youtu.be/T9cRSc-xcAY (musical statement song of SHITHOLE RACIST DONALD TRUMP VS HAITI FIRST BLACK REPUBLIC AND AFRICA UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF SHITHOLE RACIST TERRORIST DONALD TRUMP NOT MY PRESDENT, UNITED HAS LOSEN ITS RECORD AS A WORLD POWER TO BECOME THE SHITHOLE COUNTRY IN THE AMERICAN CONTINENT. HAITI IS THE FATHER DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOM BUT NOT UNITED STATES. THE ANCESTORS OF HAITI HAD FREED THE AMERICAN CONTINENT INCLUDING UNITED STATES OF AMERICAN. HAITIAN ANCESTORS HAD WON THE REVOLUTION WAR TO CREATE THE 50 STATES OF UNITED STATES THAT RACIST ANGLO EUROPEANS HAD EXCLUDED HAITI AND BLACK PEOPLE FROM THE FASLE ILLEGAL CONSTITUTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES BEFORE EXPLOITING THE ENTIRE AMERICA, LATIN AMERICAN AND THE CARRIBEANS. HAITI CANNOT BE A SHITHOLE A COUNTRY, BUT DONALD TRUMP IS A SHITHOLE RACIST MAN AS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IS EXPLOITING HAITI NOW. IN FACT, UNITED STATES NEW YORK GOLD MINIG, CANADIAN GOLD MINING AND TEXAS OIL COMPAINIES ARE IN HAITI NOW EXPLOITING HAITI. AND THEN, FOR THE SHITHOLE RACIST TERRORIST DONALD TRUMP HAS THE AUDACITY TO CALL HAITI A SHITHOLE COUNTRY. Highlighted reply Synergy Gaming TV 3 hours ago • Saying something like this about any President, good or bad (and I'm Canadian) should get you shot. Idiot, SOUL DOES NOT die, and it is the body that is gone, the soul will CONTINUE TO LIVE. Fear of dying idiot and you can never STAY ALIVE forever BECAUSE EVERYONE WILL DIE ONE DAY. IT IS A PART OF LIFE CYCLE. IDIOT, WHEN SOMEONE DIES, IT IS NOT REALLY BAD THING BUT A CHANGE OF LIFE CICLE. Fuck YOU SHITHOLE RACIST DONALD TRUMPS NOT MY PRESIDENT. TELL ME WHO WILL LIVE IN EARTH FOREVER. FUCKING DONALD TRUMP IS NOT A PRESIDENT BECAUSE HE HAS STOLEN THE VOTE OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. ONE DAY, HAITI WILL BUILD NUCLEAR WEAPONS FOR LOVE PEACE, UNITY RESPECT AND PROSPERITY, AND WESTERN EUROPEAN WILL HAVE TO RESPECT HAITI. IDIOT, I AM HAITIAN THE SON OF CONTINENT AMERICA THAT MY ANCESTORS HAD FREED AMERICA, LATIN AMERICA FROM SLAVERY AND WON THE REVOLUTION WAR TO CREATE 50 STATES OF UNITED STATES. AS A HAITIAN AMERICAN MAN, I HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO RUN FOR PRESDENT OF UNITED STATES, AND ANY HAITIAN THAT IS BORN IN HAITI HAS THE RIGHT ALSO TO BECOME PRESIDENT OF UNITED STATES BECAUSE MY ANCESTOR HAD CREATED THE 50 STATES OF UNITED. HOWEVER, SHITHOLE RACIST ANGLO EUROPEANS HAD USED MY ANCESTORS' CONSTITUTIONS FROM EGYPT TO WRITE AN ILLEGAL US CONSTITIONS TO TAKE POSSESSION OF UNITED STATES, EXPLOIT AMERICA, MURDER SLAUGHTER OTHER RACIAL ETHNICITIES AND ATTEMPT TO EXCLUDE HAITIAN PEOPLE OF NOT BEING SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN