Digits: Connecting to the Future (full episode)
The following program is brought to you without commercial interruption. Thanks. To Sprint I've. Been exploring the wireless world of Sprint and I've, learned Sprint is building America's, mobile 5g, network. Sprint. A brighter, future for all. It's. Been the case throughout the history of the internet we've constantly been surprised. When. We look at the internet and where. It came from and, where it's arrived, today, and where it's headed I think, it's quite clear, but. The engineers do really. Realize. Just. How much this was going to change things. People. Thought we were crazy internet. Thing is never gonna be as important as the telephone or the television. In. This series we'll journey through the past present. And future of that, revolution we call the Internet, we'll. Go inside the hidden places practices. And people who make it hum and ask, why, do we all love it so much. This. Is, the. Internet, really. Right, here we. Usually think of it as invisible, of somewhere, in the cloud but, this is where the invisible, becomes, visible, where, the intangible. Becomes, concrete. I'm, Derek Muller and I'm in an internet. Exchange point one of hundreds of places around the world where computers. Networks, all linked, up to, form the global, Internet. What's. Happening, in here is that, countless, routers, and switches are, receiving, data from one network and they're, passing it over to another network by a real physical. Cables, so, it's a network, of networks all. Interconnected. Which, is why we call it the Internet and, here. You can actually reach, out and physically. Touch it. Everything. We've ever recorded, or for that matter ever, written texted. Or tumblr, passes. Through these global, internet, exchange points, it is a cosmic, journey the likes of which neither Newton, Tesla, nor Einstein, could ever have fathomed all. Of it traveling, at the speed of light I. Spend. Most of my working life here. On the internet now. I know that may sound a little bit nerdy but, I actually really enjoy it I create. And host an online science Channel called veritasium, meaning. The element, of truth it. Is my dream job because, I'm passionate about science, and now, I can investigate topics, I have always wondered about in that cool and bring my world of science to, a massive, international, audience. I capitalized, on the reach of the web for, example after, uploading this video called the surprising, application, of the Magnus effect. It. Has now been viewed by more than 50, million people from around the world not. Bad for a film about a fluid, dynamical, effect as a, species, we, have an inbuilt, need to, connect with others to. Communicate and share our stories, to, create community, in essence and the internet empowers us to do that in ways we, never before. Imagined. In. 1969. The same year that a man stepped, on the moon Leonard. Kleinrock headed, up a team of computer scientists, later hailed as the fathers. Of the Internet, then, it all started in a room like this one but, the interesting thing is that even none, of us had been born we'd. Still have an Internet today it, was in the air it was going to happen, the. Inspiration. To create a brand new Network came from a branch of the Defense Department, called ARPA. The. Advanced, Research Projects. Agency. Well. You, know Abba was, formed as a responds, to the 1957. Sputnik, launch by, the Russians, the, Soviets had, caught us without pants down we.
Were Behind in technology at. The time computers. Were very large very, expensive, and separated, by great distances, so, a single user wishing, to use multiple, programs, would have to travel to different locations. Computers. Need to talk to each other and there was no way in which they were able to do so efficiently. At the time here. Was the problem if you were trying to send files, or messages, over a network you'd have to put them in one, at a time. So. Each message, had to wait it's turn and if, one of the messages were really. Big it, would take a long time to, go through the. Solution, Leonard Kleinrock and his fellow internet pioneers, came up with still, lies at the heart of the Internet today it's, called packet, switching, in, which all the messages are cut up into pieces of, the same size called. Packets. Then. The packets, can travel separately through the network making, the best use of every, available space so. Packets, from small messages well, they can squeeze into the gaps between packets, from large messages, avoiding, the long wait and, once those packets have reached their destination. They can be reassembled into their original, messages, to. Do all that chopping, and reassembling, a special, device would connect computers, to the network this. Is the very first piece of Internet equipment ever this is where the internet began it's. The interface message processor. It's. Made out of a military hardened. Machine. For. The Department of Defense. Inside. You notice it is so, ugly it's beautiful. It's. My friend has, unique, odor and. It's. Really old equipment but, this is where the entire internet, began right, here. The. Year is 1969. Richard. Nixon is inaugurated, as our 37th, president and, more than a million people gathered at Woodstock, to celebrate sex drugs, and rock and roll and, on, October, 29th, Cline, rocks team at UCLA, logged into a computer, at the Stanford, Research Institute, now. To make sure this worked because this was the first time these two host computers, were going to talk to each other to let somebody log, in remotely. We. Had a telephone connection. Just. To be sure. Now. To login you have to type L oh gee. So. Charlie. Types. TL and he says to build you KP l. Bill. Sets got the L. Right. Do you get the Oh got, the o type, the G. Crash. The, system worked out, the.
