Clemex Webinar on Inclusion Rating
Thank. You or not for having us today on this webinar, I am. Raymond now, we'll be introducing you today to. A climax, Cir. Climax. Was founded, 25 years ago and we. Are the creators of the climax, vision de image, analysis, software. We. Specialized, in image. Analysis, through, microscopy and, we. Were also the integrators, of hardware, and software imagine. Alice for, your image analysis needs. Climax. Is present, in many, industries. Some. Of those industries, include, our. Armadas. Manufacturing. Universities. And research, centers and, some. Applications. That we are involved in are. Boring. Characterization. Micro. Hardness testing. Nonmetallic. Inclusion. Rating and steel which we will be looking, at today, and. Finally. Great size evaluation, keep. In mind that those are not of the only applications, as we do. That. Full climax product point is divided, into two. Products. The, first part is the multi-purpose, image, analysis, line and the. Second part is the specific, image analysis, line. The. Specific, image analysis, line we have three. Popular products, the first one is the Clem XPS filter system which, is used for contaminant. Analysis. On. Filters here. We have metallic and nonmetallic, particles. On a mesh filter. Next. We have the clinic's EMT system, which is used for micro and macro hardness testing. And. Finally. Claire Maxie I are with. Who we'll be discussing, today. Here. We have a nikon, vision, a. Nikon, ma 200, with, a auto stage a camera. And an, the, Cir, software. Here. We have an Illumina, inclusion, in steel. Next. Is the multi-purpose image, analysis, product. Line first, is the climax, vision light which, is used for simple and single applications. Here. We have a coating layer, which. We can analyze in two parts the first coated, here and the. Second coating here. And. The. Climax vision tes this, is our flagship. Software and is, used widely for custom. And complex image, analysis. Routines and materials, here, we have a great size for, ferrite. And pearlite and. We. Integrate. A vision PE with. An. Upright microscope, here we have an L a LZ, 100. Camera. And auto, stage again. So what is automated, inclusion rating to. Explain to you what is automated, inclusion rating I will, tell. You about manual, inclusion, rating and how an operator. Uses. This. This. Method to find inclusions. So. First thing an operator, places. His sample under. A microscope, he. Analyzes the field and. Then. While, analyzing, the field he must characterize and measure each inclusion, once, he's done he must go on their next field and he. Must do that until he reaches, a required. Area so, for ASTM, e, 45, method B he, would need to reach 160. Square millimetre which. Represents, over, 225. Fields. An excellent. Operator would take about 30. Minutes or more. So. Cir is advantage, is that it, can automate. All that quite, fast can. Take 2 minutes per sample for 160.
Square Millimetre sample, for ASTM, e 45. It. Has automatic, edge detection, so, the, operator, doesn't need to set, his pattern. Precisely. Right away he can just find where his sample is and click. Go and. It's. Repeatable, so. Cir, can repeat the same task over and over again and will, always, generate the same results, but. An operator may, not do. The same. So. We will be looking today at two types of standards, we have the ASTM, e 45 standard and the. ISO 49-67. Standard, the, ACMG, 45, standard, has, four types of inclusions third, the sulphide the. Alumina the. Silicate, the. Globular and ISO. Has the, same plus, the globular D s inclusion. Before. We start the climax AI Arc System we need to place polished. Sample, and a sample holder. We. Will now look at the first video which will demonstrate, one, sample run on ESPN. 45. So. What we're doing here is we're. Going to be doing, basic, threshold, eggs, for oxides, and sulphides. So. By. Doing so we will be, characterizing. The sulfides, which are lighter, in color and, the. Oxides, which are darker. And. After. We characterize, that the software will be then be able to divide. The oxides, into three more inclusions, to, be. Silicates, which are smoothen shaped alumina. Which are rougher, and globulars. Which are round. So. Now we activate, the basic threshold. Here. We added in the number of heat and samples, that we have in this case it, will, be only one sample and one heat. Once. We done we, set our pattern. Here. What we see is where. We. Are on our sample so, this rectangle, represents, our, field. Of view, currently. That, will be shown in the, image window. Here. Now. The operator, is looking, for the best place to start, his pattern on the. Sample we. Typically look at the edge and be, close to it. Once. We're done we move it and set, it and. Our. Inclusions were horizontal. Here. Our pattern is set