CONTINENT. IDIOT, UNITED STATED OF AMERICA BELONGS TO HAITIANS, AND YOU TRUMP CANNOT DO ANYTHING ABOUT IT. IDIOT, DURING THE EXISTENCE OF BLACKS AND HAITIANS IN THE AMERICAN CONTINENT AND UNITED STATES, CANADA DOES NOT EXIST. WHERE WERE THE CANADIANS AND SHITHOLE RACIST TERRORIST GERMAN DONALD TRUMP WHEN MY HAITIAN ANCESTORS WERE FIGHTING TO SAVE THE AMERICAN CONTINENT? NOW, YOU ARE ALL SO PROUD TO CALL YOURSELF CITIZENS OF UNITED STATES AFTER MY ANCESTORS FREED THE AMERICAN CONTINENT WITH THE COURAGIOUS BLACK SLAVES BUILDING THE AMERICAN EMPIRE. YOU SHOULD HAVE BEEN ASHAMED OF YOURSELF TO EVEN WRITE SOMETHNING DOWN AGAINST THE OWNER OF THE AMERICAN CONTINENT AS BEING HATIANS, BLACKS, AND BLACK INDIAN NATIVES.THEN, SHITHOLE ANGLO RACIST EUROPEAN CAME TO AMERICA WHERE THEY HAD FOUND BLACK PEOPLE, BLACK INDIANS NATIVES BECAUSE SHITHOLE ANGLO EUROPEANS WERE STARVING TO DEATH BUT NOT BECAUSE OF RELIGIOUS PRESECUTIONS. WE, BLACK PEOLE WELCOMED THEM BY FEEDING SHITHOLE ANGLO EUROPEANS, GIVE SHELTERS TO SLEEP, AND EVEN SHARE THE LAND WITH THEM. HOWEVER, SHITHOLE RACIST ANGLO EUROPEANS WOULD NOT SATISFY WITH WHAT GIVENT TO THEM THAT THEY HAD TO KILL BLACKS AND INDIANS TO STEAL OUR LAND AND ITS WEALTH. IDIOTS, YOU DON'T NOTHING ABOUT WESTERN HISTORY, BECAUSE SHITHOLE ANGLO WESTERN EUROPEANS ARE ONLY GOOD TO KILL PEOPLE BECAUSE YOU ARE ALL VAMPIRE AND COLD BLOODED KILLERS. YOU ALL HAVE DONE A GREAT KILLING CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, AND IT DOES NOT MATTER WHERE YOU GO. YOU ARE SO COWARD THAT YOU WOULD NOT REVEAL YOUR WHEN YOU MAKE A SUCH OF THREAT. IF YOU ARE NOT A COWARD SYNERGY GAMING TV, I WOULD ASK TO REVEAL YOUR NAME. A SCARED PERSON WOULD HIDE HIS IDENTY WHEN HE MAKES SONG TO RESPOND TO A IGNORANT SHITHOLE RACIST DONALD TRUMP NOT A US PRESIDENT. RACIST SHITHOLE ANGLO EUROPEANS WANT TO SAY SHIT TO ANY RACIAL ETHNICITIES AND WANT TO FEEL OFFENDED WHEN THEY GET RESPOND THAT THEY DESERVE. IDIOT, HAITI IS NOT A SHITHOLE COUNTRY.SHITHOLE RACIST DONALD TRUMP SAID THAT ALL HAITIANS HAVE THE AIDS VIRUS. HOWEVER, SHITHOLE DONALD TRUMP FORGET TO TELL THE ENTIRE WORLD THAT MELANIA TRUMP AND IVANKA TRUMP HAVE BEEN WORKING AS PROSTUTUTES IN HAITI SLEEPING WITH 1000 HAITIANS FOR MONEY TO HELP DONALD TRUMP'S BUSINESSES GETTING OUT OF BANKCRUPCIES. AND THE AIDS VIRUS HAVE SPREAD IN HAITI BECAUSE MELANIA TRUMP AND IVANKA TRUMP HAVE THE AIDS VIRUS AND BROUGHT THE AIDS VIRUS TO HAITI.SHITHOLE DONALD TRUMP IS NOT A PRESIDENT BECAUSE HE IS A DECENDANT OF HITLER A TERRORIST THAT WANTED TO DESTROY THE WORLD. IDIOT, WHAT IS DONALD TRUMP FAMILY'S ACCOMPLISHMENT TO AMERICA, EXCEPT FOR MAKING BILLION DOLLARS OF PROSTITUTING WOMEN. HAITIANS ARE WARRIORS. WHEN HAITIAN PEOPLE DIE, THEY WILL RISE UP AGAIN JUST LIKE BLACK JESUS CHRIST.

