Music technology (electronic and digital) | Wikipedia audio article
Electronic. And digital music, technology. Is the use of electronic, or digital instruments. Computers, electronic. Effects units software. Or digital, audio equipment. By musician, composer sound, engineer, DJ, or record producer, to make perform. Or record music, the. Term usually refers, to the use of electronic, devices electronic. And digital instruments. Computer, hardware and computer, software that is used in the performance playback. Recording, composition. Sound recording, and reproduction mixing. Analysis, and editing of music. Music. Technology is connected, to both artistic, and technological. Creativity. Musicians. And music technology experts, are constantly, striving to devise new forms, of expression through, music and they are physically, creating, new devices and software to enable them to do so although. In the 2010s, the term is most commonly used in reference to modern electronic, devices and computer, software such, as digital audio workstations. And Pro Tools digital sound recording, software, electronic. And digital musical. Technologies, have precursors, in the electric, music technologies. Of the early 20th, century such, as the electromechanical, Hammond. Organ which was invented in 1929. In, the, 2010s, the ontological, range, of music technology has, greatly increased and, it may now be electronic, digital, software based, or indeed even purely conceptual. Topic. Education. Topic, professional, training music technology is taught at many different educational. Levels including. College diplomas, and university, degrees at the undergraduate, and graduate level the. Study of music technology, is usually concerned, with the creative, use of technology. For creating, new sounds, Performing, recording, programming, sequences, or other music-related, electronic. Devices and manipulating. Mixing, and reproducing, music, music. Technology, programs, train students, for careers in sound, engineering computer. Music audio-visual. Production, and post-production, mastering. Scoring, for film and multimedia. Audio for games software. Development, and multimedia. Production, those wishing to develop, new music technologies, often train to become an audio engineer working, in R&D, due. To the increasing, role of interdisciplinary. Work in music technology individuals. Developing, new music technologies, may also have backgrounds, or training, in computer programming. Computer, hardware design, acoustics. Record, producing, or other fields. Topic. Use, in music education. In the 2010s, electronic. And digital music, technologies. Are widely used to assist in music education for training, students, in high school college and university. Music programs. Electronic. Keyboard, labs are used for cost-effective. Beginner group piano instruction, in colleges, and universities. You. Topic. History. Early. Pioneers included. Luigi, Russolo Halim, el dev Pierre, Schaeffer Pierre Henry Edgard, varèse karl-heinz. Stockhausen a kutaro, kakehashi, and King Tubby, music. Technology, has been and is being used in many modernist, and contemporary, experimental, music situations. To create new sound possibilities.
You. Topic. Synthesizes. And drum machines. A synthesizer. Is an electronic, musical, instrument, that generates, electric, signals, that are converted, to sound through instrument, amplifiers, and loudspeakers or. Headphones. Synthesizers. May either imitate, existing, sounds, instruments. Vocal, natural, sounds, etc or, generate, new electronic, Tambor's or sounds, that did not exist before they. Are often played with an electronic, musical, keyboard, but they can be controlled via a variety of other input devices including. Music sequences, instrument, controllers, finger, boards guitar, synthesizers. Wind controllers, and electronic. Drums. Synthesizers. Without built-in controllers. Are often called sound modules, and are controlled using a controller, device. Synthesizers. Use various, methods to generate a signal among. The most popular waveform. Synthesis, techniques, are subtractive, synthesis, additive, synthesis, wavetable. Synthesis, frequency. Modulation, synthesis, phase distortion, synthesis, physical, modeling synthesis, and sample-based, synthesis. Other. Less common synthesis. Types include, sub harmonic, synthesis, a form of additive synthesis, via sub harmonics, used by mixture, Tritonian and granular, synthesis, sample-based. Synthesis. Based on grains of sound generally, resulting, in sound scapes or clouds in. The, 2010s. Synthesizers. Are used in many genres of pop rock and dance music. Contemporary. Classical. Music composes, from the 20th, and 21st century, write compositions, for synthesizer. The. Development, of the modern synthesizer. Was spurred on by the invention, of the miniaturized, transistor. In 1947. The. Lightweight transistors. Made it was possible, to make synthesizers. Much more portable and complex, a new. Breed of synthesizers, appeared, mainly in America, American. Inventor, Robert Moog synthesiser, designs, in the 1960s. Were a significant. Advancement, in the field over its predecessors. This. Was partially, owed to new technologies, that became available such, as the newly developed semiconductors. These. New instruments were less expensive, and became available worldwide, these. Were capable of producing a vast range of complex, sounds, later. Versions, often incorporated. Automatic, rhythm units, called drum machines they. Had more popularity. Than any synthesizer, from the past the, release of Wendy Carlos album, switched on bark in 1968. Brought Moog synthesizer, to the general public's, attention, the. Album demonstrated. That besides creating strange, sounds, the synthesizer, could be used to make beautiful music, in. The 1970s. The American, domination, of the synthesizer, market, was relinquished, to the Japanese, with synthesizers.
