History of science and technology | Wikipedia audio article
The. History of Science and Technology HST. Is a field of history which examines, how humanity's, understanding, of the natural world science, and ability, to manipulate it technology, have changed over the centuries this. Academic discipline. Also studies, the cultural, economic, and political impacts. Of scientific, innovation. Histories. Of science, were originally, written by practicing. And retired scientists. Starting, primarily, with William Whewell as a way to communicate the virtues of science, to the public in the. Early 1930s, after, a famous paper given, by the Soviet historian, Boris hessin was focused into looking at the ways in which scientific. Practices, were allied with the needs and motivations, of their context, after. World War two extensive. Resources, were put into teaching and researching the discipline, with the hopes that it would help the public better understand. Both science, and technology, as they came to play an exceedingly, prominent, role in the world in the. 1960s, especially, in the wake of the work done by Thomas Kuhn the discipline, began to serve a very different, function and began to be used as a way to critically, examine the scientific, enterprise at. The present, time it is often closely, aligned with the field of science studies modern, engineering, as it is understood today took form during the Scientific Revolution though, much of the mathematics, and science was built on the work of the Greeks Egyptians. Mesopotamians. Chinese, Indians. See. The main articles, history of science, and history of Technology, for these respective, topics. Topic. Universities. With HST, programs. You. Topic. Argentina. Buenos. Aires Institute, of Technology, Argentina. Has been offering courses on history of the technology, in the science. National. Technological. University, Argentina, has a complete, history, program, on its offered careers. Topic. Australia. The, University, of Sydney offers, both undergraduate, and postgraduate, programs. In the history and philosophy of, science run by the unit for the history and philosophy of, science within, the science faculty. Undergraduate. Coursework can be completed, as part of either a Bachelor, of Science or, a Bachelor, of Arts degree. Undergraduate. Study can be furthered, by completing, an additional, honours year for, postgraduate. Study the unit offers both coursework, and research-based degrees. The. Two course work based postgraduate. Degrees are the graduate, certificate in science HPS, and the graduate diploma in science, HPS. The. Two research-based postgraduate. Degrees are a Master of Science MSC. And Doctor, of Philosophy PhD. Topic. Belgium. University. Of Leeds has a department, called centre d'histoire de, Sciences, at techniques. Topic. Canada. Carleton. University, Ottawa offer courses, in ancient science, and technology, in its technology, society and Environment, Programme. University. Of Toronto, has a program, in history and philosophy of, science and technology. University. Of King's College in, Halifax, Nova Scotia has, a history, of Science and Technology program. Topic. France. Non-university. Has a dedicated, department, called center francois viet a, paris. Diderot university. Paris 7 has a department, of history and philosophy of, science a. CNRS. Research, center in history, and philosophy of, science sphere affiliated. With paris Diderot university. Has a dedicated, history, of Technology, section. Pantheon. Sorbonne, University Paris. One has a dedicated, Institute, of history and philosophy of, science and technics, the. Ecole Normale super. De Paris has a history, of science department. Topic. Germany. Technische, universität berlin. Has a program, in the history of science and technology. Topic. Greece. The, University, of Athens has, a department, of philosophy and, history of science one. Topic. India history, of science, and technology as a well developed field, in India at. Least three generations of, scholars can be identified, the, first generation, includes, didi Kosambi, Darvill Deviprasad.
Chattopadhyay, And ramon the. Second, generation mainly, consists, of ashes nandi deepak kumar Dhruv, Raina s Irfan, Habib, Shiv Viswanathan, young Prakash, Stan, Lord Swami VV. Krishna. Edy Abraham, Richard, Grove Kavita, Philip Meera Nanda and Rob Anderson, there. Is an emergent, third generation. That includes scholars, like Abba Sir and Genevieve al key departments, and programs the national institute of science technology, and, development, studies had a research, group active, in the 1990s. Which consolidated. Social, history of science as a field of research in India currently. There are several institutes. And university, departments, offering HST, programs. Jawaharlal. Nehru University has. An MPhil ph.d, program that, offers specialization. In social, history of science, it is, at the history of science and education group. Of the Zakir Hasan Center, for Educational. Studies zhc, es in the School of Social Sciences. Renowned. Indian science, historians, Deepak, Kumar and Dhruv Raina teach, here also, asterisk. Centre for studies in science policy has an MPhil ph.d, program that offers specialization. In science, technology. And society along. With various allied sub disciplines. Central. University. Of Gujarat, has an MPhil ph.d. Program in studies, in science technology and, innovation policy. At the Center for studies, in science technology and, innovation policy. See SST, IP where, social history, of Science and Technology in India as a major emphasis for, research and teaching Banaras. Hindu University has. Programs, one in history of Science and Technology at the Faculty of science and one in historical, and comparative studies. Of the sciences, and the humanities at. The Faculty, of humanities. Andhra. University has. Now set history of Science and Technology as, a compulsory, subject for, all the first-year BTech, students. You. Topic. Israel. Tel-aviv, University, the. Cone Institute for the history and philosophy of, science and, ideas as a research, and graduate teaching, Institute, within the framework of the school of history of Tel Aviv University. Bar. Ilan University has, a department, for Science and Technology, studies. Topic. Japan. Kyoto. University. Has a program, in the philosophy and history of science. Tokyo. Institute of, Technology, has a program, in the history philosophy and, social studies of science and technology, the. University, of Tokyo, has a program, in the history and philosophy of, science. Topic. Netherlands. Utrecht. University has.
