Sciences major at University College Groningen
My, job today as well as Roxanna is to talk about the major in science. Okay. But more specifically, we're not going to be talking about is the specialization, of health and life science and within health, life science we have three different, areas, where, you can focus on this neuroscience, public health as well, as medicine. But. I'm not going to talk about all the courses that we have in this, specialization it takes too long to do that I'm not going to talk about what. Template, of courses you need to take or where you're gonna go into the masters a little bit maybe if, you want to talk to me specifically, about these things I'm at the market afterwards, I'm happy to talk to any one of you guys okay so, what I'm gonna do now is take you through a little bit of a journey into, my view. Of biology. My. View, through. History of cell, biology. Okay so then start off by asking you guys a question who. Of you guys. Think. That biology. Will, save, the, world will cure all the world's problems. Really. Okay. Next. Question who, of you guys. Have. Thought, about biology. Consumed. With, biology, today. Anyone. I have. Who. Of you guys have. Used. Or consumed, food, today, oh. Thank. You okay, there's food downstairs for those that, didn't put up their hands okay. Okay. So I can. Start off my little journey with, something I'm quite interested in once, upon a wine, this. Is my favorite. Drink and, it's a fascinating, drink. It's. Been around for a really really, long time as evidenced, by this wall painting, in in ancient Europe and the tomb in ancient Europe circa. 1400, BC. The process, of making wine is, also very very fascinating, this is a term, that's coined, by the French potage afiad which. Essentially means the punching, down or the, crushing. Of the, grapes and, the. Idea of this is we, make juice out of the grapes but there's a couple other things that you do as well you. Add heat, to, the grapes that helps the process of making wine but, also very. You add a very. Significant. Ingredients. To, the wine and what. It is is. Foot. Fungus. Okay. Foot fungus in the form of yeast, a, yeast. Is an, absolutely. Fascinating. Creature. That's, everywhere it's not only on your feet but it's all around us here, as well okay. Yeast. Takes. The sugar from the from, the grape juice and it, uses it to grow to. Create energy and. As. A by-product. It makes ethanol, or alcohol. Also. It makes co2, carbon, dioxide gas. And this, process is called fermentation, from. The Latin fervor which means to boil so, it looks like the entire pot entire vat of juice, is boiling because you're making gas. Out of its co2, what's. Also fascinating about. Yeast it is, is that it is the first, living, organism. That was observed by man and, was. Observed in this country, by. A Dutchman called and Tony van Leeuwenhoek, hope, I pronounced that correctly hey, has. Anybody heard, of this fella antonie van Leeuwenhoek. Relatively. Famous huh, yeah. There's a hospital in, Amsterdam, there's a very. A world-famous. Cancer. Institute in Amsterdam named after this fella he's. A famous scientist correct, yeah. No he's not. He's. Actually an interdisciplinary, --n, that's, the Canadian word that I made up okay. So. Actually he was a businessman. He. Sold draperies, he. Was also a chamberlain, which. Means he was a treasurer, for the city of Delft, and he, was also a wine gauger, which, means it was important, for the taxation of, wine, he, was actually an amateur. Scientist. Okay. So, so. He became known as the. One, of the fathers one of the beginning people of biology. Of cell biology, so as Elizabeth, said the. Career, that he's known for. Didn't exist when. He started out okay. Now. What valet, hook also observed. Was. Human. Cells, okay. Here's one in very first to observe human, cells, and, in. His actual notes he wrote this in, ancient Dutch I'm not gonna try that in ancient Dutch but.
What He said was I think Sarah failed Clannad Dale just, he. Observed thank. You very much thank, you very much okay, so, what he observed was little, tiny particles, he, didn't know that they were living. Creatures. Didn't know that they were living cells but little tiny things in, this, mix. Now. We fast forward a few years later and. We know a lot called cell biology, we, know that, we have, approximately. 37. Trillion, cells, in, us, okay. We, have about 200. Different types of, cells in, us we. Have brain cells we have blood cells we have nerve cells some, of us even have hair cells okay. But. All of these things come. From a single, cell at the very beginning the fertilized egg and this. Could be termed a stem. Cell, some. Of you maybe you've heard that before stem, cells now the. Stem cells, have. The potential to, repair. Any type, of tissue it. Has the potential to cure any type. Of disease. But. We can't work on embryonic, stem cells, only. One country in the world are you allowed to study, embryonic. Stem cells and that's, because of the ethics, behind it apparently. So. What we can do is. We. Look at something, called adult, stem cells we can grow, not. Embree not early-stage stem, cells but later on stem cells and here's an example of one I think this is really cool video this, is a video, of actual. Cells that you grow in an, oven in a lab and you can see it's beating, right. You're, beating they're actually heart cells, that, you grew up, so. We can grow these things up to. Repair, damaged, heart tissue from. A heart attack for instance okay we can grow up brain, cells to. Cure Alzheimer's or, Parkinson's or. Sure or from a stroke it's. Absolutely, fascinating, but. Not only is biology, important. For disease that's, the expected one but, we can try to fix other world, issues as well, now. Here's an example of, what was also done in this country in Maastricht. And what, they did here is they took a cell, a, cell. From. A cow and they. Grew it up in the. Lab and they. Made a hamburger out of it, okay. Apparently. It tasted almost like a hamburger okay, but there were some problems with this as well the very first hamburger that they made cost, about 300, thousand euros okay. In, the next couple of years they predict it will be about five euros per for hamburger getting, a little bit more affordable than me but. You can see that. Growing. Up our own sources. Of food, can. Be used to, cure. Or solve, world, hunger. Yeah. But, also. Cattle. Growing, cows, that. Is one of the largest, carbon, footprints, in, the world like. Cows. Produced a lot of methane gas, so. If, we can get, away from this agricultural. Damage. To the world that'd be huge, saved, for us and this. Is actually one of the projects. That I've been working on this year a first year project, that I'm doing, with. Ryan. In the humanities here's the fell. In the video that you saw earlier and together, we're. Looking at ways that we can. Look. At sustainable. Agriculture. And we, choose two examples, of this, particular. Beer and cheese okay. So. What I wanted to finish off with is two more slides it's, talk a little bit about the, three focuses, that we have within health and life science we. Have neuroscience. And public health which. Is very. Much, interdisciplinary. With. The social sciences department. We have the medicine part which, has elements of the, other departments, in it I. Teach, course a capstone course in, the third year called oncology, we used obviously biology.
