The Tandy 1000 - The best MS-DOS computer in 1984.

The Tandy 1000 - The best MS-DOS computer in 1984.

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RadioShack. Was a big player in the computer business starting, in the 1970s. With the trs-80, line of computers in fact, by the mid 80s RadioShack, was selling at least, a half a dozen different computers, and I don't just mean different variations, but rather completely. Different, and incompatible computer. Architectures, for. Example think we're still selling the trs-80, line of computers mostly, as Business Machines at this point and these were extremely, expensive often, selling, for thousands, of dollars and, for the home market they also had the color computer which was much cheaper starting, at, $239. In fact at even lower cost, that had the short-lived color computer MC 10 which. Was a separate, Architecture, from the regular one you, could get one of these for just over $100, they, also had the popular, model 100, portable computer and, if that was too large then, there was their line of pocket, computers in the, early 1980s, it was not uncommon for computers, to be completely. Incompatible, with one another now I would include big players from companies, like Commodore, or Atari. Or pretty, much anybody else in fact it will probably a hundred, different computer, architectures, at the time that were completely, incompatible, with each other however, in 1984. That started to change with the introduction, of ms-dos, compatible computers. And RadioShack. Also, saw an opportunity here now. They had already been selling their Tandy, mm, line of computers which claimed to be ms-dos, compatible, however. It wasn't nearly compatible, enough and more, or less only worked with text-based, ms-dos, software, it also started around. $2,750. Which wasn't, exactly cheap at the time but. It did have an 81 86 running at twice the speed of IBM's, product however, it was never a huge market success due to the lack of compatible, software, but. Tandy success with IBM compatibles, would change in November of 1984. With the introduction, of the Tandy, 1000. Radio. Shack here, it is Tandy, 1000, SL computer system IBM, pc-compatible and sale price for under $9.99, to understand the Tandy 1000, we really need to look at IBM's, own PC, jr. product which had come to market eight months earlier the. PC jr. was supposed to be IBM's way to better. Enter, the home market however. It had several problems keeping, it from succeeding, notably, it had a terrible, chiclet, style keyboard, very. Little ram compared, to the regular IBM, pc and it, wasn't a hundred percent compatible. Either what's. Worse it's sold at a price much, too high for the home market however. The PC Junior did have two things going for it for, one thing they had upgraded the CGA graphics so, that it could finally, display a full 16, colors even on an rgbi monitor which. Was the standard monitor type most people were using IBM. Also included a three voice sound chip based on the Texas Instruments SN, 76, for 96 sound generator this, same sound chip was already used in dozens of arcade, machines and in several home computers such as the ETI 1994. A and the, BBC micro and, also in several notable game consoles, such as the Sega Genesis, and the ColecoVision. When. Tandy set out to make a new IBM, compatible, system they were actually shooting to make an IBM PC Junior. Compatible, system and thus they incorporated, the graphics, and sound from, the PC jr. into their new Tandy, 1000, system however, by the time the Tandy 1000 came to market it became, clear the PC jr. wasn't doing, as well as they thought so. They kind, of dropped the PC jr. aspect, from all the marketing material and instead just said the Tandy 1000, was an ms-dos, computer. But. What Tandy ended up making was, actually, a better IBM, that IBM was making themselves the.

Tandy Had a more modern appearance than the IBM, and most other clones there. Are a few things that really set, the Tandy 1000, apart from IBM for one thing a lot of things were actually integrated, onto the motherboard such as the video the, audio a, serial, port a somewhat proprietary, printer port and even, two joystick, ports all, of these things were actually separate cards on an IBM system and even. On most clones of the time and, this helped to reduce cost in fact the concept, of having eight chipset on a motherboard started, right here with the Tandy 1000, as it was the first computer to integrate, most of the glue logic, disk, controllers, and other things into a single, chip, so. While some criticized, the original Tandy 1000, for only having three expansion, slots the, reality, is it didn't need very many because it came with everything already, on the board where, an IBM, would come with five slots and four of them would be filled up right from the start the. Keyboard was a bit unusual as, well they, tried to make the keyboard smaller but still retain a lot of keys and so everything's really crammed, together and, there are some keys that are in unusual, places such, as the locations, of ctrl + alt in fact, doing the reset of Control, Alt Delete is, very unusual on this keyboard but. I think the thing that annoys me the most is this placement, of the hold key directly above the arrow keys and, since the arrow keys are not split, off from the rest of the keyboard it's quite possible to wind up pressing other nearby keys in the heat of playing a game because you can't fill the arrow keys as being separate. But. This hold key is the most annoying thing to press because it actually pauses, the entire, computer, so if you learnt accustomed, to this you'll at first think the computer is locked up for whatever reason, but pressing, the hold key again will resume, it the. Joystick ports were non-standard. For PCs but instead, used these same joystick as was used on the Tandy, color computer already meaning. The joysticks were easily available and contained he could share at least that one peripheral, between the computers joysticks.

Were Actually not that common at the time anyway, since IBM never intended, their pcs to really be used for games after all IBM, felt that marketing, their computers, as game machines would, probably, hurt the reputation in the business market and, what place this was particularly, apparent was in their choice of video cards, even. After IBM, had given up on the PC jr. they continued, to sell their pcs with standard. CGA graphics so. While games on an IBM XT, would look more or less like this, the. Same game on a Tandy would look like this and while. Games on the XT sounded, like this. Games. On the tanning machine centered, like this. And. Thus. The graphics and sound eventually, became known as Tammy graphics and Tandy, sound even though it actually originated, on the PC jr. the. Interesting thing is detaining, machines, used these same monitor, type as any IBM computer with a CGA card with use and that's because the four color limitation, of IBM's CGA, card was, actually, not a limitation, of the monitor itself rather, it was a limitation of the video card and thus you can use any CGA monitor on, your Tandy 1000, and enjoy full 16 color graphics just to clarify the graphical, capabilities regular. CGA had essentially, three modes yet a text mode with all 16, colors then he had the 320 by 200 which. Was. The most common mode used in games and then, you had a high resolution mode with only 2 colors there's, some business applications, and a few games made use of this but this, is essentially, what you got with a regular IBM PC or compatible clone, and, yes there were some other modes like composite, mode and some undocumented, tricks that could get you some extra color with various, trade-offs but. The reality, is this is what most PC users had to deal with at the time with. Tanning machines you also had a low resolution mode, with 16, colors I believe. Some of the early Sierra games like King's Quest used this you.