Two Cooperating. Programs one in history and philosophy of, science at the Faculty, of Natural Sciences and, one in historical, and comparative studies. Of the sciences, and the humanities at. The Faculty of humanities. Topic. Spain. University. Of the basque country offers, a master's, degree in, PhD, program, in history and philosophy of, science and run since 1952. Theoria. International. Journal for theory history, and foundations, of science the, university, also sponsors, the Basque Museum, of the history of medicine and science the only open Museum of history of science of Spain that in the past offered also PhD, courses. Universitat. Autonoma de, barcelona offers, a master's, degree in PhD, program, in HST, together with the universitat, de barcelona. Universitat. De valència offers. A master's, degree in, ph.d, program in HST. Together, with the consejo superior, de investigaciones. Scientific, us. Topic. Sweden. Linn, chirpings Universitat, has a science, technology, and society program, which, includes HST. Topic. Switzerland. University. Of Bern has an undergraduate, and a graduate program, in the history and philosophy of, science. Topic. United, kingdom. University. Of Kent has a Center for the history of the sciences, which offers master's programs, and undergraduate, modules. University. College London s department of science and technology studies offers, undergraduate, program, in history and philosophy of, science including. Two BSC, single, honored degrees UK, SV 550. In UK SL, 391. Plus both major and minor streams, in history philosophy and, social studies of Science in UCL's, Natural, Sciences, program, the. Department, also offers MSC. Degrees in history and philosophy of, science and in the study of contemporary, science technology. And society an, MPhil. PhD. Research, degree is offered to. UCL. Also, contains a Center for the history of medicine this. Operates, a small teaching, program in history of Medicine, University. Of Oxford, has a one year graduate, course in history of science instruments. Museums, science, technology. Associated. With the Museum of the history of science. University. Of Leeds has both undergraduate, and graduate, programs in, history and philosophy of, science in, the department of philosophy. University. Of Manchester offers. Undergraduate, modules. And postgraduate. Study in history of science technology, and medicine and, is sponsored by the Wellcome, Trust. University. Of Bristol, has a master's, in PhD, programme in the philosophy, and history of science. University. Of Cambridge has, an undergraduate, course, in a large masters, and PhD, program in the history and philosophy of, science including, the history of medicine. University. Of Durham has several undergraduate. History of science modules, in the philosophy department as, well as masters, and PhD, programs, in the discipline. London. Centre for the history of science medicine. And technology this. Center closes in 2013. It was, formed in 1987. And ran etat MSC, program, jointly taught by University. College London z' department of science and technology studies in Imperial, College London the. Master's program transferred. To UCL. You. Topic. United. States. Academic. Study of the history of science as, an independent discipline. Was launched by George Sartain at Harvard with his book introduction, to the history of science, 1927. And the ISIS journal founded in 1912. Sartain. Exemplified, the early 20th, century view, of the history of science as the history of great men and great ideas, he. Shared with many of his contemporaries, of Whiggish belief in history, as a record, of the advances, and delays in the march of progress, the. History of science was not a recognized, subfield, of American, history in this period and most of the work was carried out by interested.