Wow!  Go psychotic much?

We have been borrowing money from China and others for a long time.  It will take a lot of effort to wean the US away from that practice, including more austere cultural changes that include less "gimmie" programs that are not really necessary.  If you think it will happen in just a few years; then you are overly optimistic.

Pedophilia in spaace too?

pence has been called out by Indiana as a pedophilia

hi can you ask who ever put video games on sale for free so I can have all games plz

Mike please blink twice if you need help

I feel uncomfortable watching this man so close to the Vice President , looking something less than his handler! #nobueno

you talk about a black hole pit for money wasting ...it goes by the name of Nasa , stop spending our money on bullshit , i am just going to say it ...fake ass space crap lmfao

LETS GO TO MARS!!!!

Keep fighting on Pence!

i hope this isnt a trick, deepstate needs a war bad, space 911 our ass, who knows, hope its good news. im sick of paying for gas, 100 extra years of life would be nice

Lol good luck with all that...

She never what a fought for Black Culture if I would have known the truth

If I have to choose between love and the culture I'm choosing love

Her soulmate is a white man and they use me to take him out

It's stupidity to think that your enemy is going to take care of you you stayed

She knows let them think that they're going to get more benefits while we plot their destruction

That's the reality of the situation

And the white man is about to overthrow them

In the culture War the black man lost

Slavery ended you never left case closed zedds offering me a way out and I'm taking it they lost the white man is going to overthrow them they didn't unite or stay loyal and put the right people on

I never looked at it in the white man's point of view

Played me

I'm not fighting for them to overthrow the white man shes gonna marry a white man

Slavery ended they never left

The reality of the situation Zed's people made him a Nobel my people made me poor but I'm not a slave

They never left they stayed the white man won and took your good name I'm switching sides

They're not slaves and we don't share the same agenda I don't believe the white man should have to take care of the black man

Well she still needs to Marry zedd but I don't have to fight for black Culture anymore

I didn't see

She won

I'm not a slave I'm just poor but my husband is rich

It's not my fight anymore I won gay marriage pass and I'm not a Slave

My husband is rich why do I need to fight for the right for the government to take care of me

So I'm switching sides

And black Hollywood didn't want to make me an elite

I'm not fighting for the government to take care of me

My master plan to marry my man gay marriage is passed and I'm not a slave I'm just poor

But I always said I was only doing this for zedd

We don't want the same things

That's the stupidest thought in the world to believe your enemy that enslaved you it's going to take care of you

It's their fault for settling for socialist agenda

It's black Hollywood fault for teaching them to be thugs instead of doctors and lawyers

It's black Hollywood's fault for not educating their people

I'm not saving them anymore

They lost the war

Unite

They didn't do that with the Mexicans and Indians to become the dominant class

They have their own land America was their land they just decided to share it like fools

After the slaves were set free from Egypt they left and started their own land black American never did that they stayed

White America never told Black America they had to stay

White America is in the right it's not their responsibility to take care of Black America

And now they're asking me permission to take over my people and to judge who's in the right

They weren't enslaved they work they united and they stayed loyal

Good america is white America and I didn't see

One's a third world country the other is a modern country

America is two countries in one

My country black America doesn't provide me with any benefits they expect White America to provide them with benefits

I'm not a slave I'm just poor

They slaves where set free they decided to stay that's not my problem I told them to leave

That's not my fight I'm a free man black America decided not to put me on

No more games they're fighting for the slave masters to take care of them

America is the Promised Land I kept my promise and now I can marry the one I want to be with