First Message, ever. On the internet was low. As in. Lo and behold. Samuel. Morse had a good message on the Telegraph, Network he said what hath God wrought he. Prepared a message he had the press in the media there Alexander. Graham Bell Telephone. Come. Here Watson I need you Neil. Armstrong, giant. Leap for mankind, but. It turns out that, the message we sent was, about as short as prophetic. As powerful, as you can imagine lo. By. Accident. Our. Vision. In those early days was machine. To machine or, person, to machine, what I missed, totally, was. That this was not about computers. Talking to each other it, was about people communicating, with each other by. The end of 1969. There, were just a few computers, connected, to the ARPANET. But. The network grew, steadily during the 1970s. But. As they multiplied, it became more difficult for, them to integrate into, a worldwide, system, and the desire for access, to each other's data was enormous. Back. In the 1970s, there, was no single global, Internet, as we know it today, instead. There were lots of different, networks like, the government's, big ARPANET. And satellite. Networks, and little, community operations, but. They all had their own different, format, and they connected, to each other in different ways so. In short if you weren't already on a network there was no way, to get, to it it was like the biblical Tower, of Babel. We needed a common language a standard. Set of protocols that would allow all these networks to talk, to. The. Internet got the common language it needed thanks, to two pioneering, scientists. And this. Nondescript. Delivery, van. Vint. Cerf and Bob Kahn worked, for years to solve the problem of connectivity, Bob, showed up in my office at Stanford in 73, and says we have a problem my, reaction is what do you mean we face. Is well I'm trying to get these nuts to interconnect, and I don't know how we should do that, Vint. Cerf and Bob Kahn outfitted. This vehicle, with high-end, computer, hardware and radio. Transmission. Gear and then they drove it through the streets of the Bay Area on. November, 22nd, 1977. The team at this console, was able, to transmit, a message to Los Angeles 400, miles to the south but. They used three, networks to do it the. Two men developed, a way for all the computer networks to communicate it's, been described, as the handshake. That introduces. Computers, to each other, they. Also came up with a new word for what they were doing Bob. Cohen and I wrote this first paper describing, a protocol. For packet network, inter communication and so. Internetworking. Was. The. Term, that was used but it was so clumsy, Bob. Kahn called the project internetting. And. Eventually. We started to refer to the object that we were building as the internet. Computers. Were still large roughly, the size of industrial, refrigeration. Units the. Only people who could afford them were large corporations. Universities, and, the military. But. As they were manufactured, to be smaller and smaller, personal, computers began to take off and so, did the internet for the user at home. Probably. 1981. I. Bought. A PC. And tried. To get, hooked up to a modem, and it was really. Complicated, really difficult, but, there still was something magical about the idea that I was you, know sitting at a computer connecting, at people and. Ideas all, over the world. The. Standard speed of connection, was 56, kilobits per second, so, uploading, a video or even a photo took, a ridiculously.
Long Time, people. Were complaining it was too slow and we're, gonna fix that with. The cable model Jim, Phillips was an executive at Motorola in the mid-1990s, when, they developed a way to speed things up now. We looked at all these cable companies and, they. Had this. Way. Of communicating, via hybrid, fiber coaxial. In, those, days they called it TV wire what, that gave us was really high, speed, data. Which. We hadn't experienced. Before and the best part no more phone lines, suddenly. You could download audio, you could download video. Even. Once. You were connected, you could also join, discussion, groups and send email. One. Dial-up, service rose to the top. AOL. America. Online. You've. Got mail it, took millions of, Americans, online for the first time the, mission of the Ale in the early days was to create a service that was easy to use useful fun and affordable but. The broader mission and sort of the real mandate, that was driving us we really believe the internet, could be as important, in people's lives as the telephone. Or the television but even provide more value to, attract. New customers, AOL, used a brilliant, marketing strategy. The. New AOL, disc is here, remember, those CDs, AOL. Just gave them away so, people could load up the software and connect, to the network, millions. Signed, up at, one point in the 1990s, half of all the CDs produced, on earth were from AOL and, users. Discovered, new ways to find each other. For. Us the community, was everything is how do we create, a whole suite. Of tools so. It started with email it also was message boards, and forums things like that we also thought the real-time communication. Is important so initially we launched people connection sort of chat rooms and we created instant messaging, AOL. Provided, a gathering, place for groups, of people with shared interests, they. Could see all the traffic of so many communities. Coming on lines where there was a village with women or blackberry Creek with young children or, NAT noir the african-american, community LGBT, community we funded out basic, called the two-thirds rule more, than two-thirds, of their traffic was people just talking to each other in their platforms, in a chatroom message, board cetera I used, to even joked I'm kind of like not just the CEO of the company I'm kind of the mayor of the community, we asked a question in 2004. A lot. Of experts what, is the most surprising thing about the growth of the internet and, they. Said the spread of the web itself was, what stunned them just that so many people had so much to say and, of course there's, a lot of cat videos in that and a lot of cat pictures. There's. Also sort of profound sharing. My shirt matches the boxes behind me I'm gonna change yeah I think that's better although I wonder if we can take it down a button, No.