Made By Yamaha corporation. Roland corporation called. Kauai and other companies. Yamaha. Dx7 was. One of the first mass-market, relatively. Inexpensive. Synthesizer, keyboards the. Dx7. Is an FM synthesis, based digital synthesizer. Manufactured. From 1983. To 1989. It. Was the first commercially, successful digital, synthesizer. Its, distinctive, sound can be heard on many recordings, especially pop, music, from the 1980s. The. Mana timbrel 16, note polyphonic. DX 7 was the moderately priced model, of the DX series keyboards, synthesizers. Over. 200,000. Of the original, DX 7 were made and, it. Remains one of the best-selling synthesizes. Of all time the. Most iconic bass, synthesizer, is, the roland tb-303. Widely. Used in acid house music, other. Classic, synthesizers. Include the move minimu arp odyssey yamaha. Cs-80, korg, ms-20, sequential. Circuits, prophet 5 Fairlight, CMI PPG. Wave roland. Tb-303. Roland. Alfred Juno Nord modular, and korg m1. Topic. Drum machines a drum machine is, an electronic, musical, instrument, designed to imitate the sound of drums cymbals, other percussion, instruments and often, bass lines, drum. Machines either playback pre-recorded. Samples of drums and cymbals, or synthesized, recreations. Of drum cymbal, sounds in a rhythm and tempo that is programmed, by a musician, drum. Machines are most commonly associated with electronic, dance music, genres such as house music, but are also used in many other genres, they. Are also used when session drummers are not available or if the production cannot afford the cost of a professional, drummer in. The 2010s, most modern drum machines are sequences, with a sample, playback romper. Or synthesize, a component, that specializes. In the reproduction, of drum Tambor's though. Features, vary from model to model, many modern drum machines can also produce unique, sounds, and allow the user to compose, unique drum beats and patterns. Electromechanical. Drum, machines were first developed, in 1949. With the invention of the Chamberlin riff mate, transistorized. Electronic. Drum machines later appeared, in the 1960s. The, a stone, rhythm ace created, by a kutaro, Takahashi, began, appearing in popular, music from the late 1960s. Followed. By drum machines from korg inner kutaro slater roland, corporation also, appearing, in popular, music from the early 1970s. Sly. & the Family stones. 1971. Album there's a riot going on helped to popularize the sound of early drum machines along with Timmy Thomas's. 1972. R&B, hit why can't we live together and George McRae's 1974. Disco, hit rock your baby which used early roland rhythm machines early, drum machine sounded, drastically, different than the drum machines that gained the peak popularity, in the 1980s.
And Defined an entire decade, of pop music the. Most iconic drum, machine was the roland tr-808. Widely. Used in hip hop and dance music, other. Classic, drum machines include, the alesis HR 16, called, mini pops, 120. EMU SP 12 electron. SPS 1 machine drum roland County, Route 78, piyo programmable. Drumset, linndrum, roland, tr-909, and. Behind DMX. You. Topic. Sampling. Technology. Digital. Sampling, technology, introduced, in the 1980s, has, become a staple of music production in the 2000s. Devices. That use sampling, record, a sound digitally, often a musical, instrument such. As a piano or flute, being played and replay, it when a key or pad on a controller, device eg, an electronic, keyboard electronic. Drum pad etc, is pressed or triggered. Samplers. Can alter the sound using various, audio effects, and audio processing. Sampling. Has its roots in France with the sound experiments. Carried out by musique, concrète, practitioners. In. The. 1980s. When the technology was still in its infancy digital. Samplers, cost tens of thousands, of dollars and they were only used by the top recording, studios, and musicians, these. Were out of the price range of most musicians, early. Samplers, include the 12 bit Toshiba, LMD 649. In the 8-bit emulator, I in 1981. The. Latter's successor, the emulator 2 released, in 1984. Listed, for $8,000. Samplers. Were released during this period with high price tags such, as the k2000. And k2 500. The. First affordable sampler. The ik is, 612. Became, available in the mid-1980s. And retailed, for eight hundred and ninety five dollars other. Companies, soon released affordable, samplers, including, the Mirage sampler, oh behind, DP x1 and more by Korg casio, yamaha, and roland, some. Important, hardware, samplers, include the Akai z4z, 8 and Sony KSR, 10 Roland, V synth casio, FZ 1 Kerswell, k, 250. Akai, MPC, 60. And sonic, mirage AK is 1000, emu emulator, and Fairlight CMI one, of the biggest uses of sampling, technology was by hip hop music, DJs, and performers, in the 1980s. Before. Affordable. Sampling, technology was readily available DJ's. Would. Use a technique, pioneered by Grandmaster. Flash to manually repeat certain parts in a song by juggling between two separate turntables. This. Can be considered, as an early precursor of sampling, in turn, this turntablism, technique, originates, from Jamaican. Music in the 1960s. And was introduced, to American, hip hop in the 1970s. In. The, 2000s. Most professional, recording, studios, used digital technologies. In the. 2010s, many samplers, exist in the digital only realm, this. New generation, of digital samplers, are capable of reproducing, and manipulating. Sounds, new. Genres, of music have, formed which would be impossible without sampling. Advanced. Sample, libraries, have made complete, performances. Of orchestral compositions. Possible, that sounds similar to a live performance. Modern. Sound libraries, allow musicians, to have the ability to use the sounds of almost any instrument, in their productions. You. Topic. Middie. Middie has been the musical, instrument, industry, standard interface, since the 1980s. Through to the present day it. Dates back to June 1981.
