Skype Technologies | Wikipedia audio article
Skype. Technologies, s ARL also, known as Skype software sa RL Skype communications. Sa RL skyping. And Skype Limited is a telecommunications, company. Headquartered. In Luxembourg, City Luxembourg. And Palo Alto California, United. States whose chief business is the manufacturing. And marketing of the video chat and instant messaging, computer, software program, Skype and various, Internet telephony services. Associated, with it, Microsoft. Purchased the company in 2011. And it has since then operated, as their wholly owned subsidiary, as of 2016. It is operating. As part of Microsoft's. Office product, group the. Company is associate, ear responsibilities. Limite or sa RL equivalent. To an American, limited liability, company. Skype. A voice over IP VoIP, service, was first released in 2003. As a way to make free computer-to-computer, calls. Or reduced, rate calls from a computer, to telephones. Support. For paid services, such as calling landline, mobile, phones from Skype formerly, called Skype out allowing, landline, mobile, phones to call Skype formerly, called skyping, and now Skype number and voice messaging, generates, the majority, of skypes revenue. EBay. Acquired Skype technologies. Si in September, 2005. And in April 2009. Announced, plans to spin it off in a 2010, initial, public offering IPO in. September. 2009. Silverlake. And racing, Horowitz in the Canada Pension Plan, Investment Board, announced the acquisition of. 65%. Of Skype for 1.9. Billion dollars, from eBay valuing, the business at two point seven five billion dollars. Skype. Was acquired by Microsoft. In May 2011, for, 8.5, billion dollars as, of. 2010, Skype, was available in 27. Languages, and has, 660. Million worldwide uses, an average, of over 100. Million active, each month and has faced challenges to its intellectual, property amid. Political, concerns, by governments, wishing to control, telecommunication. Systems, within the borders. Topic. History. Skype. Was founded, in 2003. By Janus, fries from Denmark, and Niklas zentrum from Sweden, having its headquarters, in Luxembourg with, offices now in Tallinn Tartu, Stockholm. London Palo, Alto Prague. And Redmond, Washington. The. Skype software was originally developed by Estonians. At a Heinlein, PR IIT Casa, salut and John Talon who together with Janus, fries and Niklas Zen strim were also behind the peer-to-peer file-sharing. Software, kazar, in. April, 2003. Skype calm, and Skype net, domain names were registered, in August. 2003. The first public, beta version, was released. One. Of the initial names for the project, was sky. Peer-to-peer, which. Was then abbreviated. To Skype. However. Some, of the domain names associated with, Skype. Were. Already taken, dropping, the final are left. The current title Skype. For. Which domain names were available in September, 2005. Skype, out was banned in China in. October of the same year, eBay purchased, Skype for 2.6. Billion dollars, in. 2011, the, ARS technica, estimated, the purchased price at 3.1.
Billion Dollars, not 2.6, billion dollars in December, 2005. Video, telephony was introduced. In. April, 2006. The number of registered, users reached 100. Million in. October. 2006. Skype 2.0. For mac was released the, first full release of Skype with video for Macintosh, and in December, Skype announced, a new pricing structure, with connection, fees for all Skype out calls. Skype. 3.0. For Windows was released in. 2006. A feature called Skype. Casting. Was, introduced, as a beta, it allowed. Recordings, of Skype voice over IP voice, calls and teleconferences. To be used as podcasts. Skype. Casting, remained in beta until, it was discontinued. On the 1st of September 2008. Skype. Cast hosted, public conference, calls for up to 100, people at a time, unlike. Ordinary, like p2p. Conference, calls Skype, cast supported, moderation, features suitable. For panel discussions, lectures and townhall, forums. Skype. Operated, a directory, of public Skype casts, throughout 2007. Updates. 3.1. 3.2. And 3.5, added, new features including. Skype find Skype Prime send, money which allowed users to send money via PayPal, from one Skype user to another video in mood inclusion. Of video content in chat call transfer, to another person, or a group and Auto redial. Skype. To. 7.49. Beta, for Mac OS X released, adding availability. Of contacts, in the MAC address book to the Skype contact, list Auto redial. Contact, groups public, chat creation, and an in window volume slider in the call window, during. Several days in August Skype. Users, were unable to connect, to full Skype network in many countries because, of a Skype system-wide, crash which was the result of exceptional, number of logins after, a Windows, Patch reboot, Patch, Tuesday in. November. There, was controversy, when it was announced that uses, allocated, certain London, o2o numbers, specifically. Those beginning. 7870. Would lose them after negotiations, with the provider of this batch of numbers broke down by early 2008. The tumultuous ownership. Relations, between the founders, and eBay had resulted, in significant, leadership churn with a succession, of Skype presidents, including Niklas. Zen strim Rajiv Dutta Alex Kazim Niklas, zentrum again and Henry Gomez all holding, that title, at various, points between, 2005. And 2007. The business.