Scientists, And physicians rather, than professional historians, with. The work of I Bernhard Cohen at Harvard the history of science became an established sub, discipline of history after, 1945. Arizona. State University's. Center for biology. And Society offers several paths for MS or PhD, students, who are interested, in issues surrounding the history and philosophy of, the science particularly, biological. Sciences, the. Strength of the center has much to do with the success of its director, Jane mainshine, with. A concentration. In biology and, society, one can focus on history and philosophy of, science bioscience. Ethics policy, and law or ecology, economics. And ethics of the environment. Brown. University, has a program, in science and technology studies and the history of mathematics this, program, is in the process of being phased out there. Are no longer any full-time, faculty and, no new students, are being admitted to the program. California. Institute, of Technology offers. Courses in the history and philosophy of, science to, fulfill its core humanities, requirements. Case. Western Reserve, University, has, an undergraduate. Interdisciplinary. Program, in the history and philosophy of, science and, a graduate, program in the history of science technology. Environment. And medicine, stem. Cornell. University. Offers a variety of courses within the science and technology course, one. Notable course is called Science and Technology history taught currently, by Professor, Peter deer which centers upon the development, of Science and Technology history from the Newtonian, era up to the Einsteinian revolution, this. Class is one of the longest-running. At Cornell University and, is offered by the College, of Arts and Sciences, and caters to students, who want to learn more about the development, of modern science. Georgia. Institute of Technology has. An undergraduate, and graduate, program, in the history of technology, and society. Harvard. Has a large undergraduate. And graduate, program, in history of science and is one of the largest departments, currently, in the world. Indiana. University. Offers undergraduate, courses, and a master's, and PhD program. In the history and philosophy of, science. Johns. Hopkins University. Has an undergraduate, and graduate, program, in the history of science medicine, and Technology. University. Of King's College has, a degree program in history of Science and Technology. Lehigh. University. Offers, an undergraduate, level STS. Concentration. Founded in 1972. And a graduate program with, emphasis, on the history, of industrial America. Massachusetts. Institute of, Technology has. A science, technology and, society program which, includes HST. Michigan. State University. Offers an undergraduate, major and, minor in history philosophy. And sociology of, science through, its Lyman Briggs College. New. Jersey Institute of Technology has a science, technology and, society program which, includes the history, of Science and Technology. Oregon. State University.
Offers A master's and PhD in history of science through its Department, of History. Princeton. University, has a program, in the history of science, Rensselaer. Polytechnic Institute. Has, a science and technology Studies, department, Rutgers has a graduate, program in history of science technology. Environment. And health. Stanford. Has a history, and philosophy of, science and, technology program, Stevens. Institute of, Technology, has an undergraduate, and graduate, program, in the history of science. University. Of California, Berkeley, offers a graduate, degree in HST, through its history program, and maintains, a separate sub department, for the field. University, of california los angeles has. A relatively, large group history, of science, and medicine faculty, and graduate, students, within its history department, and also offers an undergraduate, minor, in the history of science. University. Of California, Santa Barbara has an interdisciplinary, graduate. Program. Emphasis, in technology, and society through the Center for information, technology and, society, the. History department, is affiliated, with the emphasis. University. Of Florida, has a graduate, program in history of science technology and medicine at the University, of Florida provides, undergraduate. And graduate, degrees. University. Of Minnesota, has a ph.d, program in history of science technology and, medicine as well as undergraduate. Courses in these fields, the. Minnesota model integrates, historians. Of science technology. And medicine within, the various science departments, they study each holding a joint appointment. University. Of Oklahoma, has an undergraduate, minor, and a graduate degree program, in history of science. University. Of Pennsylvania, has a program, in history and sociology of science. University. Of Pittsburgh's, Department, of History and philosophy, of science offers, graduate, and undergraduate, courses. University. Of Puget Sound, has a science, technology, and society program which, includes the history of Science and Technology University. Of wisconsin-madison. Has, one of the largest programs, in history of science medicine, and technology with. Particular, strengths in medical, history history. Of biology history of science, and religion and environmental. History this. Program, was the first to exist as an independent academic, department. It. Offers MA and PhD degrees as well as an undergraduate, major. Wesleyan. University has. A science, in society program, Yale, University, has a program, in the history of science and medicine. Topic. Prominent. Historians. Of the field. You. See, also the list of George Sartain medalists. Topic. Journals and periodicals annals. Of science the british journal for the history of science Centaurus. Dynamesh history and technology, magazine history. Of technology, book series historical. Studies in the physical, and biological sciences. HSPs. Historical. Studies in the natural sciences HSN. S icon, I Triple, E annals of the history of computing, Isis Journal of the history of biology Journal. Of the history of medicine and allied sciences notes, and records of the Royal Society Osiris. Science and Technology, studies science, in context, science technology. And human values social history, of medicine social studies of science technology and, culture transactions. Of the new common Society, historia, Mathematica. Bulletin of the scientific. Instrument, society. Topic. See, also. Ancient. Egyptian, technology. History. Of science and technology in China, history. Of Science and Technology in Japan. History. Of Science and Technology in the Indian subcontinent. Mesopotamian. Science. Productivity. Improving technologies. Historical. Science. And technology, in Argentina. Science. And Technology, in Canada. Science. And Technology, in Iran. Science. And Technology, in the United States. Science. In the medieval Islamic, world, science. Tourism. Technological. And industrial history. Of the United States, timeline. Of Science and Engineering in, the Islamic, world. Topic. Professional. Societies. The, British society for, the history of science be, SHS. History. Of science society HSS. Newcomb. And society, to, society. For, the history of technology shot. Society. For the social studies of science for s. Scientific. Instrument Society three.