When, Roland corporation founder. A kutaro kakehashi, proposed, the concept of standardization. Between, different manufacturers, instruments, as well as computers, to Oberheim electronics, founder Tom Oberheim and sequential circuits, president Dave Smith in. October, 1981. Katla Hoshi Oberheim, and Smith discussed, the concept, with representatives. From Yamaha, Korg and Kauai in. 1983. The MIDI standard was unveiled by kakehashi, & Smith at the NAMM show in, Los Angeles of 1983. MIDI, was released a. Demonstration. At the convention, showed two previously, incompatible. Analog synthesizers. The Prophet 600, and roland jupiter 6 communicating. With each other enabling, a player to play one keyboard while getting the output from both of them this. Was a massive breakthrough in the 1980s. As it allowed synths to be accurately, layered in live shows and studio recordings. MIDI. Enables, different electronic. Instruments, and electronic, music devices, to communicate with each other and with computers. The. Advent of MIDI spurred, a rapid expansion of the sales and production of electronic, instruments and music software, in. 1985. Several, of the top keyboard, manufacturers. Created the MIDI Manufacturers, Association, Mme. This. Newly founded Association, standardized, the MIDI protocol, by generating, and disseminating. All the documents, about it with. The development, of the MIDI file format, specification. By opcode, every music software company's MIDI sequencer, software could read and write each other's files. Since. The 1980s. Personal, computers, developed and became the ideal system for utilizing the vast potential, of MIDI this. Has created a, large consumer, market, for software such as MIDI equipped electronic, keyboards, MIDI sequences, and digital, audio workstations. With. Universal, MIDI protocols. Electronic. Keyboards, sequences. And drum machines can all be connected together. Some. Universally, accepted, varieties, of MIDI software applications. Include music, instruction software, MIDI sequencing, software new, notation, software hard, disk recording, editing software, patch editor, sound library, software computer. Assisted, composition, software, and virtual, instruments. Current. Developments, in computer, hardware and specialized, software continue. To expand, MIDI applications. You. Topic. Computers. In music technology. Computer. And synthesizer, technology. Joining, together changed, the way music is made and is one of the fastest, changing aspects, of music technology today. Dr.. Max Matthews, a telecommunications. Engineer, at Bell Telephone laboratories. Acoustic. And behavioral, research department. Is responsible. For some of the first digital, music technology, in the 50s. Dr.. Matthews also pioneered a cornerstone of music, technology analog, to digital conversion. The. First generation, of professional, commercially, available computer.