at a hundred seventy square millimeters. But. Here as, you can see we can recreate the pattern according to a standard which, is 160, square millimeter for, ASTM e 45, and we also activate our linear, focus which we will see later so. We have a choice of three standards, pretty easily through, a drop down menu and once. We're done I can click start. So. What the software is doing here is, finding, the edges, of our sample, this. Is when we talked about the fast edge. Detect. By. Doing so it. Will detect, all of the sample and. Recreate. The pattern, according. To the. Standard in this. Case it's 160. Square millimeter. You. May wonder why. Here we, have a small line that's moving and the rest of the image is frozen, this. Is because we're only detecting, the edge right, now and we, only need part, of the, image. To be processed, which. Saves along a lot of time for. Interior, specifications. So now we're detecting, the third edge. And. The. Fourth so what. We're going to be doing now is. The. Linear focus, the. Point of the linear focus, is, that. It will find three, points. That are far away from each other and. Focus. On those three points and, once. It finds the focus point on, those three areas it will, create a focus curve which, will be in focus on all of the fields so we save a lot of time doing, so instead, of focusing. On each field. By. Setting a plane with, three points. So. We're, done the. Pattern is green on the right and we're, in which. Already starting, the analysis. What. It's doing now is detecting everything, that it's seeing on the sample and, one. Day once it's done. It. Will filter out anything, that is not an inclusion. And we'll keep the. Inclusions. So. Now we're about done with the analysis. Compiling. Everything. That is found. And. Here. We have an app. The. Next video we will be looking, at the map and validating, the results, that we just generated. So. What, now here. We're. Filtering, out the. Inclusions. That we found so. That an operator can. Look. At the worst field for. One inclusion, here we. Are only active, right now on the sulfide and. When. What you can see here on the image window, became. A map of our whole, sample. We. Have a thick. Square. Here which represents, the ASTM, before. It five field of view and, here. We have a thin one so, the SEC one represents, the healthy, inclusions, that thin, one represents, the thin inclusions. You. Can notice here that this floating. Window is over, four fields view of the camera so. This would be a big, advantage with Cir, is that we're not limited to the field of view of the camera but. We create a map and we can reconnect inclusions, and find.
Any Heavy, inclusion, no matter where they are. So. We're going to be looking at that thin inclusion here as. We. Can see we, have a scratch on the. Bottom and it was detected as an inclusion the, reason why it was detected as an inclusion is because it, was on, the same orientation that, we chose horizontal. You. Can notice here that this, one was not detected because, not in the same orientation. So. This is part, work that a operator. Must do he must Queen a sample. And. Want, its Queen as you, saw this, thin. Inclusion. Worst. Filled floating, window was here and. It moved here. So. It always goes on the word field I'm going to be looking now at have inclusion. When. A detective ate our. Threshold, and those, seemed good when. I look at our thin inclusions, or sulfides this, also seems good. Next. Is alumina, this. Is the thin inclusion. This. Is also good has a rough shape and. I, have the inclusion. Council. Good. Now. Look at silicate we. Have no silicon, this sample. Finally. Globulars. They. Need. To be round in shape so this isn't good. Neither, is that. So. The operator here has, access. To all of the methods from ASTM. It. Doesn't need to run, the sample, again and again for each method he gets them all right away at a click of a button and. We. Have also access to the oversize here. We see that we have two oversizes, in Illumina, we're. Going to take a look at that. At. The bottom here look. At it, this. Is dirt. There. Is another one. Look. At it. You're. Going to notice that this. Was detected because of rough shape as, I told you Illumina has a, characteristic. To be a rough shaped. Inclusion. But. The, operator knows that this is not an. Illumina, inclusion this is actually bad. Preparation. The. Results here got updated on the fly as. You had noticed maybe we. Had two alumina, inclusions they aren't here anymore so as the operator goes the. Results, get updated. Once. The operator is done you, can choose a method. Choose. To export, it as, a, report can. Select one for. All of them and, export. It on Excel. Now. We're going to be looking at, multiple. Samples using the ISO 49-67. Standard. As. You can, right here we have 30, samples