Had Failed to meet certain earn-out targets. Growth was decelerating product. Development, had slowed significantly and. In October, 2007. EBay, took a 1.4. Billion dollars, impairment, on the value of Skype admitting, it had overpaid, and now valuing, the company at about 2.7. Billion dollars in October, 2008. Analysis. Revealed Tom Skype the. Chinese, version of Skype run by Tom online, sends. Content, of text messages, and encryption, keys to monitoring servers. Topic. Two original, founders, depart, new CEO, in the eBay years. For, the six months after the departure of Zen strim and freeze Michael Vance wore a led the company, is interim CEO until the appointment, of Josh Silverman, in February, 2008. Silverman. Was widely. Viewed as bringing instability. To Skype after, a tumultuous phase. That followed the exit of the to Skype co-founders. Under. Silverman's two-and-a-half, year tenure the company, focused, its product efforts around video, calling ubiquity. Gaining high penetration. On smartphones, pcs TVs. And consumer. Electronic, devices building, tailored offerings for enterprise, customers and, diversifying. Revenue, through subscriptions. Premium, accounts, and advertising. In. Advancing. This strategy, Skype, released many new products, substantially. Revamping, its flagship, Windows software, 3.8. To 4.0. And its Mac OS and Linux software while, introducing new, software, products, for smartphones, and consumer. Electronics, in. 2009. Skype 4.0. Was released featuring, full screen high quality, video calling the Linux client was updated, and an iPhone application was. Launched which topped the charts with over 1m downloads. In its first two days, Skype. Also, announced the launch of its software for the Android platform during, this period Skype, also discontinued. Lesser-used services. Such as support, for the Skype, me presence. Indicator, which meant that a user was interested, in receiving Skype calls from a non-contact. Skype. Also discontinued, its Skype cast service, without explanation. And added internal, monthly, and daily usage, caps on the Skype out subscriptions. Which had been advertised, as unlimited.
Skype. Also discontinued. Its, Dragonfly. Feature. A community, generated, Yellow Pages product, and other features, which were deemed to be underperforming. Or a distraction, to management, many. Users and observers, had commented, on the high rate of dropped calls in the difficulty, reconnecting. Dropped calls. Updates. Including, versions for the Sony PSP, handheld, gaming system, version, 2.0. For Linux with support for video conferencing as. Part. Of its efforts to diversify, revenues. Skype launched, in April 2008. Skype for sip a service, aimed at business users, at. That time around 35%, of, skypes users, were business users, in. Targeted. Premium, products, to consumers Skype, launched new monthly premium, subscriptions. Products, in May 2010, marketing, efforts were also revamped, with a particular focus on innovative partnerships, with TV broadcasters. To integrate, Skype into the programming, The. Oprah Winfrey Show began using Skype regularly, to host video calls between Oprah, and her viewers at home culminating. In a show dedicated, exclusively to, the wonders of Skype, where, the Skype EU aired. First, in May 2009. Skype. Also became commonly, used by network news stations, around the world as a cost-effective. Replacement, for sending satellite, trucks and enabling, fast response, from citizen, journalists. Skype. Was also integrated, into scripted, TV programming. Such as Californication. And in the seventh season of the u.s. syndicated. Version of the British game show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire in, a new ask the expert, video chat lifeline. These. Efforts led to accelerating. Growth of Skype connected, users and paying users, and by 2009. Skype, was adding about. 380,000. New users each day by. The end of 2009. Skype was generating, around, 740, million dollars, in revenue in January, 2010. Josh Silverman, was recognized, for his accomplishments. At Skype by being named first runner-up in the TechCrunch, crunchies. Award. For best, CEO, beaten. Only by Mark, Pincus of zinger. Topic. Independence. And Silverlake. Building. On the revitalisation. Which had begun in 2008. EBay announced in April, 2009. Plans, to spin-off Skype through an initial public offering in 2010, in. August, jolted, limited filed a motion with the US Securities and Exchange Commission, seeking. To terminate a licensing. Agreement with eBay which allowed eBay and therefore, Skype to use the peer-to-peer, communications. Technology, on which Skype, is based if. Successful. This could have caused the shutdown of Skype as it existed, and made an IPO challenging. To execute, in. September. A Bey announced, the sale of 65%. Of Skype to a consortium, of Index Ventures and Silver, Lake partners. Early. In September, Skype shut down the extras, Developer, Program in November. Skype settled, the jolted, litigation, and acquired all Skype technology in exchange for equity, in the company and eBay completed, the sale of 70%.