And Medicine we, also look at physics, in it we'll, be talking about ethics and. Where's. Parent we, should also look at music in it as well perhaps. In, the future okay. And to. Finish, off. Some. Of the people. Have graduated from our department already they've gone to. Masters. Programs in fact. Very competitive. Masters, programs such as the cancer, in stem cell biology and. Lautrec as well as the Health. Sciences at in, Amsterdam. There's, also some. Students. Have gone on to the pre master's program of, medicine, here in. Sync, Yolanda will be very difficult to compete with you okay. I would, like to apologize. For my Ukrainian, accent I'm Oksana so I'm originally from Ukraine, physicist. By education. And I'd, like to tell you about two, options we have in science namely. Smart, technologies, and mind, machines, and morality. And. I was thinking about a nice example, to explain, about smart, technologies, and. Actually. I came up with the self-driving, cars is probably one, of the most famous smart. Technologies, in a nowadays and in use and, look. Look, to it in. Different aspects actually how. Does it work how. Can. We get, these cars be. Allowed to drive on our streets, and what is involved. So. How does it work there. Is a car obviously, and, if, you'd like to actually. Know what is around and that, the car actually knows, where to go and how to choose the path we. Need a number, of sensors, on that car so. This. Course and there are different, fabricants. That, are thinking about and producing, models that are nowadays in testing, so. The number of sensors, on a such a car like. Raiders so. Sensors. That work with Ruddick radio. Waves where, you send the waves and, you register, what is coming back what is reflected so this is how. The radio, works in in a nutshell. Leader, system, leader. Is a light radar. So there are a lot of technology, involved, also. It. Has easily at least one or even more cameras, on that and, machine. Vision linked, to that and many. More other sensors. You, need also GPS. System. To navigate, and. Choose. Your paths in the traffic, and sure. If, you, have a right hardware you, also need, a proper, software so. The sensors, are involved, GPS. Telecommunications. To, communicate, with different system, on earth and also satellites. Any, other smart. Cars to. Choose, your path in the traffic but, then the control, system, comes in play the interpret. Sensory. Information and. Algorithm. Are needed, to. Calculate. What, is the path and how, to choose, the way and the speed in the traffic how to react, on the, things you, actually detect. In the surrounding, right so the sensors, they. Explore. What, is around the car and then, control, system, interprets, this information. Into. The picture, analyze. If you have traffic light so you need machine, vision to, see that a red or green light and, if. You have maybe people. Or obstacles. Or wall, in front, of your car to, react properly so. We, come into their safety, issues and risk analysis, and decision. Making and that is then decision, is made by a machine. So, by a control, system what, is the right decision in a certain moment and then. You also come, to moral aspect, and liability. Who, is responsible. For the behavior for, such a car is it then a producer. Is it a company, because, there is no driver right, if there, is an accident who is responsible, for such an accident and, then. We are succumb to a famous philosophical. Or ethical. Problem, called trolley problem. And which.