we, have five sheets and each, sheet has, two examples, so, we can handle quite. A lot of samples. With, Cir it's, not only one sample that, we can analyze we can analyze, up to 30 samples as you can see here. So. What we're doing now here is we're showing you. The. Location of each sheet as we. Click it changes. The. Name also changes on the bottom. So. We click on one, sample. Lines here. And. We're. Going to be analyzing only, one hit in this case. So. We chose one heat will, be analyzing all those samples, so. We're not. Obligated. To analyze all of our patterns, we can only choose one heat and a few of the samples from that heat if we choose to. So. Once we're ready we're. Going to notice here that it's, set at 200, square millimeter but here at 160. Because, the standard, is not chosen we're going to be choosing here as your standards which is 200, square. You. Notice that. That we create pattern in. This. Case here we'll be using loaded images, instead, of a live sample. Only. Be analyzing, one heat and six, samples. So. It's the same process as before. We're. Almost done with our first, sample, we're. Going to be moving now to our second, sample. That's. Our second, sample. It. Does that until. We reach our final sample, we're. On a six sample now. So. Here we have the results, for. All of our samples. You. Can see in this window, we. Have the, different methods for the ISO standard. Of, method a v4, total number of fields and. Also. Be for global, cleanliness index, so. We get the average per sample and. Also. The average for, the whole heat, on. The bottom. Number of hits. This. Is very close to the JK chart, standard. That you, have an operator. Might have in his, room. So. As we change samples. Here I'm going to be clicking on a different sample, you can see that, the map is going to change so. That's. What we're talking that's the advantage of having a map and doing multiple samples at a time an operator can do them all and, I. Clean. Them after the operation, is done so, that saves a lot of time. So. We're looking at an Illumina, inclusion, I. Only. Have, here. To. Look at there aren't any. Let's. Look at the s. It. Has a round shape, so. This. Is fine. So. Let's go five. Watford. For the report again can. Choose one method or all methods. And. We. Can rename it as well. You. And, that's pretty much it. Let's. Take a look at our. Many, sample. Holders that we have so. The first one is for. Mounted. Samples. The. Second and third one are. For unmounted, samples, the. Advantage of using unmounted. Samples is that. You not need to mount your sample a mounting. Process can take at, least 10 minutes, so, imagine mounting.
All Of that use you're, wasting 60 minutes at least and, also. As you can see here we. Have magnets the advantage of the magnets is, that we can place. Our. Our. Sample, in a on, the. Sample holder and it's, going to go. On the corner, automatically. Because of the magnet that's, why when we do use. The pattern tool. In Cir. You. Won't need to move it that much, but. With mounted, Central, you. Never know what you're getting at so. You're. Going to with. More time using the apparent finishing tool also. With unmounted. Samples we can fit more. Samples, on one sample holder here. We can fit 12 it, fit 18 and depending. On the size of your auto stager can fit even more. The workplace window that we found a video so. The first part here is the. List of sheets and sample. Here. Is the stage travel area where we create our pattern for each sample that we have. Those. Are the XYZ, coordinates, on, our Otto, stage and. Here. We can choose to recreate, a pattern. Using. A standard and, activate. The linear focus, to be in focus throughout the. Whole sample. Once. Our run is done we get a results, map, here. We see a, results, match with had inclusions, and. With. Different, inclusions. With alumina, which. Which. Is here, sulphides. Globulars. And. Silicates. So. The advantage of using an automated, inclusion. Rating system, and the. Clinic see our system, is that we comply with many, standards, as we. Saw we just, looked at ASTM, and I. Though. We. Have fast analysis, so it takes less than three minutes for. An iso standard to. Be analyzed. This is 200 square millimeter. We. Get consistent. And accurate results. Because. Of the. Precision, of an, auto stage and our, software, which. In turn reduces, the interpretation. Of data an operator can. Interpret, data from. And from one to another you, can get different data that's, not the case for Cir we. Get integrated, systems so, night on and climax can sell you a system like that here. We have an icon ma. 200, Auto. Stage, camera. And the. Software, all. Of that you, can get it. From. Climax, or nikon. We. Can create custom sample holders so, if you don't have standard. Shaped. Samples, we. Can