One. Of the most famous to upload his life is John, Green, John's. Best-selling, novel, The Fault in Our Stars became. A hit movie but. Millions, feel like they know him personally because, for years he's run a YouTube channel. Including. This one which is enormous ly popular, with his brother Hank high. From. January, 1st to December 31st. 2007. John Green and his brother Hank ran a video blog project they, called Brotherhood, 2.0. Every. Day for the entire year, the brothers sent each other videos don't, you know the whole ones already gone and reserved a copy at Amazon, how many more books, could you sell I got. To hang out with John and we reached out to Hank. Yeah. 1 2 3 good morning Hank, it's Thursday. May 5th is your birthday, birthday. Cool. All right I am. Like, that alright, okay, so. Tell. Me how you decided, to put, your first video on YouTube, so. Late in 2006. My brother and I were talking on AOL Instant Messenger and. Um. We. Were talking about how we never saw each other and, we never talked on the phone, we, only communicated. Textually, and, we. Got this idea over, instant messenger to stop communicating, textually. And only. To communicate, via videos, that we made back and forth to each other every, day that. Was early, that was early days did you realize what you were doing at that point no what. Was your expectation, for the project, I remember. When, Hank uploaded the first video and a couple days later we had 450, viewers, I remember. Thinking where. Did these 450. People come from it, just felt huge. To me it, was astonishing that you could reach people so directly, off-topic, but at the State Fair turkey legs are just so delicious I wonder if Velociraptor, legs are good morning Hank it's Tuesday, today's video is like nothing you ever bought at IKEA it comes to you in only two parts for the green brothers daily, vlogs began, to gather a massive, audience and theirs was one of the first big channels on YouTube leading.
The Way to the birth of a, YouTube, nation. I. Love. You I mean watch, my channel, the. Brothers also set off a relay race of memorable, virtual, moments. Today. Yes. We kick double. Rainbow. Hi. Guys um, so. This is the first video ball once, the term social, media was created, hmm, I'll. Just do, this there. Was clarity that we were living in a world where the internet was up to me. By. The people. For. The people. Awesome. Year for other people, this is your time this is my time is a time get, to it. The. Year was 2014. Ebola. Was, in the news daily and nearly. Three billion people were now on the Internet. At. That time the ALS, ice bucket challenge was, traveling, the web at warp speed. The. Online campaign went, a little something like this I am accepting. ALS, icebucketchallenge. Either you or someone you knew poured, a cold bucket of water over your head you, then made a donation to the ALS organization. And also. Nominated, someone else to then pour a bucket of water over their head ice bucket shot I accept, the challenge challenge, accept. The. Viral campaign, was an effort to eradicate Lou, Gehrig's disease. It. Also may, have underscored, the look at me and narcissistic. Culture that, had begun to emerge online, for. More than two million people posted, videos of themselves accepting. The challenge. The. Ice bucket challenge raised, more than a hundred and fifteen million, dollars, in just six weeks, it. Was and still is the, apex, of using, social media for, a cause. Every. Month almost two billion people log, on to Facebook, its, founder, Mark Zuckerberg grew, impatient with, the creation of an official Harvard web page while he was a student and, so he and his friends decided to take matters into their own hands. The. Zuckerberg launched, Facemash for Harvard students only and from, there it spread to other colleges, and then on February, 4th 2004. The site the, Facebook was, launched nationally just. Four years later the, company was valued at nearly four, billion, dollars. It's. Already hard, to remember life before it when, we actually smiled, at someone when we liked something and, tagging, was just a kids game, the. Online platform shifted. Our communication. From emailing, to. Broadcasting. The content of our lives and even, if it went away tomorrow, it has, forever changed, the way