Also Got the 320, by 200, miles. And. This was the mode most games made use of then. There was a high, resolution, mode with 4 colors which was seldom, used and later. Model Tandy machines even added a 16, color high resolution, mode which is even more rare because software developers would be hesitant to use this and advertiser, software, works with Tandy 1000 machines because, most, customers wouldn't know if their 10 to 1,000 supported this mode or not one. Other interesting tidbit, is the way in which Tandy graphics worked, on composite, video you, see on an IBM PC the, CGA card would help put a different set of colors depending on whether you were viewing it on composite, or RGB, monitor and this, software companies would have to write special support to handle both or. Just do like most in and just support the RGB mode and forget about the composite mode since not that many users had composite, monitors but, with, the Tandy it actually outputs exactly, the same colors more or less on composite. And RGB, thus, giving Tandy users another choice for video. Let's talk about the sound chip that typically you'll hear it referred to as the Tandy, 3 voice system, and that's because the chip has three programmable, square-wave voices they, can't really produce any other sort of waveform, and they don't even have an adsr, system like the sid chip has on the commodore 64, however, each, channel does have an independent volume, control, so, it's certainly possible to use the cpu to artificially. Create an adsr envelope so that sounds like bells or flutes can be created, however, the system is actually more powerful than it would seem in fact it, has a fourth voice for a noise channel so, really. They should have called it a four voice system but, wait there's, more you, see they needed the pc speaker to be backwards compatible with other IBM, software, so that sound is mixed in with the sound output giving, you essentially, a fifth, voice if you want and to. Top it off later. Tandy models even included an 8-bit, digital to analog converter as a sixth of voice which is meant for playback of digitized sounds, however, because not all Taney machines had this a few games actually made use of it, beyond. Just the hardware a Tandy 1000, ships with a product, called Deskmate it, was a graphical, operating system but it can be controlled with a keyboard or a mouse and, included a variety of productivity, applications such, as a very minimal word processor, and, while it's not as advanced, as macwrite or other graphical, word processors, it could get the job done it, also had a pretty functional spreadsheet.

You. Know a lot of the stuff has to be compared with what was available at the time and how much all of these things would had cost had. The user bought them separately and this, came with the computer. It. Also had a very nice calendar program that would allow you to schedule appointments, and stuff it. Had a little drawing program sort of like Windows paint of the era speaking. Of that I should point out this whole suite of software runs, on the high resolution 16, color mode of Tani's graphics, chip which, no, other IBM compatible, would have had the ability to do at, least not until EGA graphics became, widespread speaking. Of that it also included, a musical. Composition application. Which took advantage of the Tandy's 3 voice sound Hardware again something. Not available on other computers. And. Last but not least it had a terminal application for, using your modem so. For the home user of the time desk mate gave functionality. Almost, equivalent to Microsoft, Windows I mean, keeping in mind that during this time windows wasn't all that much more advanced than Deskmate. The. Tandy 1000, started off selling for. 1199, dollars which was actually, quite a steal in fact, RadioShack, said it best themselves right here in their catalogue indeed. An IBM PC equipped, with 256, K of RAM and a color monitor will run you over, $3,100. The, equivalent, Tandy 1000, is only 2048. And gives you superior graphics and up to four times as many colors, the. Techne 1000 was a great sell success from day one in fact sales were higher the first month after all understand any other computer in RadioShack's, history of, course not all Tandy enthusiasts, were on board with this this, article in info world talks about Hell Tandy users are disappointed. That the firm is no longer setting standards but following, them however. History shows that Tandy, did in fact made the right move with this computer and over time they would slowly phase out all of their other computer, architectures, this, was really the start of an industry-wide, phenomenon. Up to this point nearly every computer was incompatible, with the next which meant that software, had to be designed separately for every computer but. 1984. 285 is when a lot of IBM clones or ms-dos, computers, would start to show up on the market but, none of them would have these 16-color, graphics and, three voice sound of the Tandy or the, visibility, of seeing them on the Shelf of every RadioShack, store thus, providing, the Tandy 1000, an edge for years to come of. Course in order to use Tandy graphics and, sound games had to be specially, designed to support it if it. Didn't include support, then Tandy users could still run their games in regular 4 color CGA, however. This was a huge problem since many software, companies saw, the success, of the Tandy 1000, and thus more, and more started to integrate support, for graphics and sound into their games in fact. If you look on mobygames you'll see there are 861. Games claiming to have Tandy, graphics support, that's. No small number, the. Tandy 1000, was selling so well that in 1986. It enjoyed a 9.5, percent market. Share of all computers, sold in the United States of. Course Tandy continued, to make new versions, of the Tandy 1000, but it's important to understand that not all Tandy, computers, are Tandy, 1000s, not even their ms-dos compatible computers. Take this Tandy 1400. Laptop for example you. Know it's made by Tandy, it does run ms-dos, compatible software. And it even has a name that sounds a lot like 1000. Because it's, 1400. But, it, doesn't have the special. 16, color CGA, or, the, 3 channel sound system that the Tandy 1000, does only models that are called Tandy 1000. Have. Those modes so. In order for them to keep the Tandy 1000, name they just added different letters at the end like 1000, SX or TX or TL, one. Of the next models they produced was the 1000s. X which looks almost identical. To the original except, the floppy drives are beige instead, of black, however. It did include a faster processor, and internally, it had 5 card slots instead of three like the original, a popular. Upgrade for this computer was to have a hard card which was a hard drive integrated, onto a single expansion card, now. One really popular version was an all-in-one cost reduce version called the 1000, DX which came out in 1987. It, almost looked like a big brother to RadioShack color computer 2 it had. A single floppy drive on the side similar to an apple 2 C or, an Amiga or an Atari ST of, the day also. On the side you get a volume control for the internal, Tandy sound a headphone, jack and two joystick, ports again, still using the same joystick, ports as the color computer series, and placing, this stuff on the side where it's easy to reach makes far more sense than most pcs of the era where this stuff was on the rear, speaking.