create a sample, holder for that we have a machine, shop here and. Easy. Reporting so. Once, you're done with your analysis. We. Can, export. That on Excel. Let's. Start our question and answers. Thank. You for your explanation. So. A few QM, questions. Already that came in this. Week I, hear. You yes. Ok so a first question that I receive is, must. The sample be perfectly, polished, oh. Yeah. It's a question that we get often from. Our customers. The. Better the Polish of example, their. Last work at the end so, as we saw on. Our video we, had a scratch on, our, sample that's because of preparation, soap and this. Was a pretty good preparation for a sample so imagining, that we have even, worse preparation. Will result, in more manipulation, of the. Data once. We are on our map so. That will consume some time on. The operator first sample so what we. Usually tell, our customers is. Have. A good, polish, that. Will result in less work at the end and it's also good practice to, have a perfectly polyfill almost. Perfectly polished sample. Are. Samples. Of. How. Do you handle that. Okay. So, if. You have a flat metal, sheet what. We typically, tell. Our clients, is to. Stack. Them together an amount and. Then. While and this they're in this mount to polish them. Once. You, polish them we have an option, in our software which I have here. It's. For multi steel plate samples, so what it will do is because, there. Is an interface, line between each. Metal. Sheet to, create lines and we don't want the software to count, that as a. Inclusion, so what we tell it is if. The. Length of the Elven, inclusion, is. Greater, than 98%, then. It will be removed so. All. Of the interface. Lines will then be removed with, this, active. Thank. You. Question if it was we don't have cell Simic, it in our steel how, will the system be. So. If you're not have to look it in your. Steel as. In, our sample, that we just ran today. What. We have is also another option where, we tell. Over. With it's, something, in the e-file oh it's um, where else it's. Not present. In there but once, we do the installation, we can go. In the configuration, file and set. Option. Were Andes. And you, fill it that, it may, find will be classified as a sulfide, so. Because. They're the. Same in shape it's only in.
Trash. Holding that they're not the, same that, if it finds, something that's, in that same shape it will automatically, classify, as a sulfide. Thank. You another, question, is. What almost, family, you do. So. The. Standards, that we saw today, was, the ASTM, e 45, I. So. 49, 67, we. Saw the, options for G is G zero five five five and then five zero six zero two we. Also do, ASTM. E. N8. EMD. 2283. Which, is the extreme, value inclusion. That's. Used to find, the largest potential inclusion calculated, using statistics. When. We also use. The en ten, to forty seven in, this case you need a color camera, and it's, for the worst field section. Good. How. Do you differentiate, your, including, part. So. Inclusions. As we. Saw before are, differentiated. Using basic. Trash holding. So. With oxides, and sulphides this those, are the two main conclusions. Classification. That we have. Does. As, we saw the. Sulfides. Are lighter. And the. Oxides are darker and then. Oxides, are divided, into three other inclusions, for. In, that case of a SEM we, have alumina. Silicates. And. Globular. And. Those. Are divided. By. Their shape so. Alumina. Are rough. Silicates. Are smooth and, globulars. Are round. Okay. Thank you. Question. The right do. We need to validate each sample. For, example when we are analyzing, three samples, do, we need to validate each, one. Yes. It would be normal, to check them out but normally. If. The sample prep is good, you. Would take, about you, know 15. To 30 seconds, per sample to. Verus to validate it because you need to check all the. Inclusions. Not all the inclusions, but all the worst field once. You have the worst feel correct and the polishing is good normally, one, or two steps at first. And then. And. Then. It's a typical, procedure that takes, doesn't. Take a lot, of time. The sample the less work there is. But. Like everything else you, know having, a good preparation it's, as important. As I being a good. Dimension. And a tensile, testing, or, a. Chemical, analysis, you. Would put the right, constituent. In there so. In this case you need to have a good, sample. Preparation and. It's. Pretty easy to. To. Adapt, to a good procedure. Okay. Thank you currently, there are no. Further questions so, I, suggest. That we end this webinar so thank you all for being. Here. We. Will also have a recording that we will distribute, to, everyone that. Attended. So, you can eventually. Review. Or real listen to the webinar. So, therefore, thank, you again and until next time. Thank. You thank, you.