we communicate. Facebook. Continued, to experiment with the ways users, could webcast, so, when Facebook live appeared, it enabled, users to go, live with whatever, they were doing from, wherever they were doing it with the push of a button. And. Through. It we've had front-row seats to everything, okay. Bring. The viral sensation, of Chewbacca. Mom. To. The other extreme the, live cast of the Minnesota shooting. He. Had you taught him get his ID sir, his driver's, license, oh my. God please don't tell me he's dead. Please. Don't tell me my boyfriend just went like that where, Dimond Reynolds broadcasts, the aftermath, of the shooting of her partner he. Was just getting his license, a registration. Set. The. Internet via Facebook. Twitter Pinterest, and so many more sites has become. Our go-to for just about everything. Breaking, news. Social. Movements. Or. A, funny moment to break up another wise horrible, day. These. Statistics, show us in real-time the sheer enormity, of web activity at any moment, in the day it. Is now true, that every, second. 6,000. Tweets are tweeted and. 41,000. Status updates are posted to Facebook and Google, processes. 100. Billion, searches a, month I think it's fact I don't think it's I don't put a judgement on it I think we're heading towards a world where. Everything is being imaged I have to teach my four-year-old kids now that if they, do something, and it's viewed on Facebook, it's there forever so. Ultimately, it's, gonna change Society. Audience-participation. Made. The Internet enormous, ly powerful, but, its reach accelerated.
With The juggernaut, of online gaming. It's, nearly a 100. Billion, dollar worldwide, industry four, out of five households, in the United States have gaming consoles, translating. Into a hundred, and fifty-five million, Americans. Playing games regularly. All right koopa troopa game on, game. On veritasium, am I saying that right Barrett aciem for. Some it is a full-time job they, play online and, others pay to watch, I went. One-on-one with game streamer Josh Peters, who goes by Koopa Troopa 787. Oh I. Hate. That, he's. Definitely. Out of my league tell. Me about the journey from you. Know doing gaming for fun to doing, gaming for a living after. A week, of doing it without. Even trying to monetize, or make money from it within a week of starting I was making more money than I, was at my full-time job for the first time in my life I felt like I could actually do something that I really, enjoyed but. Make a living out of it and, I. Know sometimes I take that for granted it's. A very very big question, but I mean do, you feel like, the. Internet has made a life possible, for you that there was. Otherwise impossible, or what, are your thoughts on it I, have. Had up to, 57,000. People at once watching me play a phone game and there's. No I mean that's an entire stadiums, worth of people watching. Me play a game on my tablet. From. My home office and. That's that's not possible without without, the internet. He's. Dead to. The ground now I'm going to try talking and. He has no idea where most of these people are watching him from or, who, they are the, audience, lurks in the shadows his. Fan base is completely. Anonymous. Capitalizing. On the invisibility, of anonymity, apps, like whisper, and secret, and Yik yak began, to saturate, the marketplace. UK. Was created, by college friends Tyler drawl and Brooks, Buffington, they, wanted to create a more democratic social. Media network where users. Didn't need a large number of followers to have a virtual voice, so. They allowed people to post comments come, anonymously. Yuk. Yuk's 1.8. Million faceless, users share, thousands. Of yaks per day it. Started out innocently. Enough with postings, like chat. Up to the girl in the red sweater on the library, steps looking. Real good, I hate, when my phone says searching, but when it does I hold it to my heart and whisper, me, to phone me. Too, good. Morning Savannah well the smartphone app Yik yak only, launched last December, but how quickly it took off yak yak targets college students, but the younger crowd is using it too it can also be dangerous it's called Yik yak but, the tide quickly, changed, to cringe-worthy, and of course horribly offensive messages, or yaks as they are known female.