Of The rear they were still sticking with their proprietary printer. Port and, this export is a proprietary, port for an external floppy drive like this one this, way you could have two floppy drives just like most desktop style pcs also, you get composite, video RGB. Video and three expansion, slots you could put whatever you wanted to in the, e.x model came with a faster processor, clocking in at 7.16. Megahertz and, one interesting thing probably, done in the name of, Magnus was that had non-standard. Expansion, slots so, the top cover comes off like this and then inside you will see three expansion, slots this. Model already has a modem, here on top along, with one free slot if we, remove the modem you'll see a memory upgrade card in here that brings the memory up to 640, K then. As you can see it has a pass-through for two more cards to sit on top these. Slots are proprietary however. It is possible to use an adapter such as this one and it will give you a standard, - a slot so, assuming the card is small enough such as this xt ide card you can use standard is a cards in there also. An external drive was available if you wanted to have two floppy drives which was a common setup for most pcs of the era. One. Awkward issue with this computer however was always monitor, placement I mean it looks like maybe you could set a monitor, on top but, you can't ideally. You'd want a computer desk with a monitor, shelf or you could use the shelf that they advertised, along with the computer the. HX model sold for seven hundred ninety nine dollars which was actually a really good deal at the time for an IBM compatible, computer of any sort much less one with superior graphics and sound plus a faster, CPU and. This computer was very popular, however. Five and a quarter inch floppy disks were starting to go out of style in the late 1980s, so the very next year in 1988. They. Replaced the e X with the HX model and the HX move the floppy drive to the front along with a second drive bay where you can mount either an additional floppy drive or even a hard drive however, one, neat feature of the HX model is that it can boot from wrong so. If you have no disc in the drive and presumably, no hard drive it'll, boot ms-dos, 2.11, from, ROM that's, really handy because that means if you wanted to play a game from disk for, example you don't have to boot a DOS disc first the. HX, model was better but sold, for only six hundred ninety-nine dollars which, was $100 cheaper than the previous model this, was one of the best selling Tandy 1000, machines ever made an. Interesting comparison to make would be with the Amiga 500 which, was also selling for six hundred ninety nine dollars at the time there's, no question the Amiga was better in terms of graphics and sound but the Tandy certainly had an advantage of a much larger software, library of course, by the 1990s. The Tandy 1000, was starting to lose its competitive, edge and the competition, was coming on multiple, different fronts. For one thing Tandi 16-color, graphics and, 3 voice sound was no longer at the head of its game computers. With 256, color vga cards, had become somewhat, common, and seemed to be the new emerging standard, and, by this time sound, cars like the ad-lib and sound blaster were starting to become standardized, as well, what's, worse Microsoft. Had continued, to improve Windows and thus Deskmate had fallen drastically behind, in fact. By 1991. Even RadioShack's own catalog, actually recommended, that customers, run Microsoft Windows, on most of their high-end computers, relegating. Desk mate - they're less expensive computers. The, all-in-one computers like the e x HX, had disappeared, from their catalogs although. It can still be seen as a prop for advertising, their monitor stand, later.

Models Like the 1000, RLX actually, removed the 16-color, graphics system, that made the attaining machine so successful, and instead, included, 256. Color vga graphics much, like the rest of the market however it did still retain the 3 voice sound chip which, wasn't necessarily a bad thing after all most pcs of the era still didn't ship with a sound card from the factory it, was typically something the user would buy and install themselves. So. A Tandy system still sounded, better than a regular PC, by. 1993, Tandy, was no longer competitive in the PC market and so they sold all of their facilities in Fort Worth Texas to ast, computer, which. Is interesting because I ended up working for AST starting, in 1996. In their tech support department and so, I actually ended up taking calls and right now and then for Tandy machines because, ast had, agreed to handle all the remaining support, for those machines while. The Tandy 1000, hasn't appeared in many movies or TV shows it is featured prominently in the current hit series young Sheldon, in many episodes shacks. Tandy, 1000, SL was my drug of choice and. So that about wraps up this documentary, on the Tandy, 1000, I hope, I was able to shed a little bit of light on what made the 1000. A special, computer at the time it was far, more than just an ms-dos compatible computer. In fact I think that at one time in, history it was the best ms-dos, compatible computer. That, you could buy obviously. That didn't last long but, nevertheless, I think it's very. Historically, important, to put this computer in its place and tell. The real story about what it was so anyway, that's. About it so uh thank you guys for watching.

2018-12-30 17:20

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In US you had Tandy 1000, and in Europe we had Amstrad PC1512/1640. How is the case and keyboard quality in Tandy? Amstrads had very brittle and cheap plastic used in the case and keyboard.

but can it run crysis

Between 1984 & 1986 we used the Tandy 1000 in every Tandy store in the UK as the main store computer. It had a 10MB Hard card fitted and a modem, all the sales would be entered into it at the end of each day and sent to head office over the modem.

look at that old amd processor- water cool it throw in a 2080rtx and have it run crysis

I had that same shirt!

❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️ oh how I miss my Tandy 1000 HX. learned so much on it. Programmed a lot of music in deskmate. Wish I still had that machine. I would dump my desktop, which I loathe. Thanks for the trip down memory lane. Btw: if you see me at your door......I’m not stalking ......I’m just wanting some Sierra time. :-)

Now I'm wanting a Tandy 1000, though I want an Amiga 500 before that. Also, that Ctrl/Caps swap is still used today. My Apple Magic Keyboard (the one that uses 2 AAs) is a JIS-layout, and has that swap in place.

The Tandy 1000 was my first MS-DOS computer. My very first computer was a Sanyo CPM machine. I never really liked the 1000. Primarily because I hated the MS-DOS software Tandy packaged with it. Ended up buying an Apple IIc and later an additional HP MS-DOS computer. Back then most of my time was spent writing with Wordstar and then later Microsoft Word. Rarely played games. Mark

The last time I went to Radio shack before it closed they accused me of shoplifting a tiny speaker. He was really sorry and offered me all of their cables so now I have a rats nest in a box.

Wasnt this in BunderSnatch movie ?

Cool video man, thank you for sharing.