Of Skype to a consortium, comprising Silver. Lake partners jolted. CPP. Ib and and Racine Horowitz for approximately, two billion dollars valuing, the entire business at two point seven, five billion dollars, in May 2010, skype 5.0. Beta was released with, a capacity, to support group video calls involving, up to four participants. Also. In May Skype released an updated client, for the Apple iPhone that, allowed Skype calls to be made over a 3G network. Originally. A 3G, call subscription. Plan was to be instituted, in 2011. But Skype eventually, dropped the plan, rounding. Out its ubiquity, push Skype, also announced, deep integration, of Skype software into, the IP connected. TVs, from Panasonic. Samsung and, Sony in June 2010, following, the rapid departure of Daniel Berg the chief technology, officer and then chief development, officer module, allagadda, mark Gillett an operating. Partner at Silver Lake partners assumed, the role of chief development, officer taking. Responsibility. For development. Of skypes client, software cloud, services, and product management following, a period of several months working, closely with Joshua, Silverman, to drive the transformation. Of the business and the acceleration, of cross-platform, and, mobile product, delivery with its newfound in the under. Ownership skypes, growth accelerated. And by 2010, telegraphy. Estimated, that Skype accounted, for 25%. Of the world's international, calling minutes. According. To their research the, overall international, calling market, grew a tempered five to six percent annually. In 2010, Skype, however, has seen a huge uptick, in growth particularly. In the last two years on, the. 9th of August 2010, Skype, filed with the United, States Securities. And Exchange Commission. SEC to. Raise up to 100, million dollars in an initial, public offering. Sources. Reported, that the company expected, to raise at least 1, billion dollars, in October. 2010, Skype, announced, the appointment of Tony Bates as CEO Bates, was a senior, VP at Cisco, and was responsible for its multi-billion. Dollar enterprise commercial. And small business, division, on the. 14th of October, 2010, skype, 5.0. For Windows was released with a number of improvements, and feature additions, including, a Facebook tab to allow users to SMS, chat with or call their Facebook, friends via Skype from the newsfeed, the. Search, for Skype users, option. Was omitted from this version on the 14th, of January 2011. Skype. Acquired, qik a mobile, video sharing platform, in. March 2011, Skype, named Jonathan, Chadwick as its new chief financial officer. And confirmed, that mark Gillett would serve full time as chief development, and operating, officer following the departure, of chief financial and administrative officer. Adrienne Dylan. Topic. Microsoft. Subsidiary. 2011-present. On the, 10th of May 2011, Microsoft, announced, it had agreed to acquire Skype, for 8.5. Billion, dollars, this. Marked a 300%. Increase in value for the company in the three years since the eBay write down in October, 2007. This. Constitutes. Microsoft's. Largest, ever acquisition. To date pending, the proposed purchase, of LinkedIn, it. Was announced that Skype will become a division, within Microsoft, with skypes former, CEO Tony, Bates now. Its president, reporting. To Microsoft, CEO Steve Ballmer, the. Price Microsoft. Agreed to pay for the company is 32, times skypes operating. Profits. According. To the Financial, Times this, raises, fears of a new tech, bubble ask, Technica in the BBC, have questioned, the value for Microsoft, in the purchase. Microsoft's. Acquisition of, Skype got d-u approval, on the 7th of October, 2011 in October, 2012, one year after the closure of the Skype acquisition. The newly formed Skype division, took responsibility for, Microsoft's. Other VoIP and unified, communications. Product, Microsoft, Lync on the 11th of July 2013. Microsoft's. Then CEO Steve, Ballmer announced a, reorganization. Of Microsoft, along functional, lines and with for engineering, groups each led by a senior, leader. Microsoft's. New applications. And services, group led by executive vice, president chaloo. Was to include Skype along with Bing and Microsoft, Office in September. 2016. After, Qi Liu stepped down from Microsoft, Skype, and office became part of the office product, group led by Rajesh, jar the. Other part of the former apps and services group, which includes, Bing became, part of a new AI M research group. Topic. Palo, Alto office. The, Skype North American, headquarters was, opened in early 2013 after, the design was completed by San Francisco, architect, firm blitz. Located. In Palo Alto California the. Space is designed to encourage interaction. And spontaneity while, also introducing a sense of humor into the workplace.