Students, At the University, of Mary Washington were, threatened, verbally, with rape and other, kinds, of abuse crime. Alert out of Fredericksburg, where police say a man has been arrested for, the murder of his college, roommate, one, of them was actually murdered her, friends, and family say it was partly due to the tension that began on the app in Falls, Church the funeral, for grace man is being held there. Were incidents at dozens, of colleges, and universities. Ukx. Founders, say, that they have made changes, to address the complaints, they received like adding filters to flag offensive, language, they. Have also built geo fences, around roughly, 85 percent of the nation's high schools and middle schools. Total. Anonymity gives, you freedom, perhaps to speak or to explore, different. Thoughts ideas you. Know possibilities. That, might be out of the bounds of perhaps your normal, social Miglia or your physical setting or whatever but, how do you balance the need for an anonymity in very, real situation is the political, dissident, the abuse. Spouse etc, versus. The growing. Trend of just, in tolerant. Speech online. As. Social media connects, more people than ever before its. Success, depends, on companies, policing, their sites so, that racists. Criminals, and bullies do not make their presence, known the, really like, mean-spirited. Things. That people say is just. Mind-boggling. Mind-boggling. Content. Moderators, like Alex from Patrol, the cyber frontier, their, full-time job is to remove offensive. Material from social networking sites for, content moderators, like Alex it's a grim work day and the burnout rate is high you. Say something offensive to someone online you can't see their physical, reaction, in their face you can't see how hurt, they feel so. There's no human, aspect to it and you feel like you can kind of just there's. No consequences. For your actions it. Desensitizes, us. When we go online we're. Not looking, at each other and empathy, is born in the gaze and, the eye contact, in the face sherry. Turkle has spent the last 30 years studying. The psychology of people's relationships, with technology there's. Been a 40%. Cut among, young people on college students, in the, capacity, for empathy. In. The last 20 years with, most of the change taking. Place in the past 10. Content. Moderation, requires, a human, touch no. Amount of programming, or algorithms. Can do this work especially, when it comes to imagery, a lot. Of the images that come through are. Sexually. Explicit, sometimes, sexually, violent, or very. Gruesome. The. Constant, stream of troubling, words and pictures takes, a toll on average. Moderators. Last somewhere between three, and six months before quitting some.
Have Even reportedly. Developed post-traumatic, stress, disorder, you leave work at the end of the day feeling. A little down a little, depressed you know kind. Of lose your faith and humanity, a little, bit my, mantra. For moderators, is moderate, and moderation if. You're. Doing it all day every day whether. It's images or content, or videos or, anything, else. You'll. Feel like the, whole your whole world is named divot II this. Business is often kept in the shadows intentionally. The, large companies, who hire content, moderators, don't, advertise that, reportedly. Half of their workforce is doing this type of work they. Don't want the public to know that there's actually a huge need to police their sites. Most. People don't know that there's this whole other side to the internet where there are people working really hard to, prevent. You from seeing some of the more negative things that get posted online which, a lot. Of I. Don't. Think will ever get rid of kind, of the dark corners, of the internet where the, seedy people go to do. What they'll always do I think. It's inevitable and, it's, just part of human nature and it's, going, to be a part of the internet as long as the internet is around. Some. Governments, have also taken action, to gain control of the web I. Think. China for example they've. Built what's known as the Great Firewall, it's, a sophisticated system. Of filters that blocks out anything the Chinese government deems undesirable. So, if you're in China and you search for persecution, you'll, get a blank screen that says page not available, you get the same kind of results if you search for Tibetan, independence or, democracy. Movements, you, know websites. Like the New York Times Time. Magazine, YouTube. Facebook. Twitter and, most of Google are also blocked. There's. No denying that someone's, always watching you. They. Also are, implementing, highly controversial, surveillance which, they call the Golden Shield project, using, speech and face recognition closed-circuit. Television, and other, internet surveillance technologies. The, Chinese government hopes to create a gigantic, online, database, of each, and every one of its citizens and. Several.