Awesome content Thanks but change the fucking mic

Anyone else thinking about the old strongbad cartoon after seeing this. Maybe I'm just old now lol

I bought my Tandy 1000 at a divorce sale. She was selling her soon to be ex hubby computer and sold everything he had to me for 500 bucks. Being a father of 3 kids and wanted my kids to have access to computers at home I was happy to buy it all. My friends all scoffed at my purchase and yet they all wanted to meet at my house for gaming night most weeks and there was a line waiting to play space quest or police quest on the Tandy. I have to say the Tandy 1000 was a computer that was kept and used longer then most computer systems I ever had. Even when it was getting old and I moved on to a vga machine my kids were still playing and learning on the Tandy. They learned how to write batch files and load a RAM disk with the huge memory upgrade that was in this machine. Made we made a boot disk that created the RAM disk and we had a menu of batch files written down to fire off games and load them or ask to put in a disk and hit enter. My kids really loved dos and were mad when I moved to windows. They thought is was way to slow once the boot disk we made loaded. To this day my kids talk about the fun they had with that machine. Thanks for the video brings back lots of memories of the hours of fun on this machine.

Used to work for Radio Shack ( Tandy in Australia) miss the products, made my 1st sales commission on a Tandy 1000 system in Goulburn Australia whilst on relief management duties. Happy days Andrew

Brings back memories, thanks!

Where is the first 8 bit guy book? You are a Wikipedia! Very impressive video, lots of knowledge and hard work done here!

What is the name of your intro song? I really love that 80s Sound :D

Woooow so i had been searching for this game i played on my first PC running Linux that my Brother had built me back in probably 2006. I had vivid memories of this weirrd game creeping me out but never the less i wanted to play it and the only thing I was able to remember was that there were Towers and a small dragon. I was never able to find it again but then at 6:42 it hit me like a train. This was the game i was playing back then. Not this exactly but the PC fan remake. A quick google seach and boom there it was Tower Toppler on sourceforge. Downloaded the game, started it and the menu was exactly as creepy as I remembered it. What a nice way to start my Morning. So thank you again for your great content. I have been watching and enjoying your videos for a while now! :)

Great stuff! I had a Tandy 1000 SL and TL after my Color Computer 3, and I thought both were great machines. I would add that another awesome feature NO computer at the time had was a built in Sound Digitizer! You could pop a microphone in the front of these things and digitize sound, and as a kid this provided us with endless entertainment!

Cool stuff.

I made a bit of folding money in high school converting (BASIC) game programs between various platforms for other students.

It's amazing how advanced we thought the computer generated sound was back in the day, with real instrument sounds today we can actually compose music that sounds like it's being played on real instruments, not to mention graphics that almost look like looking at the real thing; not to mention virtual reality. I remember who slow 24,000 Kilo bytes per second dial up used to be, and how it would take a long time just to download a (at the time) high resolution 640x480 16 color image. Today the fastest desktop processor is 8.429GHz, over 1,000 times the speed of the 7.16 Mhz model he is speaking of; this processor will more realistically run at 5Ghz due to the impracticality of using liquid helium to cool the processor. Our cell phones are in most ways more powerful then the Cray super computers of the 80's which were among the most powerful computers back in the day. Looking back I am not only surprised how far we have come; knowing technology doubles in capacity about every 18 months, I ponder how far we will have gone since 1960, when the world's most powerful super computer was performing 500 kiloflops, or 500,000 complex math functions per second, to today's fastest super computer running at 200 petaflops or 200 trillion floating point operations per second, which will quickly become exoflops or 1 Quintilian floating point operations per second. These computers are close to performing more calculations then we can imagine, and being able to render a simulation of human brain activity in real time, compared to today's super computers taking 40 minutes to render 1 second of brain activity, enabling us to simulate unhealthy brain activity to help us greater understand, mental illness, neurocognitive disorders, traumatic brain injuries, etc. These computers are already being used to help us find ways to undo the damage we have done to our own planet, and may be our key to undoing global warming.

Coming from post-communist Europe and pretty much a 90s kid (that is I only came into contact with computers in the 90s) I only knew Tandy from sound options in DOS games. I always thought it was some kind of special sound card. This was very informative for me.

Must have been hard doing tech support without remote login back in the day.

About the PC Jr. sound chip, a better example in consoles would be just the Master System, it's still in the Genesis, but as a backup or complementary chip, it's also used for backwards compatibility

I never got to use the Tandy computers myself, but seems like it would've been neat for the era! especially with that more advanced sound hardware pretty impressive compared to what everyone else had at least early on!

R.I.P. rat shack.

Tandy was far from the best dos computer in 1984

So, you program a game then introduce viewers to a computer that people should have less trouble finding and purchase. Very shrewd.

Thanks for the content

Wow it looks like new.

Wow, who would have thought Tandy were ahead of the game back in the eighties. Bravo Tandy.

18:53 WOW i have the same watch as you!

That ad, they can teleport but they need a Tandy 1000.

I can remember walking into the Radio Shack at our mall and seeing how good the Tandy machines were for the price, compared to the others at the time. I was equally surprised when two years later the whole display was gone from that store and the few machines that were left were only at the larger standalone stores in town.

really good video... lots of good info.... i liked it

Lets play games on our Tandy 1000. lol

I had the TRS-80 and the Tandy 1000.

Our first computer was a Tandy 1000 SX with a Monchrome Composite Monitor, and MS-DOS 3.2. My parents still have the old Dot Matrix Printer sitting in their basement and a Tandy 1000 5.25" Floppy Disk Holder.. We got rid of the computer when the monitor/video output died on it. I made a Basic program for our tandy that turned both Joysticks into an instrument where you can make various sounds based on the position of the two joysticks and the position of thier buttons. We may also still have the Sticks kikcking around too. Have you got a Tandy Dot Matrix Printer David?

heeeeey, I have a 1000 EX

Ah, the days when you were ostracized because you used a computer.

Please explain the Tandy Sensation? I've heard it was made by AST.. were they just trying to clone current IBM's? The Sensations was my first PC growing up. Great Video!

The Orville sucks. Doctor Who died with the 11th doctor.

Wow, MS DOS on the ROM of a full-blown computer (instead of just a cash register or MIDI musical keyboard)? Huh, I had never heard of that until now! Why weren't more computers like that, in which upgrades would just be made on ROM also?

Lovely to see young David =)

Oops! 14:54: this "isn't" a desktop PC? It's not a laptop PC. What would _you_ call it then?

NOPE!

He emphasized _other_ desktops.

Two of what: disk drives? No, there is a lot of old desktop computers with 1 or even 0 drives, especially back in those days. Besides, he emphasized "desktop," as if this weren't one. How would you figure you know what he meant: Are you a mind reader?

Most desktops have two, but this one only has one. So, you add another one to match other desktops. That's what he meant.