Is A very, general, form of such a problem did you have a runaway tray a trolley coming. Down the railway so there. Is no way to slow, down the. Trolley is coming, and there are two possibilities, and. Down. On the railway, you have five, people that are tied up and unable, to move on the, railway track and you. Stand close to the liver, where. You can do nothing and then the Train is killing five people all you. Can operate. The liver and diverge. The train into the side track and kill, one person. So. It's an sort. Ethical. Problem, you have to think what to choose well what is wars right, there is no way of of. A different, option, and, then. In case of, self-driving. Cars, we, have a very, similar situations. Where, the control system has to decide. In. Case, it goes wrong, who. Should the, system save. Others. Passengers. Are pedestrian. Young. People, old people. Pregnant. Woman cat a child. Homeless. Person, and. What. To do and different combinations of, that and it turns out that the way we answer this. Kind of questions. Depends. Very much on the culture, we come from so, then the studying culture is also a very important, issue in answering questions like that so. Then you, see that such, an complex, issue as a self-driving. Car, actually. Incorporates, so many so, many disciplines, in it its technology, itself its telecommunication. Its programming, algorithm. But also ethics. A law moral. Psychology, machine. Learning, and philosophy. And. At. Ucg. We think that their education, further. For. Their people, that that, would like to study now also should reflect on that it's. Not enough just to study one discipline. And. We. Offer a very, strong academic core, in, top of that we, offer in, terms, of smart technology, a unique, program where. We offer courses reflecting. On such issues like this so, examples. Are principles, of modern technology, programming. In Python because programming. Is nowadays really everywhere. Artificial. Intelligence is also popping, up in every. Place, in every device you use nowadays. Machine. Learning, ethics. Psychology. In many, more and. After. You see gee, you. Have a broad choice of master program programs. We have developed, recipes, where, we know. That if, you follow this. Set, of courses you're, guaranteed, to be eligible for certain masters so we have certain agreements with biomedical engineering, artificial. Intelligence energy, and environment, and physics, and journalism and many, more options are possible thank you for your attention and I pass microphone. To. Here. We are hello. Everyone I'm Jana and as you cannot expect from my accent, I'm Albanian actually, I am, a third-year student here at the University, College and I'm specializing, in a free major in what, we call natural sciences, so mostly physics, and maths and I recently just finished my 30, CDs minor in business entrepreneurship. Now. You heard, a lot of information, about the student experience within, ucg, but, also within the major specializations. But I want to take you at an earlier phase at the, very decision-making, face of my academic journey so. Being, at the place where you're sitting right now, when. I encountered, the concept, of liberal arts and science I was actually, enrolled, in a university I, was, doing pure physics in, luned it's, in a Swedish University but.
Halfway, Through the first semester well, it's. Good to say that I realized I knew. What. I didn't want to continue. Doing pure, physics, I, really, like the science and I'm still a big fan of it however I wanted to do something. Else besides it, but I didn't have the time because I only had scientific, orientated, courses and, when. I found Liberal Arts and Sciences the, first thing that got. My attention was, the freedom to design my own curriculum, that. Was very interesting I did. My research and, of, course the, more I got to know about the concept of a university, college the more I liked it it appealed, to me because it was aligned, with my personal interests, with, what I was passionate about I was, in charge of my own major, and my major design so. Besides. The theoretical, knowledge University. College also, very much focused on the practical skills now, that is something that not all University. Very. Much emphasized, put emphasis on but. Here. We have the projects, and they are part of the curriculum in the first and in the second year you have at any CD 10, ecbs project, and in, the last year you have a 5 ACDs project that you yourself, design and. Besides that I figured. Out that well there's actually a lot of curious and evolved alumni so there's live after you graduate from CGT and these people always always. Stick around the UCD building. Well. I'm, taking you through the, course is that and some, of the projects that I took throughout, my. My. Years here at UC G in the first year I did dip time dip. Time was about managing. Nuclear waste in a dystopian, future so. You might think it's very much science. Orientated, however it was not only about physics, and astronomy and. Astrology. It. Was also about, other fields like businesses. In that dystopian, future or, lawmaking, or health. What. Would happen to humans if they would be exposed to such a nuclear waste in the second year I did secure crown again and in. My third year I'm currently. Right now doing my. Own project. With two, other classmates we. Are in. Search, of a unique, unification. Of two theories right now we're in the process of collecting data and literature. And doing literature, review and it's. About how. People, think and, how, is that related to the formalization processes. Within, the organizations, so, we're taking the lead now and using all that knowledge that we had in the first and the second year and apply, it, well. We also had projects, like Mars now, Mars is a very particular project because when. It was first introduced, students, here thought hmmm that is probably, an astronomy, project. So, it, might have to do something with physics. Astrobiology. Again, so probably Social Sciences and Humanities students, would, be like yeah, and on my thing but, here's, where you're wrong because actually. The. Mars project was. A science, project, however. It incorporated, health, and business, and law so. Everybody. Could contribute, with, their own worldviews. And with their own perspectives. So students, from old type of major, specializations. They could be part of this project and. With. That being said I'd like to tell you one thing one takeaway lessons, from this. Presentation. Round it, is, good to deepen your knowledge in multiple, directions, because. Then, you, will be exposed, to a lot of information so you will you will that specialized, information from, your own major specializations.
But, At the same time you will know how to tackle issues from different angles and that, will, not give, you the formula, success and make you the most successful, graduate, person out there however. It is a very good start after, you're done with your usage education, because, you are going to be well prepared and well equipped for, the real world kills and with. That I would like to thank you for your attention and if you have any questions please feel free to come and ask thank, you.