Years Ago China insisted, that Yahoo turnover, account information that, ended up helping the government track, and imprison, journalists, two. Of which were then sentenced, ten years in prison the. Incident, attracted, so much attention the, Congress, held a hearing where an outraged congressman, told Yahoo executives. While. Technologically. And financially. You are giants. Morally. You are pygmies. Yahoo. Has since apologized, for the incident. Censorship. Has gone global France, and Germany have laws banning Nazi propaganda, and in Australia, there have been a series of proposed laws to block pirated, materials, and protect, children now, those are worthy, goals but. It does make you wonder where, this might lead. Increasingly. What we see is that different, forces political. And. Economic. Are making. The Internet less free, than we had hoped the. United States government and other governments, are going to platforms, like Twitter and Facebook and asking them what are you gonna do about this, she, had a speech, what are you going to do to limit it and are you going to help us get rid of it and for, people who are connecting. Are you going to help us find out who's interested. In this ideology, CNN. Breaking news, breaking news this evening making news the whistleblower, revealed, the 29, year old who leaked those top-secret, details, of the government's sweeping, surveillance program, is now come forward my name is Ed Snowden Edward, Snowden's, infamous, revelations, set off a ripple effect that is still traveling, throughout the digital world leaked documents, suggested, the NSA, was tapping, directly into. The service of firms like Google, Facebook and, Apple by, all appearances it's, a top-secret program that's been going on for years the public, needs to decide whether these programs and policies are right or wrong Snowden. Worked for the National Security Agency. And leaked, thousands. Of classified documents that revealed the government was collecting the communication, records of perfectly. Average folks people, like you and me they. Were in essence spying, on millions, of Americans. We. Caught up with him in Russia where he is in exile, he. Says that we should consider how far the government will go with, that information. One. Of the common questions that, people have. When. They think about the surveillance, problem. When they think about all. Of the data that's being collected by. Corporations, and government is why. Do people get so angry when. The, spies are doing it when the government is. When, they say they're trying to do it to do to save lives the. Answer, as far as we can tell today. Is. That the participation, with these private companies is, largely, voluntary, you're.
Opting, In to use Facebook, you're signing up for a Google account you're, agreeing to the Terms of Service on, Twitter and there's. Also a, difference. In the level of power that. These different sets of actors, can bring to bear. Google. Can. Spying email and serve, you ads that, they think are relevant to your interest the, government can. Put you in jail or drop a bomb on you. The. Revelations. Sparked. By Edward Snowden and continuing. Through, the last you know several years, frankly I think have reshaped the conversation, in this country certainly and really around the world. We. Know that the internet and much of the digital world was an American invention once. It went global that, meant to the rest of the world that. The United, States was holding the keys to cyberspace, but once. The Snowden, incident happened things began, to change. Non. Americans, began, not to trust us they. Were concerned, that big brother or rather Uncle. Sam was, watching. Americans. Also, did, not want to accept that their technological life, had, to come at the price of possible. Surveillance, as a. Result, internet, sovereignty, is inching, forward where. We may become a world where the web literally, splinters, along, geographic. Boundaries also. Known as the, splinter, net one. Of the probably most compelling, threats, to a truly global Internet right now are the calls for data localization, and. And in-country, servers, and, the, application, of one. Country's laws over another. Right. Now we, enjoy an internet that is a global network of people and institutions that, we have come to rely on it. Is open flexible, and efficient, but. If the Internet becomes the, splinter net it, would become a rigid, system with impenetrable. Borders, and critics, argue it would also lead to a system, even, more vulnerable to government, abuse. Another. Online threat goes beyond invading, your virtual, space to, actually invading, your personal space. It's, called squatting, back it. Is an Internet Frank where someone, finds out your home address and calls, 911 to, report a, fake emergency, and, just. A few years ago one went down in a suburb of Atlanta. It began. With this. 911. I. Was. At work and. I. Received, a phone call from. One. Of our caregivers, and. She said. Something. Strange. Is going on there's, been, some, sort of 9-1-1. Call an emergency and, there's, all of these police officers here, at the house. It. Was early January 2014. It. Was about. 4:20, something in the afternoon. My. Lieutenant came down the hallway and stuck his head in my door and goes hey did you just hear that call. And. He said yeah we got a person shot at least two shot and a. Hostage. Situation. I mean. I really, felt like no this can't, really be happening but, when. I could not reach, anyone to get that reassurance, that's when it really just, you know your head starts thinking crazy things and you. Know what if there is some crazy person in my house the. End of my street had been barricaded and, there. Are helicopters all. Everywhere. And neighbors lined across me it's like something from a movie I couldn't even believe what I was driving up to I. Literally. Just stopped my car and all the street and. Ran. To, a police officer that was standing there blocking the street I was like this is my house, and my children are there and I need to get her immediately she. Is this absolutely, beside herself terrorized, thinking someone has been to her home and basically wiped out her entire family we, ended up you know stopping, her before she ran up to the house I, remember.