My energy is for zedd and being with him

Gay marriage passed my fight is over promised fulfilled America was the promise land for the blacks

I'm done fighting for them

And they make me a martyr and say everyone is like me and say black Excellence is to culture when it's really just me

And I fight for them every life get killed by the establishment 50 years later same story

They're focused on the government to take care of them and everybody's taken advantage of them

Everyone comes to America to take advantage of blacks because theyre lazy and they don't want to work

Black Excellence is me

I'm not going to fight for Paradise for people who don't want to put in the work and they won't give me credit

I'm not fighting for the government to take care of you

I'm not fighting for them anymore I'm fighting to be with zedd and gay marriage passed my fight is over

It's me

I'm black excellence and that's it

I was played everything that I do they're saying it's the Black Culture rather than give me credit for it

They didn't want to put me to do the work so they can give credit to the culture instead of the person that's doing the work

I understand when I was a king I created a government where the people really didn't have to work the government provide it for you and it was equal between everyone they knew that instead of fighting for getting your own land back so we can recreate that they stayed and demanded the slave masters to do the same for them

THIS WAS QUITE GOOD OF PENCE (please look for his campaign speech in the pouring rain in virginia i believe it was in late summer 2016) ANY WAY I STILL FEEL HE'S TOO MUCH A POLITICIAN IN HIS SPEECHES >I'M REFEREEING TO HIS NRA SPEECH< ( yes i know he is a politician) BUT WHAT HE'S SAYING IS REAL (for him) & I KNOW IT'S WHAT HE ((REALLY)) BELIEVES & THAT'S WHY WE LIKE HIM BUT I'M AFRAID HE COULD NOT CARRY A NATIONAL ELECTION ON 'HIS OWN' (not yet anyway) & THAT'S WHY MY FAMILY & FRIENDS PRAY THAT GOD GIVES US THE GREAT TRUMP FOR AT LEAST 3 MORE YEARS. I DO NOT BELIEVE THE GREAT TRUMP WILL RUN AGAIN (just a gut feeling) HE WILL BE 74, TIRED OF THE DC BULLSHIT & MISS HIS BELOVED COMPANY. SO PENCE U GOTTA GET TOUGHER I MEAN IN THE STREET TOUGH GET OUT THERE & STIR THINGS UP! TAKE SOME HEAT OFF THE PREZ, SAY SOME BOLD THINGS (that u mean of course) {{LIKE FIRE MULE-ER NOW!}} & SPEAK TRUTH MORE LOUDLY! ..THE GREAT TRUMP SIMPLY A FORCE OF NATURE! MAY GOD GRANT BOTH OF YOU MORE YEARS SERVING US TAX PAYERS.

What a great choice Donald Trump made picking him for vice president such a good man

GNN THY WILL BE DONE++++Who is Mike Pence? – Vice President of the United States | NowThis https://youtu.be/Pw81k472yfg GNN THY WILL BE DONE+++++++https://youtu.be/I0qWQsRRxKgPart II: #STORM ++++Part II: #STORM #QANON'S Zach Implicates "P_nce-Fence" in Pedogate, Zuma Space X Payload to NK https://youtu.be/Rr6kLs-3OVI ++++Mike Pence is Arguably the Most Evil Politician in America https://youtu.be/Oh3BlpWxc-I ++++Don't Trust Mike Pence, Satanic Handsigns https://youtu.be/MW0cKpH7E6c ++++Is Mike Pence a Deep State Operative? https://youtu.be/kpgeG8Q5jHY ++++#Q #QANON FBI CIA Baby Sales FLORIDA INDIANA MINNESOTA #pedogate https://youtu.be/nw_0j3A4_Qc ++++ Don't Trust Mike Pence, Satanic Handsigns https://youtu.be/MW0cKpH7E6c TRUMP MUST SURVIVE: M_ke P_nce DEEPLY TIED To PedoGate. #STORM #FIREWORKS https://youtu.be/E8vvmdPkb_o

Makes me want to watch cowboy bebop

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