Music Instruments, or workstations. As some companies later called them were very sophisticated elaborate. Systems, that cost a great deal of money when they first appeared, they. Range from. $25,000. To $200,000. The. Two most popular, with a fair light and the synclavier. It. Was not until the advent of MIDI that general-purpose, computers. Started to play a role in music production, following. The widespread adoption of MIDI computer-based, MIDI, editors and sequences, were developed, MIDI. To cv/gate, converters. Were then used to enable analog, synthesizers. To be controlled, by a MIDI sequencer, reduced, prices, in personal, computers, caused the masses to turn away from the more expensive workstations. Advancements. In technology, have increased the speed of hardware processing. And the capacity, of memory units. Software. Developers, write new more powerful programs. For sequencing, recording, notating. And mastering, music. You. Topic. Two thousands. Music. Sequencer software, such as Pro Tools logic, audio, and many others of the most widely used form of Contemporary Music technology. In the 2000s. Such. Programs, allow the user to record acoustic. Sounds, with a microphone, mix tracts record or MIDI musical, sequences, which may then be organized along a timeline and edited on a flat panel display of a computer, or digital audio workstation. Musical. Segments, recorded, on can be copied, and duplicated. Ad infinitum without, any loss of fidelity or, added noise a major contrast, from analog recording, in which every copy leads to a loss of fidelity and, added noise. Digital. Music can be edited and processed, using a multitude of audio effects. Contemporary. Classical, music sometimes, uses, computer-generated. Sounds. Either pre-recorded. Or generated, manipulated. Live in conjunction, or WI KT juxtaposition. With classical, acoustic instruments, like the cello or violin. Classical. And other notated. Types of music are frequently, written on score I to software. Many. Musicians, and artists, use patcher type programs, such, as pd module max/msp. Kaymer. Sound, design language, and audio mulch as well as or instead of digital, audio workstations. Or sequences, and there are still a significant, number of people using more traditional. Software. Only approaches, such as C sound or the composers, desktop, project. Music. Technology includes, many forms of music reproduction. Music. And sound technology, refer to the use of sound engineering, in a commercial, experimental. Or amateur hobbyist, manner, music. Technology and sound technology, may sometimes, be cast as the same thing but they actually refer, to different, fields of work, sound. Engineering, refers primarily to the use of sound technology, for sound recording, or in sound reinforcement systems. Used in concerts, and live shows. Topic. Timeline. 19:17. Leon theremin invented, the prototype, of the theremin. 1944. Halim LDAP produces, earliest electro acoustic tape, music. 1952. Perry F Olson. And, Herbert Bell are invent the RCA, synthesizer. 1952. Osmond, Kendall develops, the composer Tron for the Marconi wireless, company. 1956. Raymond, Scott develops, the clever Vox. 1958. Afghan, immersion, along with several colleagues create, the ANS synthesizer. 1959. Wurlitzer. Manufactures, the Seidman the first commercial, electromechanical, drum. Machine. 1963. Keo electronics, later called, produces, the dart 20. 1963. The mellotron starts, to be manufactured, in London. 1964. A kutaro, kakehashi, debuts. A stone are one rhythm ace the first electronic, drum. 1964. The Moog synthesizer, is released. 1965. Nippon, Columbia patents an early electronic, drum machine. 1966. Cord, releases, donker Matic 220, an early electronic, drum machine.
1967. A stone, releases, FR one rhythm ace the first drum machine to enter popular, music. 1967. First PCM. Recorded, developed by NHK. 1968. King, Tubby pioneers, dub music an early, form of popular electronic, music. 1969. Matter stir engineer Shuichi a barter invents first direct, drive turntable technics. Sp-10. 1970. ARP 2600. Is. Manufactured. 1973. Yamaha, release Yamaha, GX, 1 the first polyphonic. Synthesizer. 1974. Yamaha build first digital, synthesizer. 1977. Roland, release mc8, an early microprocessor. Driven, cv/gate. Digital, sequencer. 1978. Roland, releases, county, route 78, the, first microprocessor, driven. Drum machine. 1979. Casio, releases, vl1 the first commercial, digital synthesizer. 1980. Roland, releases, TI 108. The most widely, used drum, machine in popular, music. 1980. Roland, introduces, DCB, protocol, and din interface, with TI 208. 1980. Yamaha, releases, GS 1 the first FM, digital, synthesizer. 1980. Kazuo, Morioka, creates first man s qo1, the first bass synth with a sequencer. 1981. Roland, releases, TB, 303. A bass synthesizer, that lays foundations. For acid house music. 1981. Toshiba's, LMD, 649. The, first PCM, digital, sampler, introduced, with yellow magic orchestra, is Tecna Delic. 1982. Sony, and Philips introduced. Compact discs. 1982. First, MIDI synthesizes. Released roland, jupiter 6 and prophet 600. 1983. Introduction. Of MIDI. 1983. Roland, releases, msq, 700. The first MIDI sequencer. 1983. Roland releases, TR 909. The first MIDI drum machine. 1983. Roland, releases, MC, 202. The first groov box. 1983. Yamaha, releases, dx7, the first commercially, successful digital. Synthesizer. 1985. Akai, releases, the ik is, 612. A digital, sampler. 1986. The first digital, consoles, appear. 1987. Digidesign, market, sound tools. 1988. Akai, introduces. The music production controller. MPC. Series, of digital samplers. 1994. Yamaha, unveils the promix o1. Topic. See also. List, of music software. Equals. Equals notes.