Of course a Tandy 1400 isn't a 1000. Duh. 4>0!

Wow, it's impressive to think what the now almost defunct Radio Shack came to be at that point in time! A retailer company becoming a full-fledged hardware developer, even putting their name into a graphics standard (nice while it lasted).

Great review of the 1000. I worked for Radio Shack during the Christmas retail season in 1987, and sold a few 1000 SX systems. The first one I sold was thanks to a demonstration of Black Cauldron. I still have a Tandy 1000 TX in my collection that occasionally gets to stretch its legs with a game of King’s Quest.

I agree, doctor who has gotten worse, they are trying to dull down the violence and reuse past story’s

Ahh Tandy... the pc I drooled over as a kid at our local Radio Shack. Such memories. Great Video!

I, too, am looking forward to The Orville Season 2.

1:30 The Incredible Hulk

If I had to make opposite version of you, that would be, The 64bit guy. Formerly known as The ASUS ROG guy. This guy reviews upcoming future technology ahead of its time. Also there is Active Game Review that reviews Odd hardware from future.

One missing model, the Tandy 1000 AX. It really just was an SX but sold by Walmart.

The HX was fun because you could run 3 disk drives on it.

Glad to see some love for The Orville. :-)

+adric22 *Thanks for the primer on a milestone in x86 MS-DOS systems.* The Tandy 1000 series packed the intel® D8088-2 and one of the first integrated chipsets produced for a competitor to the International Business Machines Type 5160; the TTL graphics were class-leading until IBM developed the Multi-Color Graphics Array for the Types 8520/8525/8530, the sound subsystem able to keep up with the then-class-leading MOS Technology 6581.

What are these small arcade cabinets on top shelf?

Odd that Radio Shack stores were called Tandy in the U.K but their components were branded Radio Shack, kinda the opposite was round to the USA.

I'm excited for the new Orville season as well. The first was done so well.

My parents had a Tandy 1000SL, absolutely great machine which inspired me to go and have a career in IT. Very nostalgic video, thanks so much :-)

My first PC that was mine was a 1000SX.

Thanks for this video, nice work! I had two 1000SX and a 1000RLX growing up, nice to see them both in here. A friend had the 1000HX, I was already jealous at the time since he could easily take his with him to various places.

I bought my own Tandy 1000 TX after a summer of work and added a 20 MB hard disk to it. It was a great machine. I wish I still had it. They don't come up on ebay very often. I used it connect to my university's computer systems over 2400 baud.

You could buy an IBM AT 5170 when this released, with EGA graphics. The only way this was superior to an IBM was using the sound chip from the Colecovision and BBC micro and just about every sega arcade. What it was, was CHEAP. for an office machine, but it was also kind of a machine that didnt know what it was for, an office machine with gaming features. It was also VERY expensive compared to gaming computers.

Theeeeere we go.... a triumphant return to form. More of this type of content, please!!

Been on a hunt for the Tandy 1000EX since I got a new/sealed official Tandy/RadioShack-brand dust cover for $0.50 at a flea market. Been several years now and none have turned up locally. :( Now I see that there is a successor that I may be able to use it with (Tandy 1000HX). Thanks! :D

Fun with flags. Jk.

But what about the Dick Smith Challenger? http://messui.polygonal-moogle.com/comp/challenger_cat.pdf

Great video and wow.... After 21 years, i finnaly know what Tandy meant..... Thank you! A happy New year!

So are you doing the CoCo documentary next?

I wonder if you'd be willing to investigate a new mic setup for your non-camera video sections. It sounds like you have a perpetual cold.

Great video, had no idea PC gaming was around before the late 90's. The graphics look really great too even compared to other consoles I've seen made during that era.

Tandy 1000 was a great computer in it's day, I got to play many games on my best friend's Tandy 1000SX in the late 80s and I knew people using them all the way through the mid 90s because they still played many basic DOS games very well.

The TRS80 MC10 was my first computer. I got it for Christmas 1984. I used that thing until I got my Amiga 500 in 1988.

In the fall of 1990, I started my freshman year of college. I had spent the summer working at a new and used computer store...I saved my pennies and bought a Tandy 1000 that our store had taken on trade for a DTK 386 PC compatible system. I remember going to CompUSA, which had just opened up, and buying a 2400 baud internal modem for it (made by AST), so that I could dial into the campus modem pool and do my engineering homework on the mainframe, and my computer science homework on either the DEC VAX or the Unix systems, and putting a 3.5" floppy into the system so that I could run the floppies included in my text books on it. I also remember dialing into the campus modem pool from my mom's Apple //e at home on weekends!

privileged idiot :) i have jew claws very similar to yours

Thanks. I remember every one of these from back in the day. I appreciate you doing this.

awesome thank you for this!

I worked for Radio Shack at the time. I was so glad to see that they weren't completely proprietary for once.

It was the Sega MASTER SYSTEM that used the same Yamaha sound chip as the Tandy 1000 / PCJR, not the Sega Megadrive (Genesis) which used a FAR superior sound chip and was released many years later.

16:33 that texan accent

That control key is in the *correct* position.

0:37 lol

The Sega Genesis used a Yamaha YM2612 sound chip.

Great documentary! Especially loved seeing the good ole Aspect phone from your AST support days. We used the same ones at Keane in Seattle when I did MS Windows support in the late 90s.

Interesting documentary about this PC! And I am still waiting for Amiga documentary...

Wait, I had a PC Jr. with a simplified buckling spring keyboard and composite monitor. Was that an option or did my mom McGyver something together?

In the mid / late 1980s, the Korean PC market was in a transition period to MSX and IBM compatible models. Radio Shark, which has little in Korea, made an IBM compatible machine.

I miss the old Radio Shack. Back before they went down the cellphone resale business model, that eventually killed them.

8:44 sneak peek at the new game i think

Yeah but can it run Crysis?

I remember a lot of good times at my friends house playing on a Tandy HX. Shame Radio Shack had to die... no wait...

I never got into computers until 1990s

18:44 Time can be so cruel...

Hey wait a minute... At the 10:55 mark, isn't that the same soundtrack from the TI/99-4a Music Maker cart?

Thanks for presenting this. Back in the day I had a Tandy 1000ex and simply loved it. I did everything on it from my taxes to games and basic programs. It was a solid and reliable computer. Kind regards, Al

I loved my Tandy 1000EX and did some cool Basic programs back in the day.. Although I never could get the damned mouse to work with it.

you are buy far the best retro-tech guy on yt. thx!