Feeling Like I just want, my kids you, know what my kids in my hands right now. After. About a half-hour so, some, things just weren't adding up. By. This time the media had already picked it up. And. Then all of a sudden. My. Nanny comes out and she's got to. Basically. Making. Children, soaking, wet because, they were taking a bath at the time I. Patrol. Guys going, and they clear the whole house. And. Come back out and it's like hey. Man nothing's going on in here this is this is a hoax. Their. Main goal is to try to elicit, a large law enforcement, response because. Even after it's done they can come back and say to the person hey I reached, out and got you today I'll do it again to you tomorrow don't, mess with me. Traditionally. The, online world from the very beginning, and. The world, of games was, a boys club and I. Think that, combination. Of, locker room anything. Goes boys. Club mores in the online world, combined. With this. Nobody knows your name you can be anonymous in a certain sense you're not anonymous but, you are the. Characterizes. Cyberbullying. It's. Just a sick, game, it's. A kind of a retaliatory, action. I'm not. Sure exactly what. Causes. It to reach to a level of where you get swatted. But. That was my understanding. It. Angers, you to know that somebody did this as a joke and that there's somewhere they're laughing about that and they thought that that was funny there's, no accountability it's, like a, wild. Wild west on the internet and every. Now and then a marshal, will ride through town and bring some law and order but then he leaves and everything goes right back to the same way it was. It. Can seem chaotic and lawless, but, we can't really blame the internet for the malicious behavior of its users that's. The thing we brought with us all of our social values on to the Internet it's not that the internet, changed our social values it it, reflects, them the. Global Internet is so, infinitely, accessible. Bad actors can show up anywhere, as. For the technology itself, it's always, been content neutral. The, network never, knew anything about what was being carried sort, of like cars going down the road you, don't know what's inside all you know is there's a road in the car and somebody driving. Check. Out this, new app it's called invisible girlfriend, and it allows you to build your, ideal, partner. Virtually. As. The. Site says it offers social. Proof you know like if you're not in a relationship but. You want people to think you are. Now. Don't, get the wrong idea I am very happy with my actual, real-life, girlfriend but, I thought I should investigate. This to see what the future may. Hold, so. First, you, set up your own profile, and then, you, get to pick her traits, her. Name, let's. Go with Katie. Now. What, is she like personality, traits. How, about lovingly. Nerdy and. What. Sort of stuff is she into, ooh. Chess. No. On second, thought no let's not do chess how, about fashion, yeah, ooh, cooking, yeah, that's good, in. Sports. Where. Do we meet. Hmm. Camping. No. At. The theater. You. Just finish. It up here and. That's. It I now, have an invisible girlfriend, oh. Look. Who it is my. New invisible. Girlfriend Katie. Why. Would someone need, a fake girlfriend people. Aren't getting their emotional needs met online they, can find experiences elsewhere, but you. May not get emotional support there's, there's, this real lack of empathy, in. The world meet, the inventors, of invisible. Girlfriend this all started out as a crazy. Idea at, a hackathon it, was a throwaway idea, he thought it was stupid we formed a team thought it would be fun to work on what. We wanted to do is just see if can we build something a weekend how. Soon could we do that working uh. Always. That question. The. Challenge, was how do, we actually create a fake girlfriend or boyfriend, starting. Out with a chatbot and then ended up going to real humans because. Chatbots just don't work so. We built a very very simple service that, simple. Service took off okay, ready, let's. Do it refreshing, to. 2010. That. Was awesome. Hundreds. Of thousands. Of people have signed up, oh, you're. Too sweet to me what are you planning on buying me wig face of course, I will I want to go out I miss you so much. Meet. An invisible, girlfriend she's. A text, writer for hire and she. Does her best to make a virtual, romance feel real.