Fake. Lawn cushions, that look like boulders, open, spaces and high ceilings accommodate. 250. Employees in, a 5,000, square meters, 54,000. Square feet building the. Palo Alto headquarters. Also houses, a games room complete, with a pool table and table football machine, the. Offices, silver, LEED Silver certification, means, that it received between 50, and 59, points, for its environmentally. Friendly construction. Topic. Legal, issues. You. Topic. P2p. Licensing. Dispute, lawsuit, an IPO. In, its 2008. Annual report, eBay, admitted, to an ongoing dispute, between it and jolted, limited over the licensing, of its peer-to-peer, global. Index. Technology. In its application. It announced, that it terminated, a standstill agreement allowing, either company to sue on the. 1st of April 2009. EBay, filed with the UK Court to settle the legal dispute a few. Days later eBay, announced the planning of a public stock offering in, 2010, to spin off Skype as a separate, publicly, owned company, some. Media outlets characterized. The proposed sale and ongoing provision, of Skype as being under threat because of the concurrent dispute, on the 1st of September, 2009. A group of investors, led by Silverlake, bought, 65%. Of Skype for 1.9. 1 billion dollars, this. Prompted, jolted, to countersue, eBay on the 17th, of September, 2009. Both settled, the simultaneous. Suits in November, resulting, in Daltons part ownership of the newly formed skype limited, the. Final holding share were with Silverlake, reducing, their share to 56 percent jolted. Entered at 14% and, eBay retained 30%. Topic. Other intellectual. Property challenges. You. Topic. Streamcast. Lawsuit. Streamcast. Networks, filed a complaint in, US District, Court in Los Angeles alleging. Theft of its peer-to-peer technology. And violation, of the Racketeer. Influenced. And Corrupt Organizations. Statute. The complaint, titled, streamcast, Networks, Inc V Skype. Technologies, sa was filed on the 20th, of January, 2006. In federal court in the Central, District, of California and. Assigned case number two to 2006. Evo oh three nine one the. Four point 1 billion dollars lawsuit, did not name skypes parent, company, eBay when initially filed. Streamcast. Lawsuit, was subsequently, amended on the 22nd. Of May 2006. To include eBay and 21, other party, defendants. In. Its lawsuit streamcast. Sought a worldwide, injunction. On the sale and marketing of eBay Skype internet voice communication. Products, as well as billions of dollars in unspecified damages. The. Lawsuit, was finally, dismissed in a decision, filed on the 19th, of January, 2007. Topic. ID t lawsuit. On the, first of June, 2006. Net to phone the Internet telephone, unit of IDT, Corp filed a lawsuit against, eBay and Skype accusing, the unit of infringing, US patent six million one hundred and eight thousand, seven hundred and four which was granted in 2000.
The. Lawsuit, was settled between, the parties, in 2010. Topic. GPL. Lawsuit. In July, 2007. Skype, was found to be guilty by a German, Court of violating, the gnu general public license. In one of its for sale products. The SM CWS, KP, 100. Topic. Political. Issues. You. Topic. China. 2005. Skype. Was one of many companies others, include AOL, Microsoft. Yahoo Cisco. Which cooperate, with the Chinese government in, implementing, a system of Internet censorship in, mainland China, critics. Of such policies argue, that it is wrong for companies, to profit, from censorship, and restrictions, on freedom of the press and freedom of speech. Human. Rights advocates, such as Human Rights Watch and media groups such as reporters, without borders speculate. That if companies, stop contributing to the Authority, censorship, efforts the government could be pressured to change Niclas zentrum then chief executive. Of skype told, reporters that its joint venture partner in china was operated, in compliance, with domestic, law tom, online had implemented, a text, filter, which is what everyone, else in that market, is doing. Said. Zen strim those, are the regulations. He. Said I may like or not like the laws and regulations to operate businesses in the UK or Germany or, the US but if I do business, there I choose, to comply with those laws and regulations, I can. Try to lobby to change them but I need to comply with them China. In that way is not different. Topic. France. 2005. In September. 2005. The French Ministry, of Research acting, on advice from the General Secretariat. Of National, Defense issued, an official disapproval. Of the use of Skype in public research in higher education some. Services, are interpreting, this decision, as an outright ban the. Exact reasons, for the decision were not given. Topic. United, states CA, le a, 2006. In May, 2006. The Federal, Communications. Commission FCC. Successfully. Applied the communications. Assistance, for Law Enforcement Act, to allow wiretapping. On digital, phone networks. Skype. Was not compliant, with the Act and stated, that it does not plan to comply. Topic. United, States, transparency. In prison 2013. Starting. In November, 2010, Skype has been participating, in a US government spy. Program, titled, prism allowing the National Security, Agency, NSA unfettered. Access to people's chats and video and audio communications. However. It was not until February, 2011 that, the company, was formally served with a directive, to comply, signed, by the Attorney General in March 2013, the, company issued transparency. Reports, confirming, long-held, beliefs that Skype responds, to requests, from governments. Microsoft's. General counsel wrote to the US Attorney General outlining, the company's, concerns, in July 2013, in, a blog from Brad Smith including, a copy of the letter to the US Attorney. Topic. See also. Features. Of Skype.