Thankfully I have a 1000 RH/HD. I installed a ISA-Card with a CF-HDD :)

I don't know what version I had for sure. It was one of those all in one, meaning the keyboard attached. My issue was it only had 128k of ram so I couldn't get any of the Tandy modes to run for games.

8:43 you might be red-green colourblind, 8-Bit Guy! The colour palettes were significantly different here, with green terrain on the composite and red on the RGB.

Leave dr.who alone >:(

1984 introduction of MS-DOS compatible computers? The IBM PC Model 5150 was 1981. Columbia Data Products introduced the first clone in June 1982, followed shortly by Eagle. Compaq introduced their clone in November 1982. If you mean Tandy/Radio Shack introduced their PC compatible in 1984, you should be more specific. The Tandy 1000 and its descendants are NOT PCjr video and sound compatible. There are differences in how the enhanced video modes and the sound chip are addressed. Software must be specifically written to use them for a PCjr and Tandy. Some software was written to use both, some (not many programs) can only use the enhanced stuff on a PCjr while most can only use those features on a Tandy. A PCjr can have its hardware modified to be BOTH PCjr and Tandy compatible. I did the video mod on a few PCjrs. After paying way too much to PC Enterprises for a cheap 7400 series TTL chip, a bit of wire and instructions, I did the others by scavenging the chips off various dead or obsolete PC boards like ISA floppy and MFM controllers. PC Enterprises sold a mod kit for the sound but I never bought one and I've not found documentation of the mod anywhere. I figured *someone* would buy the PC Enterprises kit, get ticked over being gouged for a simple hack, then share the info. The video mod is easy to find online, even IBM Canada published it on their website. In all the time I had PCjrs I only ran into one program that required Tandy sound in order to use Tandy graphics. All others I used could use the beeper sound with Tandy graphics - as though the programmers were expecting it to be used on a PCjr with the simple video mod. So *please* stop saying the Tandys are PCjr compatible when they are not, not without some hacking of hardware or software. P.S. Has anyone ever hacked a Tandy to run software that can only use the enhanced video and sound on a PCjr?

Is the hold key essentially like the SYSRQ key?

18:48 Damn, you look rad

Damn i saw one of these a week ago in a thrift shop, but passed it cause it was so yellowed, but damn didn´t know what it was. Now i´m bummed.

I had a buddy with a Tandy 1000 Ex which had the 5 1/4 floppy drive on the side. He also had a 720k 3/12 external floppy drive. I had just gotten a IBM XT Clone with a 5 1/4 floppy drive and he somehow had tons of games and we copied and split them from 3 1/2 720k to 5 1/4 floppys. Man, those were the days....

my first pc. yay

I got into computers on a Tandy 1000 HX & later I bought a Tandy 1000 RL. I loved DeskMate. I wish we could still it today through Win 10. I ran my house through DeskMate.

DOGSHIT. GROW UP FUCKHEAD.

You had so much hair

I still Loved Them..

It never ceases to amaze me how a company that started out making leather belts went in to become one of the largest computer manufacturers of an era!

As someone who cuts their teeth on a Tandy CoCo1, but always (and still do) kept an eye on and found other architectures interesting, I found this video fascinating. For my own machines I went from CoCo1 to C64 to Amiga, but also used a CoCo3 a lot at a friends (point being I never left the "Tandy-verse"), so didnt have a lot of early hands-on experience with x88/x86 systems. I was aware of the Tandy 1000 machines, but until this day I never realized it was such an interesting machine. My relative ignorance of x88/x86 machines in the day had me always assume that Tandy's reputation for poor DOS machines was a universal thing. Had thought they were always bad, but it now appears that I became more aware of them after their heyday, when their machines were average at best for the time. p.s. Please excuse the slightly incoherent nature of this post. It's way too freakin' hot to think straight here in Australia right now

Also you could add another floppy drive if you want to.

Dang, the 8-bit guy is surprisingly (sorry, no offense) cute back in the 90s.

What's the music at the very start?

I always wondered what people did for color graphics in the 1980s since most IBM PC compatibles only had 4 color CGA until EGA came out in 1987. But I've heard a lot about people having 16-color graphics not unlike EGA in the mid-1980s, and I always assumed before those people were on Amiga, or using composite video on a TV or something. Knowing about what a big deal Tandy was and why it's listed as a compatibility mode in older DOS games kind of fills in the missing link. I think if it wasn't for this machine, Amiga might have become the PC for home and gaming while the PC was a business machine only.

This was very well done...thank you!

When I was really young we had several Tandy computers. Each one was usually two or three years after their release. I used an upgraded Tandy 1000 until 386 PCs became affordable.

This was my baby growing up!

7:15 Have you forgotten your own video explaining why CGA is actually better than this? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=niKblgZupOc

3:32 Does anybody else remember IBM’s second attempt at a low-cost home-oriented machine after abandoning the PC Jr? Namely, the PC-JX? If you’ve never heard of it, it was probably because it was only released in Japan and Australasia. And it flopped just as badly as the Jr.

2:07 What was the standard for “IBM PC compatible"? It was the ability to run Microsoft Flight Simulator. Thus, from the beginning, the arbiter of compatibility was not IBM, but Microsoft. Really, these machines were, and still are, “Microsoft-compatible”.

1:13 Maybe 100 different computer architectures, but how many actual CPU families? Maybe only one-tenth that. Most of the incompatibilities lay in the rest of the hardware systems.

I thought the Victor 9000 was the best.

2:52 im impressed

Maaan. I'd love to get my hands on a 1000 sl/2 again (if I could do it cheaply) and Max it out just to see what could be done with it :)

very cool

Is that young Sheldon ? Cause he wouldn’t be old enough for Tandy .......that’s why that show sucks and is GAY

I like Young Sheldon, I love BB Theory. Using the term "gay"to describe something is outdated and insulting. I was around 14 when it came out and Sheldon is not that much younger than me on the show, so perfectly plausible.

That control key is where they’re supposed to be. ;-) Says this old reformed emacs user...