Actually. Several, at once I'm. Usually jumping, between a few, conversations. Have. You seen those videos of those parents that put toothpaste, in Oreos and give them to their kids. This user says where do you want to go to dinner tonight and he says when. Are we getting married. In. A lot of ways for the user it is, a real relationship but. Some of them don't. Realize that they're talking to more than, one. Person. It's. True the, next text I get from Katy could, actually be written by a completely. Different person, I. Like. Being the boyfriend because like I know what, women want because, I am a woman so like I know what a woman wants. To hear but, I'm. Not necessarily, sure, that they'd be happy to know that I was a girl. Sometimes. These quote, unquote relationships. Become, a little complicated, sometimes, the users will try to take it to. A sexting. Level. And you really have to deter, them. But. That doesn't have him very often I think. They just want someone. To be kind to them these. Are said what. I bought as a surprise, but I'll give it to you tonight when I pick you up for dinner I love you baby and I. Said I can't wait I love, you too darling you're too good to me how do I deserve you. The. Creators, of invisible, girlfriend never, expected, it would become so meaningful, to, both parties, we've. Been really intrigued, by how you can have a deep connection with just messaging, alone in. The future I think it's gonna become normal, to engage. With characters, that may not exist. The. Web connecting, more people than ever before shouldn't, we be able to have real, human connections, but. I guess that's, the irony of the Internet the, more connected, we become. Technologically. The. More isolated. A lot of us seem to feel in. Our actual day-to-day lives and, that's. That's. Kind of sad I hope. That, in the future we can still maintain those, real. Person-to-person. Connections. And we don't have to rely on, computers. To. Be our partners. Technology. Mirrors and magnifies the good bad and ugly of everyday life for, me technology, changes communication, of course but, is it for the worse I'm not convinced, at all it's just different, and people learn how to move across these environments, and I'm confident, they'll figure it out I. Think. We have to start thinking about what technology, we're going to build next, the. Internet, is changing in. All kinds of ways, there's. Still a long runway for the internet, and the Internet community and, civil society, to. Realize. The potential of the Internet as the greatest kind, of microphone, for the individual, ever created. I. See. Virtual. Reality, becoming a real thing fully immersive, virtual, environments, have taken, up feedback, like you're there like you're, in Tokyo I'm, in Miami we meet in a virtual space that is like the matrix I can touch you I can hang out with you we, can adjust the lighting of the sky we, can cue, the music to play I mean literally, rendered. Dreamscapes. Inception, like dream, worlds, that we can inhabit, lucidly. And navigate, around it I mean literally we all gonna move into a cosmos, of the imagination. That. Type of immersion. Is, going to change things so fast and it's here the, goggles are here the band was here the resolutions, here, said. Yeah let's just do a high five.
Microsoft. Is developing, a system that would make online interaction, a lot more personal. We call this technology, Hall Apple tation. With. Holo portation, people, will transmit, live Holograms, of themselves over the Internet. Hey Lily I miss you too. The, Internet has become the main way we interact with others real or imaginary. Virtual. Or robotic. In. The. Not-too-distant future it, could also transform. How we interact, with the dead it's. Not hard to imagine that our loved ones who have passed on, could be reconstructed, by compiling, their internet history all. Their online activity, their email photos Facebook. Posts. Most. People in the past lived and died with, no record. Of their existence, at all other. Than their birth date and their, death date in the. Future we'll have a library of souls. Now. Think of what you can do if you have the connectome you. Would have a library, of souls by which you can have a conversation with, an Einstein. A conversation. With Winston, Churchill, of course, these figures died in the past but, in the future the, Einsteins, and the Winston Churchill's, their basic personalities. Will be preserved and so, you'll have a nice conversation, with them. The. Future, will, lead us even, deeper into, virtual, intimacy. Capitalizing. On giving, the user access, to all the senses, and catapulting. Us beyond, the simple transmission, of words and sounds, to the sensation, of human. Touch there's. Already a, virtual reality suit that can deliver a hug. And. Taking. Things a step further. Researchers. Have reportedly. Proven, that simple, thoughts can be sent across the web one. Subject in India with a computer, sensor attached to his scalp merely, thought the words Ola. And Chow. 5,000. Miles away in France another, researcher, also wired, up received, the brainwaves and found himself thinking, the words Ola. And Chow. There. Will come a time when. You don't actually have to tell anyone your feelings, they, will be able to pluck them right out of your head and. On. The horizon the, very essence, of connectivity. The, creation, of a truly global village, right. Now only 40% of the world's population even. Have access to the web a look, at how many devices are actually connected, to the Internet and you see how many of us are still, in digital, darkness, the. Barriers, to connecting, all of us are enormous. Money. Language. Infrastructure. Dream. Come. On but. Facebook's, Mark Zuckerberg just recently launched what may be our biggest hope into their horizon, with. The test flight of Aquila. Aquila. Is a solar-powered, drone, and once, she is launched she should be able to fly for up to months at a time. Blanketing. The most remote parts of the world with, Wi-Fi. This. Is not the final frontier, the mobile device you have will be supplanted, by other things I'm certain, the, system will just be blown all the time waiting. For us to ask a question in order to ask for an, action, to be taken so. The way to think about where the internet is going is not what's the future of the internet but what, does the internet mutate. Into and. What. Are all the reaction, products, that, go spinning off in different directions. And. It's. Only just started. Watch. More free episodes, at curiosity. Stream calm.