Lemmings. I loved that game.I forgot all about it. I worked for RS in the late 80's and left in 1991. My first PC was a 1000SL and my last from them was the 2500 XL. I bought a 1400 laptop for $500 due to a promotion where you get 50% 1 item if your TSP sales were 3% of sales or higher. The 1400 had just been disco'd and was $400-$600 less than normal and then I got it 50% off of that. I learned Basic and Assembler in college on that computer.( already knew some basic from the Commodore 64 ) I was the only one to bring my own laptop...uh, portable computer to class. I sat next to the wall where the outlet was. I didn't know about the buyout in 1993. I know after I left , RS started carrying crap Packard Bell machines and I knew it was going down hill. Deskmate was a great selling feature. I bet I sold 10 computers a month, and got 7% commission as a Manager trainee. ( a small store with 2 other stores in the town ) The 2500 was a 286 CPU but a 8 bit BUS. I played Duke Nukem 3d and Wold 3d on it and then shortly after I left RS got a AMD 386DX40 machine and VGA card. 256 shades of gray VGA monitors were $150 and .42 dot pitch VGA 640x480 monitors were close to $400, for a 14". Get a 15" Trinitron .26 or .28 pitch and the price was near $500. Those were the great days of computers. They were all built like tanks and tech. was moving so fast. Now my watch has more CPU power than those computers. I love my Quad Core i7 CPU, 27" 2560x 1440 display and 32Gb ram and 1TB -6G ssd computer ( iMac ) but those times were so pure in comparison. We are all just spoiled now.

This was the very first PC I purchased.

I love your videos man. It’s always awesome to see them in my feed

To be honest, I thought the computer in Young Sheldon was a PC clone, not a Tandy 100

MORE 8bit!!!! I'm sooooooo pumped!

I wasn't too thrilled by Tandys placement of the "ANY" on their new keyboard layout.

This channel is oddly calming...

woow. i really like the look of Tandy machines.

Great video. I kid you not my uncle, by marriage, was just talking about this PC two nights ago. I saw a couple in his garage in the back and brought them up. He worked on the Tandy 1000 and was talking about taking it to a trade show back in the 80's. He said it was tricked out with clear top and, don't quote me, Chromed name plate and other cool stuff in order to show it off. They wanted to really impress the market. Then yesterday I was thinking about 8-Bit Guy because he lives within 5-10 miles of my mom's house where I was at. I get home from metroplex back to west texas , sit down just now and what do you know. The circle completes itself with this video. I might be in the Twilight zone. It's a bit kreepy.

5:45 because IBM=[I]nternational [B]usiness [M]achines and no gaming was intended.

Yay! King's Quest! Subscribed.

I feel the need to play Leisure suit Larry. My Amiga needed the Amiga monitor to see all the colors.

I had a Sinclair. Think I paid $99. It was awesome.

I had one of the last models. It had a 386 processor & a 50 Meg HDD. I sorely miss it. I have a IBM Aptiva that was given to me I also use a Dell XPS 8700 now

you are just showing off your hardware

Ha ha ha! Chiclets style!

Man I hate how shit computers are now days, I wish I could have lived in the 70s and 80s. No windows 10, no Facebook, no Chinese made machines. Damn

My first true computer. Great memories.

I never heard of Tandy till I saw the LGR episode where he got excited to see a Tandy mouse and keyboard he reviewed.

My family's first PC was a Tandy 1000 RL, which was already obsolete in 1991, and we used it until I was a freshman in high school, when we got our first Windows 9x computer in 1999. I still have it, and it still works (although the floppy drive's gotten temperamental after 25+ years).

I had the HX and we had 640k installed in it, definitely remember playing a lot of Wolfenstein on it lol

The man behind the IBM PC Jr., Bill Sydnes, was hired later by Commodore who ran the company into the ground with the A600 (cost more & did less)

I worked at Radio Shack in Canada in the late 80s and sold my share of 1000s! (Best commissions to get next to selling a brick cellular phone) thanks for the memories!!

I have 2 of these systems. 1 of them is a 1000a the other is a 1000sx. Still some work to do on the (a) but the sx is fully usable. Love these machines. They are an embodiment of the era.

i had one of these as a kid, best memories ever.

I had a 1000 TL as my first computer then I got a 386 33mhz. Nobody had computers back then except for schools with their apple 2e.

I still have my original Tandy 1000.

I remember the TSR-80 as my first computer

Oh yes, Tandy is actually a leather producing company, not sure how they got into computers. There is a Tandy leather store here in Edmonton still.

LOL.. .I remember in school my friend had an MC-10 and told me the graphics were awesome... I remember looking at him with a dull stare... "what are graphics"? We started programming on it..typing pages..neigh ; BOOKS of pages into this little machine. I was hooked from then on. Later on I bought an AmstradCPC464, then a VZ200 .... yeah a VZ200... it's an Australian PC which was ok..but not as good as the Amstrad. The Amiga was the next move..so many memories.... as I sit here looking at my Raspberry Pi...loaded with more images than I will reasonably even get to play... The good times keep getting better with technology.... but the old stuff, the early where it all started... to me, will remain where the heart is. RETRO ROCKS!!!..

I remember lots of games back in the day having cga, ega, tandy options on setup. Good times.

I had the Tandy 2000 when I was a kid. My father was a massive nerd in the 80s and had to have one. He eventually gave it to me.

How about a leading edge 286

Thanks for the information. I still have my Tandy 1000 SX my dad purchased back in 1989, when nobody had a computer in my neighborhood. RAM was maxed to 640k, upgraded a 20 Megabyte MFM hard disk, Sound Blaster ISA, Joystick , installed a 8087 Math Co-processor and replaced the Intel 8088 CPU with a 10 MHz NEC V20. But the monitor is a Green Florescent Tandy VN-4. Everything purrs like it was back in the day when I power it up, and I feel like kid again!

wow there actually is someone out there that knows what an MFM drive was, they were a beast to get setup. Tandy 1000 EX was my first, maxed it out as much as possible also with MFM. Great memories.

I had a Tandy 1000 when I was a kid. I never had any good games though. Just card sharks and family feud. Edit : mine was a tx and had front ports and volume. Also had 3.5" floppy but the smaller capacity version.

omg i had a tandy 1000. I loved it as a kid in the 80s lol

I had the EX

But can it play cry- oh nevermind.

what do you mean still can be seen stop living in the past

Had to stop all my working, a new 8bit guy video rules!!

I was totally uninterested in these computers (and all MS-DOS machines, really) back in the '80s and '90s while I was still really into my Commodore 64 and Amiga 500. But I'm gradually getting won over by 8-Bit Guy and LGR's videos about them, especially Tandy machines.

Thanks David, my first IBM compatible was the Tandty 1000 EX, this really was fun to show my kids.

"Oh sorry, yeah, it can't quite fit a monitor on top. We can sell you a really nice shelf though!"

I remember going to Radio Shack all the time and looking at the Tandy machines. We had an IBM clone 286 with VGA graphics. Interesting that you were working for tech support back in the 90's. I was working for Stream in Carrollton in 1998 doing the same thing but for MSN :)

I had a Tandy as a child. Played a game called Dungeons of Daggorath. I regret never beating that game. It was ahead of its time.

Man, the part of my brain that stores 80s history is filling up my brain vessels with awesomeness. Like way those videos titled "visually satisfying" things, like a perfect cube of jello or lava lamp. Old computers have same effect.

I miss QBasic....

I had a1000hx because I couldn't afford the SL model model it was at least ibm compatible, in those days you would get the same computer as your friends so that you could share and copy games, I also remember going to BBS to download pics of Samantha Fox

Well done. I am 58 and was familiar with Tandy.

When I started with RS in 1995, they were selling desktops from Packard Bell and some no-name company called Acer. I was still using an Amiga and to a lesser extent, a C-128 at that time. I turned to the dark side and bought a black IBM Aptiva out of my store on new years eve 1996 which put the store over one million in sales for the year. My boss got some sort of bonus for that, and I got a $4000 credit card bill while making minimum wage.

I think I’m the youngest one watching the 8-BIT guy.. I’m 12...

The prices on these were insane ($4,999 in 1984 is equivalent to around $12,500 in today's dollars). In 1988 I was impressed painting on an RS computer at the mall Radio Shack sporting 640x200 at 16 colors. My C 64 back home was 320x200 in 16 colors and 1 color in 640x200 (with the color "squares" of the text 16 colors able to "color in the 640x200 mode on the C64). In 1989 I dove deep into a totally different full color dream and gaming experience with the Amiga 500 (256 colors in 320x240 and 320x480, with 4096 using hold and modify HAM) with 640x480 at 16 colors out of 256 pallate. But Amiga was 16 bit, later 32. These were amazing times.

I remember my dad buying me a Tandy 1000 SL. An issue with Tandy is that it wasn't a clone compatible and proprietary so just buying extra parts like a 3 1/2 disk drive was so much more expensive. I remember the hard drive was incredibly expensive upgrade, I had to work for it. The sound on it was great and the 16 color monitor it came with it, made a of dos color games look so much better. Desk Mate was builtin and you can start a basic version without inserting a floppy, until you started something heavy. It was very useful to get my home work done, I used everything to get the most out of it. It's important to have a printer at the time otherwise your PC was useless.

Just like 'Useless Duck' below, when I played my first games on my PC with CGA card (looong time ago), I remember I was always curious what this "Tandy 1000" option would look like. Now I know. Brilliant! Already have the PC Junior in my collection, but now will need to get myself one of those Tandy 1000 beauties :-)

15:52 *click*

The best part about the SX was that the matching monitor stand worked PERFECTLY with my Amiga 500.

It ran TRSDOS.. we called it Trash Dos.\TRSDOS (which stood for the Tandy Radio Shack Disk Operating System) was the operating system for the Tandy TRS-80 line of 8-bit Zilog Z80 microcomputers that were sold through Radio Shack through the late 1970s and early 1980s. Tandy's manuals recommended that it be pronounced triss-doss. TRSDOS should not be confused with Tandy DOS, a version of MS-DOS licensed from Microsoft for Tandy's x86 line of personal computers (PCs).

Where do you store all this crap lol

I remember Deskmate fondly. My gran's computer ran Deskmate 3.

14:32 - So still better than some modern "smart"phones.

Thanks for the marketing insights! It makes me wonder -- if Tandy hadn't had a hand in jumpstarting the PC clone market, could another architecture have replaced x86 as the defacto home computer and/or workstation?

The HX was my first computer :)

Crazy! It just doesn't seem that long ago. Great video!

Loved seeing the brief cameo of the MC-10. I rocked that thing so hard when I was 11. Great video as always 8-bit!!

Had a Tandy TL/2 in 1990, at the end of their run, and it was still a great computer -- granted it was basically an 80286 in an XT chassis, but lasted me 3 years until I built my first 486 machine. I even found an 8 bit VGA card to put into the TL/2 and it worked (!)

Think you could program your ai on a Tandy? Haha

So, it sounded they stopped making progress (or at least much progress). And this means that they fall behind when others DO make progress.

Man, my parents bought me one of these for Christmas in '84.. to replace the CoCo 1 I had since '80.. Talk about a nostalgia trip.

But will it run Crysis, and uhh, wat did you film this with a potato? Haha, I am so funny, so clever, so unique.

You covered graphics and sound and had some mention of clock speed, but you did not mention the processor used beyond the original 80186. Did they continue to be "XT" or "AT" architecture, or what?

I used a Tandy 1000A until the very late 1990s. ( We did computers and networking for a living so we had other systems as well.) I had bought it brand new from Radio Shack. Sometime early on, I had upgraded the 1000A with a NEC V20 CPU and a "turbo" switch. It ran an RLL controller and SeaGate HD almost from when they first came available. After being my hobby computer, it ran a full time dial up GT-Power BBS for many years under DeskView. I simply loved that computer. It was one of the best.

Been looking forward to this series for a while. I picked up two Tandys in the last few years -- a 1000SX with 286Xpress Accelerator option and a 1000 TL... I also have a rare Apple II-on-an-ISA that is made for them.

Restore the Hearoid Robot that someone gave it to you a couple months ago and please also do not forget the demonstration of the Hearoid Robot that you restored.

I became interested in computers due to the Tandy 1000EX. I was 6 or 5 years old and I saw my mother programming BASIC programs. I picked up the DOS manual and eventually got hooked due to curiosity.

We had a Tandy 1000 EX with a 5 1/4" floppy drive.. Good 'ol MS-DOS. I still remember playing the original Starflight and the first release of Microsoft Flight Simulator. Oh and those Sierra classics.. King's Quest, Space Quest, and Leisure Suit Larry. lol Goodtimes..

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